Trade policy review report by the secretariat



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Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the Indian authorities.

Table A3. 6 Amount forgone/disbursed on imports under export promotion schemes, 2011-14

(Rs million)



Scheme

Amount forgone-disbursed

2011-12

2012-13

2013-14

Advance Authorization Scheme (previously Advance Licence Scheme)

183,060

189,710

209,560

Duty Free Import Authorization Scheme

12,440

17,350

33,650

Duty Entitlement Passbook (DEPB) Scheme

104,090

27,090

4,340

Served from India Scheme

5,560

5,900

6,390

Special Agricultural and Village Industry Scheme (Vishesh Krishi and Gram Udyog Yojana)

22,630

23,820

24,420

Focus Market/Product Scheme

39,510

61,780

101,820

Export Promotion Capital Goods Scheme

96,720

112,180

89,900

Duty Free Entitlement Credit Certificate Scheme

1,900

1,420

2,350

Duty Free Replenishment Certification Scheme

400

210

20

Target Plus Scheme

4,360

5,920

8,840

Total

470,670

445,380

481,290

Source: Government of India online information. Viewed at: http://indiabudget.nic.in/budget2013-2014/ub2013-14/statrevfor/annex12.pdf and http://indiabudget.nic.in/ub2014-15/statrevfor/annex12.pdf.

Table A3. 7 Selected incentive schemes/programmes for MSMEs, 2014

Scheme/programme

Eligibility

Description

Introduction/ validity

Implemented by the Ministry of Micro, Small, and Medium Enterprises

Entrepreneurship Development Institutions (EDIs) Scheme

EDIsa

Assistance is provided to create, strengthen or expand infrastructure (including opening of new branches) and to meet deficits. The subsidy amounts to 50% of the cost of building, training, and other support services, up to Rs 10 million.

2010/ongoing

Rajiv Gandhi Udyami Mitra Yojanab

New micro and small entrepreneur

Financial assistance to Udyami Mitrasc is provided by selected agenciesd. It amounts to Rs 4,000/trainee for service enterprises and Rs 6,000/trainee for manufacturing enterprises (with investment in plants and machinery up to Rs 2.5 million). Trainees contribute to Rs 1,000 to the financial assistance. The beneficiary's contribution of Rs 1,000 shall be provided as a Grant under RUGMY for the beneficiaries from special category.

2008/ongoing

Implemented by the Development Commissioner

Management Development Programme

Prospective/

existing MSMEs



The programme is aimed at training prospective/existing entrepreneurs by upgrading their managerial skills. No financial incentives are provided.

1952/ongoing

Credit Guarantee Fund Scheme for Micro and Small Enterprises

All MSEs, except retail trade and self-help groups

Credit is guaranteed by financial institutionse. The guarantees to new and existing micro and small enterprises up to Rs 10 million per borrowing unit. The guarantee cover provided up to 75% of the credit facility up to Rs 5 million (85% for loans up to Rs 0.5 million provided to micro enterprises, 80% for MSEs owned/operated by women and all loans to NER) with a uniform guarantee at 50% of the credit exposure above Rs 5 million and up to Rs 10 million.

2000/ongoing

Credit Linked Capital Subsidy Scheme for Technology Upgradation

Manufacturing MSEs

The subsidy amounts to 15% of the capital acquired to upgrade technology, up to Rs 1.5 million.

2001/ongoing


Micro and Small Enterprises Cluster Development Programmef

All MSEs

Grant of maximum Rs 250,000 will be provided for preparation of diagnostic study report (DSR) for one cluster. For the field organizations of the Ministry of MSME, this financial support will be Rs 100,000. For soft interventions, maximum limit for project cost would be Rs 2.5 million per cluster. The Government's grant for the soft interventions will be 75% of the sanctioned amount of the project cost. For NE & Hill States, clusters with more than 50% (a) micro/village (b) women owned (c) SC/ST units, the grant will be 90%. For preparation of "detailed project report", a grant of maximum Rs 500,000 will be provided for preparation of a technically feasible and financially viable project report for setting up of a common facility centre for a cluster of MSE units and/or infrastructure development project for new industrial estate/area or for upgrading of existing infrastructure in existing industrial estate/area/cluster. For hard interventions (setting up of CFCs), grant will be restricted to 70% of the cost of project of maximum Rs 1.5 million.

Grant will be 90% for CFCs in NE & Hill States, clusters with more than 50% (a) micro/village (b) women owned (c) SC/ST units. The cost of project includes cost of land (subject to max. of 25% of project cost), building, pre-operative expenses, preliminary expenses, machinery and equipment, miscellaneous fixed assets, support infrastructure such as water supply, electricity and margin money for working capital.



2010/ongoing

ISO 9001/14001 and HACCP Certification Reimbursement Scheme

All MSEs

Reimbursement of 75% of the certification expenses up to a maximum of Rs 75,000 to each unit as one-time reimbursement only to those MSEs which have acquired Quality Management Systems (QMS)/ISO 9001 and/or Environment Management Systems (EMS)/ISO 14001 and/or Food Safety Systems (HACCP) Certification.

1994/ongoing

Marketing Development Assistance Scheme (SSI-MDA)

Exporting manufacturing MSMEs

MSMEs participating in international exhibitions/trade fairs, are reimbursed 75% of the economy air fare and 50% of the space rental charges (100% for special categories), up to Rs 125,000.

2000/ongoing



Mini Tool Rooms

Individual MSEs/MSE consortium

Discontinued

Discontinued from the period subject to the 12th Five Year Plan

Scheme for Micro Finance Programme

Micro finance institutions

The Government provides a Portfolio Risk Fund to the Small Industries Development Bank Of India (SIDBI). The Fund is used to guarantee loans taken by micro finance institutions or NGOs.

2004/ongoing


Implemented by the National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC)

Government Stores Purchase Programme

MSEs registered with NSIC

The units registered under Single Point Registration Scheme of NSIC are eligible to receive benefits under "Public Procurement Policy for MSEs Order 2012". These include: issue of the Tender Sets free of cost; exemption from exemption from payment of Earnest Money Deposit (EMD); in tender participants, MSES quoting price within price band of L1+15% will be allowed to supply a portion up to 20% of requirement by bringing down their price to L1 price where L1 is non-MSEs'; every central ministries/departments PSUs shall set an annual goal of minimum 20% of the total annual purchase of the products or services produced or rendered by MSEs; out of the annual requirement of 20% procurement from MSEs, 4% is earmarked for units owned by Schedule Caste/Schedule Tribes; 358 items are reserved for exclusive purchase from SSI Sector.

1955/ongoing

Marketing Assistance Scheme

All MSMEs (Maximum amount towards air fare, space rental and shipping/transportation charges)

General category: for micro enterprises, Rs 240,000 in Latin America and Rs 200,000 in other countries; for small enterprises, Rs 210,000 in Latin America and Rs 175,000 in other countries; and for medium enterprises, Rs 125,000 in Latin America and Rs 100,000 in other countries.

Enterprises belonging to NE Region/Women/SC/ST Category: for micro enterprises, Rs 270,000 in Latin America and Rs 225,000 in other countries; for small enterprises, Rs 240,000 in Latin America and Rs 200,000 in other countries; and for medium enterprises, Rs 160,000 in Latin America and Rs 125,000 in other countries.



Ongoing

Performance and Credit Rating Scheme

All MSEs

MSEs may select a rating agency to obtain a credit rating. The subsidy amounts to 75% of the fee charged by the rating agency, up to Rs 40,000.

2005/ongoing

Raw Materials Assistance Scheme

MSMEs

Short term credit finance is available for 90 days at concessional interest rates. The rate of interest and assistance against the security of BG/SDR/FDRg, effective 1 February 2013, are: 11.95% (units having valid SE !A rating under NSIC's rating scheme); 12.45% (units having valid SE 2A or SE 1B rating under NSIC's rating scheme); and 12.95% (other units).

2004/ongoing

Implemented by the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC)

Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programmeb

New micro entrepreneurs

The subsidy amounts to 15% of the cost of establishing new micro enterprises in urban areas (25% for special categories); and 25% of the cost of establishing new micro enterprises in rural areas (35% for special categories). Maximum cost is Rs 2.5 million for setting up new manufacturing micro enterprises and Rs 1 million for setting up new micro enterprises engaged in services.

2008/ongoing

Implemented by the Coir Board

Rejuvenation, Modernization, and Technological Upgradation of Coir Industry

Micro and small coir enterprises

The financial assistance or government grant/subsidy will be 40% of the Project cost. The maximum amount of admissible cost of the project is enhanced to Rs 1 million for the purpose of government subsidy, excluding working capital which must not exceed 25% of the project cost.

2008/ongoing

a National Institute for Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises, National Institute for Entrepreneurship and Small Business Development, and Indian Institute of Entrepreneurship.

b The Rajiv Gandhi Udyami Mitra Yojana scheme and the Rural Employment Generation Programme were merged into the Prime Minister's Employment Generation Programme in August 2008.

c Selected lead agencies for rendering assistance and handholding support to potential first generation entrepreneurs.

d Entrepreneurship Development Institutions, the National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC), the Khadi and Village Industries Commission (KVIC), and the Coir Board.

e Public and Private Sector Banks, Regional Rural Banks, Foreign Banks, and other Financial Institutions.

f The Micro and Small Enterprises Cluster Development Programme was merged with the Integrated Infrastructure Development Scheme in February 2010.

g BG: Bank Guarantees; SDR: Short Deposit Receipts; and FDR: Fixed Deposit Receipts.

Note: "Special categories" refer to MSMEs operated/owned by women or scheduled castes/scheduled tribes or located in the north eastern region.



Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the Indian authorities.

Table A3. 8 Top 20 patent applicants, 2014

Sl.No.

Patent owner

Country

1

Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

India

2

Qualcomm Incorporated

United States

3

Samsung Electronics Co. Ltd.

Republic of Korea

4

Hindustan Unilever

India

5

Ericsson Ltd.

Sweden

6

Siemens

Germany

7

Tata Group

India

8

Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd.

India

9

BASF Aktiengesellschaft

Germany

10

Motorola

United States

11

Philips

Netherlands

12

General Motors Global

United States

13

Thomson Licensing

France

14

LG Electronics

Republic of Korea

15

Nokia Corporation

Finland

16

SONY Corporation

Japan

17

Honda Giken Kogyo Kabushiki Kaisha

Japan

18

IBM

United States

19

Research in Motion

Canada

20

Proctor and Gamble

United States

Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the Indian authorities.

Table A4. 1 Legislation related to pipeline transport for petroleum and natural gas, 2014

                Name of legislation

The Petroleum & Minerals Pipelines (Acquisition of Right of User in Land) Amendment Act, 2011

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Authorizing Entities to Lay, Build, Operate or Expand Natural Gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2008

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Determination of Natural Gas Pipeline Tariff) Regulations, 2008

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Affiliate Code of Conduct for Entities Engaged in Marketing of Natural Gas and Laying, Building, Operating or Expanding Natural Gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2008

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Access Code of Conduct for Common Carrier or Contract Carrier Natural Gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2008

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Guiding Principles for Declaring or Authorizing Natural Gas Pipelines as Common Carrier or Contract Carrier) Regulations, 2009

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Technical Standards and Specifications including Safety Standards for Natural Gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2009

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Determining Capacity of Petroleum, Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2010

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Integrity Management System for Natural gas Pipelines) Regulations, 2012

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Imbalance Management Services) Regulations, 2014

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Development of Model GTA) Guidelines, 2012

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Capacity Release for Natural Gas Pipeline) Guidelines, 2012

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Public consultation for Determination of Final Natural Gas Pipeline Tariff) Guidelines, 2012

Modalities of maintaining and operation of Escrow Account under the Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Access Code for Common or Contract Carrier Natural Gas Pipelines)Regulations, 2008

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Protection of Consumer Interest in respect of Dedicated Pipelines for Natural Gas) Guidelines, 2010

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Authorizing Entities to Lay, Build, Operate or Expand Petroleum and Petroleum Products Pipelines) Regulations, 2010

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Determination of Petroleum and Petroleum Products Pipelines Transportation Tariff) Regulations, 2010

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Determining Capacity of Petroleum, Petroleum Products and Natural Gas Pipeline) Regulations, 2010

Petroleum and Natural Gas Regulatory Board (Guiding Principles for Declaring or Authorizing Petroleum and Petroleum Products Pipelines as Common Carrier or Contract Carrier) Regulations

Source: WTO Secretariat, based on information provided by the Indian authorities.


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