The Western Australian Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Plan was coordinated by the Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia (DAFWA) and developed through a partnership approach using government and industry resources and expertise. The development of this plan was made possible by Royalties for Regions Funding. The following organisations and agencies were involved in the review of the plan:
The Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia
Western Australian Government materials, including website pages, documents and online graphics, audio and video are protected by copyright law. Copyright of materials created by or for the Department of Agriculture and Food resides with the Western Australian Agriculture Authority established under the Biosecurity and Agriculture Management Act 2007. Apart from any fair dealing for the purposes of private study, research, criticism or review, as permitted under the provisions of the Copyright Act 1968, no part may be reproduced or reused for any commercial purposes whatsoever without prior written permission of the Western Australian Agriculture Authority.
For further information, please contact:
Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia
PO Box 1231
Bunbury WA 6231
Telephone: +61 8 9780 6273
The Chief Executive Officer of the Department of Agriculture and Food and the State of Western Australia accept no liability whatsoever by reason of negligence or otherwise arising from the use or release of this information or any part of it.
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Supporting your success 1
List of acronyms 4
Executive summary 5
Organisations with a stake in building biosecurity preparedness within the WA viticulture industry 8
Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia 8
Wines of Western Australia 9
Agricultural Produce Commission (APC) – Wine Producers’ Committee 9
Table Grapes Western Australia 9
Agricultural Produce Commission (APC) – Table Grape Producers’ Committee 9
Plant Health Australia 9
Biosecurity planning 10
Background on the WA viticulture industry 11
Wine grapes 11
Table grapes 11
Western Australian Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Plan development 11
Review processes 12
Emergency Plant Pest Response Deed 12
WA Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Manual 12
Biosecurity implementation 12
Threat identification and pest risk assessment 14
Threat identification 14
Pest risk assessments 15
Western Australian Organism List 15
Establishment potential 17
Spread potential 17
Economic impact 18
Overall final industry pest risk 18
Potential pest threats assessment summaries 19
List of acronyms
ACT – Australian Capital Territory
APC – Agricultural Produce Commission of Western Australia
DAFWA – Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia
WAVIBM – Western Australian Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Manual
WAVIBP – Western Australian Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Plan
WoWA – Wines of Western Australia
Western Australia (WA) is fortunate to be free of a range of organisms that can impact on the production of grapes (Vitis vinifera) that are found in other locations around Australia. This assists the viticulture industries in WA, and the general community, to produce grapes at lower costs and with reduced chemical inputs than might otherwise be the case. The absence of certain organisms can also be beneficial in maintaining or developing export markets.
There are protocols in place that control the import of organisms into Western Australia that have been developed to minimise the risk of harmful exotic organisms entering the state. However, because of the high level of produce and people movement they can never be 100% guaranteed effective. Therefore, industries and supporting organisations need to be vigilant in monitoring for incursions and be prepared to act swiftly and effectively should any occur.
There are a lot of exotic organisms that may be found in association with grapevines that are found in other states of Australia. Over 250 exotic organisms were identified in a Pest Risk Analysis for importation of table grapes into WA from other Australian states in 2015. However, the level of economic impact these exotic organisms may have on the WA viticulture industries varies considerably and managing incursions of exotic organisms can be a costly exercise. Therefore it is important that the viticulture industries are aware of what potential threats they may face and the potential economic impact these threats pose to their industry.
This document, the Western Australian Viticulture Industry Biosecurity Plan (WAVIBP) has been developed to build biosecurity preparedness within the WA viticulture industry. The aim is to identify and categorise the potential pest threats based on their establishment and spread potential, economic impact, and a final industry rating of concern. This will provide both the industries and supporting organisations, including Government, with data on what exotic organisms to focus on, and assist in decision making about what steps should be taken should an incursion occur.
As a result of the pest risk assessment, 46 exotic organisms from the potential pest threats where rated as priority pest threats to the WA viticulture industries (listed in Table 1), seven of these were rated as high priority pest threats.
Table 1 Priority pest threat list — exotic Australian pest threats to WA viticulture industries — as identified by a pest risk assessment