Biserica Izvorul Tămăduirii, din Constantinopol



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Biserica Izvorul Tămăduirii, din Constantinopol, Istanbulul de astăzi, este una dintre vechile biserici ortodoxe din cetatea Împăratului Contantin cel Mare. Ea se află în apropierea Porţii Silivri, și ascunde cu smerenie sub pământ, într-un paraclis din veacul al cincilea, o apă binecuvântată de Maica Domnului

[in ea sunt si pesti astazi, crapi chinezesti decorativi, ca la bazinul de la Tabgha Israel; In June 1422, a man was frying fish in Ayazma next to the sea and suddenly he was told that Murat the 2nd conquered the city. He did not believe the news and said: „It would have been as ridiculous as seeing these fish jump from the pan into the sea and at that moment the fish came alive and jumped out.” It is believed that after that day, the fish in the pool in Ayazma keep on jumping. We can read this story from Robert Walsh’s book about Istanbul, published in 1838.],

ce a dat Ortodoxiei una dintre cele mai strălucitoare şi mai iubite sărbători: Izvorul Tămăduirii (vinerea din Saptamana Luminata). Tot în paraclisul subteran se află o icoană a praznicului, a cărei vechime atinge perioada de aur a Bizanţului şi despre care se spune că „se curăţă singură“. Orice intervenţie asupra ei în vederea restaurării este „respinsă“ de icoană.


An interesting feature of this sacred spring, which lies within the boundaries of a monastery,are the gravestones of the Orthodox population of Karaman (a province in Central Anatolia), with which this courtyard is paved. Due to the fact that these Anatolian Christians were, in all probability, of Turkish origin, their language was Turkish. The inscriptions on their gravestones were in Turkish written using the Greek alphabet.
The present church is also rectangular in shape. It is roughly oriented in E - W direction, and has three naves divided by columns and preceded by an esonarthex. By the Northwest corner rises a metallic bell tower. The interior is richly adorned. On the right side near the middle of the nave there is a Pulpit, while at the end lies a rich iconostasis. Right of the iconostasis there is an icon which the tradition says painted by Saint Luke.
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Saint_Mary_Of_The_Spring_2010-10-09_03.jpg
https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/7/77/Saint_Mary_Of_The_Spring_2010-10-09_03.jpg

The source lies in a subterranean crypt outside the church, and can be accessed descending a stair parallel the long sides of the church. A symmetric stair leads from the crypt to the church’s yard. The crypt is adorned with paintings and icons, and is surmounted by a dome painted with Christ in a starry sky. The water flows into a marble basin, where fishes are swimming. These fishes, present in the basin since centuries, gave origin to the Turkish name of the complex (balikli in Turkish means "place where there are fishes"). According to a late legend, the day of the Conquest of Constantinople a monk was frying fishes in a pan near the source. When a colleague announced him the fall of the City, he replied that he would have believed him only if the fishes in the pan would have come back to life. After his words these jumped in the source and began swimming.


The yard in front of a church is a cemetery with marble tombs – mostly of them dating to the nineteenth and twentieth century - belonging to wealthy Rûms of Istanbul. Also several Patriarchs are buried here. Characteristic of this cemetery are also several gravestones with Karamanli inscriptions, which constitute by far the largest surviving group in this language. The complex is also surrounded by two large cemeteries, respectively Armenian and Greek, each enclosed in high walls.
https://doxologia.ro/locuri-sfinte/locul-unde-s-descoperit-izvorul-tamaduirii-constantinopol-turcia-galerie-foto

Se ajunge luand tramvaiul T1 (Kabatas - Bagcilar), in sensul spre Bagcilar (opus sensului spre Sf Sofia), se coboara la statia = istasion Merkezefendi (dupa zidurile orasului vechi), apoi se merge pe jos pe langa linie pe partea stg a soselei cam 300-400 m si apare un sens giratoriu cu o statuie a unui pasa mazilit in mijloc, pe stg se vede Moscheea Seyitnizam (= Seyitnizam Chamii / Mosque, adresa Seyitnizam Mahallesi, Seyit Nizam Cd No:67, 34015 Zeytinburnu/İstanbul, Turkey), o ocolesti prin fata stg pe strada Seyitnizam = Seyit Nizam Caddesi, mergand pe aceasta strada cca 100 m, pe stg apare un mic parculet-cimitir musulman, se traverseaza stg si e o bifurcatie, se ia pe stg bifurcatiei (merge si pe dr, tot acolo duce, printre cimitirul musulman stg si cel grecesc dr) si se mai merg cca 150 m printre 2 cimitire (stg armenesc si dr musulman), apoi cand se termina zidul cimitirului musulman din dr, se face la dr, apare o cafenea Manastir Cafe (adresa exacta a cafenelei e : Cevizlibağ Mahallesi, Silivri Kapı Yolu Sokak, No 6, Zeytinburnu, İstanbul), si chiar in fata ei e intrarea in manastire = The Monastery of the Mother of God at the Spring (full name in Greek: Μονὴ τῆς Θεοτòκου τῆς Πηγῆς, pr. Moni tis Theotóku tis Pigis) or simply Zoödochos Pege (Greek: Ζωοδόχος Πηγή, "Life-giving Spring"); numele turcesc Balikli Meryem Ana Rum Manastiri sau Balikli Rum Kilisesi sau Balikli Ayazma (ei nu prea stiu limbi straine si trebuie intrebat mai ales dupa repere musulmane). E deschisa manastirea intre orele 8-16. Adresa exacta a manastirii este : Seyitnizam Mahallesi 3 / Balikli Silivrikapi Yolu Suk [ = intersectia str mica Balikli Seyitnizam Yolu (desprinsa din str mare Seyitnizam Caddesi) cu str mica Balikli Sivrikapi Sk.]


Harta:

https://www.google.ro/maps/place/Seyyid+Niz%C3%A2m+C%C3%A2mii/@41.0075317,28.9139875,17z/data=!4m5!3m4!1s0x0:0x13e2beda9a700860!8m2!3d41.0052422!4d28.9129555

http://www.theguideistanbul.com/location/church-st-mary-spring

http://www.whereist.com/balikli-holy-spring-ayazma/


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Church_of_St._Mary_of_the_Spring_(Istanbul)

https://orthodoxwiki.org/Church_of_the_Life-Giving_Font_of_the_Theotokos_(Istanbul)

https://revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Church%20of%20St.%20Mary%20of%20the%20Spring%20(Istanbul)&item_type=topic

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Biserica Vlaherne:


Cu toate ca astazi din biserica initiala se mai pastreaza doar cateva ruine, aceasta a ramas vie in constiinta credinciocilor din toata lumea crestina, aflati pururea sub purtarea de grija a Maicii Domnului…

… Dupa cucerirea din anul 1434 si Caderea Constantinopolului, din minunata Biserica Vlaherne nu a mai ramas decat locul ce pastreaza inca Izvorul Tamaduitor ("Hagiasma").


Locul a intrat si a ramas in posesia turcilor pana in anul 1867, cand a fost inmanat grecilor, care au construit pe acesta o micuta biserica - Hagiasma. Cu timpul, Patriarhia Ecumenica a intreprins lucrarile necesare pentru a face ca locul sa arata asa cum il vedem astazi. In micuta biserica, cele patru scene pictate pe peretele de deasupra Izvorului, realizate de catre Eirenarchos Covas in anul 1964, aduc aminte de marile momente ale Bisericii Vlaherne.
Icoana minunata a Maicii Domnului “Imnul Acatist” se afla azi la Manastirea Dionisiu din Mt. Athos.
Icoana “Vlahernita” se zice ca se afla (venind tot din Mt Athos) la Moscova, in Kremlin, in Biserica Adormirii MD, iar in prezent la Galeriile Tretiakov in sectiunea icoanelor.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Vlahernskaya.jpg
https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Blachernitissa&uid=1575
Niciuna dintre ele (“Imnul Acatist” Manast. Dionisiu Athos si Vlahernita Galeriile Tretiakov Moscova, desi facatoare de minuni) nu este insa de tipul “Oranta” cum se zice ca ar fi fost icoana originala.
Exista insa in biserica noua Vlaherne, langa izvor o (alta ?) icoana minunata a MD.
The small church which today encloses the Hagiasma has a trapezoidal plan with sloping roof, and is adorned with icons and frescoes. It is oriented in northwest-southeast direction. The holy fountain, which is believed to have healing powers, is always a favourite destination for Orthodox and Muslim pilgrims, who pour in the pool coins and hair pins. The pilgrim can also ritually wash his eyes at a line of faucets. Above them a modern palindrome inscription says: "Nípson anomímata mi mónan ópsin" (Greek: "Wash the sins not only the eyes"). The water falls into an underground gallery, which according to a tradition links the Hagiasma with that in Balıklı. The church is run by an episkopos and two papades. Each Friday morning the Akathist Hymn, composed by Patriarch Sergius during the Siege of 626, is sung there. Since the nearby area is not urbanized, it would be possible to explore it in order to understand more about the ancient complex.
https://www.crestinortodox.ro/biserica-lume/biserica-vlaherne-67747.html
https://doxologia.ro/locuri-sfinte/biserica-maicii-domnului-din-vlaherne-turcia-galerie-foto

https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=Church%20of%20St.%20Mary%20of%20Blachernae%20(Istanbul)&uid=1575

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Patriarhia Ecumenica de Constantinopol:


Aici se afla racle cu moastele Sf.Ierarh Ioan Gura de Aur (adusa in 2004 de la Vatican), Sf.Ierarh Grigorie Teologul (adusa in 2004 de la Vatican) si Sf Ierarh Vasile cel Mare (particica adusa prin 2015), si racle cu moastele Sf Mc Eufimia (11 iulie si 16 septembrie), ale Sf.Cuv Teofana Imparateasa (16 decembrie) si ale Sf Solomoni (1 august, mama Sf Macabei din Vechiul Testament; deoarece sfanta a fost aruncata in cuptorul incins, alaturi de fiii ei, se crede ca aceste Moaste sunt ale Sf Mironosite Maria Salomeia, una dintre mironositele care au stat la picioarele Crucii, pe Golgota), Icoana Facatoare de Minuni a Maicii Domnului “Ocrotirea Bizantului” (la care se inchina si musulmanii, numind-o “Meryem Ana” pe Maica Domnului < o considera cea mai sfanta dintre fiinte / femei, respectand-o ca atare si fiind mama lui Īsā ibn Maryam, v. mai jos >), precum si alte 2 icoane minunate ale Ei si unul din Cuiele care au fost batute in trupul Domnului Iisus, incastrat in Coloana Flagelarii (alte parti din aceasta coloana fiind la Paraclisul Catolic al Sf Mormant din Ierusalim si la Roma).

http://www.crestinortodox.ro/biserica-lume/biserica-sfantul-gheorghe-fanar-patriarhia-ecumenica-constantinopol-136375.html
http://www.centruldepelerinaj.ro/articol/campania-pelerinaje-pentru-suflet-patriarhia-ecumenica-din-constantinopol


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jesus_in_Islam

La Patriarhia Ecumenica si Biserica Vlaherne se ajunge relativ usor, se coboara la statia Halic (de pe linia de metrou M2 Yenikapi – Haciosman); statia e pe podul Atatturk de peste Cornul de Aur, se trece apoi pe jos podul inspre partea europeana, apoi la dreapta pe malul marii, intreband pt a fi siguri, se ajunge intai la Fener Greek Patriarchate (in cca 15 min), apoi dupa inca 15 min se vede in fata un alt pod “Halic Bridge”, pe dr e un spital evreiesc “Balat Or Ahayim Hospital / Özel Balat Hastanesi”, iar pe sosea apare un indicator “Ayvansaray” si atunci o iei la stg si imediat e Biserica Noua Vlaherne (Vlaherne Kilisesi / Meryem Ana Vlaherne Kilisesi / Panaghya Vlaherne Church).



https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=List%20of%20Byzantine%20monuments%20in%20Istanbul&uid=1575

https://www.revolvy.com/main/index.php?s=List%20of%20Istanbul%20landmarks&uid=1575







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