Library and Information Science Education and Skills in the Knowledge Era Social Dynamics



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Library and Information Science Education and Skills in the Knowledge Era


Social Dynamics

  • Agrarian Society

  • Industrial Society

  • Post-Industrial Society/

  • Information Society

  • Knowledge Society



LIS Education: Changing Paradigms

  • Librarianship-Library and Information Science-Information and Library Studies-Information Studies

  • Impact of Information and Society-Knowledge Society

  • Advances in Information and Communication technology and Application in LICs and LIS Education and Training

  • Role of LIS Educators in Creating Appropriate Human Resources



Recent Trends and Developments

  • Primary Focus on Professional Knowledge and Skills (Technology, Management and Communication)

  • Library Professionals to Information Professionals

  • Traditional Library to Digital Library

  • Library Cooperation to Resource Sharing Networks/Consortia

  • Collection Development to Content Development

  • Conventional Education to Web-Based Education

  • Information Society-Knowledge Society

  • Establishment of Knowledge Commission



Library Professionals to Information Professionals

  • Impact of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT)

  • Information Management Skills( Library Automation, Networking, Design and Development of Information System, Networking, Internet, Digitization, Content Development

  • Competencies of Information Professionals (Managing and Organizing Information Resources and Services, Applying Information Tools and Technologies)



Traditional Library – Digital Library

  • Traditional Library-Automated Library-Electronic Library-Digital Library

  • Growth, Development and Popularity of Internet Library( Access, Content and Cost)

  • Digital Library Initiatives in India (Parliament, INSA, IIT,NISCAIR)



Library Cooperation to Resource Sharing Networks/Consortia

  • Library Cooperation-Library Networks-Library Consortia

  • INFLIBNET,DELNET and Many Other Local Library Networks

  • Library Consortia-UGC-Infonet E-Journal Consortium, INDEST,NCSI,HELNET



Collection Development - Content Development

  • Acquisition-Collection Development-Information Resource Development Cotent Development

  • Content Development in Electronic Development

  • Formats and Standards

  • Legal Issues



Conventional Education - Web-Based Education

  • Conventional Learning-Web Based Learning/E-Learning

  • E-learning Provides:

  • -increasing access to learning resources

  • -interactive teaching and learning environment

  • -increasing student convenience

  • -reducing educational delivery cost

  • -developing a scholarship of web based pedagogy

  • -providing 21st century learning environment



Information Society-Knowledge Society

  • Information Society- “Information”

  • Knowledge Society “Information and Knowledge”

  • Knowledge Management-Collect, Organize and Disseminate Information and Knowledge

  • UN Initiative in World Submit on “Information Society” with emphasis on “Connect the World by 2015”

  • International Telecommunication Union recognized India’s mission 2007:Every Village a Knowledge Center as a Flagship of the “Connect the World Movement”



Establishment of Knowledge Commission

  • Establishment of Knowledge Commission in India

  • Emphasis on “Brain Power’-More Powerful than Military and Economic Power of a Nation

  • India Recognizes Building Knowledge Economy as “Knowledge Society”-The only way to challenges of “Globalization and 21st Century”

  • Role of Public Libraries as “Knowledge Centers”



Information and Knowledge Society: LIS Perspective

  • A. Information Society:

  • Information Society: Attributes, Characteristics & Components.

  • Information Infrastructure: National, Global

  • Information Economics, Economics of Information, Information as Economic Resource.

  • National Information Policy

  • Information Literacy.

  • Right to Information.



B. Knowledge Society:

  • B. Knowledge Society:

  • Definition, Characteristics and Components.

  • Knowledge Economy and Knowledge Industry

  • Knowledge Management

  • National Knowledge Commission.

  • Libraries as Gateways to Knowledge.

  • Towards a Knowledge Society and Role of Knowledge Professionals.



C. Trends and Developments:

  • C. Trends and Developments:

  • Role of Information in Planning, Decision Making, Innovations and National Development.

  • Impact of Information and Knowledge Society on Education, Training and Research

  • Conventional Vs Web Based Learning.

  • Recent Trends and Developments in LIS Education and Research.

  • Impact of ICT on Societal and National Development.



d) Library and Information Management Technology:

  • d) Library and Information Management Technology:

  • Resource Management and Development: Human, Financial and E-Resources

  • Resource Mobilization and Outsourcing.

  • Information Marketing.

  • Disaster Management.

  • Digital Information Resources Management.



E. Library Networks and Consortia

  • E. Library Networks and Consortia

  • Networks and Networking: Types, Hardware/Software Requirements.

  • Data Networks and Library & Information Networks.

  • Networked Based Library and Information Services

  • Library Consortia.

  • Management of Library and Information Networks and Consortia.



Digitization

  • Digitization

  • Digitization: Need, Methods and Equipments.

  • Digital Library: Components, Digital Library Initiatives in India, Open Access Initiative

  • Library Website: Design and Maintenance.

  • Content Development: Concept, Scope, Content Organization, Content Analysis, Web Based Content Development: HTML, XML, HTTP, PDF, Acrobat.

  • Legal Issues: Copyright and Intellectual Property Rights in Electronic Environment.



Developing Skills and Competencies

  • understand and interpret the contexts in which information is originated, stored, organised, retrieved, disseminated and used;

  • comprehend the legal and policy issues that are associated with,

  • visualise future directions and prepare a roadmap to provide the most effective and efficient library and information services to the users in the 21st century



Skills and Competencies :Core Areas

  • (i) Information seeking

  • understand and investigate how information is effectively sought and utilised;

  • identify and investigate information needs and information seeking behaviour of the users community



(ii) Information infrastructure

  • (ii) Information infrastructure

  • understand the importance of information architecture to determine the structure, design and flows of information;

  • forecast, plan, facilitate and evaluate appropriate resource management to library and information services.

  • (iii) Information organisation

  • enable information access and use through systematic and user-centred description, categorisation, storage, preservation and retrieval.



iv) Information access

  • iv) Information access

  • provide and promote free and equitable access to information and client services;

  • facilitate the acquisition, licensing or creation of information in a range of media and formats.

  • (v) Information services, sources and products

  • design and deliver customised information services and products;

  • assess the value and effectiveness of library and information facilities, products and services;



market library and information services;

  • market library and information services;

  • identify and evaluate information services, sources and products to determine their relevance to the information needs of users;

  • use research skills to provide appropriate information to clients.

  • (vi) Information literacy

  • understand the need to develop information skills of the user community;

  • facilitate the development of information literacy and the ability to critically evaluate information.



Generic skills

  • effective communication skills;

  • professional ethical standards and social responsibility;

  • project management skills;

  • critical, reflective, and creative thinking;

  • problem-solving skills;

  • ability to build partnerships and alliances;(Public Private Partnership)

  • effective team relationship skills;

  • self management skills;

  • a commitment to life-long learning;

  • relevant information and communications technology and technology application skills;

  • appropriate information literacy skills.



Issues Before LIS Educators

  • Academic, Management, Technological and Legal

  • Balancing Education and Practice, Research

  • Need for National Accreditation Agency

  • Internationalization of Education



Academic-Management-Technological- Legal Issues

  • Academic-Need based Curriculum and Syllabus Enriching Professional Knowledge

  • Management-Scientific Management and skills associated, Management of new Technology and Communication Skills

  • Technological-Competency to Handle Sophisticated Technology in an automated, Networked and Virtual environment

  • Legal-Copy Right/IPR, Cyber Laws



Balancing Education and Practice, Research

  • LIS Educators, Researchers and Practitioners to identify Thrust Areas of Education and Research

  • Provide Future Direction Keeping in view Potential Market Demand

  • Coordination among the Three Groups



Need for National Accreditation Agency

  • National Accreditation Agency for Quality Assurance and Achieve Standards of Excellence

  • Allowing LIS Courses and Degree Holders at par with International Standard

  • Presently in India-Medical Council (Medical education), Bar Council (Legal education), AICTE (Technical education), AICTE (Teacher Education)

  • Need for National Council in LIS Education



Internationalization of Education

  • Reorienting LIS Professionals and Create competition in the National/Global Market

  • Radical Change in LIS Curriculum and syllabus keeping in view the need of Information Workforce in the National/Global Market



Challenges Before LIS Educators

  • Need Based Curriculum

  • Competent Faculty

  • Instructional Technology Support

  • Learning Resources (Print –Electronic and Web based)

  • Continuing Education Programs

  • System of Continuous Evaluation

  • Adequate Financial Support



Role of LIS Educators

  • To cope up with Issues and Challenges as Professional Obligation

  • Balancing “Tradition and Technology”

  • Creativity, innovations in Teaching, Learning and Research lie with Educators in the Transfer of Knowledge

  • Ability or Capacity to Use and Exploit E-Resources and Its Management



Conclusion

  • 21st Century compelled Library professionals to Information Professionals through “Education for Information”

  • International initiatives and Developments forced the Developing Countries to keep pace with such Developments

  • LIS Schools and Educators must be committed to act as qualitative Problem Solvers and Effective Information Managers

  • Possessing broad range of capabilities to meet the highest demand in the information sectors(academic, corporate, government) to meet the challenges in new millennium.

  • Quality Assurance is not the Destination but a journey to continuously improve.



Thank You All

  • Dr Pravakar Rath

  • Professor

  • Department of Library and Information Science

  • Mizoram University

  • ( A Central University)

  • Aizawl,India-796001

  • E-mail: pkrath_99@hotmail.com

  • prath@fulbrightweb.org




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