Ndp disability Disaggregation Document



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FINAL REPORT


DISABILITY-ANALYSIS OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN (NDP) 2030
AND
DISABILITY-DISAGGREGATED NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT PLAN 2030
March 2014



UN Partnership to Promote the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

ILO | OHCHR| UNDESA | UNDP | UNICEF | WHO

TABLE OF CONTENTS


A.INTRODUCTION and ANALYSIS of the NDP 5

1.Introduction to the NDP 5

2.Summary of the NDP 5

3.Definition of Disability 7

4.Summary of Key Policy Instruments 7

B.DISABILITY AND THE NDP 13

1.Disability and the Goal of Poverty Eradication 13

2.Disability and the Goal of Reducing Inequality 14

3.Disability and the Specific Objectives of the NDP 14

C.ANALYSIS OF DISABILITY AND NDP CHAPTERS 15

1.Introduction and Rationale 15

In summary, the targets set each chapter below, take into account the need to ensure quality and are based on known disability data and targets within South Africa’s policy environment. 19

Chapter 3: Economy and employment 20

Chapter 4: Economic infrastructure 27

Chapter 5: Environmental Sustainability and Resilience 36

Chapter 6: Inclusive Rural Economy 43

Chapter 7: South Africa in the Region and the World 52

Chapter 8: Transforming Human Settlements 55

Chapter 8: Transforming Human Settlements 56

Chapter 9: Improving Education, Training and Innovation 60

Chapter 10: Health Care for All 69

Chapter 11: Social Protection 76

Chapter 12: Building Safer Communities 85

Chapter 13: Building a Capable and Developmental State 91

Chapter 14: Fighting Corruption 98

Chapter 15: Nation Building and Social Cohesion 101

D.CONCLUDING THE ANALYSIS 110

REFERENCES 111



ABBREVIATIONS
AU African Union

ABET Adult Basic Education and Training

CIDB Construction Industry Development Board

CPPP Community Private Public Partnerships

CRC Convention on the Rights of the Child

CRPD United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities

CSO Civil Society Organisations

DBSA Development Bank of Southern Africa

DICAG Disabled Children’s Action Group

DFID UK Department for International Development

DPO Disabled People’s Organisations

EPWP Expanded Public Works Programme

ILO International Labour Organisation

MDGs Millennium Development Goals

NCD National Contractor Development Framework

NDP National Development Plan

NPC National Planning Commission

NGO Non-governmental Organisation

PPPFA Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act (Act 5 of 2000)

PICC Presidential infrastructure Coordinating Commission

SETAs Sector Education Training Authorities

SIPs Strategic Integrated Projects

SMME Small micro-medium-term Enterprises

SOE State-Owned Enterprises

WHO World Health Organisation

VET Vocational education and training

UN United Nations


  1. INTRODUCTION and ANALYSIS of the NDP




  1. Introduction to the NDP

Since 2010 the South African Government has introduced various policy initiatives which have formed the basis of industrial policy in the country. The incipient plan at that time was the 2010/2011¬2012/13 Industrial Policy Action Plan (IPAP2), released in February 2010 by the DTI, which in turn represented a modification and update of the previously introduced initial IPAP (2007) strategy. This second version attempted to focus on strategic efforts to diversify, intensify and enhance the domestic and international competitiveness of the country's industrial sector (Zarenda, H. 2013).


The diagnostic report (National Planning Commission Diagnostic Report 2011) provided a basis for the development of the NDP. The NDP is a 444-page strategic document that proposes to invigorate and expand economic opportunity through investment in infrastructure, innovation, private investment and entrepreneurship.1
The NDP addresses the need to reduce poverty and notes that millions of South Africans, the majority of whom are young people, are still unemployed. It calls for a ‘virtuous cycle’ of growth and development.2

  1. Summary of the NDP

The NDP proposes high level objectives, by stating that:



  • South Africa has the capacity to ‘eliminate poverty and reduce inequality’ over the next two decades.3 With regard to poverty reduction, the NDP proposes a reduction from 39% of the population to zero in the proportion of people living below R418 (at 2009 prices) per person per month. The Plan proposes a reduction in inequality by aiming to achieve a reduction in the Gini coefficient from 0.7 to 0.6 (where 0=full equality and 1= maximum inequality)

  • South Africa should move to a State that includes the socially and economically excluded.

The NDP itself is divided into 15 chapters that deal with different aspects related to the achievement of its goals:



  1. Policy making in a complex environment

  2. Demographic trends

  3. Economy and employment

  4. Economy infrastructure

  5. Environmental sustainability

  6. An integrated and inclusive rural economy

  7. Positioning South Africa in the world

  8. Transforming human settlement and the national space economy

  9. Improving education, training and innovation

  10. Promoting health

  11. Social Protection

  12. Building safer communities

  13. Building a capable and developmental state

  14. Fighting corruption

  15. Transforming society and uniting the country4

Key enabling milestones are5:



  1. Increase employment from 13 million in 2010 to 24 million in 2030.

  2. Raise per capita income from R50 000 in 2010 to R120 000 by 2030.

  3. Increase the share of national income of the bottom 40 percent from 6 percent to 10 percent.

  4. A competitive base of infrastructure, human resources and regulatory frameworks.

  5. Skilled, technical, professional and managerial posts better reflect the country's racial, gender and disability makeup.

  6. Broadened ownership of assets by historically disadvantaged groups.

  7. Increased quality of education with a strong emphasis on all tiers of education.

  8. Affordable access to quality health care while promoting health and wellbeing.

  9. Effective, safe and affordable public transport.

  10. Sufficient energy to support industry at competitive prices, ensuring access for poor households, while reducing carbon emissions per unit of power by about one-third.

  11. All South Africans have access to clean running water in their homes.

  12. High-speed broadband internet universally available at competitive prices.

  13. A food trade surplus, with one-third produced by small-scale farmers or households.

  14. Ensure household food and nutrition security.

  15. Entrench a social security system covering all working people, with social protection for the poor and other groups in need, such as children and people with disabilities.

  16. Realise a developmental, capable and ethical state that treats citizens with dignity.

  17. Ensure that all people live safely, with an independent and fair criminal justice system.

  18. Broaden social cohesion and unity while redressing the inequities of the past.

  19. Play a leading role in continental development, economic integration and human rights. 6

The NDP stipulates critical actions that should be implemented to achieve the above outcomes. These include but are not limited to7:



  1. A social compact to reduce poverty and inequality, and raise employment and investment.

  2. A strategy to address poverty and its impacts by broadening access to employment, strengthening the social wage, improving public transport and raising rural incomes.

  3. Steps by the state to professionalise the public service, strengthen accountability, improve coordination and prosecute corruption.

  4. Boost private investment in labour-intensive areas, competitiveness and exports, with adjustments to lower the risk of hiring younger workers.

  5. An education accountability chain.

  6. Phase in national health insurance.

  7. Public infrastructure investment at 10 percent of gross domestic product (GDP).

  8. Environmental sustainability and resilience to future shocks.

  9. New spatial norms and standards – creating dense cities, improving transport, locating jobs where people live, upgrading informal settlements and fixing housing market gaps.

  10. Reducing crime by strengthening criminal justice and improving community environments.

The NDP outlines elements of a decent standard of living, stating that while income, through employment or social security, is critical to defining living standards, human beings need more than income. They need adequate nutrition, transport, safe communities and clean neighbourhoods. The National Development Plan makes a firm commitment to achieving a minimum standard of living which can be progressively realised through a multi-pronged strategy.


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