Sawm/fasting = literal meaning to abstain

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tarix29.07.2018
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SAWM/FASTING = LITERAL MEANING TO ABSTAIN



Fasting Only for Muslims?

  • Like Salah, Fasting ordained upon previous Ummahs of every prophet from Sayyidina Adam to the last Prophet (saw).

  • Psychologically Comforting – if any inconvenience is faced by a large # of people it becomes easier to bear.



Changes made in Fasting

  • THEN

  • Prophet (saw) fasted 3 days in a month & 10th Muharram

  • Either fast (preferred) or pay ransom (fidyah)‏

  • Eating, drinking, sexual intercourse valid after iftar as long as you don't sleep, if you sleep it counts as the beginning of next fast



When Is It Acceptable To NOT Observe Fast?

  • Sick – unbearable hardship or fear of illness getting worst due to fasting (qada required); permanent illness with no hope of recovery

  • Traveling (ala safarin) – on a journey for a longer duration, not just going out of the house 5-10 miles away (qada required); staying somewhere for 15 days – not ala safarin, must fast

  • Very old age

  • Women – menstruation or child bed (qada required)‏



QADA



FIDYAH



BENEFITS OF FASTING

  • GAIN ALLAH(SWT)'S RAZA BY LISTENING TO HIS COMMANDS AND FOLLOWING THE PROPHET (SAW)‏

  • SO THAT YOU BE GOD-FEARING

  • CONTROL OF DESIRES – ESSENCE OF TAQWA

  • PROPHET (SAW) SAID THAT PRAYER MADE BY ONE WHO IS FASTING AT THE TIME OF HIS IFTAR IS ACCEPTED INSHA'ALLAH










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