Sejarah Industri maritim di Indonesia

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Sejarah Industri maritim di Indonesia

  • Sejarah Industri maritim di Indonesia

  • Potensi yang kita miliki

  • Keadaan yang berlaku saat ini (Cabotage)

  • Posisi Indonesia wilayah Timur

  • Kelemahan yang harus diperbaiki

  • Strategy secara keseluruhan (Grand Strategy)

  • Tantangan dan Langkah-langkah yang sebaiknya dilaksanakan

  • Summary



1.

  • 1.

  • Sejarah Industri maritim di Indonesia













UU No 17 TAHUN 2008, PASAL 8, AYAT 1.

  • UU No 17 TAHUN 2008, PASAL 8, AYAT 1.

  • Kegiatan angkutan laut dalam negeri dilakukan oleh perusahaan angkutan nasional dengan menggunakan kapal berbendera Indonesia serta diawaki oleh awak kapal berkewarganegaraan Indonesia



2.

  • 2.

  • Potensi yang kita miliki











3.

  • 3.

  • Keadaan yang berlaku saat ini

  • (Cabotage)



From , to sail along the coast

  • From , to sail along the coast

  • Cabotage is the Transport of Goods and Passengers between two points in the same country (Wikipedia)

  • Cabotage is the principle of reserving the privilege or right of Navigating and trading along the coast between two or more ports within the National territory “only to vessel that are duly registered in that country”



Maintain National Economic and operating control over critical National Infrastructure

  • Maintain National Economic and operating control over critical National Infrastructure

  • Critical national Infrastructure

  • -Essential to functioning of National Economy

  • - Banking and Finance, Domestic transport,

    • telecommunications and utilities.
  • All providers of domestic transportation services operate under the same National Laws and regulations



The Domestic (“Cabotage”) Fleet is the Foundation of Country maritime industry

  • The Domestic (“Cabotage”) Fleet is the Foundation of Country maritime industry

  • The “Cabotage” enforcement are the foundation for ensuring National control over critical domestic transportation infrastructure



Maritime transport play very important role for the country

  • Maritime transport play very important role for the country

  • Maritime Transport services contribute National, Regional, as well as to world Economic Growth

  • Country Obligation in implementing Liberalization and Multilateral trading ( many Indonesian Ports open for Foreign flag vessels)

  • But National development in Maritime industry sector should be prudently taken into account



Untuk dapat memiliki armada berbendera Indonesia yang kuat,demi menunjang Negara maritim yang kuat sehingga Perkapalan Indonesia dapat menjadi tuan rumah di Negeri Sendiri.

  • Untuk dapat memiliki armada berbendera Indonesia yang kuat,demi menunjang Negara maritim yang kuat sehingga Perkapalan Indonesia dapat menjadi tuan rumah di Negeri Sendiri.

  • Dengan azas Cabotage kita mendidik, melindungi lingkungan dan keselamatan Perkapalan Indonesia sehingga dapat menjadi pillar dari keberadaan negara Maritim Indonesia

  • kontribusi Pengusaha Nasional dalam membangun Industri Maritim Indonesia yang dapat membanggakan















4.

  • 4.

  • Posisi Indonesia

  • wilayah Timur









5.

  • 5.

  • Kelemahan yang harus diperbaiki



Contract  short term

  • Contract  short term

  • Tax Government Rule Income/VAT

  • Interest rate (Local Bank)  High Level

  • Freight (Domestic)  Lower level

  • Old/Sub Standard vessels  Wreckage & GHG

  • Crewing skill improvement Owner account

  • Ship Mortgage/Ship Arrest  In Progress



Export commodities  International trade

  • Export commodities  International trade

  • Port Facilities  Private Sector

  • Scrap vessels  Green Recycling Yard/s

  • Tally  Cargo Surveyors

  • Lube/Fuel services  Lube/Bunker facilities

  • Crew shortages Training center

  • Insurance  Pooling system

  • R & M  Shipyard/s + Sub contractor

  • Spares and technician Supplier/specialist



6.

  • 6.

  • Strategy secara keseluruhan

  • (Grand Strategy)



Laksanakan peran Pemerintah sesuai UU No.17 psl 56-57

  • Laksanakan peran Pemerintah sesuai UU No.17 psl 56-57

  • Mengidentifikasi potensi muatan di Wilayah Timur Indonesia

  • Membuat pilot project sesuai dengan area dan kebutuhan

  • Berikan Insentif pola trayek yang jelas

  • Pro-Lokal dan buat standard aturan yang baku



Established joint working group between parties involves and set up the intermodal transportation system with the related Government in charged

  • Established joint working group between parties involves and set up the intermodal transportation system with the related Government in charged

  • All related parties with full assistances of the Government should be ready to accept the challenge



7.

  • 7.

  • Tantangan dan Langkah-langkah yang sebaiknya dilaksanakan



Global Market Need effective Transportation Facilities

  • Global Market Need effective Transportation Facilities

  • New Transportation Facilities Need a New way of Skills

  • Effective Link mode coordination between Mode of Transportation

  • Environment Problem vs Pollution

  • Expert in area of Development



Globalization era will eliminate the cross border

  • Globalization era will eliminate the cross border

  • Economic growth inter related country inline with the growth of infrastructure / transportation Facilities

  • People and Goods movement need efficient transportation mode, and Port Facilities



Seamless flow of passenger and cargo in a unified and interconnected manner

  • Seamless flow of passenger and cargo in a unified and interconnected manner

  • Sustainable transportation system which be economically efficient, environmentally sound, secure and ethically based

  • High degree of coordination and integration between Government, private and public sectors



8.

  • 8.

  • Summary



Cabotage is Common, and Domestic Fleet is the foundation to Maritime industry to all Country

  • Cabotage is Common, and Domestic Fleet is the foundation to Maritime industry to all Country

  • Cabotage is Mandatory for individual country and should follow the trend of growth in maritime industry

  • Country ability should accommodate certain level of Liberalization and Multi Lateral trading system

  • Economic Growth of Maritime Transport should be inline with growth of Infrastructure/Port facilities








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