The ability to delude yourself may be an important survival tool

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The ability to delude yourself may be an important survival tool.

     - Jane Wagner
Don't part with your illusions. When they are gone you may still exist, but you have ceased to live.
     - Mark Twain, 1835 - 1910

What if everything is an illusion and nothing exists? In that case, I definitely overpaid for my carpet.

     - Woody Allen

All the problems of the world could be settled if people were only willing to think. The trouble is that people very often resort to all sorts of devices in order not to think, because thinking is such hard work.

Thomas John Watson, Sr, 1874 – 1956

If you want to achieve excellence, you can get there today. As of this second, quit doing less-than-excellent work.

Thomas John Watson, Sr, 1874 – 1956

Praising God is one of the highest and purest acts of religion. In prayer we act like men; in praise we act like angels.

Thomas John Watson, Sr, 1874 – 1956

Recently, I was asked if I was going to fire an employee who made a mistake that cost the company $600,000. No, I replied, I just spent $600,000 training him. Why would I want somebody to hire his experience?

Thomas John Watson, Sr, 1874 - 1956

Only two things are infinite, the universe and human stupidity, and I'm not sure about the former.

     - Albert Einstein, 1879 – 1955

Ninety-nine percent of the people in the world are fools and the rest of us are in great danger of contagion.

     - Thornton Niven Wilder, 1897 - 1975

Good sense is of all things in the world the most equally distributed, for everyone thinks himself so abundantly provided with it, that even those most difficult to please in all other matters do not commonly desire more of it than they already possess.

René Descartes, 1595 - 1650

Believe those who are seeking the truth; doubt those who find it.

     - André Gide, 1869 – 1951

Fanatic orthodoxy is never rooted in faith but in doubt. It is when we are not sure that we are doubly sure.

     - Reinhold Niebuhr, 1892 – 1971

We are all in the gutter, but some of us are looking at the stars.
         Oscar Wilde

Don't judge each day by the harvest you reap, but by the seeds you plant.

     - Robert Louis Stevenson, 1850 – 1894

My wife and I tried to breakfast together, but we had to stop or our marriage would have been wrecked.

     - Winston Churchill, 1874 - 1965

The only reason for time is so that everything doesn't happen at once.

     - Albert Einstein, 1879 – 1955
Our progress as a nation can be no swifter than our progress in education. The human mind is our fundamental resource.
     - John Fitzgerald Kennedy, 1917 - 1963
I always have a quotation for everything - it saves original thinking.
     - Dorothy L. Sayers
Stronger than an army is a quotation whose time has come.
     - W. I. E. Gates

It is a good thing for an uneducated man to read books of quotations.

     - Winston Churchill, 1874 - 1965
Latin Quotes

"The dogmas of the quiet past, are inadequate to the stormy present. The occasion is piled high with difficulty, and we must rise -- with the occasion. As our case is new, so we must think anew, and act anew. We must disentrall ourselves, and then we shall save our country."
Abraham Lincoln, From the December 1, 1862 Message to Congress

And Caesar's spirit, ranging for revenge,

With Ate' by his side come hot from Hell,

Shall in these confines with a monarch's voice

Cry "Havoc!" and let slip the dogs of war,

That this foul deed shall smell above the earth

With carrion men, groaning for burial.--

Julius Caesar, Act III, Scene i, William Skaespeare
Fondly do we hope, fervently do we pray, that this mighty scourge of war may speedily pass away. Yet, if God wills that it continue until all the wealth piled by the bondman’s two-hundred and fifty years of unrequited toil shall be sunk, and until every drop of blood drawn with the lash shall be paid by another drawn with the sword, as was said three thousand years ago, so still it must be said, “The judgments of the Lord are true and righteous altogether.”

Abraham Lincoln, Second Inaugural Address. March 4, 1865
“At this place, at this moment of time, all mankind is us, whether we like it or not.”

Attribution:Samuel Beckett (1906–1989), Irish dramatist, novelist. Vladimir, in Waiting for Godot, p. 51, Grove Press (1954).
“Wholly new forms of encyclopedias will appear, ready-made with a mesh of associative trails running through them, ready to be dropped into the memex and there amplified. The lawyer has at his touch the associated opinions and decisions of his whole experience, and of the experience of friends and authorities. The patent attorney has on call the millions of issued patents, with familiar trails to every point of his client's interest. The physician, puzzled by its patient's reactions, strikes the trail established in studying an earlier similar case, and runs rapidly through analogous case histories, with side references to the classics for the pertinent anatomy and histology. The chemist, struggling with the synthesis of an organic compound, has all the chemical literature before him in his laboratory, with trails following the analogies of compounds, and side trails to their physical and chemical behavior.”

Vannevar Bush – “As We May Think” - The Atlantic Monthly, July 1945

I'm a proponent of the jujitsu method of innovation. Jujitsu teaches you to take advantage of your opponent's momentum. I like to take advantage of what already exists -- to grab the intellectual momentum and then use it to advance an application into the mainstream. When Robert Kahn and I were creating TCP/IP ( a set of protocols that makes it possible to link various networks around the world ), we decided not to require the networks that support it to change in any way. Instead, we took advantage of what already existed, and we avoided adding another layer of complexity.

People often take the view that standardization is the enemy of creativity. But I think that standards help make creativity possible -- by allowing for the establishment of an infrastructure, which then leads to enormous entrepreneurialism, creativity, and competitiveness.
When it comes to innovation, the question is not how to innovate but how to invite ideas. How do you invite your brain to encounter thoughts that you might not otherwise encounter? Creative people let their minds wander, and they mix ideas freely. Innovation often comes from unexpected juxtapositions, from connecting subjects that aren't necessarily related. Another way to generate ideas is to treat a problem as though it were generic. If you're experiencing a particular problem, odds are that other people are experiencing it too. Generate a solution, and you may have an innovation.
Vinton Cerf ( ), together with Robert Kahn, devised TCP/IP ( Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol ), a set of standard protocols that serves as the common "language" of the Internet. TCP/IP enables networks to communicate with one another and to share information through "gateways" that process information according to a single standard.

Fast Company, April 2000.

Standing, standing, standing - why do I have to stand all the time? That is the main characteristic of social Washington.
Daniel J. Boorstin
Poetry is a rich, full-bodied whistle, cracked ice crunching in pails, the night that numbs the leaf, the duel of two nightingales, the sweet pea that has run wild, Creation's tears in shoulder blades.
Boris Pasternak
Art is either plagiarism or revolution.
Paul Gauguin
The internet is a great way to get on the net.
Bob Dole
The trouble with jogging is that the ice falls out of your glass.
Martin Mull
We can lick gravity, but sometimes the paperwork is overwhelming.
Wernher von Braun
It is better to be the hammer than the anvil.
Emily Dickinson
Politics is war without bloodshed, while war is politics with bloodshed.
Mao Zedong
Worlds can be found by a child and an adult bending down and looking together under the grass stems or at the skittering crabs in a tidal pool.
Mary Catherine Bateson
The test of our progress is not whether we add more to the abundance of those who have much it is whether we provide enough for those who have little.
Franklin D. Roosevelt
Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to pause and reflect.
Mark Twain
Our work is the presentation of our capabilities.
Edward Gibbon
Only those who attempt the absurd will achieve the impossible. I think it's in my basement... let me go upstairs and check.
M. C. Escher
Drawing is the honesty of the art. There is no possibility of cheating. It is either good or bad.
Salvador Dali
Be assured those will be thy worst enemies, not to whom thou hast done evil, but who have done evil to thee. And those will be thy best friends, not to whom thou hast done good, but who have done good to thee.
When your work speaks for itself, get out of the way.
Jacques Barzun
There are three roads to ruin; women, gambling and technicians. The most pleasant is with women, the quickest is with gambling, but the surest is with technicians.
Georges Pompidou
Like the furtive collectors of stolen art, we [cell biologists] are forced to be lonely admirers of spectacular architecture, exquisite symmetry, dramas of violence and death, mobility, self-sacrifice and, yes, rococo sex.
Lorraine Lee Cudmore
Globalization, as defined by rich people like us, is a very nice thing ... you are talking about the Internet, you are talking about cell phones, you are talking about computers. This doesn't affect two-thirds of the people of the world.
Jimmy Carter
You miss 100% of the shots you never take.
Wayne Gretzky
The next major explosion is going to be when genetics and computers come together. I'm talking about an organic computer - about biological substances that can function like a semiconductor.
Alvin Toffler
Free speech is not to be regulated like diseased cattle and impure butter. The audience that hissed yesterday may applaud today, even for the same performance.
William O. Douglas
In a pond koi can reach lengths of eighteen inches. Amazingly, when placed in a lake, koi can grow to three feet long. The metaphor is obvious. You are limited by how you see the world.
Vince Poscente
Fear of serious injury alone cannot justify oppression of free speech and assembly. Men feared witches and burnt women. It is the function of speech to free men from the bondage of irrational fears.
Louis D. Brandeis
Money is better than poverty, if only for financial reasons.
Woody Allen
There are two kinds of companies, those that work to try to charge more and those that work to charge less. We will be the second.
Jeff Bezos
I paint with shapes.
Alexander Calder
"Leaders are visionaries with a poorly developed sense

of fear and no concept of the odds against them." 

-- Dr. Robert Jarvik, inventor of the Jarvik-7,

an artificial heart
That this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom, and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. 

Abraham Lincoln, Speech at Gettysburg, Nov. 19, 1863.
Anything simple always interests me.
David Hockney
We succeed in enterprises which demand the positive qualities we possess, but we excel in those which can also make use of our defects.
Alexis de Tocqueville
Personality is born out of pain. It is the fire shut up in the flint.
J. B. Yeats
In the democracy of the dead all men at last are equal. There is neither rank nor station nor prerogative in the republic of the grave.
John James Ingalls
I decided that if I could paint that flower in a huge scale, you could not ignore its beauty.
Georgia O'Keeffe
Reality is merely an illusion, albeit a very persistent one.
Albert Einstein
Nobody's a natural. You work hard to get good and then work to get better. It's hard to stay on top.
Paul Coffey
Microsoft is a bully. Microsoft is trying to hoodwink nontechnical people.
Stewart Alsop
Culture is one thing and varnish is another.
Ralph Waldo Emerson
I have tried to lift France out of the mud. But she will return to her errors and vomitings. I cannot prevent the French from being French.
Charles De Gaulle
The four building blocks of the universe are fire, water, gravel and vinyl.
Dave Barry
When bad men combine, the good must associate; else they will fall one by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a contemptible struggle.
Edmund Burke
I am not a scientist. I am, rather, an impresario of scientists.
Jacques Cousteau
Golf is a good walk spoiled.
Mark Twain
Any intelligent fool can make things bigger, more complex, and more violent. It takes a touch of genius - and a lot of courage - to move in the opposite direction.
E.F. Schumacker
"At what point then is the approach of danger to be expected? I answer, if it ever reach us, it must spring up amongst us. It cannot come from abroad. If destruction be our lot, we must ourselves be its author and finisher. As a nation of freemen, we must live through all time, or die by suicide."

Abraham Lincoln --From the January 27, 1838 Lyceum Address
Information is power. Diversity is strength. Complacency is death.

“I hold every man a debtor to his profession; from the which as men of course do seek to receive countenance and profit, so ought they of duty to endeavour themselves by way of amends to be a help and ornament thereunto.”

Francis Bacon, Maxims of the Law. Preface.
" . . . when pain is to be borne,

a little courage helps more than much knowledge,

a little sympathy more than much courage,

and the least tincture of then love of God more than all."

C. S. Lewis, The Problem of Pain

First they came for the Jews

and I did not speak out
because I was not a Jew.
Then they came for the Communists
and I did not speak out
because I was not a Communist.
Then they came for the trade unionists
and I did not speak out
because I was not a trade unionist.
Then they came for me
and there was no one left
to speak out for me.

Pastor Martin Niemöller
When a distinguished but elderly scientist says that something is

possible, he is almost certainly right. When he says it is impossible, he is very probably wrong.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke's First Law, from Profiles of the Future

The only way of finding the limits of the possible is by going

beyond them into the impossible.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke's Second Law from Profiles of the Future

Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.

Sir Arthur C. Clarke's Third Law, from Profiles of the Future

Do you know what my favorite part of the game is? The opportunity to play.

Mike Singletary
Science investigates religion interprets. Science gives man knowledge which is power religion gives man wisdom which is control.
Martin Luther King, Jr.
Never measure the height of a mountain until you have reached the top. Then you will see how low it was.
Dag Hammarskjold
Be as a tower firmly set; Shakes not its top for any blast that blows.
Dante Alighieri
Believe and act as if it were impossible to fail.
Charles F. Kettering
Work like you don't need the money. Love like you've never been hurt. Dance like nobody's watching.
Satchel Paige
I invent nothing, I rediscover.
Auguste Rodin
“And in what way does he who thinks that wisdom is the
discernment of the tempers and tastes of the motley multitude,
whether in painting or music, or, finally, in politics, differ
from him whom I have been describing?  For when a man consorts
with the many, and exhibits to them his poem or other work of
art or the service which he has done the State, making them
his judges when he is not obliged, the so-called necessity of
Diomede will oblige him to produce whatever they praise."
Plato, The Republic

“Until one is committed, there is hesitancy, the chance to draw back, always ineffectiveness. Concerning all acts of initiative and creation, there is one elementary truth the ignorance of which kills countless ideas and splendid plans: that the moment one definitely commits oneself, then providence moves too. All sorts of things occur to help one that would never otherwise have occurred. A whole stream of events issues from the decision, raising in one's favor all manner of unforeseen incidents, meetings and material assistance which no man could have dreamed would have come his way. Whatever you can do or dream you can, begin it. Boldness has genius, power and magic in it. Begin it now.”

- Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749 - 1832)
"Be bold, and mighty forces will come to your aid."
Basil King

“Try not. Do. Or do not. There is no try.”

- Yoda
Every great advance in natural knowledge has involved the absolute rejection of authority.
--Thomas Huxley

By 1997, some 19 million Americans were using the Internet. That number

tripled in one year, and then passed 100 million in 1999.

In the first quarter of 2000, more than five million Americans joined the

online world - roughly 55,000 new users each day, 2,289 new users each hour,
or 38 new users each minute.

The word "Internet" was essentially unknown in the news before the

mid-1980s, and appeared in all major American media only 346 times in 1990.

By 1995, the number of references to the Internet in all major media had

increased to only 70,944. References increased to 219,866 in 1997, then to
529,343 by 1999, and passed

700,000 in the first three quarters of 2000.

The Internet's capacity to carry information doubles every 100 days.

Earlier this year, the number of online, indexable documents passed the one

billion mark.

 Every 24 hours, the content of the Worldwide Web increases by more than 3.2

million new pages and more than 715,000 images.

Late last year, the total number of hits on U.S. web pages passed the one

billion per day mark.

The number of electronic mailboxes worldwide jumped 84 percent to almost 570

million in 1999. While in 1998 the U.S. Postal Service delivered 101 billion
pieces of

paper mail, estimates of the number of e-mail messages transmitted that year

range to as high as four trillion.

After electricity became publicly available, 46 years passed before 30

percent of American homes were wired; 38 years passed before the telephone
reached 30 percent of U.S.

households, and 17 years for television. The Internet required only seven

years to reach 30 percent of American households.

How long as Internet users?

n Less than 1 year 21.4%

n 1-2 years 39.4%

n 2-4 years 23.4%

n 4+ years 15.8%

60% have been online 2 years or less!!

If you go to

and type in: downes

Number of Worldwide Internet Users Under the Age

of 18 to Exceed 77 Million by 2005

April 23, 1999


NewsEdge Corporation -- Computer Economics

expects the number of Internet-using minors

worldwide to surpass 77 million by the year 2005.

"The reality is that you can't stop people when it comes
to acquiring the latest gadget in an economy where
people have far too much disposable income. And if you
don't try to support it, end-users will once again view
the IT department as a behind-the-times bottleneck that
prevents them from attaining data nirvana alongside
their latest stock quotes."

--Michael Vizard, InfoWorld Editor in Chief.

"Man is the only animal that can remain on friendly terms with the victims

he intends to eat until he eats them."
 - Samuel Butler (1835 - 1902)
"Idleness is only the refuse of weak minds."
 - Earl of Chesterfield (1694 - 1773)
"An idea isn't responsible for the people who believe in it."
 - Don Marquis (1878 - 1937)
The Rev. Ken Howard September 10, 2000 (Pentecost 13/Proper 8)
St. Nicholas Church James 1:17-27


"Be doers of the word, and not merely hearers who deceive themselves. For if any are hearers of the word and not doers, they are like those who look at themselves in a mirror; for they look at themselves and, on going away, immediately forget what they were like."

North America and the Asia Pacific area will continue

to experience the most growth in Internet usage

among children.
"The number of children throughout the world using

the Internet will increase dramatically over the next

six years and will become a huge market, " said

Computer Economics' Director of Research and

Advisory Services, Michael Erbschloe. "While growth

amongst European children will not be as rapid, the

market there of over 15 million Internet users under

18 years old will be nonetheless very significant."

Projected Growth in Internet Users Under 18 Years Old

Country 2001 2005

Total Africa 90,000 356,700

Total Asia Pacific 6,209,700 22,230,100

Total Europe 6,165,200 15,336,500

Total Middle East 156,500 438,700

Total North America 13,708,800 36,924,400

Total South America 477,000 1,778,300

Total Worldwide 26,807,200 77,064,700

The number of Internet users in the Asia Pacific area

will increase nearly fourfold from 2001 to 2005.

However, even though the rate of growth will be

higher in the Asia Pacific area than in North America,

there will still be more kids using the Internet in North

America than in the Asia Pacific area in 2005.
Computer Economics is an independent research

firm specializing in helping IT decision makers plan,

manage, and control IT costs through advisory

services, analyst support, an innovative Web site,

and printed reports. Based in Carlsbad, Calif.,

Computer Economics serves 82 percent of the

Fortune 500. For further information, please visit the

Web site at

CONTACT: Computer Economics Inc. | Adam

Harriss, 760/438-8100, ext. 108 | |

[Copyright 1999, Business Wire


A few months ago, I asked this list to forward notable technology quotes to me for a presentation I was giving at the time. I promised that I would post the collection to the list. I apologize for the delay, but here is the list in it's

entirety. Note that many quotes came my way, not all directly related to

technology. However, I've included them all just in case you find them useful. I consider this a list in progress, so please continue to forward additional quotes my way. Thank you.

Peggi Munkittrick

Director of Distance Education

Marywood University

Scranton, Pennsylvania


PREDICTIONS: Transportation Fumbles Quite
"The 'horseless carriage' is at present a luxury for the wealthy; and although

its price will probably fall in the future, it will never come into as common

use as the bicycle." (Literary digest, 1881)
"Heavier-than-air flying machines are impossible." (Lord Kelvin, President,

Royal Society, 1895)

"The flying machine will eventually be fast: they will be used in sport, but

they are not to be thought of as commercial carriers." (Octave Chanute, aviation pioneer, 1904)
"The idea of space travel is bilge". (Sir Richard Wooley, Astronomer Royal, UK, 1956)
"Airplanes are interesting toys but of no military value." (Marechal Ferdinand Foch, Professor of Strategy, Ecole Superieure de Guerre)
"Landing and moving around on the moon offer so many serious problems for human beings that it may take science another 200 years to lick them." (Lord Kelvin, physicist and mathematician, 1824-1907). Lord Kelvin also predicted that "X-rays are a hoax", and "Radio has no future."
"Professor Goddard does not know the relation between action and reaction and the need to have something better than a vacuum against which to react. He seems to lack the basic knowledge ladled out daily in high schools." (The New York Times editorial about Robert Goddard's rocket work)
PREDICTIONS: Technology Fumbles
"This telephone has too many shortcomings to be seriously considered as a means of communication. The device is inherently of no value to us." (Western Union, internal memo, 1876)
"The wireless music box has no imaginable commercial value. Who would pay for a message sent to nobody in particular?" (Dadis Sarnoff's associates in response to his urgings for investment in the radio, 1920's)
"I think there is a world market for maybe five computers." (Thomas Watson,

Chairman of IBM, 1943)

"Television won't be able to hold on to any market it captures after the first

six months. People will soon get tired of staring at a plywood box every

night." (Darryl F. Zanuck, Head of 20th Century fox, 1946)
"Computers in the future may weight no more than 1.5 tons." (Popular Mechanics, forecasting the relentless march of science, 1949)
"I have traveled the length and breadth of this country and talked with the best people, and I can assure you that data processing is a fad that won't last out the year." (The editor in charge of business books for Prentice Hall, 1957)
"But... what is it good for?" (Engineer at the Advanced Computing Systems

Division of IBM, 1968, commenting on the microchip)

"There is no reason anyone would want a computer in their home." (Ken Olson, President, Chairman, and founder of Digital Equipment Corporation, 1977)
"640K ought to be enough for anybody." (Bill Gates, Microsoft Corporation, 1981)
"Harvard University will become a distance education structure with no

face-to-face lectures by 2000." (Guthenberg II, well-known Canadian study of

technology in education, 1985)
So we went to Atari and said, "Hey, we've got this amazing thing ever built with some of your parts, and what do you think about funding us? Or we'll give it to you. We just want to do it. Pay our salary, we'll come work for you." and they said, "No.", so then we went to Hewlett-Packard, and they said, "Hey we don't need you. You haven't gotten through college yet." (Steve Jobs, founder of Apple computer, commenting on Steve Wozniak's and his attempts to market their personal computer.)
PREDICTIONS: Business Fumbles
"Drill for oil? You mean drill into the ground to try and find oil? You're

crazy." (Drillers who Edwin L. Drake tried to enlist to his project to drill for

oil in 1859)
"Who the heck wants to hear actors talk?" (H.M. Warner, Warner Brothers, 1927)
"Stocks have reached what looks like a permanently high plateau." (Irving

Fisher, Professor of Economics, Yale University, 1929)

"We don't like their sound, and guitar music is on the way out." (Decca

Recording Co. rejecting the Beatles, 1962)

"If I had thought about it, I wouldn't have done the experiment. The literature was full of examples that said you can't do this." (Spencer Silver on work that lead to the unique adhesives for Post-It Notes)

"The concept is interesting and well-formed, but in order to earn better than a 'C', the ideas must be feasible." (A Yale University management professor in response to Fred Smith's paper proposing reliable overnight delivery service. Smith went on to found Federal Express Corp.)

"A cookie store is a bad idea. Besides, the market research reports say America likes crispy cookies, not soft and chewy cookies like you make." (response to Debbi Fields' idea of starting Mrs. Field's Cookies)
"You want to have consistent and uniform muscle development across all of your muscles? It can't be done. It's just a fact of life. You just have to accept

inconsistent muscle development as an unalterable condition of weight training." (Response to Arthur Jones, who solved the unsolvable problem by inventing Nautilus)

PREDICTIONS: General Fumbles
"It is of course, altogether valueless... Ours has been the first, and will

doubtless be the last party of whites to visit this profitless location." (Lt.

Joseph Ives, Corps of Topographical engineers on the Grand Canyon, 1861)
"Louis Pasteur's theory of germs is ridiculous fiction." (Pierre Pachet,

Professor of Physiology at Toulouse, 1872)

"The abdomen, the chest, and the brain will forever be shut from the intrusion of the wise and humane surgeon." (Sir John Eric Ericksen, British surgeon, appointed Surgeon-Extraordinary to Queen Victoria, 1873)
"Everything that can be invented has been invented." (Charles H. Duell,

Commissioner, U.S. Office of Patents, 1899)

"I'm just glad it'll be Clark Gable who's falling on his face and not Gary

Cooper." (Gary Cooper on his decision not to take the leading role in Gone With The Wind)

"A mechanism of world inter-communication will be devised, embracing the whole planet, freed from national hindrances and restrictions, and functioning with marvelous swiftness and perfect regularity." (Shoghi Effendi, Guardian of the Baha'i Faith, 1936)
Getting information from the internet is like getting a drink of water from a

fire hose. (no attribution)

"Cyberspace, a term used to describe air filled with information that we

retrieve electronically. Electronically-generated information, invisible but

essential, floating along the airwaves, retrievable from who-knows where, is

making space more of an active player in our organizations." (Margaret Wheatley)


DEOS-L is a service provided to the Distance Education community by

The American Center for the Study of Distance Education, The Pennsylvania

State University. Opinions expressed are those of DEOS-L subscribers,

and do not constitute endorsement of any opinion, product, or service by

ACSDE or Penn State.


Dr. Vincent Cerf “father of the Net”

April 1995 NSF backbone turned off – commercial Net is only 4 years old.

300 million users by Y2K

www invented in 1989

1992 Mosaic first browser

as of 1998:

13 million domain names

100 million net users

80-90% growth per year in last 10 years

by 2005 bigger than POTS


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