The answer consists of four parts: The answer consists of four parts



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The answer consists of four parts:

  • The answer consists of four parts:

  • A. The evolving agenda of participatory development

  • B. The efforts to make aid more effective through new aid modalities

  • C. The stronger emphasis on knowledge about state-society relations and politics in development.

  • D. Bringing various groups of EC practitioners together





EC and other donors look for ways to make their aid more effective

  • EC and other donors look for ways to make their aid more effective

  • These efforts include among other things ways to:

    • Align behind country policies (if these reduce poverty)
    • Align behind country systems (if there are serious efforts to make these systems work for the poor)
    • Reduce the burden on partners (through harmonisation)
    • And move from government ownership to country ownership,
    • And from mutual to domestic accountability


What are these new aid modalities

  • What are these new aid modalities

    • Budget support
    • And the so-called sector wide approaches – or the EC’s Sector Policy Support Programmes – aren’t either
  • What is new about these modalities?

    • It’s not just about the money
    • Nor about one input, instrument or tool
    • It’s about and aid package,
    • An aid package that applies the principles to make aid more effective




Growing realisation that politics can help explain where aid has been effective and where not

  • Growing realisation that politics can help explain where aid has been effective and where not

  • It matters to know:

    • If and how state-society bargaining takes place
    • Whether, how and around which interests citizens organise collectively
    • How elites come to political settlements, for example over taxes, but also over the distribution of resources such as aid
    • Whether poverty reduction strategies and sector policies have sufficient backing within government, or within groups in society,
    • Etc..
  • This knowledge is very country or context specific







In-house consultation on NSAs and NAMs

  • In-house consultation on NSAs and NAMs

  • Stock-taking of experiences in EC Delegations and development of country cases

  • Ongoing EC consultations on budget support (Green Paper process)

  • EC redesign of budget support guidelines

  • NSA related work in the Structured Dialogue, evaluations, studies and audits

  • Ongoing work on improving the context analysis as part of the re-design of the Project and Programme Cycle Management

  • Ongoing work of applying the Governance Analysis Framework in sector operations often involving macro economists and sector specialists

  • NSA related initiatives related to Domestic Accountability



  • From this work emerges one core message and three types of guidance:

  • One core message: pay more attention to relations between state and non-state actors, and balance the support accordingly

  • Four fundamentals and operational principles

  • Step by step operational guidance

  • Smart guidance to take the ambitious agendas further











Multiple questions remain about how to strategically engage with NSAs. Questions about:

  • Multiple questions remain about how to strategically engage with NSAs. Questions about:

  • The key features of the new aid modalities and the potential roles that NSAs can play

  • How to identify opportunities for strategic engagement with NSAs in a particular context

  • The entry points in the Cycle of Operations for engaging strategically with NSAs

  • And how to combine EC tools, instruments and approaches

  • Further step by step guidance deals with these operational matters.



This is a tall agenda. One that takes time, and one that will be demanding to implement.

  • This is a tall agenda. One that takes time, and one that will be demanding to implement.

  • Therefore, further guidance is about developing smart partnerships to tackle these interlinking agendas:

  • Joint analysis and knowledge development with other donors

  • Smart funding arrangements to underpin a strategic approach

  • Ensure cooperation and linkages between non-state actors and other domestic accountability actors

  • Smart partnerships with local governments



This Reference Document is not a final product

  • This Reference Document is not a final product

  • The guidance it contains will be shared through the Consultative Dialogue Process

  • Other ongoing processes to tap into are the EC efforts to improve the coordination and pertinence of budget support, as well as the ongoing work on mutual and domestic accountability

  • Through the Capacity4Dev Platform, it will promote further discussion, dialogue and blogging on experiences from the field

  • This may contribute to improving the strategic and operational guidance on how to improve the EC’s engagement with state and society for development.






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