Social Science Perspectives on Africa
1. Romance Languages presents:
Film: Mortu Nega
Date: Friday, January 28, 2000
Time: 5:30 p.m.
Place: Old Horticulture Auditorium (OHB 206)
This film puts a human face on Guinea Bissau's traumatic transition from Portuguese colony to independent African nation. (mortu = a morte).
2. Thursday Brown Bag
"The Social Impact of the Ethio_Eritrean War,”
Asmarom Legesse, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Swarthmore College)
12 noon, Room 201, International Center.
3. The Tuesday Bulletin
Subscribe to the Tuesday Bulletin: e-mail email@example.com
Professor Reitu Mabokela Higher Education in South Africa
1. Background- Apartheid
Philosophy - give dominant group a disproportional share of the resources.
1948 - Election of the National Party to power
Initiated a series of laws limiting education, living area, occupations, based on “race” (= ethnicity)
1994 - Election of African National Congress
Nelson Mandela, first president
2. Ethnic Divisions under Apartheid
Asians (Indians) 03%
The term "black" arose in the 1970s as part of the "black consciousness movement" as a way of uniting the oppressed groups in South Africa
3. Consequences of Apartheid
Can't go to the school you want to
Can't study what you want
Can't live where you want
Can't have all the access to the jobs you want
Can't move freely
Getting a passport difficult
4. South African Universities under Apartheid
1953 Bantu Education Act: Separate Systems for each of the 4 groups
3 English Universities
4 Afrikaans Universities
Afrikaans a language in S.A. related to Dutch
4 Homeland Universities (What is a homeland?)
3 African Universities
5. Getting into University
Series of National Exams
End of primary school
End of 10th grade
End of high school "The Matriculation Exam"
You have to pass each exam to go on to the next level
2 of every 100 Africans entering primary school graduate from high school
80 of every 100 whites graduate from high school
Or was it enter college?
6. Road blocks for continuing education.
School fees/economic challenges
Resistance to Apartheid School System
1976 Soweto Uprising
where/what is Soweto?
1980s Economic boycotts
Parallels to US Segregation Laws and Civil Rights Activities
7. Core Issues Confronting Education in South African
Access to institute criteria to be used that are fair.
Finances provide financial support for students who have limited financial resources
Faculty recruitment (especially "minorities" underprivileged
Africanizing the curriculum.
Note parallels with education in the U.S.
Professor Folu Ogundimu, Department of Journalism Africa and the Media
• Indiana University (Bloomington) and the University of Lagos (Nigeria).
• Ph.D.: Mass Communication; MA: Public & Environmental Affairs;
• Research: media & public policy; media & society; political communication; and broadcasting.
• Teaching: Grad & Undergrad courses on international journalism and international communications; broadcasting; and research methods.
• Experience: in both US and Nigerian press (newspapers and broadcasting).
– An award winning journalist with Nigeria's WNBC and NTA broadcasting networks in the 1970s & early 1980s. Also worked in the United States with the St. Petersburg (Florida) Times, and the Portland (Oregon) Oregonian.
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