Announcement: Romance Languages presents

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ISS 330a

Social Science Perspectives on Africa

Session 6


1. Romance Languages presents:

Film: Mortu Nega

Date: Friday, January 28, 2000

Time: 5:30 p.m.

Place: Old Horticulture Auditorium (OHB 206)

This film puts a human face on Guinea Bissau's traumatic transition from Portuguese colony to independent African nation. (mortu = a morte).

2. Thursday Brown Bag

"The Social Impact of the Ethio_Eritrean War,”

Asmarom Legesse, Professor Emeritus of Anthropology, Swarthmore College)

12 noon, Room 201, International Center.

3. The Tuesday Bulletin

Subscribe to the Tuesday Bulletin: e-mail

Professor Reitu Mabokela Higher Education in South Africa

1. Background- Apartheid

Philosophy - give dominant group a disproportional share of the resources.

1948 - Election of the National Party to power

Initiated a series of laws limiting education, living area, occupations, based on “race” (= ethnicity)

1994 - Election of African National Congress

Nelson Mandela, first president

2. Ethnic Divisions under Apartheid

Africans 65%

Whites 25%

Asians (Indians) 03%

Colored 07%

The term "black" arose in the 1970s as part of the "black consciousness movement" as a way of uniting the oppressed groups in South Africa

3. Consequences of Apartheid

Can't go to the school you want to

Can't study what you want

Can't live where you want

Can't have all the access to the jobs you want

Can't move freely

Getting a passport difficult


4. South African Universities under Apartheid

1953  Bantu Education Act: Separate Systems for each of the 4 groups

3 English Universities

4 Afrikaans Universities

Afrikaans   a language in S.A. related to Dutch

4 Homeland Universities (What is a homeland?)

3 African Universities

5. Getting into University

Series of National Exams

End of primary school

End of 10th grade

End of high school   "The Matriculation Exam"

You have to pass each exam to go on to the next level

2 of every 100 Africans entering primary school graduate from high school

80 of every 100 whites graduate from high school

Or was it enter college?

6. Road blocks for continuing education.


School fees/economic challenges

UnAfrican Curriculum

Resistance to Apartheid School System

1976 Soweto Uprising

where/what is Soweto?

1980s Economic boycotts

Parallels to US   Segregation Laws and Civil Rights Activities

7. Core Issues Confronting Education in South African

Access   to institute criteria to be used that are fair.

Finances   provide financial support for students who have limited financial resources

Faculty recruitment (especially "minorities"    underprivileged

Africanizing the curriculum.

Note parallels with education in the U.S.

Professor Folu Ogundimu, Department of Journalism Africa and the Media

• Indiana University (Bloomington) and the University of Lagos (Nigeria).

• Ph.D.: Mass Communication; MA: Public & Environmental Affairs;

• Research: media & public policy; media & society; political communication; and broadcasting.

• Teaching: Grad & Undergrad courses on international journalism and international communications; broadcasting; and research methods.

• Experience: in both US and Nigerian press (newspapers and broadcasting).

– An award winning journalist with Nigeria's WNBC and NTA broadcasting networks in the 1970s & early 1980s. Also worked in the United States with the St. Petersburg (Florida) Times, and the Portland (Oregon) Oregonian.

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