Contradiction or optimisation - European (global) targets
To reduce the demand for energy by 18% by the year 2010, to contribute to meeting the EU’s commitments to combat climate change and to improve the security of energy supply
Health targets specified by the WHO Europe:
“By the year 2015, people in the Region should live in a safer physical environment, with exposure to contaminants hazardous to health at levels not exceeding internationally agreed standard.” (European Health21 target 10) and
“By the year 2015, people in the Region should have greater opportunities to live in healthy physical and social environments at home, at school, at the workplace and in the local community.” (European Health31 target 13)
Reasons/causes for failure?
Different incentives or motives of stakeholders
Lack or miscommunication between different stakeholders
Gaps in knowledge for example Performance criteria for healthy buildings
Incomplete or non-existing regulation for indoor environment quality
Existing regulations for other issues can be in contradiction: for example possible effects of energy regulations on indoor environment quality
To realise sustainable low-energy spaces, in which the People of Europe live, work or move in, under healthy, comfortable and safe conditions
Without a coherent and integrated / disciplinary approach, the target of an eco-friendly, sustainable and minimal energy environment on the one hand and the ambition of a healthy, comfortable and safe space on the other appear to be conflicting and contra productive
“Ends rather than means”
What is needed?
A conceptual model for integrated approach of health, comfort, safety, sustainability and energy, understandable to all stakeholders, with which one can:
A. qualify and/or quantify the perception of the People of Europe with respect to health, comfort and safety feelings influenced by different behaviour;
CIB: International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (NL)
Belgian Building Research Institute (B)
Centre Scientifique et Technique du Bâtiment (F)
TNO Building and Construction Research (NL)
EGM Architects (NL)
Technical research Centre of Finland (FIN)
University of Manchester (UK)
University of Salford (UK)
Building Research Establishment (UK)
Stimulation and pro-active facilitation of international dissemination and implementation of Performance Based Building in building and construction practice, and maximization of the contribution to this by the international R&D community, through:
stimulation and facilitation of the international programming and coordination of research and implementation projects
Stimulation of actual investments in such research and implementation projects
Providing the EU Network members with an optimal access to knowledge and experience as available in non-EU countries
Coordinated dissemination and implementation of international research in the area of Performance Based Building
Title: Healthy, comfortable, safe and sustainable, low-energy “space” for the people of Europe
Objective: To realise sustainable low-energy spaces, in which the People of Europe live, work or move in, under healthy, comfortable and safe conditions.
Includes 7 tasks, 4 domains and 5 “spaces”, creating a three-dimensional framework that provides a systematic basis for outlining, linking, integrating and managing multiple sub-projects.
Task 1 Conceptual modelling: What are the performance indicators that describe the comfort, health and safety conditions/perceptions of the People of Europe from their perspective, and what are the performance indicators that describe the sustainability and energy use of enclosed spaces in which people live, work and move in?
Task 2 Gaps and RTD: What are the gaps in knowledge?
Task 3 Fundamentals – Innovation: Which fundamental research/innovations are needed to bridge the gaps?
Task 4 Prototyping: Which prototype(s) will be developed?
Task 5 Standardization: Which European standards/guidelines are lacking to be able to design, build and maintain healthy, comfortable, safe and sustainable low-energy enclosed spaces in which people live, work and move in?
Task 6 Education and training: Which type of dissemination/ education is needed or most effective to transfer the acquired knowledge, products and tools to the stakeholders addressed?
Task 7 Management
Task leaders: responsible for the financial and organizational management of a specific task
Domain leaders: responsible for the scientific contents of a specific domain that run in each task
Overall Management: responsible for the overall management of the integrated project, divided into: Scientific-organizational management and Financial-organizational management
Steering committee: comprising of industrial partners from each space
Cyclic approach for identification of gaps, RTD required and identification of prototypes to be developed.
Continuous activities: standardization and dissemination
82 organisations expressed their interest
Belgium: Foundation Universitaire Luxembourgeoise (J. Nicolas); BBRI (P. Wouters); Catholic University of Leuven (H. Hens); Catholic University of Louvain (A. de Herde); Czech Republic: Charles University of Prague (I. Holcatova); Czech Technical University of Prague (F. Drkal); Denmark: Danish Building and Urban Research (H.Knudsen); Technology Institute Energy (S.O. Jensen); Technical University of Denmark (G. Clausen); Estonia: Tallinn Technical University (L.Sasi); Finland: Helsinki Technical university (O. Seppänen); VTT (K. Saarela); Halton Oy (K. Hagstrom); ACE (V. Peltonen); City of Helsinki; Fläkt Woods Group; Granlund Consulting; France: EDF (D. Valery); CSTB (S. Kirchner); University of Rochelle (P.blondeau); Gaz de France (I.Palero-Perray); INSA Toulouse (B.Perrin); Germany: Technical University of Berlin (B. Müller); University of Jena (W. Bischof); Fraunhofer Institute (E. Mayer); University of Nuernberg (P.Pluschke); Dresden University (J. Grünewald); Calsitherm GmbH (W. Hüttner); Hungaria: EMI, Budapest (Z. Gereben); Greece: National Observatory Athens (C. Balaras); Aristotle University (K. Paioaannou); Terranova (A. Lagoudi); Israel: Technion Haifa (R. Becker); Italy: University of Milano (M. Maroni); KITE (I. Meroni); Stazione Sperimentale del Vetro (P. Polato); Lithuania: JSC Eksergija (V. Martinaitis); Kaunas University of Technology (B. Cernius); IAC, Kaunas (O.Samajaunkas); Norway: NTH Trontheim (J. Thue) ; Poland: Silesian University of Technology (Z. Popiolek); TU Lodz (D. Gawin); Polish Academy of Sciences (H. Sobczuk); Portugal: University of Porto (E. de Oliveira Fernandes); Scotland: University of Strathclyde (J.A. Clark); University of Edinburgh (C. Hall); Scottish Energy Systems Group (SESG); Slovenia: ZRMK (M. Sijanec Zavrl); University of Bratislava (P. Matiasovski); Slowakia: Technical University of Slowakia (Dusan Petras); Spain: AICIA (J. Molina); Cartif (P. Cabellero); University of Madrid (A.J. Garriga Trillo); Sweden: JW (J. Kronvall); SP (Björn Lundgren); FORMAS (N. Dawidowicz); Chalmers University (C.-E Hagentoft); Lund University (A. Elmroth); Switzerland: EPFL (C.-A. Roulet); Vaudois Uni. Hospital Centre (F. Spertini); E4 Tech (F. Foradini); EMPA (V. Dorer); Enecolo (P. Toggweiler); The Netherlands: TNO (P. Bluyssen); TU/e (P. Rutten); CIB (J. Bramwell); VROM (P. van Luijk); WHC (M. Weerdenburg); ISSO (A. Boerstra); UK: BRE (G. Raw); Martin Centre - University of Cambridge (K. Steemers); Cambridge Architectural Limited (H. Mulligan); BDSP Partnership ltd. (N. Campbell); University College Dublin (O. Lewis); Oxford Brookes University (M. Hutchins); General: INIVI EEIG (P. Wouters); REVHA (O. Seppänen); Eurovent (European Manufacturers of Air Handling equipment); Eurofuel (Oil Heating association); European Property Federation (Association of European Building owners), Rockwool Benelux (C. Hamans).