Contents: Obligations of Parliament and its separate bodies

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Audit of Statutes
2010
3rd Edition
Guide to Parliament’s

obligations under the

Constitution and legislation

Compiled by NA Table Division


FOREWORD
A range of functions and duties are assigned to Parliament in the Constitution but also in many other laws that have been placed on the Statute Book over the years.
In order to get an overview of these responsibilities and to ensure that they are effectively attended to, it has become necessary to obtain an audit of all such statutory provisions.
With this in view, in 2004 the Democratic Governance and Rights Unit of the Department of Public Law, University of Cape Town, were contracted to conduct an electronic scan of all statutes to identify all provisions that assign specific functions to Parliament or any of its forums. Key words used in the search included Parliament, National Assembly, National Council of Provinces, Senate, Speaker of the National Assembly, Chairperson of the National Council of Provinces, parliamentary committees and members of Parliament.
Having identified all relevant provisions, the audit further required that the information obtained be categorised and arranged according to the type of function and be accompanied by a brief description and analysis. The Audit was updated to cover all legislation enacted up to 30 December 2005 (2nd Edition).
This, the 3rd Edition, has been updated by staff of the National Assembly Table Division to cover all legislation enacted up to 31 December 2010.
It is available electronically and in limited print form, and the actual text of relevant legislative provisions is included in Part B. Three Acts have been added to the source documents, in full, in view of their importance to Parliament ie Money Bills Amendment Procedure and Related Matters Act 9 of 2009, Mandating Procedures of Provinces Act 52 of 2008 and Financial Management of Parliament Act 10 of 2009.

The Oversight and Accountability Model of Parliament identifies the Audit of Statutes as a necessary tool for conducting proper oversight. I thus have no doubt that this Audit will remain a valuable reference work in ensuring the effective functioning of Parliament.




KAMAL MANSURA

SECRETARY TO THE NATIONAL ASSEMBLY

March 2011


Guide to Parliament’s obligations under the Constitution and legislation

Updated to: 31 December 2011

Updated by
Staff of the National Assembly Table Division

INTRODUCTION

This document is intended as a guide to Parliament and sets out the obligations of Parliament and its constituent bodies under the Constitution and legislation. The guide is divided into two main parts: the Audit and the Source Document.


The Audit comprises summaries of the relevant sections that are intended to provide the reader with an overview of the obligation that is imposed. Inspired by section 42 of the Constitution, the Audit has been categorised into four broad headings: law-making, oversight, appointment of office bearers, and forging links with the public. Within each broad heading, there is further categorisation, as set out in the content page. Within each category, the relevant statute title and section heading are listed, followed by a brief summary of the relevant statutory provisions. Frequently, the wording of the statute has been retained but the reader should be aware that the summaries contained in the Audit do not represent a detailed register of the obligation imposed. For this, the reader should turn to the Source Document.
The Source Document contains the comprehensive text of provisions of the various statutes that are referred to in the Audit. Included in the Source Document are also such provisions as are necessary to make sense of the immediate obligation imposed. The Source Document is accessible in two ways: electronically or manually. This document lends itself particularly to electronic use. Hyperlinked cross-references in the Audit link the two parts of this guide. By clicking on the name of a statute in the Audit the reader is automatically taken to the relevant source in the Source Document. However, it is also possible to use the guide manually, since the Source Document is alphabetised.


TABLE OF CONTENTS

PART 1 – AUDIT OF STATUTES 5

A. Law-making 14

1. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS REGARDING LEGISLATION 14

1.1 Express obligations to pass legislation 14

Section 163 Organised local government 15

1.2 Discretion to pass specific legislation 20

1.3 References to national legislation that do not expressly impose a duty to legislate 20

B. Oversight 25

1. STATUTES MANDATING ACTIVE OVERSIGHT 25

2. OVERSIGHT OF DELEGATED LEGISLATION 26

2.1 Delegated legislation over which Parliament has a say: 26

2.1.1 Delegated legislation that Parliament must approve for it to enter into force. 26

2.1.2. Delegated legislation which Parliament may disapprove thus invalidating it. 32

2.1.3 Delegated legislation that requires consultation with Parliament 37

2.2 Mere tabling of delegated legislation required 39

2.3 Tabling of guidelines, policy documents, recommendations and other documents 53

3. PARLIAMENT TO GIVE ITS APPROVAL FOR ACTION TO BE TAKEN 63

4. ACTIONS OR DECISIONS THAT DO NOT REQUIRE PARLIAMENTARY APPROVAL BUT OVER WHICH PARLIAMENT HAS DISAPPROVAL POWER 73

5. REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS ARE RECEIVED BY PARLIAMENT AND PARLIAMENT IS REQUIRED TO ACT IN SOME WAY 76

6. REPORTS AND OTHER DOCUMENTS MUST BE MERELY TABLED IN PARLIAMENT FOR CONSIDERATION 78

6.1 Reports to be submitted to Parliament 79

6.2 Reports to be submitted to the National Assembly only 108

6.3 Reports to be submitted to the National Council of Provinces only 113

6.4 Reports to be submitted to Parliamentary Committees 114

6.5 Reports that may be tabled 115

7. CONSULTATION WITH PARLIAMENT 115

C. Appointment, Terms of Office and Removal of Office bearers 117

1. PARLIAMENT TO PLAY AN ACTIVE ROLE IN PROCEEDINGS 117

1.1 Constitutional provisions and constitutionally mandated legislation 117

1.1.1 Chapter 8: Courts and Administration of Justice 117

1.1.2 Chapter 9: State Institutions supporting Constitutional Democracy 119

1.1.3 Chapter 10: Public Administration 121

1.1.4 Chapter 11:Security Services 122

1.2 Ordinary legislation 123

2. PARLIAMENT TO BE INFORMED OF APPOINTMENTS AND TERMS OF OFFICE 131

D. Forging links with the Public 133

1. ADMINISTRATION OF DOCUMENTS 133

Abolition of Development Bodies Act 75 of 1986 134

Abolition of Lebowa Mineral Trust Act 67 of 2000 134

Abolition of Racially Based Land Measures Act 108 of 1991 134

Administrative Adjudication of Road Traffic Offences Act 46 of 1998 136

Advisory Board on Social Development Act 3 of 2001 136

Africa Institute of South Africa Act 68 of 2001 137

Agricultural Research Act 86 of 1990 138

Air Services Licensing Act 115 of 1990 139

Air Traffic and Navigation Services Company Act 45 of 1993 140

Airports Company Act 44 of 1993 141

Anti-Personnel Mines Prohibition Act 36 of 2003 141

Application of Resolutions of the Security Council of the United Nations Act 172 of 1993 142

Armaments Development and Production Act 57 of 1968 143

Atmospheric Pollution Prevention Act 45 of 1965 143

Attorneys Act 53 of 1979 144

Aviation Act 74 of 1962 144

Banks Act 94 of 1990 145

Basic Conditions of Employment Act 75 of 1997 146

Black Administration Act 38 of 1927 150

Black Authorities Act 68 of 1951 150

Broadcasting Act 4 of 1999 as amended by 151

Broadcasting Amendment Act 4 of 2009 151

Carriage by Air Act 17 of 1946 as amended by 154

Carriage by Air Amendment Act 15 of 2006 154

Castle Management Act 207 of 1993 154

Close Corporations Act 69 of 1984 164

Collective Investment Schemes Control Act 45 of 2002 165

Commission for the Promotion and Protection of the Rights of Cultural, Religious and Linguistic Communities Act 19 of 2002 165

Commission on Gender Equality Act 39 of 1996 166

Commonwealth Relations (Temporary Provision) Act 41 of 1961 167

Communal Property Associations Act 28 of 1996 167

Community Development Act 3 of 1966 167

Companies Act 61 of 1973 170

Companies Act 71 of 2008 171

Compensation for Occupation Injuries and Diseases Act 130 of 1993 171

Competition Act 89 of 1998 as amended by 172

Constitution of the Republic of South Africa Act, 1996 173

Constitutional Court Complementary Act 13 of 1995 210

Consumer Affairs (Unfair Business Practices) Act 71 of 1988 210

Consumer Protection Act 68 of 2008 211

Contingency Fees Act 66 of 1997 212

Convention on the International Recognition of Rights in Aircraft Act 59 of 1993 212

Corporation for Public Deposits Act 46 of 1984 213

Correctional Services Act 111 of 1998 as amended by 214

Council for the Built Environment Act 43 of 2000 217

Counterfeit Goods Act 37 of 1997 218

Criminal Law Amendment Act 105 of 1997 219

Criminal Matters Amendment Act 68 of 1998 222

Criminal Procedure Act 51 of 1977 222

Criminal Procedure Amendment Act 76 of 1997 226

Cross-border Insolvency Act 42 of 2000 227

Cross-Border Road Transport Act 4 of 1998 227

Cross Boundary Municipalities Laws Repeal and Related Matters Act 23 of 2005 227

Cultural Institutions Act 119 of 1998 228

Currency and Exchanges Act 9 of 1933 229

Debt Collectors Act 114 of 1998 230

Defence Act 42 of 2002 230

Defence Act 44 of 1957 as amended by 232

Demobilisation Act 99 of 1996 232

Development Bank of Southern Africa Act 13 of 1997 232

Development Facilitation Act 67 of 1995 232

Diplomatic Immunities and Privileges Act 37 of 2001 233

Disaster Management Act 57 of 2002 234

Division of Revenue Act 1 of 2005 236

Domestic Violence Act 116 of 1998 236

Education and Training Act 90 of 1979 237

Electoral Commission Act 51 of 1996 238

Electricity Act 41 of 1987 240

Electronic Communications and Transactions Act 25 of 2002 241

Employment Equity Act 55 of 1998 241

Environmental Conservation Act 73 of 1989 242

Eskom Conversion Act 13 of 2001 242

Estate Agency Affairs Act 112 of 1976 243

Exchange Control Amnesty and Amendment of Taxation Laws Act 12 of 2003 243

Executive Members’ Ethics Act 82 of 1998 244

Expropriation (Establishment of Undertakings) Act 39 of 1951 244

Extradition Act 67 of 1962 245

Films and Publications Act 65 of 1996 as amended by 246

Films and Publications Amendment Act 3 of 2009 246

Finance and Financial Adjustments Acts Consolidation Act 11 of 1977 246

Financial Advisory and Intermediary Services Act 37 of 2002 247

Financial and Fiscal Commission Act 99 of 1997 248

Financial Intelligence Centre Act 38 of 2001 248

Financial Services Board Act 97 of 1990 278

Financial Supervision of the Road Accident Fund Act 8 of 1993 278

Firearms Control Act 60 of 2000 278

Forest Act 122 of 1984 280

General and Further Education and Training Quality Assurance Act 58 of 2001 280

General Pensions Act 29 of 1979 281

Government Employees Pension Law, 1996 (Proclamation 21 published in Government Gazette 17135 of 19 April 1996) 282

Government Service Pension Act 57 of 1973 283

Hague Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction Act 72 of 1996 283

Heraldry Act 18 of 1962 283

Higher Education Act 101 of 1997 284

Housing Act 107 of 1997 287

Housing Consumers Protection Measures Act 95 of 1998 288

Housing Development Agency Act 23 of 2008 290

Human Rights Commission Act 54 of 1994 291

Human Sciences Research Act 23 of 1968 292

Immigration Act 13 of 2002 293

Implementation of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court Act 27 of 2002 293

Income Tax Act 58 of 1962 294

Independent Broadcasting Authority Act 153 of 1993 298

Independent Commission for the Remuneration of Office-bearers Act 92 of 1997 301

Independent Communications Authority of South Africa Act 13 of 2000 as amended by Independent Communications Authority of South Africa Amendment Act 3 of 2006 302

Industrial Development Act 22 of 1940 307

Insolvency Act 24 of 1936 308

158 Regulations and Policy 308

(2) The Minister may determine policy for the appointment of a curator bonis, trustee, provisional trustee or co-trustee by the Master in order to promote consistency, fairness, transparency and the achievement of equality for persons previously disadvantaged by unfair discrimination. 308

Intelligence Services Oversight Act 40 of 1994 308

Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations Act 97 of 1997 313

Interim Rationalisation of Jurisdiction of High Courts Act 41 of 2001 313

International Air Services Act 60 of 1993 314

International Convention for Safe Containers Act 11 of 1985 315

International Cooperation in Criminal Matters Act 75 of 1996 316

International Health Regulations Act 28 of 1974 316

International Trade Administration Act 71 of 2002 317

Interpretation Act 33 of 1957 317

Inventions Development Act 31 of 1962 318

Joint Administration of Own Affairs Act 147 of 1992 319

Judges’ Remuneration and Conditions of Employment Act 47 of 2001 320

Judicial Service Commission Act 9 of 1994 as amended by 324

KwaZulu and Natal Joint Services Act 84 of 1990 327

Labour Relations Act 66 of 1995 328

Lake Areas Development Act 39 of 1975 329

Land and Agricultural Development Bank Act 15 of 2002 329

Legal Aid Act 22 of 1969 329

Legal Deposits Act 54 of 1997 330

Legal Succession of the South African Transport Services Act 9 of 1989 332

Local Government: Municipal Demarcation Act 27 of 1998 334

Local Government Municipal Finance Act 56 of 2003 334

Local Government: Municipal Structures Act 117 of 1998 337

Local Government: Municipal Systems Act 32 of 2000 338

Long-term Insurance Act 52 of 1998 339

Lotteries Act 57 of 1997 340

Magistrates Act 90 of 1993 342

Magistrates’ Courts Act 32 of 1944 346

Maintenance Act 99 of 1998 347

Management of State Forests Act 128 of 1992 347

Marine Living Resources Act 18 of 1998 349

Marketing of Agricultural Products Act 47 of 1996 349

Media Development and Diversity Agency Act 14 of 2002 351

Medical Schemes Act 131 of 1998 354

Military Veterans’ Affairs Act 17 of 1999 369

Mine Health and Safety Act 29 of 1996 370

Mining Rights Act 20 of 1967 371

Mining Titles Regulation Act 16 of 1967 372

Mutual Banks Act 124 of 1993 372

National Advisory Council on Innovation Act 55 of 1997 372

National Archives of South Africa Act 43 of 1996 373

National Arts Council Act 56 of 1997 373

National Council for Library and Information Services Act 6 of 2001 375

National Development Agency Act 108 of 1998 376

National Economic, Development and Labour Council Act 35 of 1994 377

National Education Policy Act 27 of 1996 377

National Empowerment Fund Act 105 of 1998 379

National Environmental Management: Air Quality Act 39 of 2004 380

National Environmental Management: Biodiversity Act 10 of 2004 380

49 Monitoring 381

The Minister must for the purposes of this Chapter designate monitoring mechanisms and set indicators to determine- 381

(a) the conservation status of various components of South Africa's biodiversity; and 381

National Environmental Management Act 107 of 1998 as amended by National Environmental Management Act 62 of 2008 381

National Film and Video Foundation Act 73 1997 386

National Forests Act 84 of 1998 387

National Gambling Act 7 of 2004 as amended by 389

National Heritage Council Act 11 of 1999 390

National Heritage Resources Act 25 of 1999 390

National House of Traditional Leaders Act 22 of 2009 391

National Nuclear Regulator Act 47 of 1999 391

National Parks Act 57 of 1976 393

National Prosecuting Authority Act 32 of 1998 as amended by 394

National Railway Safety Regulator Act 16 of 2002 399

National Research Foundation Act 23 of 1998 400

National Small Enterprise Act 102 of 1996 402

National Student Financial Aid Scheme Act 56 of 1999 403

National Veld and Forest Fire Act 101 of 1998 403

National Water Act 36 of 1998 404

National Youth Commission Act 19 of 1996 repealed by 406

Natural Scientific Professions Act 27 of 2003 408

Nonprofit Organisations Act 71 of 1997 408

Non-Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction Act 87 of 1993 409

Nuclear Energy Act 46 of 1999 409

Occupational Diseases in Mines and Works Act 78 of 1973 410

Organised Local Government Act 52 of 1997 412

Overvaal Resorts Limited Act 127 of 1993 412

Pan South African Language Board Act 59 of 1995 412

Pension Funds Act 24 of 1954 413

Pensions Funds Amendment Act 11 of 2007 414

Perishable Products Exports Control Act 9 of 1983 414

Post Office Act 44 of 1958 414

Prevention and Combating of Corrupt Activities Act 12 of 2004 415

Prevention and Treatment of Drug Dependency Act 20 of 1992 417

Prevention of Organised Crime Act 121 of 1998 418

Private Security Industry Regulation Act 56 of 2001 420

Promotion of Access to Information Act 2 of 2000 421

Promotion of Administrative Justice Act 3 of 2000 424

Promotion of Equality and Prevention of Unfair Discrimination Act 4 of 2000 429

Promotion of Local Government Affairs Act 91 of 1983 430

Promotion of National Unity and Reconciliation Act 34 of 1995 431

Protected Disclosures Act 26 of 2000 434

Protection of Constitutional Democracy Against Terrorist and Related Activities Act 33 of 2004 435

Provincial Tax Regulation Process Act 53 of 2001 436

Public Accountants’ and Auditors’ Act 80 of 1991 437

Public Audit Act 25 of 2004 437

52 Regulations 439

Public Finance Management Act 1 of 1999 439

Public Funding of Represented Political Parties Act 103 of 1997 446

Public Investment Corporation Act 23 of 2004 447

14 Winding up of corporation 447

Public Protector Act 23 of 1994 447

Public Service Act 1994 (Proclamation 103 published in Government Gazette 15791 of 3 June 1994) 451

Public Service Commission Act 46 of 1997 453

Railways and Harbours Service Act 28 of 1912 453

Recognition of Customary Marriages Act 120 of 1998 454

Reconstruction and Development Programme Fund Act 7 of 1994 454

Regulation of Foreign Military Assistance Act 15 of 1998 454

Regulation of Interception of Communications and Provision of Communication-Related Information Act 70 of 2002 455

Reinstatement of Enrolment of Certain Deceased Legal Practitioners Act 32 of 2002 458

Remuneration of Public Office Bearers Act 20 of 1998 458

Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994 459

Revenue Laws Amendment Act 45 of 2003 460

Road Accident Fund Act 56 of 1996 462

Road Accident Fund Commission Act 71 of 1998 463

Road Traffic Management Corporation Act 20 of 1999 463

Rules Board for Courts of Law Act 107 of 1985 466

Scientific Research Council Act 46 of 1988 468

Sea Shore Act 21 of 1935 468

Second Revenue Laws Amendment Act 60 of 2001 469

Secret Services Act 56 of 1978 470

Security Forces Board of Inquiry Act 95 of 1993 471

Short-term Insurance Act 53 of 1998 472

Social Assistance Act 59 of 1992 472

South African Boxing Act 11 of 2001 474

South African Citizenship Act 88 of 1995 474

South African Civil Aviation Authority Act 40 of 1998 475

South African Geographical Names Council Act 118 of 1998 477

South African Law Commission Act 19 of 1973 478

South African Maritime and Aeronautical Search and Rescue Act 44 of 2002 478

South African Maritime Safety Authority Act 5 of 1998 479

South African Medical Research Council Act 58 of 1991 479

South African Police Service Act 68 of 1995 as amended by 480

South African Qualifications Authority Act 58 of 1995 487

South African Reserve Bank Act 90 of 1989 as amended by the 488

South African Roads Board Act 74 of 1988 489

South African Social Security Agency Act 9 of 2004 489

South African Transport Services Conditions of Service Act 41 of 1988 489

South African Weather Service Act 8 of 2001 490

Space Affairs Act 84 of 1993 491

Special Investigating Units and Special Tribunals Act 74 of 1996 491

Standards Act 29 of 1993 492

State Information Technology Agency Act 88 of 1998 492

State of Emergency Act 64 of 1997 492

State Trust Board Act 88 of 1979 493

Statistics Act 6 of 1999 494

Technical Colleges Act 104 of 1981 494

Telecommunications Act 103 of 1996 496

Temporary Removal of Restrictions on Economic Activities Act 87 of 1986 497

The National Library of South Africa Act 92 of 1998 499

The South African Library for the Blind Act 91 of 1998 499

The South African National Roads Agency Limited and National Roads Act 7 of 1998 500

Tourism Act 72 of 1993 501

Trade Marks Act 194 of 1993 501

Traditional Leadership and Governance Framework Act 41 of 2003 502

Transport Deregulation Act 80 of 1988 503

Treaties of Peace Act 20 of 1948 504

Unemployment Insurance Act 63 of 2001 505

Value Added Tax Act 89 of 1991 506

Veterinary and Para-Veterinary Professions Act 19 of 1982 507

War Damage Insurance and Compensation Act 85 of 1976 508

Water Research Act 34 of 1971 508

Water Services Act 108 of 1997 509

Witness Protection Act 112 of 1998 511

World Heritage Convention Act 49 of 1999 512


PART 2 – SOURCE DOCUMENT: AUDIT OF STATUTES 132
Part 1: Audit of Statutes



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