Bethe-Salpether integral equation is solved in the calculation of the conductivity
Excellent agreement is obtained with measured low-field mobility data in silicon inversion layers and predictions were made for the mobility behavior in Strained-Si layers and InGaAs/InAlAs heterostructures that were later confirmed with experimental measurements
D. Vasileska, P. Bordone, T. Eldridge and D.K. Ferry, “Calculation of the average interface field in inversion layers using zero-temperature Green’s functions formalism”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 13, 1841-7 (1995).
P. Bordone, D. Vasileska and D.K. Ferry, “Collision duration time for optical phonon emission in semiconductors”, Physical Review B 53, 3846-55 (1996).
D. Vasileska, T. Eldridge and D.K. Ferry, “Quantum transport: Silicon inversion layers and InAlAs-InGaAs heterostructures”, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B 14, 2780-5 (1996).
D. Vasileska, P. Bordone, T. Eldridge and D. K. Ferry, “Quantum transport calculations for silicon inversion layers in MOS structures”, Physica B 227, 333-5 (1996).
D. Vasileska and D. K. Ferry, “Scaled silicon MOSFET’s: Part I - Universal mobility behavior”, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 44, 577-83 (1997).
G. Formicone, D. Vasileska and D.K. Ferry, “Transport in the surface channel of strained Si on a relaxed Si1-xGex substrate”, Solid State Electronics 41, 879-886 (1997).
Proposed Strained-Si and Strained-SiGe Devices
Is Strain Beneficial in Nanoscale MOSFETs With High Channel Doping Densities?
High Field Transport in Devices: Recursive Green’s Functions Approach
The most complete 1D transport in resonant tunneling diodes (RTDs) that operate on purely quantum mechanical principles was accomplished with the NEMO1D Code
The NEMO 1D Code was developed by Roger Lake, Gerhard Klimeck, Chris Bowen and Dejan Jovanovich while working at Texas Instruments/Raytion
It solves the retarded Green’s function (spectral function) in conjuction with less-than Green’s function (occupation function) self-consistently
References for NEMO1D:
Roger. K. Lake, Gerhard Klimeck, R. Chris Bowen, Dejan Jovanovic, Paul Sotirelis and William R. Frensley, "A Generalized Tunneling Formula for Quantum Device Modeling",VLSI Design, Vol. 6, pg 9 (1998).
Roger Lake, Gerhard Klimeck, R. Chris Bowen and Dejan Jovanovic, "Single and multiband modeling of quantum electron transport through layered semiconductor devices", J. of Appl. Phys. 81, 7845 (1997).
The Philosophy Behind the Recursive Green’s Function Approach
Representative Simulation Results
High Field Transport in Devices: Contact Block Reduction Method
Linear response and solution of the Beth-Salpether equation in conjunction with the Dyson equation for the retarded Green’s function is useful when modeling low-field mobility of inversion layers
When modeling high field transport both Dyson equation for the retarded Green’s function and the kinetic equation for the less-than Green’s function have to be solved self-consistently
CBR approach and recursive Green’s function method have both their advantages and their disadvantages
When local strains and stresses have to be accounted for in ultra-nano-scale devices then atomistic approaches become crucial
What are the lessons that we have learned?
Semi-classical simulation is still a very important part of Today’s semiconductor device modeling as power devices and solar cells (traditional ones) operate on semi-classical principles
Quantum corrections can quite accurately account for the quantum-mechanical size quantization effect which gives about 10% correction to the gate capacitance
For modeling ultra-nano scale devices one can successfully utilize both Poisson-Monte Carlo-Schrodinger solvers and fully quantum-mechanical approaches based on NEGF (tunelling + size quantization)
Full NEGF is a MUST when quantum interference effects need to be captured and play crucial role in the overall device behavior
For a subset of ultra-nano scale devices that are in the focus of the scientific community now, in which band-structure, local strain and stresses, play significant role, atomistic simulations are necessary.
Simulation Strategy for Ultra-Nano-Scale Devices
Atomistic Simulations Selected Literature
Mathieu Luisier and Gerhard Klimeck, "A multi-level parallel simulation approach to electron transport in nano-scale transistors", Supercomputing 2008, Austin TX, Nov. 15-21 2008. Regular paper - 59 accepted papers, 277.
Mathieu Luisier, Neophytos Neophytou, Neerav Kharche, and Gerhard Klimeck, "Full-Band and Atomistic Simulation of Realistic 40 nm InAs HEMT", IEEE IEDM, San Francisco, USA, Dec. 15-17, 2008, DOI : 10.1109/IEDM.2008.4796842,
Mathieu Luisier, and Gerhard Klimeck, "Performance analysis of statistical samples of graphene nanoribbon tunneling transistors with line edge roughness", Applied Physics Letters, Vol. 94, 223505 (2009), DOI:10.1063/1.3140505,
Mathieu Luisier, and Gerhard Klimeck, "Atomistic, Full-Band Design Study of InAs Band-to-Band Tunneling Field-Effect Transistors ", IEEE Electron Device Letters, Vol. 30, pp. 602-604 (2009), DOI:10.1109/LED.2009.2020442.