Since the start of the EGEE project programme in early 2004, the project has contributed to the structuring of the European Research Area (ERA) through the creation of regional federations (see section 2.3) which aim to leverage national resources in a more effective way to achieve broader European benefit.
In order to attain the goal of a sustainable infrastructure, EGEE-III has committed to structuring its consortium on a national basis, taking the form of Joint Research Units or National Grid Initiatives. This is having a structuring effect on the ERA and provides the groundwork for the National Grid Infrastructures which will be the basis of the long term sustainable model. In cases where support from national government ministries to ensure the creation of a Grid Initiative is not yet secured, the Joint Research Unit (JRU) model offered as a special clause in the EC grant agreement has provided a basis for structuring national collaborations (see Table ).
The structuring effects of EGEE-III will extend far beyond the consortium members as it will build on the work with the Virtual Organisations (VOs) in several disciplines established during EGEE-II. The project will work closely with GÉANT2 to ensure that the deployed Grid profits fully from the established high-capacity and high-speed communications networks already available throughout Europe. Following the EUDataGrid project, the Enabling Grids for E-sciencE (EGEE) project began with two major application areas, high energy physics (HEP) and life sciences, and in its second phase it grew to support other research domains in areas as diverse as multimedia, astrophysics, archaeology, and computational chemistry. It supports researchers within VOs, allowing them to collaborate, to share resources, and to access common datasets via the EGEE Grid infrastructure. Work with the fusion research community is further illustration of the increased reliability and usage of the infrastructure. These communities will grow in the third phase of the project, and new applications will be implemented on the Grid, providing new users, requirements and resources. Indeed, EGEE has become a critical infrastructure for a range of collaborative European scientific undertakings.
From the point of view of individual computer centres in Europe, the project effectively structures the exploitation of their resources by a very large number of VOs, providing more efficient and wider-ranging use of their facilities for all types of scientific applications, and increasing the added value of these investments to science. The project promotes the development of a consistent, sustainable and well-integrated fabric of research infrastructures of the highest quality and performance in Europe and beyond, and this in turn increases the mobility of individuals and ideas, both within the field of Grid computing, and in the disciplines that benefit from the established infrastructure.
EGEE has extended its reach and coverage through established, collaborating Grid-related projects. These include infrastructure projects to extend geographical coverage through Europe, Asia Pacific and the Americas, and applications projects which use the EGEE infrastructure for specific disciplines and support projects in areas such as training or security.
lists the FP7 projects with which Memoranda of Understanding (MoU) will be established to specify engagements and clarify the relations of their activities with the EGEE-III Programme of work as detailed in sections 1.3, 1.4 and 1.5 above.
lists those projects with which EGEE-III will also collaborate closely. The results and achievements (e.g introducing new disciplines and applications to the infrastructure) are expected to continue beyond the end of these projects.
Table : FP6, FP7 and regional projects with which EGEE-III will draw up Memoranda of understanding
Project Name, end date (month/year)
Most relevant EGEE-III activities for collaboration
The BalticGrid for E-Science (BalticGrid-II)
The BalticGrid-II project is designed to increase the impact, adoption and reach of the recently built-up e-Infrastructure in the Baltic States.
SA1. EGEE will collaborate with BalticGrid-II to ensure extension of the EGEE infrastructure towards the Baltic States.
End date: 11/09
The BEinGRID consortium is composed of 75 partners who are running eighteen business experiments designed to implement and deploy Grid solutions in industrial key sectors.
NA2, NA4. Several BEinGRID experiments are built on top of EGEE technologies and supported via the EGEE-II Industry Task Force. NA2 will work with BEinGRID on business related prototypes and NA4 will liaise with BEinGRID on license related issues.
E-Infrastructure shared between Europe and Latin America (EELA-2)
EELA-2 will strongly stimulate widespread Grid uptake by new cross-border user communities extending over several regions, providing advanced capabilities to more researchers. The main aim is to foster scientific collaboration between various new Grid user communities.
SA1, SA3. EGEE will collaborate with EELA-2 to ensure extension of the EGEE infrastructure towards Latin America. Further EELA-2 is expected to contribute to multi-platform support of gLite.
The EGI Design Study represents a project for the conceptual setup and operation of a new organizational model of a sustainable pan-European grid infrastructure. It will address key questions concerning the assessment of technical and financial feasibility of such a sustainable grid service.
NA1, NA5. The project will work closely with EGEE and related infrastructure projects to permit a transition into an EGI-like structure before the end of the next phase of those projects (envisioned in spring 2010). The close relationship established with these projects will ensure that the EGI design project can profit from the experience and expertise gathered across more than 40 countries and engage with a wide range of research and industrial user communities supported by the current infrastructures.
e-Infrastructure for Testing, Integration and Configuration of Software – Phase 2 (ETICS-2)
ETICS-2 aims at supporting the widespread adoption of grid technologies by promoting and expanding the use of grid-based software engineering technologies by existing and new communities.
SA3. EGEE-III will collaborate with ETICS-2 on software build and test infrastructures and expects ETICS-2 to complement the planned efforts in SA3.
EUFORIA intends to use and build on EGEE-II infrastructure and experiences to provide grid technology for the ITER modelling activities in Europe supplementing the Fusion VO stellarator-centric activities.
NA4. The fusion community is one of the potential future major Grid users and EGEE will collaborate with EUFORIA to ensure its infrastructure can be successfully exploited by the fusion community. This work will in particular proceed through the EGEE-III fusion cluster.
Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations – Digital Repositories (GENESI_DR)
Date under negotiation
GENESI-DR will establish an open Earth Science Digital Repository access that will be the basis for Science users to seamlessly access and share all data, information, products and knowledge available from participating key centres. This builds upon the existing, operational and focused Earth Observation (EO) European infrastructure to demonstrate and validate how Europe can best respond to the emerging global needs relating to the state of the Earth.
NA4. The GENESI-DR consortium will work with the Earth Science cluster in NA4 to ensure that Earth Science users have proper access to the GENESI-DR data holding and services.
GridTalk is an action to better coordinate reporting about European Grid projects and their scientific impact to the public, the broader scientific community and decision makers in government and industry.
NA2. EGEE will collaborate with GridTalk to highlight the scientific impact of the EGEE infrastructure. GridTalk will particularly interact with NA2 in EGEE-III.
Date under negotiation
The Project aims to shape EU & global priorities while emphasising the need for open standards and a level playing field for all participants within the region. It will increase the ability of industry and commerce to influence requirements for a more competitive ICT infrastructure towards i2010. The ultimate Project’s objective is to support a qualified, trans-European Grid community, with strong commitment to promote the adoption of Grid specifications with the purpose of ratifying such specifications as internationally recognised standards.
NA2, SA3, JRA1. EGEE-III will contribute its experience to standardization processes within the remit of WP2 activities of OGF-EUROPE on requirements notably for the Grid Interoperability Now (GIN) Working Group. This includes particularly middleware standards but also business-related activities.
SEE-GRID eInfrastructure for regional eScience (SEE-GRID-SCI)
Date under negotiation
SEE-GRID-SCI will strongly stimulate widespread Grid uptake by new cross-border user communities extending over the region, providing advanced capabilities to more researchers. The main aim is to foster scientific collaboration between various new Grid user communities in South-East-European countries, with an emphasis of strategic environmental applications such as seismology and meteorology. In parallel, other new user communities, both on regional and national level will be supported, including earth observation, bioinformatics, emergency pollution response, etc.
SA1. EGEE will continue to collaborate with SEE-GRID-SCI to ensure its reach into the South-East European region.
OMII-UK aims to provide software and support to enable a sustained future for the UK e-Science community and its international collaborators.
NA4. EGEE-III will liaise with OMII-UK on the usage of higher level middleware services in particular the TAVERNA workflow system.
Table : FP6, FP7 and regional projects with which EGEE-III will collaborate
Project Name, end date (month/year)
Collaboration with EGEE-III
End date: 12/09
@neurIST will provide an IT infrastructure for the management, integration and processing of data associated with the diagnosis and treatment of cerebral aneurysm and subarachnoid haemorrhage.
@neurIST collaborates with the EGEE Life Sciences communities to establish common requirements and best practices.
End date: 12/09
The ACGT project is developing an advanced Grid architecture allowing the analysis and comparison of both clinical and genetic results within large scale databases in order to perform a fast diagnosis and to define accurate therapeutic countermeasures.
ACGT collaborates with the EGEE Life Sciences communities to establish common requirements and best practices.
End date: 12/08
AssessGrid addresses the risk awareness and consideration in Service Level Agreement (SLA) negotiation, self-organising fault-tolerant actions, and capacity planning in Grids.
AssessGrid and EGEE aim to collaborate in the definition of concrete guarantee terms of SLAs. AssessGrid is using EGEE’s resource usage data to develop their models.
End date: 08/08
The CoreGRID project aims at strengthening and advancing scientific and technological excellence in the area of Grid and Peer-to-Peer technologies.
CoreGRID collaborates with EGEE on standardisation and policy issues and uses EGEE as one of the platforms for their interoperability tests.
End date: 05/08
CYCLOPS aims to bridge the gap between the Grid and the GMES (Global Monitoring for Environment and Security) communities, making Civil Protection people aware of the services provided by Grid infrastructures, while letting Grid researchers know about Civil Protection's specific requirements.
CYCLOPS uses the EGEE infrastructure and extends its user base.
End date: 05/08
DEGREE project aims to bridge the Earth Science and Grid communities throughout Europe, ensure that Earth Science requirements are satisfied in Grid technology, and disseminate and promote uptake of Grid in wider Earth Science community.
DEGREE collaborates with the EGEE Earth Science communities to establish common requirements and best practices.
End date: 04/09
DEISA is a consortium of leading national supercomputing centres that currently deploys and operates a persistent, production quality, distributed supercomputing environment with continental scope. It aims to enable scientific discovery by enhancing European capabilities in the area of high performance computing.
DEISA collaborates with EGEE on mutual interoperability towards seamless access between the infrastructures.
End date: 10/09
A collaboration of European and Chinese partners, EC-GIN will develop tailored network technology to support Grid applications. This will be supplemented with a secure and incentive-based Grid Services network traffic management system to balance network and Grid performance demands and resource use.
EC-GIN collaborates with the EGEE networking activity, SA2, to ensure its developments will eventually be usable by EGEE.
End date: 08/09
Edutain@Grid aims to develop a Grid-based framework allowing responsive and interactive applications to exploit technology that has previously been applied to “big science” projects.
Edutain@Grid extends the use base of EGEE technologies.
End date: 01/10
The EMBRACE project will optimise informatics and information exploitation by pure and applied biological scientists in both the academic and commercial sectors, and will work to integrate the major databases and software tools in bioinformatics, using existing methods and emerging Grid service technologies.
EMBRACE collaborates with the EGEE Life Sciences communities on the usage of the EGEE infrastructure and to establish common requirements and best practices.
End date: 09/08
EU-IndiaGrid is the first European and Indian Grid-focused project.
It supports interconnectivity between EGEE and the Indian Grid infrastructures, Garuda India Grid and Department of Atomic Energy Grid.
End date: 08/08
GÉANT2 is the seventh generation pan-European research and education network, successor to the pan-European multi-gigabit research network GÉANT.
The EGEE infrastructure depends on GÉANT for its network connectivity and close links have been set up between GÉANT and SA2.
End date: 06/09
The g-Eclipse project aims to build an integrated workbench framework to access the power of existing Grid infrastructures.
The general middleware independent framework from the g-Eclipse project is used by application developers for the development services exploiting the EGEE infrastructure.
End date: 12/09
Health-e-Child aims to develop an integrated healthcare platform for European pediatrics, providing seamless integration of traditional and new biomedical information sources.
It will use gLite, on top of which high level medical services will be developed for end-user clinicians and other medical applications.
End date: 05/09
The KnowARC project aims to improve and extend the existing state-of-the-art technology found in the Advanced Resource Connector (ARC) middleware.
Among other things, KnowARC is also working on the interoperability between ARC and gLite middleware.
myGrid is a suite of components designed to support in silico science, encompassing workflow design and execution, data and metadata management and provenance collection. myGrid will provide a mechanism of interoperating and integrating between these resources using Taverna workflows.
myGrid collaborates with EGEE on interfacing the Taverna workbench to the EGEE infrastructure.
NESSI aims to provide a unified view for European research in Services Architectures and Software Infrastructures that will define technologies, strategies and deployment policies fostering new, open, industrial solutions and societal applications that enhance the safety, security, and well-being of citizens.
EGEE provides its experience in operating a large scale infrastructure as input into NESSI.
End date: 10/08
NESSI-Grid’s objective is to actively assist NESSI in the implementation of its mission and achievement of its goals in Grid-related areas.
NESSI-Grid will investigate users' needs and ways of satisfying them in close cooperation with Grid, Service Oriented Architecture, and IT Utilities agents.
End date: 12/09
OMII-UK aims to provide software and support to enable a sustained future for the UK e-Science community and its international collaborators.
It is working with EGEE through OMII-Europe (ending 04/08) and ETICS.
End date: 10/10
The OSG is a distributed computing infrastructure for large-scale scientific research. The OSG Consortium's alliance of universities, national laboratories, scientific collaborations and software developers brings petascale computing and storage resources into a uniform shared cyberinfrastructure.
OSG and EGEE work on mutual interoperability, which has been fully achieved in EGEE-II to allow user communities to exploit both infrastructures without extra effort.
End date: 08/10
TeraGrid is an open scientific discovery infrastructure combining top class resources at nine partner sites to create an integrated computational resource. Using high-performance network connections, it integrates high-performance computers, data resources, tools, and high-end experimental facilities in the US.
TeraGrid collaborates with EGEE on mutual interoperability towards seamless access between the infrastructures.
DILIGENT for Science (D4Science)
The objective of this project is to consolidate and extend the e-Infrastructures built so far by the EGEE and DILIGENT projects in order to address the needs of scientific communities operating in Environmental Monitoring and Fisheries Resources Management areas. In particular, the project will provide such communities with facilities for creating Virtual Research Environments based on shared resources, including computational, storage, data, and service resources.
EGEE has already collaborated with the DILIGENT project in the context of FP6 for the set-up of a pre-production infrastructure based on EGEE pre-production service With D4Science the already established collaboration will continue in FP7. D4Science will link and extend the EGEE production infrastructure and exploit gLite functionality in the context of virtual research environments, enabling repositories and services sharing in addition to computing and storage sharing of resources.
Deployment of Remote Instrumentation Infrastructure (DORII)
Date under negotiation
The DORII project aims to deploy e-Infrastructures for new scientific communities, relying on the integration of remote instruments in the infrastructure.
EGEE will collaborate with DORII to ensure DORII will be able to exploit the EGEE infrastructure for its work.
Enabling Desktop Grids for e-Science (EDGeS)
Date under negotiation
EDGeS aims at bridging traditional Grid system (like EGEE) and desktop grids (like BOINC and XtremWeb).
Through collaborations with EDGeS the existing EGEE infrastructure is expected to extend to desktop infrastructures for best-effort usage.
e-Infrastructures Reflection Group Support Programme
2 – e-IRGSP2
Date under negotiation
The goal of the eIRGSP-2 project is to provide full support for the e- Infrastructures Reflection Group (e-IRG), to reach its goals aimed at supporting a common European e-Infrastructures policy and coordinating a framework for creating a European Research Area (ERA).
During the last two years, the basic organisational structure enabling the work of the e-IRG was provided by the FP6 e- Infrastructure Reflection Group Support Program (e-IRGSP) project.
The e-IRGSP2 will build on the experiences from the previous project and aims at maintaining the momentum achieved by the e-IRG with the help of the e-IRGSP project, while also responding to new challenges brought by the developments inside the e-IRG and the landscape surrounding the organisation.
EGEE-III will work with e-IRGSP2 along the same lines that EGEE-II worked with e-IRGSP: whereas e-IRGSP2 will provide basic support to e- IRG (organisation of meetings, editorial support for the white papers and roadmaps), EGEE-III will provide input to e-IRG work, such as speakers, contributions to the white papers, recommendations, and roadmaps, and expertise in the e-Infrastructures area.
Date under negotiation
The main objective is to optimise and extend the use of the NMR Research Infrastructures of EU-NMR through the implementation of an e-Infrastructure in order to provide the European bio-NMR user community with a platform integrating and streamlining the computational approaches necessary for bio-NMR data analysis (e-NMR). The e-NMR infrastructure will be based on the Grid infrastructure.
EGEE will collaborate with e-NMR in particular through its life science cluster and through access to the EGEE infrastructure.
Bringing Europe’s eLectronic Infrastructures to Expanding Frontiers - II (BELIEF-II)
The BELIEF-II project will build on the achievements and momentum created by BELIEF [2005-2007], to coordinate the efficient and effective communication, results, networking and knowledge flow between EU eInfrastructure projects and their users, promoting their development and exploitation globally.
EGEE documents, results, articles will be uploaded onto the BELIEF-II Digital Library. Participation in the Review Panel will aid in articles showcasing results or latest developments that will be heard by a wide-audience covering the entire eInfrastructure ecosystem. EGEE will contribute towards a dissemination DVD produced by BELIEF-II as well as a common eInfrastructure brochure.
Coordinating European and Asian Grids towards a common e-Science infrastructure (EUAsiaGRID)
The project will pave the way towards an Asian e-Science Grid Infrastructure, in synergy with the other European Grid initiatives in Asia, namely EGEE-III via its Asia Federation, and both EUChinaGRID and EU-IndiaGRID projects.
EGEE will collaborate with EUAsiaGrid to ensure Asian Grid efforts are will aligned with EGEE.
EGEE and collaborating efforts and initiatives have created a global Grid infrastructure which covers a large majority of the world’s countries, as shown in Figure below.
EGEE-III will further foster cooperation with the regions around Europe and on an international scale. Cooperation with the Commonwealth of Independent States, the US (NSF Cyberinfrastructure initiative, Open Science Grid, TeraGrid), the Asia Pacific region, including the Japanese National Research Grid Initiative NAREGI, Latin America, and emerging areas such as the Mediterranean, India and Africa, is fundamental for the future of Grids. This also ensures that the project is visible and active in the global Grid arena and that it can work constructively with the major Grid and Infrastructure projects and initiatives around the world.
Figure : The global Grid infrastructure EGEE-III will support the wider European Commission concertation efforts, working closely with GEÁNT2, DEISA and other major European research projects to exploit common areas of work and promote synergies. Close collaboration with e-IRG, in which the EGEE project Director is an observer, will ensure that EGEE-III is able to provide effective input to policy development based on its first-hand experience of operating a Grid computing infrastructure. This input is important to guide policy in many areas such as accounting, authorisation, training and interactions between Grid and super-computing. As the e-Infrastructure landscape evolves further in FP7, EGEE-III's contributions here will continue to be of great importance. EGEE will also pursue its role in standards-setting through participation in global standards bodies such as the Open Grid Forum.
The European Strategy Forum on Research Infrastructures (ESFRI) has published a roadmap5 including plans for 35 new major European research facilities/infrastructures. EGEE-III will engage with the ESFRI projects that are embarking on their preparatory phase, to determine how Grids could be part of their computing architecture. A first example of this engagement is the LIFEWATCH project.
Europe has invested heavily in e-Science programmes over the past years both at national and European levels, with impressive results. Grid technology is recognised as a fundamental component of e-science, and many countries have now launched National Grid Initiatives (NGI) to establish National Grid Infrastructures. While the maturity level and the implementations are not necessarily the same, they all aim at providing a common e-Science infrastructure in support of all sciences in the long-term. With strong support from the European Commission, Europe has established itself as the world leader in the field, and a fast growing number of communities are adopting Grids and many are already relying on Grids to achieve their missions.
As the Virtual Organisations (VOs) established by scientific communities move from a pilot phase of testing their applications on Grid infrastructures to a phase of more routine usage, it becomes increasingly urgent to ensure that reliable and adaptive Grid infrastructures are maintained, independent of project funding cycles. Without such continuity, scientific communities will hesitate to rely on this new computing paradigm, potentially jeopardising the large investments that have been made so far.
While national infrastructures are fundamental in providing local connectivity and resources to researchers, they need to be linked seamlessly at the European level to enable scientific collaboration.
This is being coordinated in the European Grid Initiative Design Study project, EGI_DS for short, which, hand in hand with the NGIs, will define the governance and operational model for most of the tasks carried out today by Grid infrastructure projects such as EGEE, but also ETICS and OMII-Europe. EGEE-II was intimately linked to the preparation of this design study project whilst EGEE-III will be the stepping stone to ensure the structure, goals and perspectives are met for long term sustainability of the work achieved to date.
The Letters of Support received in favour of EGEE-III are listed in the on the following web page: http://egee-technical.web.cern.ch/egee-technical/JRU/letters-of-support.html. These letters demonstrate the high level of support for the EGEE-III proposal from a wide range of user communities, collaborating Grid infrastructures around the world and future scientific undertakings on a pan-European level.
Expected impact of the networking activities The networking activities in EGEE-III will cover all aspects of dissemination and training for a very broad spectrum of actual and potential Grid users, and the technical support and development of user community Virtual Organisations, including special working relationships with strategic scientific disciplines and key business sectors. In addition ongoing relationships will be maintained with European and world-wide Grid initiatives in order to ensure interoperability, adherence to world-wide standards, and coherence in the move to a sustainable European Grid infrastructure.
Strong support will be given to a large number of Virtual Organisations and the running and development of key applications. This will encourage the development of key scientific and business communities, and the start-up of communities coming fresh to the use of Grid technology. Current key scientific communities include computational chemistry, earth sciences, fusion, life sciences and high energy physics. In addition there are good developing relationships with business in aerospace, finance, petrochemical sectors. The support will include teams dedicated to helping new communities port their applications to the Grid. The support for the running and development of key applications on the Grid will be essential for the research and business communities, and place them at the leading edge for their key computations and data handling.
Dissemination will ensure key information is available for all users, mature, new and potential, via a well designed website. This will actively encourage new user communities, and provide links to clear start-up information and events. It will be responsible for the regular production of newsletters aimed at a broad scientific and business audience. There will be links to the dissemination offices spread throughout the EGEE federations, ensuring both the dissemination to the whole European community, and the acquisition of information of general interest. A strong dissemination programme demonstrating EGEE’s achievements will be a showcase for Europe’s leadership in e-science.
The training programme will place a strong emphasis on ‘training the trainers’, as well as providing a repository of training material on systems and applications. This approach will ensure the building up of strong teams in the federations, which will enhance the move to a sustainable infrastructure within an EGI/NGI framework. It is foreseen that training material will be obtained by strong working relationships with middleware, operations, and strategic scientific and business areas. This will ensure that material is up to date and of relevance to key user communities. EGEE thus offers a means by which it will attract and retain skilled personnel essential for the future of the Grid infrastructure.
EGEE’s advances and results will be Europe’s major contribution to the establishment of international standards and policies which are essential for achieving the vision of a worldwide sustainable Grid infrastructure.
EGEE-III’s networking activities are linked together with the Service and Joint Research activities in a “virtuous cycle”, described in section 1.1, to form a coherent programme which further enhances the project’s impact.
Expected impact of the service activities The service activities of EGEE-III will extend and optimise the production quality international Grid infrastructure built up during the first four years of the EGEE programme. Emphasis will be put on increasing the usability, reliability and interoperability of the infrastructure. Via the infrastructure, existing computing resources and scientific data are made available to a wide range of researchers, vastly increasing the interconnectivity of European research and ensuring the exploitation of these resources. This infrastructure is unique in the world, as there is no other integration of resources on this scale. As a result of the service activities, researchers across the European Research Area have access to a first class IT infrastructure independent of the maturity or sophistication of their local installation.
The computing resources that EGEE-III integrates will continue to be provided by a large, and growing, number of sites. These will operate over a wide scale of capabilities, ranging from simple departmental resources to large-scale computing and storage centres. These resource centres are not supported directly by the EGEE-III project, but represent one of the main contributions of the project partners. In addition, supplementary resources brought in by scientific disciplines using EGEE will continue to be connected to the EGEE infrastructure.
The gLite middleware binds the resources into a single infrastructure providing seamless access to computing and storage for the user communities. It also provides the building blocks upon which other infrastructures can depend and integrate seamlessly with the EGEE infrastructure.
EGEE-III will work hand in hand with GÉANT2 and the NRENs to ensure the Grid requirements are taken into account at the networking level, and thus contribute to the development of the European network infrastructure.
Altogether the Service activities will provide a top class computing infrastructure for European research with global impact via collaborations as discussed in section 3.1.
Expected impact of the joint research activities The EGEE programme has produced and deployed the necessary basic building blocks to operate a large scale production Grid infrastructure. These building blocks, while capable of serving a wide variety of user communities, still require expert knowledge of setting up a Grid infrastructure, exploiting the infrastructure efficiently, and integrating it with other systems and tools. EGEE-III will tackle these problems by reinforcing standardisation, common best-practices, usability and deployability of Grid Foundation Middleware and selected higher level Grid Services.
The reinforced focus on international collaborations and standardisation will allow the building of truly interoperable world-wide solutions and standards. This will offer users seamless access to Grid resources world-wide. Standardisation efforts will be pursued through OGF and related committees.
Software engineered by JRA1 is distributed under a business friendly open source license (the Apache 2 license) by SA3 and also included in other distributions, like VDT from OSG, which facilitates their use outside of Europe. This strategy will be further actively pursued in EGEE-III. The branding under the name “gLite” has proved successful and gLite is now synonymous with European best-of-breed middleware. The gLite effort will be continued in EGEE-III and JRA1 will provide an open source reference implementation of Grid Foundation Middleware with increased focus on standards compliance, usability and deployability.
EGEE-III will maintain and extend the present, high degree of interaction between commercial and scientific partners, both within the project and through the EGEE Business Associates programme, which is necessary to avoid “privatisation” of the expertise gained throughout the project, without jeopardising the Grid’s commercial potential.
Finally, the middleware of EGEE will be available to the Grid research community and other interested parties to close the feedback loop with the originators of the technologies on which the EGEE Grid will be based. This will stimulate further development within those communities, but will also create a pool of expertise on production-quality Grid engineering that will strengthen the capabilities of European Grid research. gLite will also continue to be an important building block of related deployment efforts, both thematic and regional, and thus build the basis for the establishment of National Grid Infrastructures. The increased focus on standards will allow the National Grid Infrastructures to extend or replace gLite components by locally developed ones.
Plan for the use and dissemination of foreground
The dissemination activities of the EGEE-III project, in particular NA2 and NA3 (described in section 1.3) are designed to gather and present the project’s achievements and successes throughout Europe and worldwide, demonstrating the impact, capability and use of Grid in diverse research areas. The target audiences will be:
The scientific user communities, both those new to Grids and established communities, to increase EGEE-III’s user base and make the usage more efficient;
Decision makers and government officials to ensure that EGEE-III’s expertise and substantial experience in Grid technologies influence policy making and sustainability plans.
Relevant information on EGEE-III’s activities, defined in section 1, will be collected and made accessible to these diverse audiences through appropriate dissemination techniques, including brochures, information sheets and diverse dissemination material targeted at specific audiences. The collection of material for dissemination includes the deliverables of the project, the majority of which will be made publicly available. EGEE events, in particular User Forums and conferences which regularly attract over 500 participants, represent leading European Grid occasions for showcasing the project’s advances and the progress made towards sustainability. Collaborating projects listed in
and Table 10: FP6, FP7 and regional projects with which EGEE-III will collaborate provide another channel of dissemination to more user communities with a wider geographical reach.
The project’s dissemination and training plan will include support for the induction of new users, new communities and new Virtual Organisations into the EGEE-III community. It will develop and disseminate appropriate information to these groups proactively, taking into account their specific needs. The dissemination plan includes assimilation and evaluation of records of this work and provides input to the requirements and planning activities of the project. Further, the plan will cover the long term sustainability efforts of the project, working closely with National Grid Infrastructures and the EGI_DS project to disseminate key progress results.
The results of EGEE-III will be exploited by a wide range of scientific communities, who depend on the EGEE infrastructure for their scientific advances. They will also be exploited by the National Grid Initiatives and the EGI_DS project who will build on the EGEE model, in particular EGEE-III’s operational experience, standardisation and policy work. This will be facilitated through increased business uptake of Grid technologies thanks to EGEE-III’s technology transfer programme.
These measures will position EGEE worldwide as a major player in the Grid arena, attracting new user communities and ensuring its experience and expertise is taken into account in policy making and strategic planning.
With respect to Intellectual Property Rights, all background owned by the institutes will be clearly stated in the project’s Consortium Agreement. All deliverables produced by the project that do not include financial information or security-related issues will be made public, and the project does not make claims on the IPR of the scientific results/data produced on the Grid infrastructure. Further, information about users or applications on the infrastructure will not be shared with third parties unless permission is requested and granted. Finally, the gLite middleware will be distributed under a business-friendly open source licence which facilitates technology transfer to the business sector and encourages the creation of layered products.
Contributions to standards
EGEE-III will contribute its experience to standardization processes, in particular the Open Grid Forum (OGF) and expects to channel this via OGF-EUROPE. This feedback will in particular consist of practical experiences gathered in operating the EGEE infrastructure, implementing standards in the gLite services, use of standards by EGEE's applications, and experiences EGEE gathers through its business contacts. EGEE personnel is also expected to keep leading roles in standardization processes. With respect to adoption of standards EGEE will continue its successful cautious strategy of adopting well established standards that have an impact on EGEE's operations and user support but not trying to be early adopters and to follow fast evolving standards proposals. The information on EGEE's contributions to standards will be consolidated by NA5 which will run a web site presenting EGEE's relations to the various standards.
Contributions to policy developments
The primary means of interaction of EGEE with policy developments in Europe is through its participation in the e-Infrastructures Reflection Group. The group, which produces mid- and long-term policies for the effective use of electronic infrastructures in Europe, is composed by national representatives and a number of observers, with EGEE being one of them. Over the last few years EGEE has provided significant input to the e-IRG published recommendations, white papers, and roadmaps, and this input is set to continue in the course of EGEE-III.
EGEE is also active in the policy-related discussions around the formation of a permanent, sustainable Grid infrastructure, in the form of the future European Grid Initiative (EGI). EGEE has close links with the EGI Design Project (EGI_DS), providing regular input to the requirements of the EGI, and ensuring that it meets the objectives of the EGEE infrastructure.
EGEE is working closely with related Grid infrastructures, both in Europe and worldwide, on policy-related issues and towards the set up of an international policy group.
Risk assessment and related communication strategy
The following main risks have been identified for the project, classified by occurrence probability and structured according to NA, SA and JRA activities. The occurrence of risk will be communicated using the project’s management and communication structures as described in section 2. Particular focus will be centered on high risks and appropriate mitigation procedures will be activated.
Table : Risks identified for EGEE-III networking activities
Partner(s) fail to complete their tasks
This might cause parts of the EGEE-III programme of work not to be delivered.
This will be addressed by a strong and clear Consortium Agreement governing the roles and responsibilities of all actors in the project, by the regular progress monitoring through the Activity Managers’ Board and Technical Management Board, as well as a federation-based review process whereby all partners will be reviewed during the lifetime of the project in all activities to monitor their progress.
EGEE fails to provide the functionality needed by some of its potential applications
This would cause applications not to use the EGEE infrastructure.
This will be addressed by an application driven evolution of the EGEE infrastructure governed by the TMB. Close collaboration with specific disciplines, as well as with the NA4 support structures will ensure their requirements are appropriately taken into account. In addition, the functionality provided by EGEE is expected to be complemented by 3rd party components available via the RESPECT programme (see Section 22.214.171.124). Expectations will be managed with new user communities to avoid such situations.
Mis-alignment of strategy and implementation with collaborating infrastructure projects
This would result in interoperation problems hampering applications which require multiple infrastructures.
This will be addressed by regular concertation events with collaborating EU projects at the EGEE conferences and User Forums as well as concertation with relevant international efforts at OGF. In addition, EGEE will continue to provide input to the eIRG to ensure its alignment with EU policies.
Dissemination of incorrect information
The EGEE-III dissemination activity (NA2) depends on timely and correct information from the other activities. There is a risk that some information might be misinterpreted and wrongly communicated. In particular, in the event of a major incident, this could be quite damaging to the project and Grids in general.
This risk is mitigated by the establishment of close links between NA2 and the other EGEE activities via the AMB including a fact-checking process. In addition, communication strategies for potential major problems such as security incidents will be prepared in advance in order to react quickly.
Low business uptake
Without appropriate business uptake the long term future of Grids is compromised.
This risk will be mitigated by focussing the EGEE-III efforts on target business areas with high and immediate potential for uptake of Grid technology.
Failing to implement changes necessary for the transition to a sustainable infrastructure while continuing to provide a stable service.
This would affect EGEE-III reaching its goal of a smooth transition towards a sustainable infrastructure.
The procedures, processes and governance of a future sustainable European Grid Infrastructure are currently being elaborated by the EGI_DS project. Close links with this project will be set up mainly through NA1 and NA5 and specific deliverables and milestones have been identified to monitor progress (DNA1.4 and MNA1.5). Yet there is still the risk that a smooth transition will not be possible in the lifetime of EGEE-III either because the final structures are not specified well enough or not enough support from the National Grid Infrastructures (NGIs) has been secured. In this case EGEE-III will continue to provide its service unchanged and prepare for future transitions that will occur after EGEE-III’s lifetime. Funding must be secured to allow operations in this transition period since the Grid infrastructure is now mission-critical for many scientific undertakings in Europe.
Fail to attract suitable trainers
The EGEE-III training activity (NA3) depends on the recruitment of high quality personnel in particular in the application domains. Without this personnel the EGEE-III training activity would be less effective and limited in reach.
This risk will be mitigated by close collaboration with the strategic discipline clusters of NA4 ensuring the recruitment of the appropriate personnel.
The following main risks have been identified for the service activities in EGEE-III.
Table : Risks identified for EGEE-III Service activities
Resource congestion due to LHC start-up
EGEE-III will see the start-up of LHC and the associated data transfer and analysis activities are likely to saturate the resources owned by the LHC experiments. As a consequence, other applications that were using these resources on a best effort basis might not be able to do so on the required scale.
This will be mitigated by encouraging existing and new communities to connect their resources to the EGEE infrastructure and by taking the predicted LHC resource usage into account in the EGEE-III resource availability planning. The introduction of ‘seed resources’ will guarantee a pool of resources for new user communities during their initial deployment phases. Of the 250 sites currently connected to the EGEE infrastructure, approximately 100 are not connected to the LHC programme and hence will not be subject to congestion caused by the LHC start-up.
gLite depends on various third party components. These components need to evolve to match the gLite objectives. Inadequate support for third party components will result in delays or reduced quality of service in gLite.
Support arrangements will be negotiated with third party providers and where possible, components which have more than one provider will be chosen.
Grid Operations remains a labour-intensive task
EGEE-III plans to reduce the effort required to operate the EGEE infrastructure by increased automation which in turn relies on better service manageability and support from the middleware providers. There is a risk that the required middleware properties will not be available. Thus automation efforts would only have a modest impact and also impede the planned migration to a sustainable infrastructure.
This risk is mitigated by driving the middleware engineering as well as component selection based on application and operations requirements. This will ensure the operation requirements are taken into account in the planned work. In addition, monitoring and operational tools will be enhanced.
Malicious attacks on the Grid infrastructure or its supporting tools.
The EGEE Grid infrastructure might be exposed to malicious attacks which might result in partial or complete unavailability of the service. Similarly, the supporting infrastructure, like code repositories, build infrastructure etc. might be exposed to similar attacks resulting in unavailability of these services.
This will be mitigated by continuous investments in service fall-over strategies as well as improved security precautions, including security training for sites participating in EGEE. The associated communication strategy has been described in the risk analysis of NA activities above. Further, the Grid Security Vulnerability Group will identify and react rapidly to potential security risks.
Un-announced network unavailability
The EGEE-III infrastructure operates on top of the NREN/GÉANT2 provided network. There is a risk that parts of the network become unavailable without prior notice to EGEE-III.
This risk will be mitigated by extending the coverage of the ENOC and the provision of network monitoring and troubleshooting tools according to EGEE-III applications and operations requirements in close collaboration with GÉANT2 and the NRENs.
The following main risks have been identified for the EGEE-III JRA activity.
Table : Risks identified for EGEE-III JRA activities
Slow standardisation and industry uptake
There is a risk that standardisation efforts progress slowly and thus impede interoperability as well as industry uptake. This will require EGEE-III to spend more effort on interoperability and will hamper the inclusion of industry strength components.
This risk will be mitigated by active contribution to standardisation activities, working closely with industrial software providers, and the continuation of the middleware engineering programme in EGEE-III itself.
Delays in the development roadmap
Delays in middleware development will affect application planning and implementation.
The development roadmap will be jointly produced by JRA1 and other stakeholders via the TMB which will also closely monitor the progress and take corrective measures. In addition, JRA1 components depend on various third party components and appropriate support arrangements will be negotiated to meet the gLite objectives.
Most of the partners in EGEE-III are organisations with an established policy of equal gender opportunities. CERN, the leading partner, has an excellent record in this area with a long established equal opportunity programme.
The EGEE-III management will strive to ensure equal opportunity, according to EU rules and guidelines, when hiring the new project staff. Grid technology has an impact on gender issues, as it is an enabling technology that, like the Web, makes new ways of working possible. In particular, the Grid provides remote access to data and computer power and can also facilitate remote access to scientific instrumentation and enhance teleconferencing capabilities. All these benefits can contribute to help to reduce the burden of child rearing on scientifically active parents, and the aggravating effects these burdens can have in practice on equal gender opportunities in scientific careers. These benefits extend to persons with limited mobility, whatever the cause.
The success of the Gender Action Plan relies on the commitment of the partner institutes to participate in gender awareness raising efforts, and to this end, the project coordinator will undertake several measures to ensure this is being addressed. During the EGEE programme, the project made use of its major Grid events to collect data and raise awareness, and the effort monitoring tool used within the project provided concrete statistics to monitor the percentage of female collaborators among the various categories of staff in all institutes. Further activities, such as web pages containing information on gender matters and specific events targeted at younger generations to showcase IT employment, will be continued and built upon to contribute to European efforts in increasing gender awareness across Europe.
3 In EGEE-II, the EAC is composed of the following members: Phil Andrews (Oak Ridge National Laboratory, USA), Frederica Darema (NSF, USA), Carole Goble (University of Manchester, U.K.), Eike Jessen (DFN, Germany), David Snelling (Fujitsu, U.K.), and one business representative, Rolph Kubli (EDS Information Business GmbH, Zurich, Switzerland).
4 Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan
Date of preparation: XXX September 2009 – Approved by the EC on XXXX