Three Course Model Physics Curriculum Frameworks

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Model Course Mapping for Physics in the Universe

Teachers and educators are strongly advised to review the introductory chapters of this framework, including the chapter on Instructional Strategies.


A primary goal of this section is to provide an example of how to bundle the PEs into related groups that can form the basis for the instructional segments. There are six instructional segments in this course, so each would correspond to a bit more than one month of classroom instruction in a traditional school calendar year, though the instructional segments are not equal in duration.

Within this document, an explicit description is provided of how each PE in an instructional segment relates to one another. Ensuring that the scientific concepts smoothly transition from one to the next emphasizes the fact that these topics build on one another.


Table 1. Summary table for a model course integrating physics and Earth & space science in High School


Instructional segment 1:

Forces and Motion

Performance Expectations Addressed

HS-PS2-1, HS-PS2-2, HS-PS2-3*, HS-ETS1-1, HS-ETS1-4

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

PS2.A – Forces and Motion

ETS1.A – Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems

ETS1.B – Developing Possible Solutions


  • Cause and effect

  • Systems, and system models

Summary of DCI

Force is equal the product of mass and acceleration. In a closed system, the total momentum is constant.





Instructional segment 2:

Forces at a distance

Performance Expectations Addressed

HS-PS2-4, HS-PS2-5, HS-PS2-6*, HS- ETS1-1

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

  • Developing and using models

  • Mathematics and computational thinking

  • Planning and carrying out investigations

  • Analyzing and interpreting data

  • Constructing explanations (for science) and designing solutions (for engineering)

  • Obtaining, evaluating, and communicating information

PS2.B – Types of Interaction

ETS1.A – Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems




  • Cause and effect

  • Structure and function

Summary of DCI

The inverse square law applies to gravity and electromagnetic interactions. Flowing electrons produce a magnetic field, and spinning magnets cause electric currents to flow.





Instructional segment 3:

Energy conversion

Performance Expectations Addressed

HS-PS1-8, HS-PS3-2, HS-PS3-5, HS-PS3-3*, HS-ETS1-2HS-ESS1-5HS-ESS2-3

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

  • Developing and using models




PS3.D ­– Energy in Chemical Processes and Everyday Life

PS3.A – Definitions of Energy

PS3.B – Conservation of Energy and Energy Transfer

PS3.C – Relationship Between Energy and Forces

ESS1.C,ESS2.A


  • Energy and matter: Flows, cycles and conservation

Summary of DCI

Energy exists in a variety of forms. Humans depend on the ability to convert these forms from one in our bodies and our technologies.




Instructional segment 4:

Nuclear processes

Performance Expectations addressed

HS-PS1-8, HS-ESS1-5, HS-ESS1-6, HS-ESS2-1

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

  • Developing and using models

  • Analyzing and interpreting data

PS1.C – Nuclear Processes

PS1.C – The History of Planet Earth

ESS2.B – Plate Tectonics and Large-Scale System Interactions


  • Energy & matter

  • Stability & change

Summary of DCI

Changes to atomic nuclei release energy and change atoms from one element to another.



Instructional segment 5:

Waves and Electromagnetic Radiation

Performance Expectations addressed

HS-PS4-1, HS-PS4-3, HS-PS4-4, HS-PS4-5*, HS-PS4-2, HS- ETS1-1

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

  • Asking questions

  • Using mathematics and computational thinking

  • Engaging in argument from evidence

  • Obtaining, evaluating and communicating information

PS4.A – Wave Properties

PS4.B – Electromagnetic Radiation

PS4.C – Information Technologies and Instrumentation

PS3.D – Energy in

ETS1.A – Defining and Delimiting Engineering Problems


  • Energy & matter

  • Cause & effect

  • Systems & system models

  • Stability and change

Summary of DCI

Electromagnetic radiation has many applications, and can be modeled as a wave of changing electric and magnetic fields or as particles called photons.



Instructional segment 6:

Stars and the Origins of the Universe

Performance Expectations addressed

HS-ESS1-1, HS-ESS1-2, HS-ESS1-3

Highlighted SEP

Highlighted DCI

Highlighted CCC

ESS1.A – The Universe and Its Stars

PS1.C – Nuclear processes



  • Energy & Matter

  • Patterns

  • Cause & effect

  • Scale, proportion, & quantity

Summary of DCI

The light from stars tells us about their composition and how they are moving away from us.



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