Action Verbs tell what the subject is doing and action is involved.
Linking Verbs link the subject to a noun or adjective in the
predicate part of the sentence. A linking verb says
that the subject is something. The subject is not
Some common linking verbs are: Is, are, am, was, were, being, been, smell, look, taste,
feel, appear, remain, sound, seem, become, grow, stand
Helping Verbs come before the main verb and give the verb a
more specific meaning and help establish the
tense of the verb.
Some common helping verbs are: Has, have, had, shall, will, should, could, would, must, can, may, do, did, does
The forms of the verb be may also be helping verbs:
Is, are, was, were, am, being, been.
Verb Tenses: The tense of a verb tells when the action takes
The simple tenses are Present, Past and Future tense.
Simple Present Tense: I like football. We practice every day.
Simple Past Tense: Bob kicked the football. Sean was the
quarterback until he was injured.
Simple Future Tense: I will like football forever. I will go to
Present Perfect Tense: The present perfect tense states an
an action that is still going on. Add has or havebefore the past
tense or past participle of the main verb.
Bob has swum for two hours so far.
Past Perfect Tense: The past perfect tense states an action
that began and ended in the past. Add had before the past
Bob had swum for three hours before he finally quit.
Future Perfect Tense: The future perfect tense states an
Action that will begin in the future and end at a specific time.
Add will have before the past participle form of the main verb.
Bob will have swum for five hours by noon tomorrow.
Irregular Verbs: The past participle is used with the helping verb had, has or have.
Present TensePast TenseFuture Tense