Ethnic Militias and Sub-Nationalism in Nigeria: a comparative Study of massob and opc


:6 Contribution of Study to Knowledge



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5:6 Contribution of Study to Knowledge

  1. The study has shown that ethnic militia; particularly MASSOB and OPC emerged as expressions of sub-nationalism arising from the weakness and inability of the Nigerian state to resolve perceived marginalization by some sections of the society.

  2. The study has also shown that ethnic cleavages have become a political refuge for marginalised political entities because of inequitable political representation at the central government level.

  3. The study has also demonstrated that socio-economic considerations and personal idosyncracies of prime movers led to the militarization of MASSOB and OPC.

  4. The study has also shown that some inherent contradictions in the Nigeria federal system, especially the inequality among sub units contribute to sub-nationalism and the violent orientation of MASSOB and OPC.

  5. The study has also shown that the closely knitted structures of the two militia groups are significant factors for their resilience in the face of violent response from the state.


5:7 Suggestions for further Research

  1. Further research in this area should focus more on the collective feelings at the micro level. In other words, a community level analysis to determine what non-militia members think about the militia organization needs to be undertaken.

  2. Also there is need to determine the impact of ethnic militia on the socio-political environment in Nigeria. In other words, an empirically focussed study to determine its impact on Nigeria’s democratic development is imperative.

  3. Another area that requires further exposition is the external dimension of the activities of ethnic militia in Nigeria and the perception of the international community to the development and operation of these organizations in Nigeria.


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