Event memory task (developed by Ünal & Küntay, 2008/9)



Yüklə 471 b.
tarix15.09.2018
ölçüsü471 b.


event memory task (developed by Ünal & Küntay, 2008/9)

  • event memory task (developed by Ünal & Küntay, 2008/9)

  • Magic Cutting


Focus: how do memory abilities change with age

  • Focus: how do memory abilities change with age

  • Children’s ability to store info in a verbal format limits their ability to report that info verbally over a long delay period

  • Gets both behavioral and verbal measures



Magic Shrinking Machine Event (24 hour delay; 2- to 4-year-olds)

  • Magic Shrinking Machine Event (24 hour delay; 2- to 4-year-olds)

  • Verbal recall measures? Average number of items reported during the free recall phase

    • idea of “items” is too vague. Actions?
    • Started after 3; oldest ones are not very coherent
    • At all ages, verbal recall lagged behind general verbal skill AND behavioral reenactment AND photograph identification
      • Translation of a nonverbal experience to a verbal one is the major difficulty
      • Interesting findings: children use their linguistic capacity during the time of encoding, when interviewed about events after delays of 6 months or 1 year
        • Do not use vocabulary that was not the part of their productive vocabulary during the time of original encoding
  • Any problem with S & H’s language measurement?

    • Lang = Vocab


Core idea: construction of AM is highly dependent on early parent-child conversations about the past

  • Core idea: construction of AM is highly dependent on early parent-child conversations about the past

    • Vygotsky: higher mental functions develop thru social interaction rather than solely as a result of general cognitive change
  • Through these conversations children learn the conventionalized narrative forms which eventually provide a structure for internally represented memories



This is not a claim saying that children are unable to remember specific episodes before they have internalized the culturally provided narrative forms for recounting the past (Bauer, Nelson, Simcock & Hayne, etc.)

  • This is not a claim saying that children are unable to remember specific episodes before they have internalized the culturally provided narrative forms for recounting the past (Bauer, Nelson, Simcock & Hayne, etc.)

    • Scripts are how very early memories are represented
    • Adult-guided conversations about shared events help to modify representations of personally significant events to conform more to culturally canonical narratives
  • But thru internalization of culturally provided narrative forms, children change the ways in which they internally represent their past experiences



Primary factor vs. Multiple influence theories

  • Primary factor vs. Multiple influence theories

  • Role of self understanding (Howe, Povinelli– delayed self recognition)

  • Role of understanding of mind

  • Role of social and linguistic factors

  • Role of attachment

  • Interaction between social, linguistic, and cognitive factors




Yüklə 471 b.

Dostları ilə paylaş:




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©muhaz.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə