Report on Short Visit of Prof j r kayal to the eri, University of Tokyo, Japan, April 29- may 24, 2008 j r kayal



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Report on Short Visit of Prof J R Kayal to the ERI,

University of Tokyo, Japan, April 29- May 24, 2008

J R Kayal
(CSIR Emeritus Scientist, School of Oceanographic Studies, Jadavpur University, Kolkata , India)


Introduction
A four-week visit during April 29- May 24, 2008 was made by Prof. J. R. Kayal to the Earthquake Research Institute (ERI), University of Tokyo, Japan under a Visiting Professor Fellowship, hosted by Prof. Teruyuki and Dr Aitaro Kato.
The main objective of this visit was to interact with Dr Aitaro Kato for a collaborative research and to deliver one or two lectures on Seismotectonics of India/Southeast Asia at the ERI.

Achievements


  • Discussion and collaborative efforts were made with Prof Aitaro Kato on the Himalayan Tectonics and Great Earthquakes.




  • A Poster is prepared on the above topic under a joint authorship for presentation at the Asian Seismological Commission Meeting, Tsukuba, Japan, November 24-28, 2008.




  • A review research-paper manuscript on the above topic is also prepared for a joint publication in a suitable Journal.




  • A discussion was held with Prof K. Katsumata on Earthquake Precursor studies and on the possibility of writing an Edited Book on this topic in future collaboration.




  • A discussion was held with Dr Satoko Oki on Global Tomography, who did her Ph D thesis on this topic. A discussion was also held on Outreach activities to educate general public for Earthquake Hazard mitigation.



  • Literature survey was made at the ERI Library, and found/collected several excellent research papers on Earthquake Recurrence Models.




  • Attended several Seminars on Seismic Tomography, Attenuation, Anisotropy, Seismic Hazard/ Tsunami mitigation etc at the ERI Seminar Hall on regular weekly seminar programme.




  • Prof Kayal delivered a Seminar lecture on Seismotectonics of SE Asia at the ERI Seminar Hall on May 23. He gave a detailed outline of the earthquake processes at the atypical subduction zone below the Indo-Burma arc and at the typical subduction zone below the Anadaman-Nicobar-Sumatra arc. Prof Kayal enjoyed the interaction at the seminar.


Future Research Proposals


  • Dr Aitaro Kato has the expertise on Double-differential Tomography technique, a state-of-the-art technique on local earthquake tomography (LET). A large amount of digital seismic phase data of NE India is being processed for seismic tomography by a Ph D student of Prof Kayal at the Jadavpur University, Kolkata. These data can be used on a collaborative venture to image the crustal structure beneath the Shillong Plateau in NE India to resolve the seismogenic faults for the so called pop-up tectonics that generated the 1897 great Shillong earthquake (Ms 8.7).




  • Further, the 2004 mega thrust Sumatra earthquake (Mw 9.3) generated more than 20,000 aftershocks that were recoded by the local and regional networks. These data are also being processed by Prof Kayal’s Ph D student for Regional Tomography, where Dr Kato could be a collaborator for regional tomography of the subduction structure beneath the Andaman-Sumatra arc. No tomography work is yet done in this part of the SE Asia region.




  • A possible joint collaboration is proposed for writing Edited Book(s) on Earthquake Precursors and or on Seismic Tomography with the scientists of the ERI.




  • Further, a collaborative venture could be made on the Outreach programme for public awareness of earthquake phenomena. Prof Kayal has vast experience in teaching under the UNESCO scheme in different countries like in India, Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Bhutan, Thailand etc. He would be glad to take part in such programme with the ERI outreach scientist(s) for Japan and for India on a bilateral scientist exchange programme.


Conclusions


  • This being the first and a short visit, it was very useful to know the ERI activities, to interact and to extend collaborative research.




  • A joint Poster as well as a joint Review Research-paper manuscript is prepared in this short four-week visit; thus the visit was not only productive but also very satisfying.




  • Interaction with the ERI seismologists had been very satisfactory, and a few future collaborative projects are proposed.




  • Prof Kayal would be glad to host any interested scientist of the ERI to visit India on an INSA (Indian National Science Academy) fellowship.



Acknowledgement

I, Prof J R Kayal, sincerely thank Prof Teruyuki Kato and Dr Aitaro Kato for kindly hosting my visit to the ERI, and Ms Tokie Watanabe for her very kind help and support all through.


I also sincerely thank Dr Aitaro Kato, Dr Kei Katsumata and Dr Satoko Oki for their kind help and for discussion on various topics of earthquake research.
Ms Mika Suzuki, Ms Yuko Izaki and Ms Rie Taguchi, ERI had been very friendly and helpful during my stay, and I am ever grateful to them. The librarian and the security officers always extended their kind help.
In one word, I enjoyed my ERI, Japan visit so much, and I loved this most beautiful, rich and friendly country of the world! Thanks for everything done for me by the members of the ERI and the International Division. I leave the country with full satisfaction and happiness. Thank you all!
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