Ss1212 – Urdu Literature – An Introduction

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Lahore University of Management Sciences

B.Sc. Honours


SS1212 – Urdu Literature – An Introduction

Course Instructor…….Yasmeen Hameed

Duration of Course…. 10 weeks

Number of sessions…. 20

Class Time……………100 minutes

Classes………………..Wednesday & Friday: 11.45 am …1.25 pm

Office………………….Room 216, New SS Wing

Course Description and Objectives
The course presents an introduction to various genres of Urdu literature as they developed through the eighteenth, nineteenth and twentieth centuries, with greater emphasis on fiction and poetry. Works of prominent writers would be used as a medium to understand the structure and components of these genres.
The course would focus on:

  • developing an appreciation of the creative richness of the language

  • creating an awareness about the literary heritage of this region

  • creating an awareness about traditional and modern trends in writing

  • helping students discover their own potential and interest in the subject

Prerequisite : Convenience in reading Urdu

Grading and Attendance Policy
Attendance: 5%

Class Participation: 10%

* Quizzes: 10%

** Response Papers 10%

*** Group Presentation: 15%

Mid-Term Exam: 25%

Final Exam: 25%
* There will be two announced quizzes before the mid-term.

** Response papers will be given in the post mid-term sessions based on the assigned

*** Group Presentations will be organized according to the number of students in the class.

Topics will be finalized before the mid term exam. Students will select their topic for

research and have it approved by the instructor.

Course Outline

An overview of the history of Urdu Literature through the 18th, 19th & 20th centuries.

  • The Dehlavi and Lakhnavi schools

  • Important movements and the emergence of new trends

  • Genres of literature in poetry and prose

  • Definition and understanding of literary terms

Reading: Mohammad Khalid Naeem: Taareekh…Zabaan-o-adab-e-Urdu..Advaar, tahreekaat, mauzooaat, Lahore, Abdullah Brothers (undated)…Following essays:

1…Aligarh tehreek…2…Taraqqi pasand tehreek (Reading Package)

The ghazal: structure, elements and development from the classical to the contemporary age
Reading: Ghazals : Meer Taqi Meer, Mushafi, Insha, Atish, Zafar,Ghalib, Momin, Daagh, Ameer Meenai, Hali, Yagaana, Hasrat Mohani, Iqbal, Sufi Tabassum, Shakeb Jalali, Firaq, Ibn-e-Insha, Faiz, Nasir Kazmi, Saleem Ahmed, Ahmed Mushtaq, Munir Niazi, Ahmed Faraz, Zehra Nigah, Iftikhar Arif, Perveen Shakir, Abbas Tabish, Saud Usmani

(Reading Package)
The nazm: categorization based on form: pa’aband nazm, nazm-e-muarra, azad nazm and

nasri nazm. Structure, elements and development of the new genres – Nazir Akbarabadi to Haris Khalique.
Reading: Paband nazm: Nazir Akbarabadi, Muhammad Husain Azad, Hali, Iqbal, Faiz,

Josh, Majaz, Majeed Amjad, Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi……Nazm-e-muarra: Tasadduq Husain

Khalid, Yusuf Zafar, Zia Jalundhari……Azad nazm: Meeraji, Noon Meem Rashid, Akhtar

Husain Jafri, Munir Niazi, Fahmida Riaz, Waheed Ahmed, Haris Khalique……Nasri nazm:

Asad Mohammad Khan, Javed Shaheen, Kishwar Naheed, Afzal Ahmed Syed, Izhar-ul-

Haque, Nasreen Anjum Bhatti, Tanveer Anjum, Azra Abbas, Abrar Ahmed, Zeeshan Sahil

(Reading Package)

Masnavi as a form of nazm/ narrative… musaddas as a popular form for narratives…

qata’a, ruba’i, sala’asi and haiku Mir, Sauda, Daya Shankar Nasim, Iqbal
Reading: Masnavi: Mir Hasan, Iqbal……Musaddas: Hali, Iqbal……Qata’a, Ruba’ai,

Salasi, Haiku5 of each genre (Reading Package)

Thematic categorization of nazm: qasida, marsiya, hamd, na’at, sala’am, mankabat

Reading: Qasida: Sauda, Ghalib…… Marsiya: Anis, Josh, Mustafa Zaidi,

Saba Akbarabadi……Hamd, Naat, Salaam and Mankabat (Reading Package)


Genres of prose………Introduction

Short fiction: Development, structure, characteristics … transition from Daastaan…early writers … Prem Chand

Reading : Meer Amman : Khawaja sag-parast ki kahani……Premchand: Kafan, Eidgaah

Krishna Chandra & Rajindra Singh Bedi

Reading: Krishna Chandra: Kaaloo bhangi……Bedi: Garm kot

Ismet Chughtai & Quratulain Haider
Reading: Ismet Chughtai: Nanni ki naani……Qurat-ul-ain Haider: Daalanwala

Manto & Ghulam Abbas
Reading: Manto: Naya Qaanoon……Ghulam Abbas: Anandi

Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi & Ashfaque Ahmed
Reading: Ahmed Nadeem Qasmi: Lawrence of Thalabia……Ashfaque Ahmed: Gadaria
Intezar Husain & Bano Qudsia
Reading: Intezar Husain: Aakhri aadmi …… Bano Qudsia: Dasht-e-imkaan

Khalida Husain, Anwar Sajjad & Hasan Manzar
Reading: Khalida Husain: Mein yahan hoon……Anwar Sajjad: Cinderella……Hasan

Manzar: Chamgaadarein

(all short stories in the Reading Package)
Students will present their research and group work on any one poet or fiction writer.


Classroom management policy:

  • Cell phones to be switched off and kept in the bags.

  • Students walking out of the classroom in the middle of the session to be marked absent.

  • Classroom door to be closed five minutes after the session begins.

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