Structure in relation to the mission of science academies m. Vijayan President Indian National Science Academy New Delhi

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  • M. Vijayan President Indian National Science Academy New Delhi

Types of Academies and Scope of Presentation

  • Professional bodies without major administrative responsibilities. E.g. The Royal Society, US National Academy of Sciences, Indian National Science Academy

  • Those with major administrative responsibilities such as managing Institutes. E.g. Russian Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences

  • Presentation concerned with the first category. Comments also relevant to the non-administrative component of the second category

  • Activities of the Indian National Science Academy are used to highlight different issues

Organised Science in India. The Historical Context

  • Indian science in ancient and medieval times

  • Geological Survey of India, 1851

  • Archeological Survey of India, 1861

  • Indian Meteorological Department, 1875

  • Botanical Survey of India, 1890

  • Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Calcutta,1876

  • Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, 1909

  • Indian Science Congress Association, 1914

  • JC Bose, PC Ray, CV Raman, MN Saha,

  • KS Krishnan, SN Bose

Science Academies Established in the 1930’s

  • National Institute of Sciences of India, Calcutta

  • Moved to New Delhi in 1946 and rechristened

  • Indian National Science Academy (INSA)

  • Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore (IAS)

  • National Academy of Sciences, Allahabad (NASI)


  • President

  • Vice-Presidents: Fellowship Affairs

  • International Affairs

  • Publications/Informatics

  • Resource Management

  • Science & Society

  • Science Promotion

  • 20 Elected members

  • Representatives of : Asiatic Society

  • Indian Science Congress Association

  • National Academy of Sciences (India)

  • Government of India

Council and General Meetings

  • April, August, October, December

  • Office Executive Secretary

  • Deputy/Assistant Executive Secretaries

  • Other employees

  • Premises: Office rooms

  • Auditorium

  • Halls and meeting rooms

  • Guest rooms

  • Informatics centre

  • Cafeteria

  • Dining Halls


  • Fellows – Indian citizens: 754

  • Maximum annual intake: 30 until the total number reaches 1000

  • Foreign Fellows: 90

  • Maximum limit: 150

Role of Academies

  • Recognition and promotion of excellence

  • Science promotion

  • Publications and informatics

  • Promotion of international efforts and cooperation

  • Interface with society, policy makers

Recognition and Promotion of Excellence Sectional Committees

      • I. Mathematical Sciences
    • II. Physics
    • III. Chemical Sciences
    • IV. Engineering and Technology
    • V. Earth Sciences
    • VI. Plant Sciences
    • VII. Animal Sciences
    • VIII. Medical Sciences
    • IX. Biochemistry and Biophysics
    • X. Agricultural Sciences
    • M. Multidisciplinary
    • Nine members each including a Convener

Recognition and Promotion of Excellence

  • Election of Fellows

  • INSA Medals for Young Scientists (30)

  • Academy Awards

  • International 2

  • General 12

  • Subjectwise 44

  • Three year periodicity

Recognition and Promotion of Excellence Issues, Concerns

  • Primacy for work done in the country

  • Consideration of connections of foreign Fellows with the country

  • General issues of evaluation

  • Assignment to Sectional Committees

  • Age profile

  • Gender balance

  • Representation of Universities

  • Regional and state-wise distribution

Science Promotion

  • Research Professorships

  • Senior Scientist Scheme/Honorary Scientist Scheme

  • Research Support for Young Scientist Medal Awardees

  • Visiting Scientist Programme

  • Support for scientific meetings

Publications and Informatics

  • Proceedings of the Indian National Science Academy

  • Indian Journal of Pure and Applied Mathematics

  • Indian Journal of History of Science

  • Special Reports, Monographs

  • Dissemination of Information

History of Science Indian National Commission for History of Science

  • Research projects

  • Collection of information/manuscripts

  • Seminars, symposia, workshop

  • Indian Journal of History of Science

International Programmes

  • Adherence to ICSU-National Committees


  • G8+5

  • Exchange programmes

  • Joint lecture series

  • Centre for Cooperation in Science & Technology among Developing Societies (CCSTDS)

Interface with Society, Policy Makers

  • Outreach programmes, popularisation

  • Meetings and reports and specific issues

  • e.g. Science Career for Indian Women

  • Animal Experimentation

  • Natural Disasters

  • Education Panel

  • Science Policy Study Cell

  • Electronic hub on Science Information

  • Archive

Academy as a Lodestar

  • Role as a guide, initiator and source of inspiration

  • Emphasis on excellence

  • Promotion of values and understanding

  • Freedom from government, business and other interest groups

  • Role as a moral force

  • Promotion of scientific approach and scientific pursuit as a way of life

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