The how: a formula for deconstructing symbolic elements

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The HOW: A formula for deconstructing symbolic elements:








Visual representation




Communication themes

Word classes



Content (Semantics)

  • concepts: the ability to assimilate and accommodate experiences, views and perspectives (Blockberger & Sutton, 2003)

  • iconicity: the ability to apply these concepts to stylized graphic representations (Bornman et al, 2009, Stephenson, 2009)

  • word classes: the ability to recognize that these concepts may be grouped into word categories (Aitchison, 2001, Wilkinson & Rosenquist, 2006)

  • (phonological or sound structures in words)

Form (Grammar {morphology and syntax})

  • construction: elements and sequences (Trudeau et al, 2010)

  • complexity: sub elements and semantic components (Binger & Light, 2008; Schlosser et al, 2011)

  • organization: sentence elements and word order(Fitzgerald key: Fitzgerald, 1929, Ratcliff et al, 2009)

Use (Pragmatics)

  • flexibility: expansion and development (McFadd & Wilkinson, 2010)

  • purpose: language learning, language use and communication (Dietz et al, 2012)

  • retrieval: navigational routes (Light et al, 2003)


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Clark, Eve (1991) Acquisitional principles in lexical development. In S.A.

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