1991 MS-WORD version of this document - without photographs, 600 KB
Table Of Contents
Numbers and numbering system. *
Errors and Omissions. *
Key to Document Links *
Age Analysis *
Generation Gap *
The Leibbrandt Coat Of Arms. *
History of The Leibbrandts. *
Some Interesting Leibbrandts. *
The German Leibbrandts. *
The South African Family Tree *
APPENDIX A – Untraced Family Members *
APPENDIX. B – Personal Histories. *
[9.2258] Hendrik Carel Vos *31/12/1837. +1/1/1911. *
[11.225544] John Romaine Addison *21/8/1895 +6/6/1983 *
[13.24123222] Douglas Paul *1927 *
Appendix C – Extended Family Members *
FAMILY Walstra-Leibbrandt *
Family Spies-Leibbrandt *
Appendix D – Photographs *
Alphabetical Index *
Please read this to assist your research.
Numbers and numbering system.
Each person is given a number. The first number is the generation after Wolfgang born c1540 on page 1. The second set of numbers is the 'child number'. The author D.P. Leibbrandt's number is 13.24123222, the 13th generation after Wolfgang and is the 2nd child, of the 2nd child, of the 2nd child, of the 3rd child and so on. For large families of more than 9 children, dots are used to clarify: e.g. Ursula Leibbrandt 11.2258.12.22 is the second child of the second child of the twelfth child, of the eighth child etc.
There are three 'lines' of South African Leibbrandts. The Johann Sebastiaan line with a number **.22****, the Johann Michael line with a number **.24***, and the Johann Conrad line with a number **.25****. Thus the relationship can be seen at a glance at two Leibbrandts numbers.
The POS NO relates to the Appendices as well as the above numbering system. Thus BANTJES Eliza Jane POS. Number BAF 1858 page A25, one would find in Appendix A page A25, with a heading BAF 1858. Similarly for the other Appendices B, C, D.
2nd Marriage date etc.
Errors and Omissions.
While every effort has been made to find errors, some may still exist.
Omissions are largely as a result of missing information on death notices and other documents. Word of mouth is very unreliable, and dates given are usually approximate. The use of 'c' (meaning circa) notes an estimated date. Children are usually two years apart and the Generation Gap graph below, has been very useful in tracing a father or grandfather.
This is a one-name study. The other names are given to assist other researchers.
Some of the names have 'CC' after the name. This is a designation given by the death notice, and refers to the cape coloureds. Note Venter's book, chapters 2 and 13.
Photographs were obtained from relatives and the Archives.
The research has been carried out by [13.24123222] Douglas Paul and compiled and edited by his grateful son [14.241232225] Peter Allan.
All Archives and Master of the Supreme Court Records with any reference to a Leibbrandt. Archives, Cape, Pretoria, Bloemfontein, Pietermaritzburg. Supreme Courts at the above and Grahamstown, Kimberley.
Albany Museum and Cory Library Grahamstown.
Argief-Jaarboek vir Suid Afrikaanse Geskiedenis.
Personalia of the Germans at the Cape. Dr J Hoge.
Genealogies of old S A Families. De Villiers and Pama.
Précis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope. Rev. H C V Leibbrandt.
Under Lions Head by M. Murray. (A.A.Balkema 1964)
The Historians History of the World. Volumes 7 and 9.
A Profile of Two Million South Africans. A L J Venter.
Key to Document Links
Links between parts of this document are noted in rectangular boxes with page numbers. Readers of the electronic version of this document in Microsoft Word™ can click on the page numbers to hyperlink to that section.
The symbol in front of the page indicates the type of link
A forward link from a child to his/her own sub-tree
A backward link from a child to his/her parent’s sub-tree
A link to a photograph in Appendix D
A link to a personal history in Appendix B
Taking only those people where the both the birth and death dates are known, the average age was found to be 55 years. People born after 1929 were also excluded as a significant number of them are still alive. The average was constant, except for the period prior to 1800 where the average was 62, but that could be distorted by inaccurate data.
People who died in the last century lived longer lives, but many also died in the Boer war which dropped their average.
People who lived past 80 years are listed below. Since women have been known to live longer than men in the past, and men outnumber women 128 to 84 in our sample, this has decreased the average.
This graph is a result of analysis from the Leibbrandt family tree, showing the minimum, average and maximum age of a father at the time of the birth of his children. It is an aid to tracing the father using the birth date of a child. For example, given a first child’s birth year of 1832, we can expect to find a father aged about 32 years at the time (born 1800) on average, with a minimum age of 21 (born 1811) and a maximum of 40 (born 1792).
Confirmation can possibly be obtained by checking the custom of naming the child after the grandfather/grandmother.
The Leibbrandt Coat Of Arms.
The above coat of arms was designed with all Leibbrandts in mind, by [13.24123222] Douglas "Paul" Leibbrandt. Legally, the owner and his offspring can use the coat of arms. As the legal owner he has no objection to any true Leibbrandt using his coat of arms. A "true" Leibbrandt being anyone born with the surname Leibbrandt.
The flaming sword in the center symbolizes the meaning of the name. 'The People of the Burning Sword'. The lions are the Bavarian lions, note the left-hand one has two tails. The lion above the helm is in honour of the Leibbrandt spelled Luitprand, a Bishop of Crexaona, the lion of Lombardy. To him we owe a history, and the origin of the name, because the King of Lombardy, Luitprand (712-714 A D) probably went into battle with 'a burning sword'. Read the next section on the History of the Leibbrandts.
The motto 'Ingenuitas' is Latin for ingenuity. Most Leibbrandts seem to have this quality in abundance.
History of The Leibbrandts.
The importance of a surname only became necessary when there were too many people of the same first name. This came about in approximately the eleventh century and people were named after places, trades, colour, and anything that would give that person a distinct identification as a second name.
The surname Leibbrandt has its origin in the Germanic people that moved from what is now known as Bavaria to north Italy Lombardy. The Lombards or Langobardi (named after the long spears they carried or for their long beards) originally occupied the region of the lower Elbe. They were first mentioned in history in connection with the Roman invasion in the first century. The Lombards pressed further south into the Danube valley where they overthrew the Gepidae (568 AD) and invaded northern Italy under their king Alboin. They established themselves by further conquests over most of Italy. In the time of queen Theodelinda (600 AD) they embraced Catholicism and began to build many churches and monasteries. They founded cities and carried on extensive trade. Among the most powerful kings were Agilulf (592-615 AD), Rothri (636- 652 AD) who collected their laws, and Luitprand (712-714 AD) Luitprand was able conquer the whole of Italy for a short period, and was able to make a non-aggression pact with Charles Martel (714-741 AD)
The learned people were the monks and clergy and spelling of names was phonetic. After consulting with linguists, the conclusion was reached that Luitprand and Leibbrand 'sound' the same or are variations of the same name. Notice that the 't' was left off deliberately as, documents in 1700 have been found without the 't'.
The name was probably in two syllables, ‘Luit' meaning a burning torch, and 'brand' which is a sword in old German. Thus Leibbrand meant people of the 'Burning Sword'.
There was another Luitprand who was the Bishop of Cremona and he was very active as a chronicler or a historian, and he contributed to the history of the period. His main work was written in Latin and called 'Antapodosis'. He also was sent to Constantinople to make a marriage treaty for Otto 11 (968 AD).
The history of South Africa shows that a Leibbrandt was at the Cape in 1658. A letter was written by Leibbrandt dated 13th December 1658, at the time of Van Riebeeck, to the Council of India. He wrote in Dutch,
'In our opinion the Colony should be worked and established by Europeans and not slaves, as our nation is so constituted that as soon as they have the convenience of a slave they become lazy and unwilling to put forth their hands to work, and this is a great failing in India with the Dutch.'
No further trace of this Leibbrandt has been found. The Leibbrandt family in South Africa consists of three branches:
1) [7.22] Johann Sebastiaan came to S.A. in 1774.
2) [8.241] Johann David, a nephew of Johann Sebastiaan, came in 1799.
3) [8.252] Conrad Friedrich, another nephew of Johann Sebastiaan, arrived in circa 1805.
All the above came from Leonberg near Stuttgart.
Some Interesting Leibbrandts.
Having made a study of the character of many Leibbrandts there are some conclusions that can be drawn.
The majority are just ordinary good citizens, but what stands out are three characteristics.
They have a belief in their opinions that causes outspoken and contentious problems.
A stubborn character.
Brave enough to carry out their beliefs.
We have two of the clan whose lives are common knowledge and both belong to the [7.22] Johann Sebastiaan line.
Genealogists may be aware of [11.225811] Hendrik Carel Vos as he was South Africa's first Archivist. One could read with interest a write up of his history in the Cape archives and as a Minister of the Dutch Reformed Church, how he was given, in the modern idiom a redundancy package of 2500 pounds Sterling because of his outspoken beliefs. He also refused to retract his statements. His work as an Archivist was prodigious and without doubt he laid a good foundation for the archives. He was also a linguist of note speaking reading and writing Dutch, German, and English. Being a minister of the church he was also versed in Greek and Hebrew.
The second character of a more notorious nature was [12.2291213] Sidney Robey, whose escapades during the second world war are well recorded in Hans Strydom's book The Forth Reich. He felt so strongly about Nazi philosophy he named one of his sons Izan (Nazi reversed.) see [13.22912132] He was an excellent boxer, outspoken and brave beyond belief.
The other two branches also yield their notable characters and solid citizens from all walks of life. Medical practitioners, engineers, lawyers, and competent artisans.
Sadly, war with all its horrors and faults had Leibbrandts on both sides of the conflict. The Anglo Boer war had, like Christiaan de Wet and his brother Piet , brother fighting brother.
As the Leibbrandts have been in South Africa for many centuries they are related to most other branches of the old Cape families On the distaff side surnames such as Rissik, Kruger * Ferreira de Wet, Barnard, Botha, and even Smith are evident. In fact Agnes Rissik, whose father was Johann Rissik and her mother [10.2254.10] Maria Magdalena Wilhelmina *1867 +1947, has contributed to the Leibbrandt family tree for her branch. The other two lines or branches have been documented by the author with an index of the distaff side. By 'distaff' is meant all ladies that married Leibbrandts and men who married Leibbrandt ladies.
Sportsmen related to Leibbrandts by marriage, the Rowan brothers Athol and Eric, and the swimmer Terry COLLARD.
This research is a one-name study, but one is conscious at all times that the distaff side is just as important a part of everyone's genes. Most times the mothers have a more difficult task of bringing up a family, and this is evident when we see the death notice of the father dying at the age of 45 years.
Thus this study has over 400 names in the 'distaff' index, not many repeated, and very few males.
The German Leibbrandts.
This research was carried out by a German that can read the old German script, and this is how the third line of Johann Conrad’s relationship was found.
[6.2] Johann Georg*12/4/1719 +25/4/1766 *
Auszug aus den KirchenbUchern der evang. Pfarrei Pfäffingen
d. 25. Apr. mittags urm 11 Uhr starb Johann Georg Leibbrand von Leonberg gebürtiq, bisheriger herrschaftl. Beständer allhier an einer hizigen Brustkranckheit in einem Alter von 57 Jahr und 2 Tägen, und wurde d. 27. ejusdem vor gehaltener Predigt über Ps. 136.5.6. auf dem innern Friedhof begraben.
Summary: Johann Georg Leibbrand, native of Leonberq, a tenant of the manorial estate in Pfäffingen, died on 25 Apr. 1766 at 11 o'clock ann. in Pfäffingen by a hot disease of the chest aged 57 years 2 days and was buried on 27 Apr. at the interior cemetery.
Auszug aus den Kirchenbüchern der evang. Pfarrei Leonberg
Dom. II. III. IV. P. Trinit. Copulirt 12ten October
Johann Georg Leibbrand, Burger u. Baur dahier, weyl.
Joh. Georg Leibbrandt Burgers u. Zieglers dahier hinterlass. ehl. Sohn und Elisabetha Regina , Joh. Michael Böhringers, Burgers u. Stattbotten dahier ehl. Tochter.
Summary: The marriage between Johann Georg Leibbrand, farmer at Leonberg (son of late Johann Georg Leibbrand, brick-maker at Leonberg) and Elisabetha Regina (daughter of Johann Michael Böhringers, city messenger at Leonberg) has been performed on 12 Oct. 1145 in Leonberg.
Stadtarchiv Leonberg, Inventuren und Teilungen 22/11/1775-29/11/1776
A volume including probate records of the citizen of Leonberg. The pages have a folio numbering (one number for two pages).
Pages 250-388, dated 13 May 1776:
Probate record of Johann Georg Leibbrand, citizen of Leonberg, tenant of the manorial estate at Pfäffingen, district of Tübingen, who has died on 28 April there, after a short disease of the chest.
Names of the heirs:
The widow Anna Maria , assisted by Georg Michael Stöcklen, member of the council in Leonberg. The children of his first marriage with Elisabeth Regina Böhringer:
Johann Sebastian, a baker, abroad.
Christina Friderica, the wife of Jacob Heigelen in Leonberg.
Elisabetha Regina , the wife of Christoph Metzger at the Katzenbacher Hof farm in the territory of the City of Esslingen.
Anna Maria , the wife of Lorenz Kramer, baker at Eltingen.
Joseph , a citizen of Leonberg but currently absent, his curator is counselor Weiß.
Conrad, aged 21, a tanner, absent, his curator is Joseph Leibbrand senior, brick-maker at Leonberg.
Salome, unmarried, aged 20, her curator is counselor Nick.
Michael , a blacksmith assistant, abroad, his curator is surgeon Nick.
The widow was at first married with Michael Müller, miller at the Schweizermühle mill in Eltingen. The following children sprang off from this marriage;
Michael Müller, miller at Eltingen.
Anna Maria , the widow of Johann Georg Leibbrand junior, tenant at Pfäffingen.
The widow had no children of her second marriage with the deceased.
The proceedings then list the entire estate in detail, i.e. all real estate and movables piece by piece, the debts to pay and the debts to collect. I have not copied this information.
There are several entries whereas Joseph and his mother Anna Maria have been in prison in Tübingen for a while.
Pages 368ff.: the assignment of the share of Conrad Leibbrand. He claims a share of 947 florins and is satisfied by the following items: an eighth of half of a house, yard and barn in the Klostergasse lane, valued 100 f 1., four fields and a meadow; a song-book, cloths, bed sheets, linen, brass tools, tin tools, copper and iron tools (all listed in detail), cabinets, barrels and belongings, and household items.
Final remark: The entire probate record extends over 276 pages and it would be quite time-consuming to evaluate the whole thing, but gives very good information about Johann Georg Leibbrand and his family. Xerox copies cannot be made because the pages are bound together closely, but it may be possible to take a microfilm of these pages and make reader-printer-reproductions.
Farm SEEHAUS, 2 km from Eltingen, 5 km from Leonberg, 12 km from Stuttgart, Wurtemburg Germany. The farm was leased by the Wurtemberg State to, [6.2]Johann Georq Leibbrand from 1745 to 1766. In the right hand wing, erected 1609, was born, 6.22. Johann Sebastiaan Leibbrand *3/8/1747 and he arrived at the Cape in 17744 See page v item 2 under heirs) The nephew of Johann Sebastiaan , [8.241] Johann David was at the Cape in 1797. See Page vii, at the bottom article 1. Johann David 's father. [7.24] Johann Michael *1749 was also born at the farm SEEHAUS.
Number 17 SEESTRASSE, ELTINGEN, now part of the town of LEONBERG, Germany. Where, (number 1) Andreas LEIBBRAND lived in 1600, in the left hand side of the house. The right hand side was a tile factory. The Leibbrandts occupied the building as tile makers until 1745 when 6.2 Johann Georg moved to the farm SEEHATJS above.