Title: Motor Behavior Who was the father of motor behavior?

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Title: Motor Behavior

1. Who was the father of motor behavior?

a. George Stelmach

b. Robert Singer

*c. Franklin Henry

d. Richard Schmidt

Title: Motor Behavior

2. Motor behavior includes three subdisciplines. Which is NOT one of the subdisciplines?

a. motor control

b. motor development

*c. motor performance

d. motor learning

Title: Motor Behavior Research

3. Which type of experimental design is used in motor behavior research?

a. between subjects

b. within subjects

c. descriptive

*d. all of the above

Title: Motor Behavior Research

4. All of the following examine learning (rather than performance) EXCEPT

*a. a test of accuracy immediately after practice for accuracy

b. analysis of a football game after two weeks of intrasquad practice

c. measuring RT after two days without practice on the RT task

d. a comprehensive final exam

Title: Motor Learning

5. The principle that practice should match the performance environment for maximal improvement is

a. quality of practice

*b. specificity of practice

c. practice enhancement

d. fastest acquisition

Title: Motor Development

6. Boys and girls are similar in motor skill performance during childhood EXCEPT in one skill, in which the gender difference is substantial. Select the exception.

a. running

b. catching

*c. throwing

d. jumping

Title: Motor Development

7. Motor behavior researchers are interested in the changes in motor behavior across the life span because such changes

a. indicate the influence of training and practice

b. provide information about the effects of nature and nurture

c. indicate relationships to health

*d. all of the above

Title: Motor Learning

8. Practice guarantees improved performance.

a. true

*b. false

Title: Motor Development

9. Boys and girls are more similar than different in motor skill performance.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Motor Behavior

10. Pedagogy, the study of teaching, applies motor behavior research.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Motor Behavior

11. Motor behavior research is closely related to biomechanics.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Motor Control

12. Motor programs store exact instructions in the muscles for each possible movement.

a. true

*b. false
Title: Motor Control

13. Skill acquisition, one of the five areas studied in motor control, is about learning.

*a. true

b. false
Title: Motor Control

14. The type of performance experience engaged in for the express purpose of refining motor control function to improve skill is known as

a. learning

b. skill

*c. practice

d. training
Title: Training

15. Which of the following best exemplifies the concept of training?

*a. increases ability to produce greater quantities of physical activity

b. increases capacity for organizing movement patterns in complex ways to accomplish specific goals

c. is a cognitive process that leads to a reorganization of the nervous system

d. leads to relatively permanent changes

Title: Motor Behavior

16. Motor behaviorists study

a. how motor skills are learned

b. how motor skills are controlled

c. changes in motor growth over time

*d. all of the above

Title: Motor Behavior

17. What differentiates motor learning (ML) from motor control (MC)?

a. the kinds of studies conducted

b. the kinds of research conducted

*c. acquisition versus neuromuscular activity

d. changes in time versus changes in growth

Title: Motor Development

18. What type of researcher studies differences in growth patterns in children ages 2 to 12 years?

a. motor learning expert

b. motor behavior expert

c. motor control expert

*d. motor development expert

Title: Motor Learning History

19. Who wrote the first major theoretical paper from the discipline of kinesiology on what was known as the memory drum theory?

a. Richard Schmidt

b. George Stelmach

c. Shirl Hoffman

*d. Franklin Henry

Title: Motor Behavior

20. Research on motor expertise often compares __________ to determine how they differ within various sports.

a. motor learning and motor control

*b. novices and experts

c. skills and performance

d. experience and age

Title: Motor Learning

21. Which of the following is most critical in helping students develop skills?

a. ample practice opportunities

b. specific feedback

*c. ample appropriate practice opportunities

d. adequate instruction

Title: Motor Abilities

22. Which of the following is true of abilities?

a. They are primarily determined by genetics.

b. They determine one's ultimate potential for performance.

c. They are not sufficient in themselves for achieving high levels of performance.

*d. all of the above

Title: Practice

23. Practicing a skill is most likely to bring about which of the following?

a. conditioning

b. endurance

*c. learning

d. all of the above

Title: Practice

24. According to the text, which kind of practice makes perfect?

*a. correct

b. the best

c. repetitive

d. No practice makes perfect.

Title: Motor Behavior

25. What theory explains how a motor program acquires a general set of rules from practice of similar movements?

*a. schema theory

b. motor program theory

c. memory drum theory

d. motor expertise theory

Title: Motor Learning

26. A coach tells a player the correct way to inbound a basketball from the sideline; at the same time the coach is demonstrating how to throw the ball inbound in a game-time situation. What is taking place?

a. intrinsic feedback

b. goal setting

c. observational learning

d. extrinsic feedback

e. both a and d

f. both a and c

*g. a, b, and c

h. a, c, and d

Title: Feedback

27. Learning a skill correctly cannot occur without _________ because this serves as a learner’s guide to performing the task correctly.

a. harsh criticism from a coach

b. mental practice during meditation

*c. feedback from a teacher, coach, or peer

d. conditioning and training the skill

Title: Research Designs

28. Which experimental design compares two groups (randomly formed) on the same task (movement speed)?

*a. between-group design

b. research design

c. within-group design

d. experiment design

Title: Learning

29. What are some environmental conditions that might affect learning in sport?

*a. feedback, practice, transfer

b. skill, practice, performance

c. fatigue, practice, performance

d. retention, skill, transfer

Title: Motor Behavior Research

30. What is electromyography?

a. the finding that only practice conditions similar to game performance will benefit future game performance

b. a cognitive mechanism that controls movement

c. a movement task with which the subject does not have prior experience

*d. a system for monitoring and recording the electrical activity in muscles

Title: Goal Setting

31. What is the best way to set goals to achieve the best results?

a. Set a goal that you cannot achieve.

b. Set a goal you can easily achieve.

*c. Set a goal you can moderately achieve.

d. both b and c

Title: Feedback Knowledge

32. After John kicked the football from the 22-yard line, he heard the referee yell, "It's good." What type of knowledge was expressed by the referee?

a. knowledge of performance–intrinsic feedback

b. knowledge of performance–extrinsic feedback

c. knowledge of results–intrinsic feedback

*d. knowledge of results–extrinsic feedback

Title: Feedback

33. While his players are working out, a coach notices a mistake in an athlete’s form. The coach tells the player what might work better and how to do it. What type of feedback is the coach giving the player?

a. intrinsic feedback

*b. extrinsic feedback

c. frequent feedback

d. expert feedback

Title: Feedback

34. Feedback that produces the greatest improvement in performance and potentially produces the greatest learning

a. is given after every performance of a skill

b. is intrinsic; extrinsic feedback does little to improve performance

*c. varies depending on the expertise of the performer

d. is knowledge of results

Title: Motor Behavior

35. The focus of motor behavior research today includes

a. shattering the myth that motor control diminishes with age

b. cognition and memory

c. elite performance

*d. potential treatments of disease and injury, including Parkinson’s disease

Title: Motor Behavior History

36. This time period is considered one of the greatest eras of interest in motor behavior.

a. the Vietnamese War (1959-1975)

*b. World War II (1939-1945)

c. the Golden Age of Sports (1920s)

d. the Cold War (1940-1990s)

Title: Feedback

37. Knowledge of results focuses on ____________, whereas knowledge of performance focuses on ___________.

a. outcome; practice

b. the process and nature of movement; outcome

c. reaction time; learning

*d. outcome; process of movement

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