In Term 1 we deal with how sociologists understand migration. Weeks 1 and 2 are introductory and theoretical; Weeks 4-10 are concerned with eight major ‘types’ or ‘forms’ of migration. Term 2 deals with ‘identity’ through the prism of ‘diaspora’. Weeks 11-12 are theoretical and typological. Weeks 13-20 cover different examples of diaspora. There will be no lectures in the third term, but revision classes will be held and videos will be shown. The programme for the third term will be published at a later date. Note: An asterisk (*) after the entry indicates ‘of special importance’. All dates refer to the lecture.
Castles, Stephen and M. Miller The Age of Migration: International Population Movements in the Modern World (Basingstoke: Macmillan, 2003)* (Useful overview; pp. refs are to 3rd edition)
Cohen, Robin The New Helots: Migrants in the International Division of Labour (Aldershot: Gower 1987) HM 1450.C6 (Covers some of Term 1)
Cohen Robin Global Diasporas: An Introduction (London: Routledge, 2001) (Covers most of Term 2)
The following reference books contain useful entries on nearly all parts of the course, but they are usually far too expensive to buy. Consult in library, following up some of the bibliographies.
WEEK 1: Introduction to the Literature/Class Assignments/Basic Terms
Self-check: You should now have a clear idea of the structure of the course and your commitments to it.
WEEK 2: Why people move: theories of migration
Distinguish between the individual’s desires and motives to move and the structural and macro changes that encourage movement. Can all the different forms of migration (forced,, labour, refugee, skilled, etc.) all be explained in a single general theory? What are the permissive and inhibiting factors at a meso- level: for example immigration policies? Is there a different set of explanations for the initiation of migration as opposed to its continuation? Bach, Robert L and L. A. Schraml ‘Migration Crisis and Theoretical Conflict’ IMR 23 (2), 1982, 320–41
Borjas, G. J. ‘Economic Theory and International Migration’, IMR, 23 (3), Fall 1989
Cherunilam, F. Migration: Causes, Correlates, Consequences, Trends and Policies (Bombay: Himalaya Publishing House, 1989)* HC 2000.C4
Cohen, Robin (ed) Theories of Migration (see esp. the Massey et al and Zoberg)*
Hein, J. ‘Refugees, Immigrants and the State’, Annual Review of Sociology, 19, 43–59
History Task Force Labour Migration Under Capitalism: The Puerto Rican Experience (New York: Monthly Review Press, 1979) (also for Caribbean section) HM 1456.4.C4
Hoffman-Nowotny, H.’A Sociological Approach Towards a General Theory of Migration’ in Kritz, M. M. et al. (eds) Global Trends in Migration (New York: Centre for Migration Studies, 1981)* HC 2000.G5
Jackson, J. A. (ed.) Migration (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1969) esp. chapter by Lee HC 2000.J2 also in Cohen 1996
Kritz, M. M. et al. (eds) Global Trends in Migration (New York: Centre for Migration Studies, 1981)* HC 2000.G5
Kunz, E ‘The Refugee in Flight: Kinetic Models and Forms of Displacement’, IMR 7 (2), 1973,125–46
Kunz, E. ‘Exile and Resettlement: Refugee Theory’, IMR, 15 (1), 1981, 42–51
Lee, Everett ‘A Theory of Migration’, Demography, 3 (1), 47–57 (also reprinted in Jackson and Cohen q.v.)
Massey, Douglas M. ‘Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal’ Population and Development Review 19 (3), Sept. 1993, 431–669 (note 65 references at back)
Massey, Douglas M. ‘An Evaluation of International Migration Theory: The North American Case’ Population and Development Review 20 (4), Dec. 1994, 699–751 (note 225 references at back)
Nikolinakos, M. ‘Notes towards a General Theory of Migration’ Race and Class, 17 (1), Summer 1975, 5–16
Peterson, W. ‘A General Typology of Migration’ American Sociological Review Vol. 23, 1958, 256–66
Portes, Alejandro and Josef Borocz ‘Contemporary Migration: Theoretical Perspectives on its Determinants and Modes of Incorporation’ IMR, 23 (3), 1989, 606–30
Portes, Alejandro. and J. Walton Labor, Class and the International System (New York: Academic Press, 1981) HL 6400.P6 chapter on ‘Migration and Development’
Potts, Lydia The World Labour Market, 199–224
Richmond, Anthony H. ‘Proactive and reactive migration’ in A. H. Richmond Global Apartheid: Refugees, Racism, and the New World Order, Toronto: Oxford University Press, 47–74
Zolberg, Aristide ‘The Next Waves: Migration Theory for a Changing World’ IMR, 23 (3), 1989, 403–30
Self-check: You should have some idea (but not yet a complete grasp of) the causes of migration and should be able to distinguish most ‘types’ of migration. Think now about the essays you might like to tackle!