United nations environment programme

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Project Document

Section 1: Project Identification

    1. Project title: Strengthening national biodiversity and forest carbon stock conservation through landscape-based collaborative management of Cambodia’s Protected Area System as demonstrated in the Eastern Plains Landscape (CAMPAS project)

1.2 Project number:  00722


1.3 Project type: 

1.4 Trust Fund: 

1.5 Strategic objectives:

GEF strategic long-term objective:

Strategic programme for GEF V: BD 1, BD 2, CCM5 and SFM/REDD ……

1.6 UNEP priority: Ecosystem Management Sub-program (EA.a-1) – “Methodologies, partnerships and tools to maintain or restore ecosystem services and integrate the ecosystem management approach with the conservation and management of critical ecosystems”

1.7 Geographical scope: 

1.8 Mode of execution: External

1.9 Project executing organization: Ministry of Environment (Cambodia)

1.10 Duration of project: 60 months

Commencing: August 2015

Technical completion: July 2020

Validity of legal instrument: 66 months

      1. Cost of project US$ %

  • Cost to the GEF Trust Fund



  • Co-financing

































































      1. Project summary

CAMPAS, short for ‘strengthening national biodiversity and forest carbon stock conservation through landscape-based collaborative management of Cambodia’s protected area system as demonstrated in the Eastern Plains Landscape, is a project of collaboration between the Ministry of Environment and the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry, and Fisheries. As its title suggests, the project holds the interconnected aim to improve the sustainability of Cambodia’s national system of protected areas, with the complementary objectives to mainstream biodiversity into production forests and promoting conservation of carbon stocks.
The CAMPAS project is directly in line with the GEF biodiversity focal area aiming to improve the sustainability of protected area systems—improving management effectiveness of over 4.5 million hectares of protected areas by reinforcing Cambodia’s national law enforcement system, and by developing and demonstrating coordinated planning, information management, institutional and financial arrangements around a unified national protected area vision, which is currently administered by three agencies with limited coordination and information-sharing. Cambodia is recognized as one of the priority countries for biodiversity conservation, holding four global eco-regions: Lower Mekong Dry Forests, Mekong River with the Tonle Sap floodplain, Cardamom Mountains Moist Forests, and Gulf of Thailand. The country’s unique natural riches includes the world’s largest natural freshwater lake fish, the Greater Mekong forests and river complex, and the largest contiguous block of natural forest remaining on the Asian continent’s mainland. Cambodia is sanctuary to about 1.6% of globally threatened species on the IUCN’s Red List, which includes 2.5% of globally threatened mammals, 2% of globally threatened birds, and 5% of globally threatened reptiles.
With a total budget of USD 19,288,772 of which USD 14,570,590 is co-financing by a partner alliance of international non-government organizations and USD 4,718,182 financed through GEF/UNEP, on a global basis the CAMPAS alternative will help ensure increased protection of biodiversity values in Cambodia’s rich protected area landscapes, increasing their governance and management effectiveness. It will also help reduce present land-conversion trends, restoring the connectivity of protected area landscapes and recovering wildlife populations in the Eastern Plains Landscape. Through investing in forest protection and rehabilitation measures and more effective involvement of stakeholders in sustainable forest management and conservation, the project will help ensure improved forest cover and conservation of biodiversity, which also supports to maintain carbon stock enhancement of sequestration. At the national scale, the project will strengthen the effectiveness of inter-sectoral coordination, mainstreaming biodiversity conservation within national protected area landscapes, which in turn will result in synergy of investments in biodiversity and conservation management. It will increase efficiency in protection of biodiversity and ecosystem services inside protected areas and surrounding connecting forests in the landscape. This will result in the reduction of unfavorable land conversion activities in the greater landscapes of protected areas with a direct benefit to biodiversity.
The project design comprises two major outcomes, one at the national level budgeted at USD 2,980,730 (from UNEP/GEF) and a supportive outcome at the demonstration site level, budgeted at USD 1,501,542 (from UNEP/GEF). At the national level CAMPAS comprises three specific outputs, all oriented to strengthen unity and support for landscape–based protected area and forest management that explicitly addresses national system level issues through measures that that include establishing the enabling environment at national level, through communications and awareness, strengthening protected area governance involving inter-agency cooperation, and demonstrating sustainable financing options. At the demonstration site level, the CAMPAS’s four outputs will deliver a sub-regional planning approach for the Eastern Plains Landscape that integrates protected areas and biodiversity conservation into sustainable development – with specific focus on forested landscape connectivity. At this level it also focuses on integrating forest conservation with sub-regional economic development planning, trying to resolve issues presented by economic land concessions that often ignore and impact upon protected areas, and harnessing integration opportunities with other landscape-level initiatives like those of the Asian Development Bank Biodiversity Conservation Corridors and United Nations Environmental Program Adaptation Fund projects.

Table of Contents

Section 1: Project Identification 1

Tables 4

Section 2: Background and Situation Analysis (Baseline Course of Action) 7

2.1.Background and context 7

2.2.Global significance 22

2.3.Threats, root causes and barrier analysis 25

2.4.Institutional, sectoral, and policy context 29

2.5.Stakeholder mapping and engagement plan 30

2.6.Baseline analysis and gaps 37

2.7.Linkages with other GEF and non-GEF interventions 42

ADB BCC Output 2 - Biodiversity corridors restored, protected, and maintained is directly linked with: CAMPAS Output 1.2, (USD 21,240 under 1.2.2 + USD 221,240 under item 1.2.1) which focuses on improved national compliance with protected area management goals and maintaining forest connectivity across large landscapes; CAMPAS Output 2.1 (USD 118,470 under item 2.1.1 + USD 352,840 under item 2.1.2)** on harmonizing regional development plans with biodiversity and forest conservation; and CAMPAS Outputs 2.2 and 2.3, which include aspects of community development, protected area management and forest rehabilitation at the landscape level. Both projects will engage MOE, FA, and provincial government technical line ministries to implement the newly Protected Area Strategy (link with NBSAP) and national forest program and policies. Engagement with the private sector and integration of infrastructure development will be key project activities where both projects will complement each other. The ADB BCC co-financing will amount USD 3.6M over five years (refer to detail activities in Appendixes 4-7). Note that items marked with ** also correspond to other stated synergies. 45

ADB BCC Output 3: Livelihoods improved and small-scale infrastructure support provided is mainly linked to CAMPAS Output 2.4, (USD 263,380 under item 2.4.1 + USD 210,686 under item 2.4.2 where the two projects will join forces and complement each other to increase resource and livelihood security for communities by establishing alternative income base (NTFPs, forest and agro-forestry) and deliver improved capacities of local communities to manage community forests and community protected areas, engaging is forest rehabilitation and biodiversity conservation. The ADB BCC co-financing will amount USD 3,750,000 over five years (refer to detail activities in Appendixes 4-7). 45

Section 3: Intervention strategy (Alternative) 48

3.1.Project rationale, policy conformity, and expected global environmental benefits 48

3.2.Project goal and objective 54

3.3.Project components and expected results 54

3.4.Intervention logic and key assumptions 63

3.5.Risk analysis and risk management measures 70

3.6.Consistency with national priorities or plans 73

3.7.Incremental cost reasoning 75

3.8.Sustainability 76

3.9.Replication 77

3.10.Public awareness, communications and mainstreaming strategy 79

3.11.Environmental and social safeguards 81

Section 4: Institutional Framework and Implementation Arrangements 84

4.1.CAMPAS Implementation 84

4.2.Inter-agency coordination 86

Section 5: Stakeholder participation 88

Section 6: Monitoring and Evaluation Plan 92

6.1.Project monitoring 92

Section 7: Project Financing and Budget 96

7.1.Project budgets and co-financing 96

7.2. Project cost-effectiveness 97

Appendix 1: Budget by project components and UNEP budget lines 101

Appendix 2: Co-financing by source and UNEP budget lines 102

Appendix 3: Incremental cost analysis - matrix of project incremental costs 103

Appendix 4: CAMPAS Framework 106

Appendix 5: CAMPAS Results Framework 113

Appendix 6: Work plan and timetable 120

Appendix 7: Key deliverables and benchmarks 128

Appendix 8: Costed monitoring and evaluation plan 131

Appendix 9: Summary of reporting requirements and responsibilities 134

Appendix 10: Decision-making flowchart and organizational chart 137

Appendix 11: Terms of Reference for key project groups, staff, and sub-contractors 137

Appendix 12: Co-financing commitment letters from project partners 148

Appendix 13: Endorsement letters of GEF National Focal Point 149

Appendix 14: Draft procurement plan 150

Appendix 15A: Tracking Tools – GEF Biodiversity Tracking Tool 160

Appendix 15B: GEF Capacity Development Scorecard 161

Appendix 15C: Tracking Tools – GEF Sustainable Forest Management and REDD+ 162

Appendix 15D: Tracking Tools – GEF Climate Change Mitigation Tracking Tool 163

Appendix 16. Cambodian Aichi Biodiversity Targets and Indicators 164

Appendix 17. Additional ongoing project initiatives relevant to CAMPAS 168

Appendix 18. Education and communications technology in Cambodia 171

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