Whole of Strategy Evaluation of the pss final report

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Whole of Strategy Evaluation of the PSS – FINAL REPORT

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Whole of Strategy Evaluation of the Petrol Sniffing Strategy:

Future Directions for the PSS

Final Report

Origin Consulting

PO Box 411

Balmain NSW 2041

Date: 14 January 2013.


We acknowledge the traditional owners, custodians and Elders past and present across Australia. Our thanks also go to the many people who gave their time to speak with us as part of this evaluation, especially those who helped us organise the site visits and welcomed us onto their land and into their services.

The principal authors of this report are:

David Marcus, and

Gillian Shaw

Additional fieldwork and analysis was provided by:

Professor Peter d’Abbs, and

Margaret Kavanagh

© Origin Consulting (ACT)

ABN 79 069 059 543

All Rights Reserved. No material may be reproduced without prior permission. While we have tried to ensure the accuracy of the information in this publication, the publisher accepts no responsibility or liability for any errors, omissions or resultant consequences including any loss or damage arising from reliance in information in this publication.


Acronyms 6

Executive Summary and Proposed New Directions 8

1The Petrol Sniffing Strategy 12

1.1Background 13

1.2History of the government response to petrol sniffing 14

1.3The Petrol Sniffing Strategy 15

1.4Scope of the PSS 16

1.5Delivery of the PSS 17

2Management 18

3Funding 19

4Evaluation Scope and Approach 20

4.1Scope 21

4.2Current extent of petrol sniffing 23

4.3Overview of the report 24

5Implementation of the Eight Points 25

5.1Consistent legislation 26

6Description of the element 27

7Implementation and activity 28

8Findings 30

9Conclusions 31

9.1Appropriate levels of policing 32

10Description of the element 33

11Implementation and activity 34

12Findings 35

13Conclusions 36

13.1Further roll-out of Low Aromatic Fuel 37

14Description of the element 38

15Implementation and activity 39

16Delivery and use of LAF 40

17Managing the roll out of LAF 41

18Findings on implementation 42

19Conclusions 44

19.1Alternative activities for young people 45

20Description of the element 46

21Implementation and activity 47

22Attorney-General’s Department (AGD) 48

23Department of Families, Housing, Community Services and Indigenous Affairs (FaHCSIA) 49

24Department of Education, Employment and Workplace Relations (DEEWR) 50

25Department of Health and Ageing (DoHA) 52

26Findings on implementation 53

27Conclusions 54

27.1Treatment and respite facilities 56

28Description of the element 57

29Implementation and activity 58

30Development of volatile substance use clinical practice guidelines 59

31Funding for treatment-related activities 60

32Findings 61

33Conclusions 62

33.1Communication and education 63

34Description of the element 64

35Implementation and activity 65

36Findings 66

37Communications about LAF 67

38Education about sniffing 68

39Conclusions 69

39.1Strengthening and supporting communities 70

40Role of the PSSU and Regional Coordinators 71

41The PSS Targeted Funding Scheme 72

42Supporting communities or supporting communities to address sniffing? 73

43Management of the Targeted Funding Scheme 74

44Conclusions 75

44.1Evaluation and monitoring 76

45Description of the element 77

46Implementation and activity 78

47Governance and planning of evaluations 80

48Findings 81

49Data and monitoring 82

50The Menzies collection 83

51State/territory clinical data 84

52FaHCSIA GOVDEX monitoring 85

53Conclusions on evaluation and monitoring 86

53.1Implementation at the regional level 87

54Whole of Strategy Issues 88

54.1Leadership and governance 89

55Coordination of Australian Government activities – the Senior Executive Service Steering Committee and EL2 Committee 90

56Planning 92

56.1National management - the Petrol Sniffing Strategy Unit (PSSU) 93

57Background and history of the PSSU 94

58Recent changes to the role of the PSSU 95

59Support to agencies in Canberra 96

60Management of the Targeted Funding Scheme 97

60.1Cross-Jurisdictional relationships 98

61Background 99

62State/territories views and interest in the PSS 100

63The Cross-Jurisdictional Forum 102

64Role of Regional Coordinators 104

65Establishment of the Regional Coordinator network 105

66Effectiveness of regional coordination 106

66.1Clarity on the goals and scope of the PSS 108

66.2PSS Zones 109

67Origin and purpose of the Zones 110

68Application in practice 111

69Future of the Zones 112

69.1Scope of the PSS 113

70Substances 114

71Youth services 115

71.1Costs and funding processes 116

72Conclusions – Impact of the PSS 118

73Future Directions for the PSS and Control of Petrol Sniffing 120

73.1A new Remote Indigenous Youth Strategy 121

73.2Continuation of the PSS 122

73.3Changes to the focus and scope of the PSS 123

74An expanded scope to include other volatiles 124

75A true whole of government strategy 125

76A new name for the PSS 126

77Consistent with the broader focus, the name of the PSS should change to reflect the expanded range of substances. Some general considerations for the name are that, consistent with the above discussion of the broader focus, it: 127

77.1A new structure for the PSS 128

77.2Improving delivery of the PSS 133

78A needs-based approach 134

79Engagement with state/territories 135

80New project funding arrangements 136

81Improved strategy definition and communication 137

82Improved governance and management 138

82.1Suggested priorities into the medium term 139

Bibliography 144


Appendix A: List of Stakeholders Consulted 146

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