Dan’s Course on Islam

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Shirk = Polythiesm, idolatry, blasphemy or ascribing

partners to Allah. The association of anything

or anyone with Allah is an unpardonable sin.

Shukran = Thanks.

Sirah = (Sira) Accounts of the life of Muhammad, or a

biography of Muhammad after his death. These are

writings of the companions of the Prophet about

him, his personality, his life story and his way

of handling things. The famous collections of the

“Sirah” are At-Taberi, İbn Ishaq and Ibn Hisham.

The Sirah is a source of reference that Muslims

rely on in their daily life situations and


Sufi = A Muslim mystic; Sufism is Islamic mysticism;

It seeks direct experience with Allah; it has

leaders called sheikhs and communities called

brotherhoods. It is a movement emphasizing

inner meditiation and personal asceticism while

rejecting material wealth with the hope of

attaining union with God.

Suhoor = The early morning meal taken during Ramazan.

Sunna = (Sunnah) The custom or model of the Prophet

Muhammad. The life, practices, and sayings of

Muhammad recorded as examples of perfect conduct

in socitey, religion, action etc. They contain

the Hadith.

Sunni = (Sometimes Sunnite or Sunnis) A follower of the

Sunna; a traditional, orthodox Muslims as

opposed to the Shia idea that the Muslim leader

after Muhammad should be in line with his

family succession. Historically Sunnis held

that Muhammad’s successor should be elected.

The four caliphs chosen after Muhammad were Abu

Bakr, Omar, Uthman and Ali. Sunnis compromise

about 85% of all Muslims. The word means

“traditionalists” and is one of the major sects of


Surah = (Surat) A chapter or division of the Qur’an;

there are 114 Surahs.

Ta abbudi = The Islamic concept that the Qur’an must be

accepted without criticism, without questions. 5:101

Tafsir = The interpretation of the Qur’an.

Taghut = Everything that is worshipped or followed other

than Allah.

Tahlil = There is no other divinity but God.

Tahrif = Corruption.

Tahrif al-lafzi= Corruption of words.

Tahrif al-manawi= Corruption of meaning.

Taiyib = Pure, clean, wholesome.

Takffir = Once an Imam declares anyone “takffir” it is

for the faithful ones to ensure that that

person is eliminated.

Taliban = (Students of Islamic Knowledge Movement) Ruled

Afghanistan from 1996 until Dec. of 2001. They

came to power during Afghanistan’s long civil

war. Although they managed to hold 90% of the

country’s territory, their policies – including

their treatment of women and support of

terrorists – ostracized them from the world


Takbir = God is greater.

Takkiya = (Taqiuua, Takiyye, Tauriya, Taqiyya) Takiyya,

or ‘legitimate deception’ – which states that

when Islam is in danger, it is acceptable and

even prescribed to engage in ‘necessary

deceit’. This is a formal doctrine in Islam

called Takiyya (legitimate deception). It is

religious dissimulation (lying), deceit,

denying, or outwitting to avoid persecution or

to further aid the cause of Islam. It is most

often practiced by Shi’ite Muslims.

Tanzil = Divine Revelation

Taraweeh = Voluntary prayers offered at night during Ramadan.

Tariqa = The inner way of meditation, a distinctive path

Tevrat = (Tawrut) The Torah, or book given to Moses

Tawhid = (Tauhid) Unity (Allah as absolutely one). The

oneness of Allah. Monotheism in Islam is the

teaching that there is only one God who alone is

worthy of worship.

Tawwaf = Circumambulation, one of the rites on the

pilgrimage to Mecca, where people walk around

the Kaaba (the Black Stone) seven times keeping

it on their left while they recite: ‘God is

most Great. O God, grant us good in this work

and good in the hearafter, and protect us from

the torment of the fires in hell.’

Thobe = A long shirt-like dress that is worn by Saudi

men. It is usually made of white cotton, but

can be made of heavier darker colored fabric

for the winter months.

Twelvers = Largest Shiite group, found mostly in Iran and

Iraq. Believe that the twelfth imam of Ali’s

lineage will return as al-Mahdi or the chosen


Uhud: = A mountain near Mecca where the Quraysh

defeated the Muslims after the Battle of Badr.

Ulema = (ulama) The members of İslam’s elite scholars

and jurists who interpreted the Koran and

formed the backbone of İslam. Singular = Alim.

Ummah = (Umma) A Muslim politico-reliigious community,

the community of Islam; the solidarity of

faith, prayer, and belief; the political

incorporation of the Islamic religion;

Dar al-Islam = the house of Islam.

Umm al Kitab = “Mother of the Book”

Umm al Qurrah = “Mother of Cities” or “The Blessed City” that

is Mecca.

Umrah = A short pilgirmage (to Mecca) undertaken by

those of the Muslim faith that can be made

anytime of the year. A minor form of pilgrimage to


Vahiy = (Wahy) divine inspiration or revelation

Waajib = Obligatory (concerning the sunna).

Wa Alaikum Assalam = The Arabic way of saying “peace be upon him.”

Wahhabism = Wahhabism: (Wahabism) Founded by Muhammad

ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-1792) a reformer of

Islam who declared jihad on all other forms of

Islam. They are unitatians of the Wahhabi

movement who oppose anything that diminishes

the glorification of one God, Allah.

Forerunner of the modern day terrorist Muslims.

A strong, militant puratanical group. They

survive mainly in Saudia Arabia and Nigeria,

and are an extreme fundamentalist wing of the


Al Wala = (Al Wala Wa al Baraa’) The Doctrine of

Allegiance and Rejection. Al Wala simply means

allegiance, loyalty, closeness, affinity, unity

and affiliation with Muslims overtly and

covertly (49:10 & 8:72). Baraa’ is both to

renounce and to denounce, that is to reject,

abhor, censure, deplore, criticize and condemn

all non-Islamic customs, teachings, practices,

traditions and festivals; to treat all

non-Muslim heritage and lifestyle as sinful and

abhorrent. It is to hate and hold enmity

towards all non-Muslims generally, but

particularly towards Jews and Christians. This

is mandatory on every Muslim.

Wudu = The ablution or personal cleansing in

preparation for prayer.

Yathrib = Later renamed Medina, the 2nd holiest city in


Yesua al Fadi = Jesus the Savior.

Yesua al Mesia = Jesus the Messiah.

Zaydis = The most conservative of the Shiite sub-sects,

mainly found in Yemen, the nearest to the

Sunnis in their theology.

Zekat = (Zakat) Obligatory almsgiving; A required annual

tax for the poor. One of the required pillars of

Islam. The third pillar of Islam. Alms giving,

charity that is given to the poor.

Zebiba = (Zabibah) The prayer bump or mark of constant

prostration that Allah will look for to deliver a

Muslim from Hell fire. Bukhari Vol. 1, Book 12,

No. 770.

Zebur = (Zaboor) The Psalms, or book given to David.

Zinah = Fornication and adultery

Zindiq = a freethinker who conceals his unbelief and

pretends to follow Islam, but actually rejects it.

Zionists = (Zionism) Those who are seeking to segregate

the Jewish people and give them a national

home, either in Palestine or another country.

Christian Zionists view their role as

apologists and advocates for the Jewish people,

particularly the State of Israel. It is

Christian support for Zionism that is based on

theological reasons.

Zoroastrians = A monotheistic religion found in Arabia which

Muhammad spared from the sword if they would

pay the Jiztya Tax as a protected minority.
STOP A-5-7 Important Terms
Stuart Robinson, Mosques & Miracles, pp. 337-344.

Ibn Warraq, Why I’m Not a Muslim, p. 361.

Jean Sasson, Princes Sultana’s Daughters, pp. 213-216.


Important Verses*

(Memorize*, Key*, Mark*)

A List of Important Verses to Mark in the Qur’an
Bakara 2:2*....This is the Book in which there is no doubt, in it is guidance for those who fear God...
Bakara 2:4*....believe in... that which was sent down before you (the Books and the Prophets).
Bakara 2:20.....Allah has power over all things.
Bakara 2:23.....And if you are in doubt concerning that which We reveal unto Our slave (Muhammad)...
Bakara 2:25*....There will be pure spouses for them, and they will abide there forever...
Bakara 2:26.....Allah leads astray many.
Bakara 2:30.....I am setting a man (Adam) on the earth as vicegerent...
Bakara 2:34*.....And when we said to the angels: “Prostrate yourselves before Adam!” they all prostrated themselves, except Satan, who in his pride refused and turned his face away, and became a disbeliver.
Bakara 2:36.....But Satan caused them to swerve from it (the garden), and expelled them from their former state. “Go down” We said, “your offspring enemies to each other.”
Bakara 2:48*....And guard yourselves against a day when no soul shall aid another, and no intercession or ransom, or any compensation shall be accepted from it.
Bakara 2:53.....And we gave Moses the Scripture and the criterion (between right and wrong).
Bakara 2:61..... they incurred the wrath of Allah, because they disbelieved his signs...

Bakara 2:62.....Those who believe (in the Qur'an and the Prophets sent before you), Jews, Christians, and Sabeans; whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does what is right; shall be rewarded by their Lord; no fear shall come upon them, neither shall they regret.
Bakara 2:75.....Now (O company of believers), do you then hope that they will believe in you, when some of them have already heard the word of Allah and knowingly perverted it, after they had understood its meaning?
Bakara 2:85.....Do you believe in one part of the Scripture and disbelieve in another? Those of you that act thus shall only be rewarded with disgrace in this world, and with the most grevious punishment on the Day of Resurrection. Allah is not unaware of what you do.

Bakara 2:87*.....We gave Jesus son of Mary the clear miracles to serve as proofs of Allah’s sovereignty and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit.
Bakara 2:98*.....Who is an enemy to Allah, and His Angels and His Messengers, and to Gabriel and Michael?
Bakara 2:102.....Yet Solomon did not disbelieve, but the devils disbelieved, teaching people magic, and that which was sent down to Hârût and Mârût, the two angels at Babylon.
Bakara 2:106*....If we abrogate any verse or cause it to be forgotten, We replace it by a better or a similar one. Do you not know that Allah has power over all things?
Bakara 2:120.....Neither the Christians nor the Jews will be pleased with you until you follow their faith...

Bakara 2:121.....Those to whom we gave the Scripture, and who read it the way it should be read, truly believe in it. And those who deny it are the true losers.
Bakara 2:136*.....Say (O Muslims): We believe in Allah and that which is revealed to us, and that which is revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the tribes; to Moses and Jesus and the (other) prophets by their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and to Allah we have surrendered ourselves.
Bakara 2:145..... But even if you gave those who have received the Scriptures every sign, they would not follow your Qibla, nor would you follow theirs.
Bakara 2:154.....do not say that those who were slain in the cause of Allah are dead...
Bakara 2:159-160*....Those that hide the clear proofs and guidance We have revealed, after We have proclaimed them in the Scriptures, shall be cursed by Allah, and by those who have the power to curse.
Bakara 2:163*....Your God is One God; there is no god but him.
Bakara 2:178.....O you who believe! The Law of retribution is prescribed for you in the matter of the murdered; the freeman for the freeman, the slave for the slave, and the female for the female. For him who is forgiven somewhat by his (injured) brother, prosecution shall be according to useage, and payment to him in kindness. This is an alleviation and a mercy from your Lord. He who transgresses after this shall have a painful doom.
Bakara 2:179*....In this law of retribution there is life for you, O people of understanding, that perhaps you shall be Godfearing.
Bakara 2:183....O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you, as it was prescribed for those who came before you...

Bakara 2:184.... (Fast) a certain number of days, but if any one of you is ill or on a journey, let him (break his fast, and) fast the same number days later on...

Bakara 2:185*....The month of Ramadan in which the Qur’an was revealed, a guidance for mankind, (a book of) clear proofs of guidance and the criterion (distinguishing right from wrong). Therefore whoever of you is present in that month let him fast; but he who is ill or on a journey shall fast (a same) number of days later on. Allah desires for you ease; He desires not hardship for you; and (He desires) that you should complete the period...
Bakara 2:190*.....Fight for the sake of Allah those who fight against you, but do not attack them first. Allah loves not the aggressors.

Bakara 2:191.....Kill them wherever you find them; drive them out of the places from which they drove, for tumult and persecution are worse than killing.
Bakara 2:193..... If they attack you (there) then kill them... And fight them until tumult and persecution are no more, and religion is for Allah. But if they desist, then let there be no hostility except against evil-doers.

Bakara 2:194.....A sacred month for a sacred month, and sacred things (too are subject to) reciprocity. If anyone attacks you, attack him with the like of that with which he attacked you. And fear Allah, and know that Allah is with the Godfearing.

Bakara 2:195*....And know that Allah loves the doers of good.

Bakara 2:196.....Whoever is ill or has an ailment of the head must pay a ransom, either by fasting or by almsgiving, or by offering a sacrifice.
Bakara 2:216.....Fighting is obligatory for you, though it be disliked by you; but it may be that you hate a thing although it is good for you, and love a thing although it is bad for you. Allah knows, but you do not.

Bakara 2:217.....Say: To fight (in a sacred month) is a grave matter; but barring people from the path of Allah, denying people form the Inviolable Sanctuary is far graver in His sight. Tumult and persecution are worse than killing.

Bakara 2:218.....Assuredly, those who believe and emigrate (to escape persecution because of their religion) and fight in the way of Allah, may hope for Allah’s mercy. Allah is Forgiving, Merciful.
Bakara 2:228*....And women have rights similar to those of men... and men are a degree above them.

Bakara 2:229*....Divorce may be pronounced twice, and then a woman must be retained in honour or allowed to go...
Bakara 2:231.....Do not make the revelations of Allah a mockery. Remember the favors He has bestowed on you and the Book and the wisdom which he has revealed, wherewith He does exhort you. Fear Allah, and know that He has knowledge of all things.

Bakara 2:232.....When you divorce women and they reach the end of their waiting-periods, do not prevent them from remarrying their husbands if it is agreed between them in kindness.
Bakara 2:244.....Fight for the cause of Allah, and know that Allah is Hearer, Knower.
Bakara 2:252.....Such are the signs of Allah. We recite them to you (O Muhammad) with Truth, for you are one of the messengers.

Bakara 2:253.....Of those messengers We have exalted some above others (in degree). To some Allah spoke directly; others He raised to a lofty status: We gave Jesus Son of Mary clear signs and strengthened him with the Holy Spirit.
Bakara 2:255.....Allah! there is no god but Him, the Living, the Eternal. Neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him. His is what is in the heavens and what is in the earth. Who can intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what lies behind them, and they can grasp only that part of His knowledge which He will. His Throne embraces the Heavens and the earth, and it tires Him not to uphold them both.

Bakara 2:256*....There is no compulsion in religion.
Bakara 2:259*....See how We will raise them and clothe them with flesh.
Bakara 2:276*....He does not love the impious and guilty.
Bakara 2:282.....If two men are not at hand, then one man and two women of such... so that if either of the women commit an error, the other will remind her.
Bakara 2:285*.....The Messenger believes in what has been revealed to him by his Lord, and so do the believers. They all believe in Allah and His angels, His Scriptures and His messengers: “We make no distinction between any of His messengers” - and they say: “We hear and obey.
Al-i İmran 3:3*.....He has revealed to you (Muhammad) the Scripture with truth, confirming that which was revealed before it, even as He revealed the Torah and the Gospel.

Al-i İmran 3:4*.....Previously, for a guidance to mankind, and had revealed the Criterion. Those who deny the signs of Allah shall receive a heavy penalty; and Allah is Mighty, Able to Requite.
Al-i İmran 3:7.....It is He Who has revealed to you the Qur’an...

Al-i İmran 3:8.....Our Lord, do not cause our hearts to go astray after you have guided us, and bestow upon us mercy from your Presence. Assuredly, you are the Bestower...

Al-i İmran 3:9.....Allah does not fail the promise.
Al-i İmran 3:15.....For those who are Godfearing shall be gardens with... pure wives, and the good-pleasure of Allah.
Al-i İmran 3:19*....The true religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. Those who formerly received the Scripture disagreed among themselves through jealousy only after knowledge came to them.

Al-i İmran 3:20*....If they become Muslims they shall be rightly guided; if they turn away, then your duty is only to inform them.
Al-i İmran 3:26.....You exalt who you will and abase whom you will...
Al-i İmran 3:45-48*....Jesus... one of those who shall be brought near to God... And he will teach him the Scripture and wisdom, and the Torah and the Gospel.
Al-i İmran 3:45*....Allah gives glad tidings of a word from Him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus... one of those who shall be brought near to God.
Al-i İmran 3:49.....From clay I will make for you the likeness of a bird; I shall breathe into it and, by Allah’s leave, it shall become a living bird...
Al-i İmran 3:54.....And they (the disbelievers) schemed, and Allah schemed (against them); and Allah is the best of schemers.
Al-i İmran 3:55.....Allah said: “O Jesus! I am gathering you and causing you to ascend to Me, and am cleansing you of those who disbelive, and am setting those who follow you above those who disbelieve until the Day of Resurrection.
Al-i İmran 3:59*....The likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said to him: Be! And he was.
Al-i İmran 3:57.....Allah loves not the wrongdoers.
Al-i İmran 3:45.....”O Mary! Allah gives glad tidings of a word from Him, whose name is the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, illustrious in this world and the Hereafter, and one of those who shall be brought near to God.”

Al-i İmran 3:46.....He will speak to mankind in his cradle and in his manhood, and he is of the righteous.
Al-i İmran 3:49*....And will make him a Messenger to the Israelites. He will say: “I bring you a sign from your Lord. From clay I will make for you the likeness of a bird; I shall breathe into it and, by Allah’s leave, it shall become a living bird. By Allah’s leave I shall give sight to the blind, heal the leper, and raise the dead to life. Surely that will be a sign for you, if you are believers.

Al-i İmran 3:50*....I bring a sign to you from your Lord. So fear Him, and obey me.
Al-i İmran 3:55....Allah said: "O Jesus! I am gathering you and causing you to ascend to Me, and am cleansing you of those who disbelieve, and am setting those who follow you above those who disbelieve until the day of Resurrection. Then to Me you will all return, and I shall judge between you as to that in which you used to differ.

Al-i İmran 3:56.....As for those who disbelieve, I shall punish them with a heavy chastisement in the world and the Hearafter; and they will have no helpers.
Al-i İmran 3:59*....The likeness of Jesus with Allah is as the likeness of Adam. He created him of dust, then He said to him: Be! And he was.
Al-i İmran 3:61*....And those who dispute with you concerning him (Jesus), after the knowledge which has come to you, say (to them): "Come! Let us summon our sons and your sons, and our women and your women, and ourselves and yourselves, then we will pray humbly and invoke the curse of Allah upon those who lie.”
Al-i İmran 3:64.....Say: "O people of the Scripture! Come to an agreement between us and you, that we shall worship none but Allah, that we assign no partner to Him, and that none of us shall take others for lords beside Allah.
Al-i İmran 3:78*.....And there is a party of them who distort the Scriptures with their tongues, that you may think that what they say is from the Scripture, when it is not from the Scripture. And they say: “It is from Allah,” when it is not from Allah, and they speak a lie concerning Allah knowingly.

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