He also wanted to know whether the characteristics that lead to physiological diagnoses reside in the patients themselves or in the situations and contexts in which the observers (those who do the diagnosing) find the patients. (Hock, 2000)
He conducted a study where he had eight pseudopatients pretend to be mentally ill and try to gain admittance into various psychiatric institutions.
There were five men and three women all from various backgrounds used in the study. There were three psychologists, one graduate student, one psychiatrist, one homemaker, and one painter.