Bra14G32 2015progressreport 2016actionplan



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Sustainable Land Use Management in the Semiarid Region of Northeast Brazil (Sergipe)

MMA/PNUD/BRA/14/G32

Relatório de Progresso 2015



Outcome 1








Outputs

2016 ACTION PLAN

2015 PROGRESS REPORT

Output 1.1: Sergipe state-level policy and planning framework supports integrated SLM in its ASD

Reuniões, vistas técnicas com instituições do Governo Estadual e com os sete municípios do sertão sergipano para elaboração dos planos municipais de combate à desertificação e apoio à implementação do CAR

Institutional coordination process with the relevant co-sponsors and partners of the State of Sergipe, in order to define the activities and planning of presentation strategies, launch and start of activities of the Project BRA / 14 / G32. Meetings were held in Aracaju / SE IBAMA, SEMARH, SEAGRI, Project Coordination D. Távora (GEF / UNDP), CFAC, Sergipe Government Staff, lawmakers at the federal and state levels and in the cities of the Upper Hinterland Sergipe, with the Secretaries of Environment and Agriculture.

As a result defined the realization of the Mission MMA / UNDP with the following structure:

11/12/2015: two activities were carried out: the first a Project Presentation Workshop BRA / 14 / G32 and the team that had the participation of representatives from the partner institutions; Mayors of municipalities, representing the rural communities where the project will act; representatives of the National Committee to Combat Desertification (CNCD) and the Interagency Group of the Permanent Group to Combat Desertification of Sergipe (GPCD). The Official Project Launch was held in the palace of government in the presence of the Governor of the State of Sergipe, the Secretaries of Agriculture and Rural Development, the Environment, the Office of IBAMA and INCRA, the Director of EMBRAPA, the Resident Coordinator the United Nations system in Brazil and UNDP Representative in Brazil, the Coordinator of the UNDP, the representative of the Ministry of Environment and National Project Director, the Mayors of the municipalities benefited by the Project, the federal agency leaders and representatives of civil society .

On 12.12.2015 was conducted a technical visit to the settlements Curituba Alligator and Valmir Mota in Poço Redondo and Canindé of San Francisco, chance meetings were held and debate the opportunities and initiatives with Settlers and Extensionists the Community Training Centre for Agricultural D . José Brandão de Castro - CFAC where were presented the practical use and current soil management, a cultural show with the presence of Association of the Cowboys. At the time some policy scenarios were analyzed informally. A visit to Angico Monument, where you will run a support to the Project field office was made. Technical visit was made to the Xingó Living Center with semiarid conditions, located in Piranhas / AL, to knowledge of the physical structure of capacity building / training, demonstration projects and social technologies developed by the Brazilian Institute for Development and Sustentabilidade- IABS.



Output 1.2: State land-use licensing processes stimulate appropriate measures to reduce LD

Mapeamento dos processos de licenciamento ambiental do uso da terra, definindo pontos de sinergia para o apoio à implementação do CAR.

It was defined partnership between the Department to Combat Desertification and the Brazilian Forest Service, with financial support of the CEF, to launch an Notice (Edital) with the object to provide a support to the CAR in the Northeast Semiarid. The CAR – Rural Environmental Registration will provide financially support to 10,000 of families with small farms located in the semiarid region upon their registration at CAR. Because of this action, the project was able to initiate the interagency coordination process with social movements in CNCD especially with ASA Brazil – SemiArid Network in and CONTAG. The Contracts (R$ 10 million) were signed among five institutions of ASD. One of the contracts is designated to the Quilombolas of the Semiarid.

An additional initiative aimed to promote the environmental licensing is being held with the Department of Environment of Sergipe and ENDAGRO with the objective to reflect the rural database at CAR. This action will allow regularize around 70,000 farms, equivalent to 80% of SE property in CAR.



Output 1.3: Monitoring land use optimized for SLM implementation in ASD

Reuniões, encontros técnicos com equipe técnica para a definição de estratégias de validação dos indicadores de campo de qualidade do solo nas áreas de intervenção, com refinamento das estratégias de mapeamento/gestão das áreas de manejo integradas e formalização de instrumentos de cooperação com instituições de pesquisa.

An action with INPE has been set, so that the indicators and the project intervention areas be reflected in the SAP and the methodology is built for the monitoring of land in ASD.

Output 1.4: Knowledge management and national-level governance framework strengthened to increase

Promoção de oficinas de Educação Ambiental voltadas a gestão ambiental florestal e à adoção de práticas de sistema de manejo sustentável de terras nas áreas de intervenção direta do projeto, instituindo grupo de estudos no âmbito da CNCD para implementação da Lei 13.153 que institui a Política Nacional de Combate à Desertificação; e Elaboração de um Manual Técnico: Caminhos para a Agricultura Sustentável: Princípios Conservacionistas para o Pequeno Produtor Rural.

Participation at the Special Meeting of the National Committee to Combat Desertification-CNCD held on December 8, 2015, in Brasilia / DF, for presentation and discussion of the following topics: (i) the role of CNCD in Governance of the Project at national level; (ii) the Regulatory Process of Law No. - 13153/2015 establishing the National Policy to Combat Desertification and Mitigating the Effects of Drought and its instruments, recently sanctioned by the President of Brazil; and (iii) presentation of the Early Warning Systemm for Drought and Management (SAP).

Holding of three workshops for the environmental education, in partnership with the MMA, IBAMA-SE, and the municipalities of the Alto Sertão Sergipe, to promote the communities awareness for the adoption of sustainable management practices of land in the project intervention areas. Two of them with emphasis on contributions the new Forest Code to implement the Rural Environmental Registry - CAR, and the other highlighting the role of the legal reserve and permanent preservation areas for environmental services, combating desertification and mitigating the effects of drought. The workshops were held in the cities of Caninde de Sao Francisco, SE, with the participation of the technicians from OEMA, SEMARH, through the Environment Departments of Municipalities of Alto Sertão Sergipe and extensionists of the agrarian reform.

Support for the holding of the II International Seminar on Living with the Semiarid promoted in Xingó Center, Piranhas - Alagoas, on 29 and 30 October 2015, in order to develop and disseminate educational processes to improve knowledge for better living with semiarid, productive inclusion and discussion of new forms of interaction with the local community and new looks, enhancing food security, water, energy and the conservation of landscapes, in a participatory manner, ensuring the protagonists of local communities.

The project supported the 2nd International Course on Living with the Semiarid, held at Xingó Centre from November, 2nd to December,18th (100 hours / class). The course presented an approach of social technologies and innovative practices, productive inclusion, environment and climate change for the training of multipliers. The topics covered in modules are: Environmental History and Climate Change in the Context of semiarid Social and Technological Innovation; Building Paths and Tools for Living with the Semiarid; Inclusion and productive insertion in Semiarid Regions; and Work of Course Completion.

The project also supported the the FAIR OF FAMILY FARM - SEMIARID SHOW 2015 with the following theme: "Territories, water and agroecology: bases for life in the semiarid region" held at Embrapa Semiarid, Petrolina / PE, from 20th to October 23rd, 2015. The purpose of this initiative was to strengthen the productive activities and contribute to the discussion and dissemination of technologies and practices adapted to dry for sustainable living in the semiarid. The debate about the sustainable public policies for the region were also in this Event agenda involving an audience of 20,000 participants ranging from farmers, researchers, teaching and research institutions, as well as the Governments of the three spheres. For the stand of the Event, it was produced material for display regarding the good practice dissemination stand for sustainable coexistence with semiaridez and the Showcases Technological which presented social technologies disseminated by the Project such as Green Stove, Zero Base System, Sustainable Forest Management for Multiple Use Community Settlement and Rural Communities row of stones and Girau. In addition to that, four short courses were also conducted with the following themes: Management of Multiple Caatinga use; Best Practices of Use and Soil Conservation; Beekeeping in the Caatinga and Implementation of Rural Environmental Registry.

The Project collaborated in the preparation of the Technical Manual Pathways to Sustainable Agriculture: Conservationists Principles for Small Rural Producers, educational material aimed at spreading knowledge about land management in Semiarid areas that will be the basis for a technical training program for 2016.




Outcome 2







Outputs

Planneds Activities for coming year




Output 2.1: SLM best practices implemented in SAS provide guidance for licensing so as to revert LD processes


Alinhamento das estratégias de adequação e implantação de boas praticas, envolvendo equipe do projeto, técnicos do Estado, ONGs e beneficiários do projeto;

The project, in partnership with the Ministry of Environment, through the Department to Combat Desertification, the National Institute for the Semiarid (INSA) with the involvement of FAO and IICA promoted a number of initiatives for the Commemoration of the Solo International Year , following the guidelines of the UN General Assembly. In this context the support Project: (i) the completion of a course Use and Conservation of soils for University Teachers of the ASD; (ii) conducted a Forest Management Course in Caatinga and Rural Environmental Registry Deployment for state government experts from environmental agencies and NGOs working in rural extension in the ASD; (iii) directed the .Dryland Champions Program of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification - UNCCD for the recognition of good management practices of land. 30 were certified experiences in Brazil and sent to the Secretariat of the UNCCD; (iv) the holding of an international conference on Soil Governance in partnership with the TCU; (v) the realization of Soil International Day where they were presented the "" World Soil Atlas prepared by FAO ", the Early Warning System for Drought and Desertification (SAP) developed by INPE in partnership with the MMA, and was told . creation of the Technical Training Program for the Management and Conservation of Soil and Water in the semiarid Northeast being implemented with the Project support in partnership with IICA also launched the Technical Manual: Pathways to Sustainable Agriculture: Conservationists Principles for Small Rural Producers and was made a Photo shows the successful experience of Dryland Champions Program 2015 in ASD, and (vi) the project supported the preparation and publication of the book Living Land of UNCCD which presents the Brazilian strategies for combating desertification through environmental and social public policies that promote water security, food, energy and landscape conservation ensuring a sustainable coexistence with semiaridez and overcoming poverty.

The project has been articulating with the leaders of the Sustainable RN Project (RN Loan Agreement with the World Bank worth US $ 500 million) and the Secretary of Environment and the environmental agency TN the IDEMA in partnership with INSA investment RS 4 million for the pilot project to combat Desertficação Seridó to be held in 9 Communities in the three municipalities of Seridó - RN. The challenge of this pilot will unite to combat desertification actions having as a priority area both served the Rio Grande do Norte (RN) and the Paraíba (PB), as both have the same kind of biodiversity and suffer from the process desertification. With this action we intend to disseminate and replicate sustainable management practices of land.

The Project is coordinating with the Department of the Paraíba environment, the state environmental agency (SUDEMA) and the Technology Park of Paraíba (CEPIS / PaqTecPB) the implementation of the Forest Development Program of Paraiba, which seeks an environmental management strategy that ensures the conservation of 600 hectares of caatinga landscape by promoting sustainable energy matrix of the ceramic industry, adjusting the forest production processes (forest management), industrial (technological improvement) and management and environmental licensing (institutional and regulatory protocols).

 The project is supporting the drafting of SetorGesseiro Sustainability Pact in bioregion Araripe (PE / CE and PI). This action has the support of CEF, the Public Ministry and the State of Pernambuco. Visa proper environmental management to landscape conservation of 1.5 million hectares of forest cover promoting the sustainability of the energy matrix of the plaster sector which accounts for 98% of national production. The Pact is facing the adequacy of forest production processes (forest management), industrial (technological improvement) and management and environmental licensing (institutional and regulatory protocols), as well as a technical training program for the sector.



Output 2.2: State extension services incorporate SLM guidelines for ASDs and provide targeted support to SAS

Mapeamento das áreas de intervenção para implementação das boas práticas, com indicação das ações em andamento da extensão rural, seleção de agências implementadoras e formalização de cartas de acordos com instituições de desenvolvimento agrário e extensão rural.

The Project has supported through the National Committee to Combat Desertification conducting an institutional articulation process with the states, the MDA and social movements a hardening action of the National Agroecology and Organic Production Plan (PlanApo) in ASD.

Output 2.3: State-level and national access to diverse funds improved for uptake of SLM in ASD

Visita de intercâmbio para captação de recursos para SLM nas ASD.

Cursos de formação em práticas de manejo da Terra.



The Project supported the Brazil's participation in the twelfth session of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (COP 12) in Ankara, Turkey, during the period 12-23 October 2015. Brazil advocated more effective action UNCCD to mobilize resources for the implementation of good practices adapted to drought, to ensure a sustainable coexistence with semiaridez and promote food security, water, energy and the conservation of landscapes in an inclusive way. The Brazilian delegation, in coordination between the Focal Point Technical (DCD / MMA), the Political Focal Point (Itamaraty), the correspondent Scientific (National Semiarid - INSA) and the Representation of the Company (Network ASA Brazil), presented the actions for coexistence with semiaridez being implemented, such as structuring and inclusive initiatives for an agenda of climate change adaptation and the effective combating desertification, promoting the elimination of poverty. In this context, including the contributions of cooperation with international organizations highlighting UNDP, FAO and IICA.

The project supported the implementation of SUDENE Forum of Energy: challenges and opportunities for the diversification of the regional energy matrix, held on 28 and 09.29.2015 in Recife / PE

in which there was a debate about the importance of the use of forest biomass in the energy mix of the NE region and timeliness of environmental actions contribute to the process of social inclusion and development "." Forum addressed the opportunity of the Northeast be added to Brazil's challenge in implementing the ODS and its potential for collaboration in INDC through actions for the expansion of renewable energy sources, through the supply of forest biomass Caatinga and Cerrado. The proposal is to develop forest management plans that allow sustainable use of biodiversity and enable the conservation of inclusively landscape, offering low cost renewable energy and sustainable. It was also discussed the use of instruments such as environmental services payment (PSA) and carbon credit. Forest management was approached as an agroforestry practice of coexistence with semiaridez and that can be seen as an action adapted to climate change. This practice enables the company is a partner of the Government in meeting targets (INDECI) under the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) that deal with the sustainable use of biodiversity. This initiative has defined a strategy for carrying out a study of the SUDENE supported by the Project and the Polytechnic University of Madrid - UPM on economic inclusion of forest biomass in the Socio-economics of ASD.

The project has supported the coordination with the development of instruments for resource capture aiming to support local projects. This direction is under way to draw up a project worth 2 million euros to support the Mercosur initiative, the implementation of actions combating desertification in Brazil, strengthening actions with Portuguese-speaking countries for forest management dry, use and conservation of soil and supporting the implementation of UNCCD in the Portuguese-speaking countries.

RS 550,000 investment by the Climate Fund for the promotion of actions to good practices of forest management and energy efficiency for the plaster and ceramic sector also was approved.

The project supported the negotiation and drafting of an initiative of R $ 10 million in partnership with the National Fund for the Environment, the Environmental Fund CAIXA and the Brazilian Forest Service, aimed at the implementation of the Rural Environmental Registry on 10,000 farms family farming in ASD.




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