in Craven, an airy and healthful situation.
" In November of that year he was admitted of St. John's College, Cambridge, where he
1 "In the reign of Charles I. Sir Roger Townshend, purposing to rebuild his house at Ruinham, conveyed a large
quantity of stones for the purpose from the ruins of Coxford Abbey in the neighbourhood. These stones, as often as any
attempt was made to build them up in this unhallowed edifice, obstinately gave way. The owner next tried them in
the construction of a bridge ; the arch of which, in like manner, suddenly shrunk. He then piously determined to apply
them to the rebuilding of the parsonage-house, where they quietly remained till about the year 1764, when they were
once more removed by the late Viscount, afterwards Marquess Townshend, to another place, and the site of the
original manse, of which the foundations are still visible north-west from the church, was taken into the park. The
strange wanderings of this Casa Santa are now, probably, at an end."
2 The Rev. William Whitaker, our Author's father, died in 1782, aged 51 : see under Holme (in vol. II.) the Latin
epitaph which was erected there to his memory, and to that of his widow, (Lucy, daughter of Mr. Robert Dunham of
Sedgford in Norfolk,) who died in 1788, at the age of 64.
x Dr. Whitaker has left a biography of Mr. Sheepshanks in his History of Craven, second edit. p. 474, and after-
wards published his portrait in the Supplement (1821) to Loidis and Elmete. "At the village of Grassington he
received into his house a limited number of pupils, among whom, in the years 1774 and 1775, was the writer of this
BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIES OF
went to reside Oct. 3, 1776. In November 1781 he took the degree of LL.B. intending to
pursue the profession of the Civil Law, which he studied, for two years, with great
attention. But in June 1782, his father having died, after a week's illness, he settled
upon his paternal estate, which for thirty years he has continued to improve and adorn, by
" In August 1785 he was ordained deacon at Rose Castle by Dr. John Law, Bishop of
Clonfert [and afterwards of Elphin, eldest son of Dr. Edmund Law, then Bishop of
Carlisle] ; and in July the following year received the order of priesthood from the same
prelate, both without title.
" In 1788, having previously recovered, by a donation of 400Z., the patronage of the
Chapel of Holme, which had been founded by one of his ancestors, with the aid of some
liberal subscriptions, but at an expense of 470J. to himself, he rebuilt it, the old edifice
being mean and dilapidated. In 1797, he Avas licensed to the perpetual curacy of Holme,
on his own nomination.
" In July, 1799, he qualified as a magistrate for the county of Lancaster ; and, in the
next year but one, for the West Riding of the county of York.
" At the Cambridge Commencement, 1801, he completed the degree of LL.D.
" In the month of January, 1809, he was presented, by the present Archbishop of
Canterbury (Manners Sutton), to the Vicarage of Whalley, the great object of his wishes. 1
For this favour, besides his Grace's own generous disposition to reward a stranger who had
written the History of the Parish, he was also indebted to the recommendation of that
learned and excellent prelate, Dr. Cleaver, formerly his diocesan, and then Bishop of Ban-
1 "Accept my sincere thanks for your most kind and friendly congratulations upon my attainment of an object
which has long been very near my heart, and which after all will in a pecuniary view be, for some time at least, the
gaining of a loss. For the vicarage house is in a sad dilapidated state, and I find that I am in hands from which little
can be wrung without ligitation. Then there is a tenant in the house who, after having given voluntary notice to quit
at Easter, now threatens to hold over, when all the materials are prepared for the repairs.
" I feel a pleasure and a pride in improving and adorning so favourite a spot, where I mean to reside as much,
especially in winter, as I conveniently can, though I scarcely know how I can pack my large family within the walls.
For this intention, however, I have several reasons. And first, a sense of duty, that I may be found as much as
possible at my post. Secondly, that I may be nearer my friends than at Holme, though at Whalley I must receive them
presso lore, which I trust will be overlooked if the receiver be also fluids amicis. A third, and I hope a still inferior
motive, is my health, as I am persuaded that the mild air of Whalley in early spring will better agree with my lungs
than the harsh unkindly blasts that sweep our eastern moors.
" Whalley also is a more central situation than this for my clerical excursions through the parish ; for it is my
wish to preach annually in every church and chapel within it, and you, I trust, will have no objection to accept my
services in course at Clitheroe and Downham. Will you do me the favour to mention the same subject to Mr. Clarke
with respect to Whitewell ? As I am a wretched horseman, I propose to economise distances by taking two
neighbouring churches every Sunday. I hope this plan will neither be unnseful nor disagreeable in the parish. It will
at least bring me acquainted with the parishioners, and noscere exerdtus, nosci exercitui may be applied to a parish
minister as well as an officer. Dr. Coulthurst [the Vicar of Halifax] and Mr. Haddon [the Vicar of Leeds] have found
great satisfaction in pursuing this plan in their respective parishes." (Letter to the Eev. Thomas Wilson, from Holme,
March 23 1309. The living of Whalley, at this time, was worth little more than 100Z., and Holme about 50/. per
THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKEK.
gor, whose many instances of friendly attention he remembers with gratitude, and whose
recent death he deeply deplores."
On the 14th Jan. 1813, Dr. Whitaker was presented by Thomas Clarkson, then a minor,
to the rectory of Heysham near Lancaster, but at that place he never resided ; and he
resigned the benefice in 1819, Mr. Clarkson being then qualified to present himself to it.
On the 7th Nov. 1818, Archbishop Manners Sutton presented Dr. Whitaker to
the vicarage of Blackburn, which he retained, together with Whalley, until his death. 1
Such were the main events of Dr. Whitaker's progress in life; and we may now
endeavour to recall some of the associations from which they arose, or to which they led.
It is evident that his early course was much influenced by his attachment to his tutor
Mr. Sheepshanks, who had been a Fellow and Tutor of St. John's college, Cambridge, the
contemporary of Bishop John Law (named in the opposite page) and of Archdeacon Paley,
and the tutor of many distinguished pupils, among whom were Edward Law (younger
brother of John,) afterwards Chief Justice of the King's Bench and Lord Ellenborough, and
John Pretyman, afterwards Tomline, successively Bishop of Lincoln and Winchester. Whit-
aker, by the advice of Mr. Sheepshanks, went to the same college, where one of his contem-
poraries and most intimate friends was Ilerbert Marsh, afterwards Bishop of Peter-
Subsequently, when having succeeded to his ancestral property, and become resident
in the country, he paused in his legal studies, and determined to make the Church his
profession, it was to Bishop Law that he had recourse for ordination, and his earliest
efforts in the pulpit w r ere exerted at Leeds, 2 where his friend Mr. Sheepshanks became
1 " Since he was presented to the vicarage of the populous and extensive parish of Blackburn, he has resided in
that town the greater part of the year, and takes his full share along with the Curates in performing three services every
Sunday, in a large church, and to a crowded congregation. In Dr. Whitaker's church Divine Service is performed,
and a Sermon preached, on the Sunday night. I mention this, because I consider that Dr. Whitaker's approbation of a
measure the tendency of which has sometimes been questioned, is of very great importance." (Part of a Letter signed
CLERICUS LANCASTRIENSIS, and dated Bury, Lancashire, Oct. 2, 1820, written "by one who is totally unknown to him,"
and printed in the Gentleman's Magazine, xc. ii. 402.)
* A list is here appended of Dr. Whitaker's published Sermons :
Religion and Loyalty connected : being the substance of a Discourse (on 1 Tim. ii. 1 3) preached in St. John's
Church, Leeds, on the General Fast Day, February 28, 1794, and published at the request of the Congregation.
A Sermon preached at the Consecration of the Chapel of Holme in Lancashire, July 19, 1794.
A Sermon (on Isaiah x. 25, 26), preached in St. John's Church, Leeds, on the General Fast Day, Feb. 25, 1795.
A Sermon (on Revelations, xxii. 2) preached in Trinity Church, Leeds, on Sunday, October 3, 1796 ; for the
benefit of the General Infirmary in that town.
A Sermon preached at the Consecration of the Chapel of Salesbury, in Lancashire, September 8, 1807. ("I
entirely agree with you in the sentiments and feelings which our friend W.'s excellent Consecration Sermon has pro-
duced; it is certainly a very masterly performance." The Rev. Thomas Starkie, Vicar of Blackburn, to the Rev.
Thomas Wilson, Dec. 21, 1807.)
A Sermon preached at the Primary Visitation of the Lord Bishop of Chester (George Henry Law), 1814.
A Sermon on the Consecration of Whitewell Chapel, 1818. (" A memorable Sermon, preached in troublous times,
from the words, Sound an Alarm," Joel, ii. 1. Not. Cestriensis, ii. 346.)
xvi BIOGKAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF
resident in 1777, and Vicar of St. John's church in 1783. On the 13th January in the
latter year (two years before his ordination) Whitaker had married Lucy, daughter of
Mr. Thomas Thoresby a merchant in Leeds, 1 and in the same town his two elder children
were born in 1785 and 1787 . 2
When settled in his ancestral mansion at Holme, being desirous to bring the neigh-
bouring clergy together for social and religious intercourse, Whitaker instituted a sort of
literary club, consisting of half a dozen members, whose tastes were congenial, and who
dined together at each other's houses once a month for several years. The Eev. Thomas
Starkie the Vicar of Blackburn, the Rev. William Barton (M. D.) the Incumbent of
Rev. Thomas Wilson the Master of Clitheroe School, were amongst the regular members.
The Rev. Henry William Coulthurst, D.D. the Vicar of Halifax, the Rev. Rowland
Ingram the Vicar of Giggleswick, Mr. John Dawson the learned mathematician of Sed-
bergh, and Mr. William Cockiu of Milnthorpe, who had been writing-master and accoun-
tant of the grammar school at Lancaster, were occasionally welcome guests. At these
meetings there Avas much sympathy of moral and religious feeling, elegant hospitality, plea-
surable conversation, and quiet enjoyment. The subjects discussed previously announced
were of a general and miscellaneous description, embracing matters affecting the Church,
literature, and politics, and rendered especially attractive by the playful humour of
Wilson, the mechanical listlessness of Starkie, the meditative tenderness of Barton, and the
masculine freshness and warmth of Whitaker. 3
At this period, his studies were principally devoted to the works of the early Fathers
A Sermon preached in the parish church of Blackburn on Sunday July 11, 1819, on occasion of a late seditious
meeting held in that town. This was published in a cheap form, pp. 20, for circulation among the operatives. It is a
noble piece of oratory, and did great good in bringing the middle classes to a sense of the dangers which at that time
A Sermon preached for the relief of the Poor in the Town of Blackburn, Jan. 30, 1820. 8vo.
The Mourning of Hadad Rimrnon, a Sermon preached on the evening of His late Majesty's Interment, Feb. 16,
1 At p. xv of his Life of Ralph Thoresby, prefixed to the Ducatus Leodiensis, 1816, Dr. Whitaker gives some
account of that collateral branch of the family of Thursby or Thorsby from which his own wife was descended.
Thomas Thoresby was living in Leeds in the reign of Charles the Second, and " Thus much is certain, that this person
and Ralph were contemporaries in Leeds 41 years, and lived together on the footing of relations." Thomas was father
of another Thomas, and " This second Thomas had a son of the same name, who, with a stronger and more original mind
than Ralph, had a great bias to antiquarian pursuits, and bore a striking resemblance in the features of his countenance
to the portrait of his celebrated relative. His oldest daughter married the Editor of this Work, who continued the
name in the baptismal appellative of his oldest son." Just before it had been stated that " The name (excepting that it
has been engrafted into another family by baptism) is now reduced to a single individual, without issue, and unmarried.''
This is believed to refer to Mrs. Whitaker's younger sister.
9 For further information in regard to Dr. Whitaker's family see the Pedigree under Holme in Volume II.
8 Memoirs of the Rev. Thomas Wilson, B. D., by the Rev. Mr. Canon Raines, prefixed to Miscellanies, &c.
(Chetham Soc. vol. xlv.) p. Ivi.
THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER xvii
of the Church, and to the Greek and Roman historians of the same period. 1 To the anti-
quities of his own locality and neighbourhood he was first earnestly directed by the perusal
in Dugdale's Monasticon of the Status de Blackburnshire? a very interesting relic of that
class of historical composition -which was most in favour in the monasteries. As this
unfolded to his view a very extraordinary picture of the pristine ecclesiastical arrangements
of the district in which he resided, 3 he was led by the curiosity thus excited to further
investigation, and to pursue the history of the church and parish of Whalley in other
records of its early ages.
It was during the three closing years of the last century that the composition of the
History of Whalley was seriously undertaken. The first portion of it was committed to
the press early in 1800 ; 4 and was published during that year, with the Dedication to Mr.
Townley, and the Preface, which are reprinted in the ensuing pages. 5 " PAIIT THE SECOND,"
which bears date 1801, commenced at page 217 of the first edition, and closed with page
408, supplemented by many additions and corrections. PART THE THIRD commenced with
page 411, and closed at p. 483, followed by further supplementary pages. A Title-page
was then printed for the whole volume, Avith the date M.D.CCCI.
Dr. Whitaker was very fortunate in the assistance he received from his friends towards
the expense of the engravings of this work. I3oth the plates of Roman antiquities were
1 See his own statement to this effect, quoted hereafter in p. xxii.
- See his allusion to "this germ of the History of Wltallctj," in p. 96 of the present volume.
3 The results appear in the Chapter on the Ecclesiastical History of the Parish (Book n. chapter i.) See pp. 66