Implicit knowledge is not declarative; it is procedural. Procedure (noun) – A series of actions that are done in a certain way or order
Knowledge of skills
Knowledge of «how»
Is our language knowledge explicit or implicit?
•Language knowledge used to comprehend and produce language
The answer depends on whether it is our L1 and L2.
• The knowledge of our L1 is ımplicit
Implicit L1 knowledge
Also, the ability to use our L1 is largely implicit. • We can speak. We know how to speak our L1. However, we cannot explain how we actually do it. We cannot explain the steps involved in the use of the L1. Language use depends mainly on implicit knowledge.
What is explicit language knowledge?
Explicit language knowledge is meta-linguistic knowledge.
Meta-language is language about language. – Word, sentence, noun, verb, adjective, adverb, subject, object, and etc
Meta-linguistic knowledge We explicitly know that English is an SVO language.
Usefulness for speaking and writing
Explicit (meta-linguistic) knowledge is more useful for writing than for speaking.