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Data on the Generation and Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Other wastes in 2003 (as reported)

Quantities

(in metric tons)

Generation


Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)a (Annex I: Y1-Y45) of BC

4 1)

Amount of hazardous wastes generated under Art. 1(1)b of BC

4 1)

Total amount of hazardous wastes generated


Amount of other wastes generated (Annex II: Y46-Y47)

Export


Amount of hazardous wastes exported

59,106 2)

Amount of other wastes exported

0

Import


Amount of hazardous wastes imported

0

Amount of other wastes imported

0




  1. In addition, 12,721 L of hazardous wastes were generated.

  2. IN addition 211,981 L of hazardous wastes were exported.

Basel Convention 2002
Country Fact Sheet 2003


Belarus

Status of Ratifications:




Party to the Basel Convention:

10.12.1999 (a)

Amendment to the Basel Convention:

-

Basel protocol on Liability and Compensation:
-

(Accession (a); Acceptance (A); Approval (AA); Formal confirmation (c); Ratification; Succession (d))




Competent Authority






Focal Point


Deputy Minister

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, 10 Kollectornaya Str., Minsk 220 048

Belarus

Telephone: (375 17) 200 72 61 or 20 55 71



Telefax: (375 17) 200 55 83 or 200 47 71

E-Mail: minproos@mail.belpak.by or waste@minpriroda.by

Website:http//www.minpriroda.by


Deputy Minister

Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection, 10 Kollectornaya Str., Minsk 220 048

Belarus

Telephone: (375 17) 200 72 61 or 200 55 71



Telefax: (375 17) 200 55 83 or 200 47 71

E-Mail: minproos@mail.belpak.by or waste@minpriroda.by

Website: http//www.minpriroda.by





National Definition

National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Belarus.

Wastes are substances or goods produced in the process of economic activity or life of man that do not have any certain application at site of their generation or that have lost totally or partially their consumer properties due to physical or moral obsolescence.


National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Belarus.

Hazardous wastes are wastes that contain as their constitutes substances possessing any hazardous property or they set (toxicity, infectious, explosivity, high reaction ability and (or) other similar properties) and existing in such amounts and in such form that this waste independently or in contact with other substances can represent immediate or potential threat to environment, people health and (or) to people property including that caused by their adverse impact on environment.


Belarus regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.

Appendix 1 to the Resolution of State Custom Committee "On Improvement of Custom Control over Waste Movement through Custom Border of the Republic of Belarus" (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD) provides a "List of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can not be processed or used in the Republic of Belarus"; Appendix 2 to the Resolution of State Custom Committee "On Improvement of Custom Control over Waste Movement through Custom Border of the Republic of Belarus" (of 12.03.1999 N 134-OD) provides a "List of Industrial and Consumption Wastes, which can be processed or used in the Republic of Belarus, permits for their import (transit) are given by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection." (Appendices 1 and 2 are available in Country Fact Sheet (Belarus) prepared by the secretariat)


In Belarus there are no wastes other than those pursuant to Art. 1 (1)a and/or Art. 1 (1)b of the Basel Convention that require special consideration when subjected to transboundary movement.



Restrictions on Transboundary Movement

Amendment to the Basel Convention

The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been implemented in Belarus.







Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery

Belarus restricts the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.


Waste Law (adopted 25.11.1993, amended 26.10.2000), stipulates that “Transboundary Movement of waste from the Republic of Belarus is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste from the Republic of Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus under conditions that a competent authority of country of import has issued its permit for their import with the purpose of their use or disposal provided that there is a contract that stipulates environmentally safe usage or disposal of waste”.
The restriction covers all countries.





Restrictions on import for final disposal

Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.

Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that "Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus with the purpose of their storage and (or) neutralization (landfilling, burning etc.) is prohibited".
The restriction covers all countries.





Restrictions on import for recovery

Belarus restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.


Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that "Transboundary Movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus is allowed only with the purpose of their usage as raw materials or secondary materials and is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus under conditions that possibility of their environmentally justified usage is confirmed and competent authorities of country of waste origin have provided their concern in written form to take back waste in case of cancellation of the permit for transboundary movement of waste to the Republic of Belarus".
The restriction covers all countries.





Restrictions on transit

Belarus restricts the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.


Waste Law, in force from 1 January, 2001, which states that "Transboundary Movement of waste through Republic of Belarus is executed only on the basis of a preliminary obtained permit for transboundary movement of waste through the Republic of Belarus issued by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection of the Republic of Belarus under conditions that the states concerned have issued their permits for import (transit) of this waste and competent authority of the country of waste origin has provided its concern in written form to take back waste in case of cancellation of the permit for transboundary movement of waste through the Republic of Belarus".
The restriction covers all countries.




Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation


National strategies/policies

National Action Plan on Rational Use of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection in the Republic of Belarus for 2001-2005 years, adopted 21.06.2001.



Legislation, regulations and guidelines

Law on Waste, in force from 2001; In development of the Law a number of normative legal documents, including for 2003 is accepted:






Decision of the Government on State Register of Technologies for Waste Recycling and on State Register of Facilities for Waste Neutralization and Disposal;

- Decision of the Government on Adoption of Regulation on Order in Approval of Limits for Waste Disposal;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Development, Agreement and Approval of Instruction for management of Industrial Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Instructions on Procedure for Registration of Transactions for Alienation and Assignation (except transportation) of Waste to Another Person for a Certain Period of Time;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Issuing, Cancellation of Permits for Disposal of Industrial Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Classifier Waste Generated in the Republic of Belarus;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Accounting of Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Form of Special Document for Accompanying of Transportation of Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Rules for Norm-Setting Generation of Industrial Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of List of Waste that shall have Passports;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Order on Determination of Level of Hazard of Waste and Establishing the Class of Hazard;

- Decision of the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Belarus on Approval of Instruction about Rules and Methods of Neutralization of Waste Pharmaceuticals, Drugs and Medicines, of Products of Medical Purpose and Clinical Equipment;

- Decision of the Government on Establishment of the Payment for delivery of sanctions to disposal of waste and special water use;

- Decision of the Government on Adoption of Some Questions of the Management with plastic waste;

- Decision of the Government on Perfection of the System of Collection and Processing of Some Kinds of Secondary Raw Material;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Norm of Decrease in Harmful Environmental Impact of Waste of Plastic and the List of Plastic Container Waste Concerning which this Specification is Established;

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection on Adoption of Instruction of Collection (Preparation) and Processing of Plastic Waste;

- Decision of the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services from 30.07.2003 № 26 on Adoption of Instruction on the Organization of Separate Collection, Storage and Transportation of Municipal Waste;

- Decision of the Government on Adoption of Regulations about Licensing of the Activity Connected to Use of Natural Resources and Influence on the Environment;

- Decision of the Trade Ministry on Adoption of Procedure for Payments for Organization of the Glass, Paper and Cardboard Packing Waste Collecting and Recycling;

- Decision of the Government On Adoption of Increase of Payment for Natural Recourses Use and of Application of Measures for Stimulation of Natural Protection Activity;

- Decision of the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services On Adoption of the Program of Municipal Solid Waste Management for 2004-2006; and

- Decision of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection and the Ministry of Housing and Communal Services On Adoption of Environmental Requests for Seating and Operation of the Municipal Waste Sorting and Processing Facilities.





Economic instruments/ initiatives

The economic mechanism in the field of waste management is defined by the Law “About Environmental Protection" of the Republic of Belarus, the Law " About Waste " and other legislative documents of the Republic of Belarus. Article 38. Provision of economic incentives in the field of waste management: Exemption from taxes according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus to persons during which economic activities the waste management is carried out through application of cleaner technologies and realization of other innovative activity in the field of waste management; Allocation according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus of means from republican and local budgets, budgetary environmental funds for performance of actions for neutralization of hazardous waste; Applications of the accelerated amortization of the basic production assets of the persons who are carrying out during economic activities use or neutralization of waste products; Other kinds of provision of economic incentives according to the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. The procedure of the measures connected to provision of economic incentives for introduction of cleaner-production technologies in manufacture, is defined by the legislation of the Republic of Belarus. Provision of economic incentives provides tax privileges, for example, clearing of the tax to the added cost received from sell of secondary raw material. Waste disposal is chargeable. The rate of payment is established on differential basis depending on the toxicity level of waste. Besides the rate of the payment for disposal of waste over the limits established by local executive and administrative authorities, is fife times increased. Crediting is carried out by giving grants from budget environmental funds. The grants are given for introduction of cleaner technologies, scientific research and development works on creating new types of environment oriented technique.


With the purposes of improving a system of collecting and processing of some kinds of secondary raw material by the Government of the Republic of Belarus number of the documents on expansion of the manufacturers responsibility for organization of the collecting and processing of plastic waste and glass container waste and paper and cardboard packing waste which are formed after consumption of the goods packed into it.





Measures taken by industries/waste generators

The generators of waste shall develop the norms for waste generation and get agreement on them from territorial bodies of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection. The waste generation norms help with operational quantitative control on waste generation and are used for development of waste disposal limits. In the recent years, one of the essential lines of work for ensuring environmentally safe economic activities in the country has been environmental certification. The Sub-System of Environmental Certification of Production and Products in the Republic of Belarus was created within the National System of Certification by the joint Order of the Ministry Environment Protection and the State Standard Agency. Ten international standards ISO 14000 adopted by the country have been used to develop the package of guidance and methodological documents of the Sub-System of Environmental Certification. Majority of the largest enterprises of the country have already introduced ISO 14001-2000. This work is being continued now.






Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures

The measures taken for reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes subject to the transboundary movement are the same as the measures taken for reduction and/or elimination of hazardous waste generation.




Disposal/

Recovery Facilities

Disposal facilities

Complex on processing and landfilling of toxic and industrial waste of Gomel Region; Landfilling; Dl







Recovery/recycling/re-use facilities

Institution "BELNIC ECOLOGY", V. Khoruzhey Str.31a Minsk 220002 tel: (375 17) 234 76 097 23478 09 tel/fax (375 17) 23478 09 e-mail: belnic@mail.belpak.by Field of assistance: management of hazardous and other waste, environmentally safe technologies, Assessment of Waste Disposal Possibilities.






Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements

Multilateral Agreement on Unified Terms of Transit through the Territories of States-Members of the Custom Union; BY, KZ, RU, KG; 22.01.1998 -

Regional Agreement on the Monitoring of Transboundary Shipments of Hazardous and Other Wastes; Commonwealth of Independent States; 1996 -






Technical Assistance and Training Available

Institution "BELNIC ECOLOGY", V. Khoruzhey Str.31a Minsk 220002 tel: (375 17) 234 76 097 23478 09 tel/fax (375 17) 23478 09 e-mail: belnic@mail.belpak.by (Field of assistance: management of hazardous and other waste, environmentally safe technologies, Assessment of Waste Disposal Possibilities).


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