Inspect the circuit interrupter switches of the main panel of the circuit supplier of the air conditioning circuits
Inspect the level of resistance of the ground termination
SUB-STATION (Yearly Maintenance)
Inspect the resistance and connection points of the main supplier
Use an adequate cleaner on all ceramic parts such as the insulators, circuit interrupter switches, and terminals by covering these with a silicon paste for high tension
Inspect all the oil levels
Inspect the oil to determine the level of humidity
Carry out thermography studies on the transformers and main distribution
To be able to have evidence of the maintenance program referred to in this Annex “D”, the lessee must have records of this in a log book as well as the documented paperwork (contracts, maintenance policies, invoices, etc.).
With the purpose of maintaining the warranties of the equipment, the preventive maintenance should be executed by companies authorized by the manufacturer of each type of equipment. In the event that the lessee does not carry this out, the lessee assumes the responsibility of said maintenance and by consequence loses any right to file a claim for the warranty according to the terms of the manufacturers and therefore assumes the responsibility of replacing the equipment that is damaged.
Security in the Internal Traffic of the Industrial Park
Use of seatbelts when the vehicle is in circulation
Every automobile must in the very least have a liability insurance policy
Have a driving license in compliance to the type of vehicle the driver uses
Make a complete STOP at the four corners and yield to the first vehicle that arrived
Respect maximum speed limit that is permitted within the park which is 40 Km/h
Maintain a distance of 10 meters between each vehicle.
When an individual is driving a vehicle, it is prohibited to consume beverages and food, smoke, speak on a cell phone without a hands-free accessory, carry a child in his/her arms, and be intoxicated by alcohol and/or under the effects of drugs as well as carry out any other activity while conducting the vehicle
Turn on the headlights of the vehicle when it begins to get dark
Precaution must be taken when changing lanes and a turn light must be used
Heavy vehicles should only circulate on the right lane (slower circulation)
Heavy vehicles should not exceed their load capacity.
It is prohibited to park in spaces destined for the handicapped
Yield the way to pedestrians
Yield the way to vehicles such as: ambulances, fire engines, and patrol cars
Respect the pedestrian pathway zones
All vehicles that are parked incorrectly or abandoned on the public roadways shall be sanctioned and may be removed from traffic zones
High risk operations of the contractor/high risk activities
Mounting of steel structures
Management and disposal of wastes
Permits for cutting and welding
Formats and Annexes for work permits
Environmental Policies for Security and Hygiene (EHS):
“Construct, operate, and maintain zones and industrial spaces with a sustainable development, protection of the environment, and a strict application of security and hygiene measures.”
2. BASIC CONCEPTS OF SECURITY
Security must be understood as an integral concept. This cannot be separated from being associated with terms such as ecology, ergonomy, industrial hygiene, or protection of the installations
Security has to be a routine labor, incorporating everyday activities.
Not limit oneself to the strategy of “PUTTING OUT THE FIRE” every time a problem arises.
We need a change of attitude in regards to security that goes beyond that of avoiding accidents or their repetition.
Work Accidents. - Every immediate organic lesion or functional perturbation or even death, produced suddenly in the exercising of or work related which ever be the place or the time in which it occurs.
Incident. - This is any occurrence not desired or contemplated that can deteriorate or diminish the efficiency of the operation of the company. This is any occurrence.
Causes of Work Related Accidents. - These are those factors that when corrected on time would have avoided the occurrence of the accidents.
These are divided into Insecure Conditions and Insecure Acts
Insecure Conditions. - These are those physical factors of the work environment that can produce work related accidents.
Insecure Acts. - These are those factors that depend on the actions of the worker and can result in a work related accident.
Work Security. - A set of actions that can permit the finding and evaluation of the risks and establish the measures to prevent work related accidents.
Work Related Illness. - This is any pathological state derived from the continued action of a cause that has its origin or motive in the job or environment in which the worker is obligated to lend his services.
Contaminating Agents. - These are those that have the capacity to produce illnesses related to the job and may be grouped in the following manner: Chemical, biological, physical, Pschyco-social and ergonomic agents.
Hygiene at Work. - The discipline directed for the recognition, evaluation, and control of the agents to which the workers are exposed to at their work center and cause a work related illness.
3. GENERAL SECURITY RULES AND RECOMMENDATIONS. - The introduction of alcoholic beverages, enervating drugs, and any persons who are found to be under the influence of any substances to the work place are prohibited.
Any sharp weapons or firearms are strictly forbidden
No food or beverages in the work areas of the construction with the exception of the designated area for food
Radios or any apparatus that reproduces music or earphones are prohibited
Cameras or video equipment are not permitted unless they are required for the documentation of the progress of a work process and may be permitted under the guidelines of Location Security.
Smoking is not permitted in any building (including the floor of the building or the roof). Smoking is only permitted in the designated areas.
Playful activities, playing jokes on others, and fighting are prohibited.
The barricaded areas are considered to be danger zones and must be respected as such. Admittance to these areas is prohibited if there is no corresponding authorization given.
Protective coverings may be located over openings in the floor providing that the barricades are adequate and the coverings are well secured. All the coverings must be marked with the word “HOLE” or “COVERING” to provide a warning of risk.
Nobody is permitted entrance to the establishment without the corresponding identification.
It is not permitted to block exit doors.
It is prohibited to throw or fling materials from one level to another.
Toxic chemical substances or any other type of pollutants may not be disposed of in the drainage or sewage systems.
All gas and other liquid chemical substances tanks must remain in secondary disposal containers.
It is not permitted to travel in the back of pickups or trucks.
Any driver of a vehicle on the property of the company is responsible for his driving and use of insurance. The proprietor of the vehicle must promptly correct any faulty brakes, lights, and exhaust systems. It is required that the driver have a valid driver’s license and that the vehicle have valid license plates. All traffic regulations must be obeyed and the pedestrians have the right of way.
All deliveries and use of special equipment shall be through the designated areas. All contractors must program and coordinate the deliveries to minimize the necessity of storing materials before their installation.
The area’s air monitoring and air quality for its personnel are the responsibility of the contractor according to the local, federal, and state regulations.
4. PERSONAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT
The PPE is a collection of personal elements and devices that are specifically designed to protect the worker against accidents and illnesses that could be caused by reasons of their work activities.
In the event that a risk necessity is established, the use of work clothes with specific characteristics is mandatory, and these shall be considered as personal protection equipment.
The procedures for the personal protective equipment must be based on the manufacturers’, suppliers’ or distributors’ recommendations, instruction booklets, procedures, and manuals.
Security helmets are required at all times in the construction’s work area.
Adequate protection for the eyes and face must be used that comply with ANSI-Z87 at all times. The protective eyewear must as a minimum have the lateral protection.
Security shoes must be used at all the project’s sites. Leather or canvas tennis shoes are not permitted (even though they are equipped with steel caps) or sandals.
Protective auditory devices must be used appropriately in work areas where the levels exceed the established standards.
Appropriate work gloves should be used to carry out certain activities to avoid injuries.
Appropriate ventilators must be utilized when there is an excess of dust, fog, smoke, gases, or other atmospheric impurities present.
Security harnesses and security guides or retractable life lines must be used when a person is working in work surfaces that are not protected or at an altitude greater than 6 feet / 1.8 m. where there exists a risk of falling (Note: the requirements of the site can limit this potential risk to a fall of a longitude of 4 feet/1.2 m). The security guidelines or retractable life lines must be well-secured, the separate life lines and the independently connected lines must be attached to locations that can support the load of a potential fall.
Appropriate personal protective equipment must be used for welding or heat related work.
Welding screens must be used when this activity is in close proximity to other employees.
Protective electric insulation equipment must be used such as rubber gloves, covers, hoses, boots, etc. These must be inspected before they are used.
High visibility vests or other adequate clothing that is marked or manufactured with reflective materials or of high visibility must be used when working in the streets or near excavation equipment.
5. ORDERLINESS AND CLEANLINESS
Contractors are responsible for cleaning and removing any dangerous or non-dangerous residue generated at the site. Every Contractor should be responsible for the maintenance of the areas where the work is carried out so that it is free of any waste material, rubbish, and trash. Work is not considered to be finished until all the waste materials have been removed and the work area has been returned to a clean and orderly condition. The waste materials must be disposed of away from the site.
All nails that emerge from any wood, panels, etc. should be removed or bent before it is stored or piled.
Tags, packing material, paper cups, and sawdust that are in the wood cutting areas should be collected daily and put into the proper containers.
All sharp objects (Scrap from sheet metal, glass, glass containers, and metallic debris must be collected daily and put into containers.
It should be avoided to put rubbish and other obstacles in the streets, sidewalks, hallways, and other routes of passage of other persons.
There should be sufficient time allotted daily for adequate cleaning of the work area. All waste materials must be put into containers designed for waste materials.
All stored materials must be conserved in an orderly manner at all times.
An appropriate container for the collection of waste materials must be provided and the floor must be protected when oil is used to cut, or other substances such as soldering flux, hydraulic oil, and other liquids are used. In the event of a large spill, barriers must be immediately installed to acceptably contain said spill.
The portable ladders are unique in that they provide opportunities to commit unsafe acts and have insecure conditions. The employees that use these ladders must be trained for the appropriate selection, inspection, use, and storage. The inappropriate use of these ladders is a major cause of a great percentage of the accidents that occur in the work place.
Use of ladders.- Ladders are used as a means of traffic for differences in height and as places to get a job done in a brief period of time. The use of the ladders as a work place that is located at an altitude and as a means of traffic has to be limited to circumstances under which another use of these means is not justified due to the following:
Less time of use
The most common risk factors are:
Falling to the same level of height and tumbling down from the ladder
These risk factors have the following as the most common causes:
Ladders are in bad condition
Inadequate ladders for work to be done and the improper use of this equipment
Incorrect positioning of the ladders
Types of ladders:
Step ladders: Portable, generally made of wood, aluminum, or fiber glass.
A-Frame ladders: Composed of two parts joined by hinges.
Extension ladder: Formed by two sections with accessories to extend to higher altitudes.
The improper use of ladders provokes too many accidents. Every ladder that is notably deteriorated must be replaced and destroyed.
Preventive measures. - The use of metallic and wood ladders is prohibited. All ladders must be Heavy Duty and of industrial resistance. The use of fiberglass ladders and a combination of aluminum and fiber glass is accepted. Handmade wooden ladders in the work place are only allowed if they are approved.
A-Frame ladders must be completely open. They cannot be used as single section ladders.
All single section and extension ladders must be tied to make them more secure. The single section and extension ladders must be three feet more in length than the highest support point. The base of the ladder must be located at least one-fourth of the height of the ladder; this measurement is taken from the base to the support point.
Any ladder that has defects must be removed from service and destroyed (vertically) or repaired to the original specifications.
Never place a ladder in blind spots (door, pathway, or hallways) or in exit routes unless they have the appropriate barricades or barriers.
Ladders should be inspected periodically for the purpose of detecting faults in their structures: slashes, loose parts, or unhooked parts.
Install the ladders on a stable surface, against a solid and fixed surface, and in a manner in which they cannot slip or seesaw.
Carry the ladders at least one meter above the work floor.
Verify that the separation from the foot of the ladder to the support surface is correct. Ladders must not be used to mount scaffolding, work floors, or footbridges.
Make it impossible for an A-Frame ladder to slide by means of chains or ropes and not use the last step.
The support angle should be such that the base remains separated from its support point by an arch that is equivalent to ¼ of its height.
The ascent and descent of a ladder must be by the front side of said ladder.
Extension ladders must have an overlap of at least five steps.
7. TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT
The use of tools and equipment makes work much easier. However, the same tools and equipment that help us, if used or conserved incorrectly may create important risk factors in the different jobs of our work. The employees who use the tools and equipment must be properly trained to use them, make adjustments, store them correctly, and give them the correct maintenance.
Preventive Measures. - Defective tools and equipment must be removed from service and be properly repaired before they are used again.
Machinery, tools (including polishers and grinders), and equipment with gears, bands, power transmitters, couplings, etc., that are exposed should not be maneuvered without the effective guards in place.
The use of equipment propelled by gasoline and propane inside a building is prohibited.
The motor of a vehicle with internal combustion must not be left running if the vehicle is unattended unless this is necessary for the required operation of that unit. To be left unattended means that the operator has left his place for the normal control of the vehicle.
All mobile equipment must be equipped with a reverse sensing system.
Store or place all equipment and materials in a manner that they do not create a risk of falling or stumbling or blocking the accesses to the fire extinguishers or emergency exits.
8. COMPRESSED GAS CYLINDERS
The tools and equipment that are defective must be put out of service and must be properly repaired before being used again.
To avoid accidental slipping, compressed gas cylinders must be kept in a vertical position and secured whether they are empty or full. The verification that the safety caps of the valves are positioned must be done when the cylinders are not in use. The valve must be closed on empty cylinders.
When the cylinders are moved, this must be done by a proper crane, cradle, raft, or platform. Slings or hooks cannot be used.
When cylinders are not in use, these should be secured and covered.
If the cylinders are not used during a 24 hour period, these must be put into storage and must be secured, covered, and separated. Oxygen and combustible tanks must be separated by a minimum of 20’ or 5’ in height or a barrier of a ½ hour resistance for fire.
Direct the mouth of the extinguisher to the base of the fire
Tighten the handle
Move from side to side (sweeping the base of the fire)
10. PROTECTION FROM FALLS
Falling from high attitudes frequently causes severe injuries and deaths at the work place. Fortunately, the protection equipment against falls can help avoid these accidents, but many workers do not use this equipment. In some cases the problem consists in that the equipment is used, but it is used incorrectly. These accidents can only be avoided if each worker does his part. The worker is the one that has to attach himself every time there is the risk of suffering a fall.
All workers in an area where falls are likely to happen from a height of more than 6 feet (1.8 m) must use the proper protection equipment against falls. This protective equipment includes: