Dan’s Course on Islam



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14.2

Can God be Seen?


The Unseen One
Does God have a form or shape? (See Batin and Latif)
Bakara 2:255 ***

An'âm 6:3 & 103 ***

A'râf 7:54 & 143 ???

Hajj 22:63

Hadîd 57:3

Mulk 67:14

Qiyâmah 75:22-24 ???

Insân 76:10

Ikhlâs 112:4

------------------------------

Genesis 3:8

Genesis 4:16

Deuteronomy 4:15-19

Exodus 3:1-6

Exodus 33:14-15 & 18-23

Numbers 12:8

1 Kings 22:19

Job 23:8-9


Luke 24:39

John 1:18

Romans 1:20

Colossians 1:15

1 Timothy 1:17

1 Timothy 6:16


God's spiritual form and shape in the Bible:
1. God has a spiritual body.
Numbers 12:8

Psalms 17:15


John 5:37
2. Man was created in the image of God.
Genesis 1:26

Genesis 1:27


3. Men and angels come before the presence of God:
Genesis 3:8

Genesis 4:16

Numbers 20:6-7

1 Chronicles 16:27 & 33

Job 1:12

Job 2:7


Jonah 1:3

Luke 1:19


4. God ate food with Abraham:
Genesis 18:1, 8, 22 & 33
5. Joshua wrestled with God:
Genesis 32:24 & 30
6. 74 Jews ate food with God:
Exodus 24:1-11
7. Moses talked with God face to face:
A'râf 7:143
Exodus 33:11 & 14

John 9:29

Acts 7:44
Moses saw the back side of God:
Exodus 33:18-23
8. Joshua and all of Israel saw God:
Joshua 5:13-15
9. Joash's son Gideon saw God:
Judges 6:11-23
10. Manoah and his wife saw God:
Judges 13:2-23
11. David and the elders saw God:
1 Chronicles 21:16-17
12. Job saw God:
Job 42:5
13. Isaiah saw God and described Him:
Isaiah 6:13
14. Amos heard and saw God:
Amos 9:1
15. Ezekiel described God:
Ezekiel 1:1-18
16. Daniel described God: even His clothes, body and hair:
Daniel 7:9-14

Daniel 10:5-6


17. Steven saw the Son of Man standing at the right side of God:
Acts 7:56
18. John described God:
Revelation 4:2-5, 5:1-7
19. Everyone will see God:
Psalms 17:15

Isaiah 40:5

Isaiah 45:23

Matthew 5:8

Hebrews 12:14

Revelation 21:3-4

Revelation 22:4
20. Anthropomorphism: Greek: "antropos" man and "morphe" form. God is described in human terms.
1) Back:
Exodus 33:23
2) Heart:
Genesis 6:6 & 8:21
3) Hands:
Mâ'ida 5:64

Sâd 38:74-75

------------------------------

Psalms 102:25

Isaiah 65:2
Hebrews 1:10
4) Fingers:
Exodus 31:18

Psalms 8:3-6


5) Right hand:
Revelation 5:1-7
6) Face:
Rahmân 55:27

------------------------------

Genesis 32:30

Exodus 33:11

Numbers 14:14

Deuteronomy 34:10

Judges 6:21-24
Revelation 22:3-4
7) Mouth:
Numbers 12:8

Isaiah 1:20


8) Lips:
Isaiah 11:4
9) Tongue:
Isaiah 30:27
10) Foot:
Genesis 3:8

Exodus 24:10

Psalms 8:6

Ezekiel 1:27

11) Eyes:
Qamar 54:14

------------------------------

1 Kings 8:29

2 Chronicles 16:9

Psalms 11:4
Psalms 18:24

Psalms 33:18


12) Ears:
Nehemiah 1:6

Psalms 18:6 & 34:15


13) Head:
Daniel 7:9
14) Hair:
Daniel 7:9
15) Arm:
Psalms 44:3
John 12:38
16) Waist:
Ezekiel 1:26-28 & 8:1-4
17) Voice:
Psalms 29:3-9
18) Breath:
Genesis 2:7
19) Appearance:
Psalms 11:7
20) He can eat food:
Genesis 18:1-8

Exodus 24:11

21) He sits on a throne:
Bakara 2:255

A'râf 7:54

Ra'd 13:2

Taha 20:4-5

Hâqqa 69:17

------------------------------

Psalms 110:1
Matthew 22:44

Acts 2:34

Acts 7:56

Ephesians 1:20

Hebrews 1:8

Hebrews 8:1

Revelation 3:21
22) He wears clothes:
Daniel 7:9-14
23) He can listen:
Genesis 2:1-4

Hebrews 4:4


24) He lives in a city:
John 14:1-3
25) He can walk:
Genesis 3:8

Genesis 18:1-8, 22 & 33


26) He can ride a horse:
Psalms 18:10 & 68:17

Ezekiel 1:1-28


27) He has a form and shape:
Genesis 1:26 & 9:6

1 Corinthians 11:7

James 3:9
28) He has a special form:
Philippians 2:5-7
29) He has shape:
John 5:37
30) He has a spiritual body:
Daniel 7:9-14 & 10:5-19

Isaiah 6:1-13

Ezekiel 1:1-28

Revelation 4:1-11


31) He has personality:
Job 13:8

Hebrews 1:3


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++




Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 35-37

14.3

Could God Become a Man?
6:9.....Had We appointed an angel (as our messenger), We assuredly had made him (as) a man (that he might speak to men)...

(Pickthall)


14.4

How or by whom was the Qur'an given?
The Lord of the Worlds

Shu'arâ 26:192


The Holy Spirit

Nahl 16:102


The Spirit of Truth

Shu'arâ 26:193


Gabriel

Bakara 2:97



Not the devils

Shu'arâ 26:210


Not the word of Muhammad

Hâqqa 69:40 & 44-47








Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, p. 5.

14.5

The Creation of Man



1.

God created man in his own image and likeness:


Hijr 15:26

Sajda 32:9

------------------------------

Genesis 1:26

Genesis 1:27

Genesis 5:1

Genesis 9:6

Psalms 8:5


Luke 3:38
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

Man is one being but consisting of three parts; Body, Soul and Spirit:


Leviticus 17:11

Psalms 146:4

Ecclesiastes 12:7
1 Thessalonians 5:23

Hebrews 4:12


The Body:

Can feel


(flesh, bone and blood)
Bakara 2:259

Hajj 22:5 & 37

Mu'minûn 23:14 & 78

Sajda 32:9

Hujurât 49:12 ***

Mulk 67:23

------------------------------

Genesis 3:19

Genesis 6:3

Leviticus 17:11

Job 14:22

Ecclesiastes 3:19-22

Ecclesiastes 12:7
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The Soul:

Can Sense

(gives man the breath of life)
Nisâ' 4:111

Mâ'ida 5:45

An'âm 6:98

Yûsuf 12:53

Anbiya 21:30

Rum 30:19

Luqmân 31:10 & 28

Zumar 39:6-7

Qâf 50:16 ***

Qiyâmah 75:2 & 26-30

------------------------------

Genesis 1:30

Genesis 2:7

Genesis 6:17

Genesis 7:15

Genesis 12:5

Leviticus 17:11

Judges 10:16

Deuteronomy 12:23

Joshua 11:11

1 Samuel 25:29

Isaiah 55:3

Jeremiah 38:16

Ezekiel 18:4


Mark 8:36

John 10:15

Acts 2:41

1 Corinthians 15:45

3 John 2

Revelation 6:9-11

Revelation 20:4

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



The Spirit:

Can Know

(thought, intelligence, will, moral and logical capacity)
Isra 17:85

Sajda 32:9

------------------------------

Numbers 11:17 & 25

Numbers 16:22

Numbers 27:16

2 Samuel 23:2

Job 32:8 & 18

Psalms 51:10

Proverbs 29:11

Ecclesiastes 3:21

Ecclesiastes 12:7

Isaiah 19:3

Isaiah 40:13

Zechariah 12:1
1 Corinthians 5:3-4

Hebrews 12:23


Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 128-129.


14.6

Reasons for the Death Penalty in the Old Testament


1. Murder:
Genesis 9:6

Exodus 21:12-14, 20 & 23

Leviticus 24:17 & 21

Numbers 35:16-34

Deuteronomy 19:1-21

------------------------------

2. Kidnapping:
Exodus 21:16

Deuteronomy 24:7

------------------------------

3. Sacrificing to idols:


Exodus 22:20

------------------------------

4. Offering children to idols:
Leviticus 20:1-5

------------------------------

5. Witchcraft:
Exodus 22:18

------------------------------

6. Reading fortunes:
Leviticus 20:6 & 27

------------------------------

7. Swearing against the Lord:
Leviticus 24:10-16 & 23

------------------------------

8. Coming against the Lord:
Numbers 15:30-31

------------------------------

9. False prophets:
Deuteronomy 13:1-18

Deuteronomy 18:20

------------------------------

10. Leading people away from God:


Deuteronomy 13:6-18

------------------------------

11. Not keeping the Sabbath:
Exodus 31:14

Exodus 35:2

Numbers 15:32-36

------------------------------

12. Entering the tabernacle unclean:
Numbers 19:13 & 20

------------------------------

13. Sacrificing animals in places other than in front of the tabernacle:
Leviticus 17:1-9

------------------------------

14. Foreigners entering the tabernacle:
Numbers 3:10

Numbers 18:3-7

------------------------------

15. Working on the day of Atonement and not afflicting your soul:


Leviticus 23:28-29

------------------------------

16. Eating the sacrificed meat after the appointed time:
Leviticus 19:5-8

------------------------------

17. Sacrificing and eating an unclean animal:
Leviticus 7:20-21

------------------------------

18. Drinking blood or eating

uncooked meat:


Leviticus 17:10-14

------------------------------

19. Remaining uncircumcised:
Genesis 17:14

Exodus 4:24-25

------------------------------

20. Eating leavened bread during the feast of unleavened bread:


Exodus 12:15 & 19

------------------------------

21. Taking a journey during the feast of unleavened bread:
Numbers 9:13

------------------------------

22. Showing disrespect for holy things:
Leviticus 22:3

------------------------------

23. Putting holy oil on foreigners:
Exodus 30:33

------------------------------

24. Producing the holy oil:
Exodus 30:33

------------------------------

25. Adultery:
Leviticus 20:10

Deuteronomy 22:22-30

------------------------------

26. Homosexuals:


Leviticus 20:13

------------------------------

27. Having sex with a woman during her menstrual period:
Leviticus 20:18

------------------------------

28. Prostitutes:
Leviticus 21:9

Deuteronomy 22:21-22

------------------------------

29. Having sex with a near

relative:
Leviticus 18:6-29

Leviticus 20:11-22

------------------------------

30. Having sex with an animal:


Exodus 22:19

Leviticus 18:23-29

Leviticus 20:15-16

------------------------------

31. Being irresponsible for your animal that kills someone else
Exodus 21:27-29

------------------------------

32. Striking mother or father:
Exodus 21:15

------------------------------

33. Cursing your mother or father:
Exodus 21:17

Leviticus 20:9

------------------------------

34. A stubborn or rebellious son:


Deuteronomy 21:18-23

------------------------------

35. A glutton or a drunkard:
Deuteronomy 21:20-23
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 140-141.


14.7

Reasons for the death penalty in the Qur'an

1. Murder:


Bakara 2:178 ***

Nisâ' 4:92-93

Mâ'ida 5:32
2. Fighting against Allah or Muhammad:
Mâ'ida 5:33
Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, p. 142.
14.8

How are penalties applied in the New Testament?
Romans 13:1-7

1 Timothy 1:8-10

James 2:10-13

James 4:11-12

1 Peter 2:13-15
Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 142.
14.9

About Homosexuality and Sexual Perverts
Nisâ' 4:16

A'râf 7:81

Hûd 11:77-83

Hijr 15:69-72

Shu'arâ 26:165-166

Naml 27:54-55 ***

Ankabut 29:28-29

-------------------------------

Genesis 18:20

Genesis 19:5 & 13

Leviticus 18:22-23

Leviticus 20:13

Deuteronomy 22:5

Deuteronomy 23:17

Judges 19:22

1 Kings 14:24


Romans 1:24-28

Romans 2:15

1 Corinthians 6:9-11

Ephesians 5:3-12

1 Timothy 1:9-10

2 Timothy 2:22

2 Peter 2:6

James 1:13-15

Jude 1:7
Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, p. 135.
14.10

Heaven


1.

Heaven is eternal:


Al-i Imran 3:198

Nisâ' 4:57

Furqân 25:15

Qâf 50:34

------------------------------

Isaiah 66:22-24

Jeremiah 31:37
2 Corinthians 5:1-2

Hebrews 12:22-23 & 28

Hebrews 13:8 & 14

1 Peter 1:3-4

2 Peter 3:13

Revelation 21:1-27

Revelation 22:5
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

The dimensions of Heaven:


Hadîd 57:21

------------------------------

Jeremiah 33:22

Hebrews 12:22-23

Revelation 21:9-27
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

According to the Bible there will not be marriage nor sexual relations in heaven; but according to the Qur'an there is:


Bakara 2:25 & 259 ***

Al-i Imran 3:15

Nisâ' 4:57

Nahl 16:31

Yasin 36:55-56

Saaffat 37:48-49

Sâd 38:52

Zukhruf 43:70

Dukhân 44:54

Tûr 52:20 ***

Rahmân 55:55-56, 70, 72, 74 & 76

Wâqi'a 56:22-23 & 35-38

Nebe 78:33 ***

------------------------------

Matthew 22:23-33

Mark 12:18-25

Luke 20:27-36

1 Corinthians 15:35-50

Revelation 22:12-17
4.

The Gardens of Eden:


Tauba 9:72

Ra'd 13:23

Nahl 16:31

Kahf 18:31

Maryam 19:62

Taha 20:76

Fâtir 35:33

Sâd 38:50

Mü'min 40:8

Saff 61:12

Bayyina 98:8

------------------------------

Genesis 2:8

Ezekiel 28:13

Ezekiel 36:35

Joel 2:3


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Other descriptions of Heaven:


A.

Gardens of delight:


Wâqi'a 56:10-38

------------------------------

B.

Gardens of Bliss:


Mâ'ida 5:65

------------------------------

C.

Gardens of grapes:


An'âm 6:99

------------------------------

D.

Gardens of Eden:


Tauba 9:72

------------------------------

E.

Gardens thick with foliage:


Nebe 78:16 & 32

------------------------------

F.

Gardens of Retreat:


Sajda 32:19

------------------------------

G.

Gardens of Paradise:


Kahf 18:107

------------------------------

The Blessings of Heaven
A.

Gardens of beauty are promised:


Naml 27:60

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

B.

Fruits of the date-palm, grapes, husked grain and scented herbs are promised:


Nahl 16:67

Rahmân 55:11-13

-----------------------------

Revelation 22:2


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

C.

Gardens beneath which rivers flow are promised:


Buru 85:11

------------------------------

Revelation 22:1-2
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

D.

Gardens in which pure water, milk and wine flow.


Muhammad 47:15

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

E.

Allah has promised pure wine mixed with water of Tansy.


Insane 76:18

Mutaffifîn 83:25-28 ***

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

F.

Allah has promised fine green silk and gold embroidered raiment:


Insane 76:21

Dukhân 44:53

------------------------------

Revelation 3:4-5 & 18

Revelation 4:4

Revelation 6:11

Revelation 7:9 & 13

Revelation 15:6

Revelation 19:8 & 14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

G.

Allah has promised to give youthful servants to attend to your needs:


Insane 76:19

------------------------------

H.

Allah has promised thorn less lute-trees, clustered plantains, spreading shade, water gushing, fruit in plenty and raised couches with virgins who serve as loving companions:


Wâqi'a 56:28-39

------------------------------

Matthew 22:30
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

I.

Allah has promised there will be no idle talk and no sinful speech:


Wâqi'a 56:25

------------------------------

Revelation 22:11 & 14-15
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

J.

Allah has promised that there will be no fear or grief in heaven:


Ahqâf 46:13-14

------------------------------

Revelation 7:17

Revelation 21:4


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

K.

Can people in heaven talk with people who are in hell?


A'râf 7:44 & 50-51

Saaffat 37:50-59

Muddaththir 74:39-48

------------------------------

Luke 16:19-31
Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 191-192.


14.11

Hell


1.

There is a Hell:


Nisâ' 4:45

Hûd 11:106

Ibrahim 14:16-17 & 50

Furqân 25:12-13

Saaffat 37:62-68

Qâf 50:42-43

Rahmân 55:44

Mulk 67:7-8

Hâqqa 69:30-32

------------------------------

Psalms 9:17

Psalms 52:5

Proverbs 9:13-18

Daniel 12:2


Matthew 5:29-30

Matthew 12:31-32

Matthew 25:46

Mark 3:29

Mark 9:48

Luke 16:26

Hebrews 6:4-6

Hebrews 10:26-29

2 Peter 2:17

Jude 1:13

Revelation 14:10-11

Revelation 19:20

Revelation 20:10-15

Revelation 21:8


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

Is punishment in hell temporary or eternal?


Eternal
Bakara 2:39 & 80-81

Nisâ' 4:93

Yûnus 10:52

Taha 20:74

Mu'minûn 23:103

Sajda 32:14

Fussilat 41:28

Zukhruf 43:74

A'lâ 87:12-13
Temporary
An'âm 6:128

A'râf 7:46-47

Hûd 11:106-107

Maryam 19:68-72

Nebe 78:23

------------------------------

Daniel 12:2
Matthew 18:8

Matthew 25:41

Matthew 25:46

Mark 3:29

Mark 9:43-48

Luke 16:19-26

Revelation 14:9-11
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

Is there such a place a purgatory?


Bakara 2:80

A'râf 7:46-47

Hûd 11:106-107

Maryam 19:71-72 ***

------------------------------

Hebrews 9:27

Revelation 20:11-15
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

According to the Sacred Books, those who are found on the right side are the saved; those on the left are the damned.


Vakia 56:8-9 27-56

Muddaththir 74:39-40

Balad 90:20

------------------------------

Matthew 25:31-41
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

The Punishment in Hell


A.

Those found in hell suffer eternal punishment; they are fed on disgusting food.


Saaffat 37:62-64

Sâd 38:57

Wâqi'a 56:42-44 & 51-56

Muzzammil 73:12-13

------------------------------

B.

There are different kinds of torment in hell:


Sâd 38:56-64

------------------------------

C.

People in hell drink boiling hot water:


Wâqi'a 56:52-54

------------------------------

D.

People in hell are bound in chains in a blazing fire, with garments of liquid pitch, their faces covered with fire:


Ibrahim 14:49-50

Qari'a 101:10-11

------------------------------

E.

People in hell have their faces in fire; they are the fuel of hell.


Furqân 25:34

Naml 27:90

Jinn 72:15

------------------------------

F.

People in hell will be heated and branded with their treasures they used to store up on earth:


Tauba 9:34-35

------------------------------

G.

People cast into hell are despised, abandoned, hopeless and forgotten.


Isra 17:39

Saba 34:54

Jathiya 45:34

------------------------------

H.

People in hell will not be looked upon by God, they have no hope of God's mercy; God will never pardon them.


Al-i Imran 3:77

Ankabut 29:23

Muhammad 47:34

------------------------------

I.

Those who have gone astray will be delivered over to the guardians of hell:


Alaq 96:18

------------------------------

J.

Those who have gone astray will suffer a greater punishment in hell than on earth:


Qalam 68:33

------------------------------

K.

Those who have gone astray will be bound with heavy chains in blazing fire with choking food and a painful doom.


Muzzammil 73:12-13

------------------------------

L.

Those who have gone astray will be questioned about the pleasures they indulged in:


Takathur 102:8

------------------------------

M.

Those who have gone astray will be enclosed in fire.


Humaza 104:6-9

------------------------------

N.

Most people are going to hell:


Mâ'ida 5:49

A'râf 7:179

Hûd 11:17 & 119 ***

Yûsuf 12:103 ***

Sajda 32:13

------------------------------

Matthew 7:13-14

John 3:16-18

2 Peter 3:9
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Wickwire, A Comparative Analysis of the Similarities and Differences Between the Bible and the Qur’an, pp. 193-194.


14.12

Open Challenge to All Muslims

1. Produce statements from the Quran where Jesus allegedly says the following:



  1. I am not God.

  2. I am not the Son of God.

  3. I did not come to die for your sins.

  4. I did not come to rise from the dead on the third day.

Quoting verses where the author of the Quran denies that Jesus is God, God’s Son etc., will not satisfy our challenge since these aren’t the words of Jesus but the personal opinion of the writer of the Quran.

If the Muslims fail to meet these challenges then this proves that the Quran does not deny the Deity of Christ since it never once quotes him as ever expressly saying that he is not God, the Son of God etc.

2. Make sure to produce these statements in Jesus’ original Aramaic tongue, in the language that he spoke while on earth. We will not accept any statements supposedly made by Jesus in Arabic since he never spoke Arabic, especially the Quraishi dialect of Arabic which the Quran is supposed to have been written in:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:


Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman came to Uthman at the time when the people of Sham and the people of Iraq were waging war to conquer Arminya and Adharbijan. Hudhaifa was afraid of their (the people of Sham and Iraq) differences in the recitation of the Qur'an, so he said to ‘Uthman, "O chief of the Believers! Save this nation before they differ about the Book (Quran) as Jews and the Christians did before." So 'Uthman sent a message to Hafsa saying, "Send us the manuscripts of the Qur'an so that we may compile the Qur'anic materials in perfect copies and return the manuscripts to you." Hafsa sent it to ‘Uthman. ‘Uthman then ordered Zaid bin Thabit, ‘Abdullah bin AzZubair, Said bin Al-As and ‘AbdurRahman bin Harith bin Hisham to rewrite the manuscripts in perfect copies. ‘Uthman said to the three Quraishi men, "In case you disagree with Zaid bin Thabit on any point in the Qur'an, then write it in the dialect of Quraish, the Qur'an was revealed in their tongue." They did so, and when they had written many copies, ‘Uthman returned the original manuscripts to Hafsa. ‘Uthman sent to every Muslim province one copy of what they had copied, and ordered that all the other Qur'anic materials, whether written in fragmentary manuscripts or whole copies, be burnt. Said bin Thabit added, "A Verse from Surat Ahzab was missed by me when we copied the Qur'an and I used to hear Allah's Apostle reciting it. So we searched for it and found it with Khuzaima bin Thabit Al-Ansari. (That Verse was): ‘Among the Believers are men who have been true in their covenant with Allah.’" (33.23) (Sahih al-Bukhari, Volume 6, Book 61, Number 510)

http://www.answering-islam.org/Shamoun/challenge_not_god.htm




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