Dan’s Course on Islam



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21.41

Seven Reasons Why Christians

Do Not Believe in the Qur’an
1.

According to the Bible God chose to reveal His Holy Books only through the agency of the Jews. Muhammed was not a Jew. He was an illiterate Arab from the tribe of Quraish. (A’raf 7:157--158)

Romans 3:1--2 What advantage then, hath the Jew? Or what profit is there of circumcision? Much every way, chiefly because unto them were committed the oracles of God.

Romans 9:3--5 For I could wish that I myself were accursed from Christ for my brethren, my kinsmen according to the flesh, who are Israilites; to whom pertaineth the adoption, and the glory, and the covenants, and the giving of the law, and the service of God, and the promises; Whose are the fathers, amd of whom, as concerning the flesh, Christ came, who is over all, God blessed forever. Amen.

2.

Muhammed’s message was not in agreement with the message of Jesus and the other the prophets of the Bible. (Nisa 4 :157)

Isaiah 8:16, 20 Bind up the testimony ; seal the law among my disciples... To the law and to the testimony; if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.

Galations 1 :8--9 But though we, or an angel from heaven, preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you, let him be accursed… If any man preach any other gospel unto you… accursed.

1 Corinthians 14:32--33 And the spirits of the prophets are subject to the prophets. For God is not the author of confusion but of peace.

3.

Other than Muhammad’s own testimony, there are no other prophets who confirmed his prophethood. A self-proclaimed witness is not vaild.

John 5:31--33 If I bear witness of myself my witness is not true. There is another that beareth witness of me; and I know that the witness which he witnesseth of me is true. Ye sent unto John, and he bore witness unto the truth.

John 5:36, 39 But I have a greater witness than that of John; for the works which the Father hath given me to finish, the same works that I do, bear witness of me, that the Father hath sent me... Search the scriptures

4.

Muhammad did not do any obvious miracles like Jesus and the other prophets. (En’am 6 :37, Yunus 10:20, Ankebut 29 :50)

John 14:11 Believe me that I am in the Father, and the Father in me; or else believe me for the very work’s sake.

John 20:30--31 And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples, which are not written in this book; But these are written, that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God; and that believing ye might have life through his name.

5.

Muhammad did not have a spirit of prophecy like Jesus and the other prophets. (En’am 6:50, A’raf 7:188, Sad 38:69--70, Jinn 72:26--28)

1 Samuel 9:9 Previously in Israel, when a man went to inquire of God, thus he spoke, Come, and let us go to the seer; for he that is now called a prophet was formerly called a seer.

Revelation 19:10 Worship God; for the testimony of Jesus is the spirit of prophecy.

6.

The Canon of Scripture was closed with the book of Revelation. Revelation 22:18 For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book, If any man shall add unto these things, God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book.

7.

The teachings of the Qur’an are diametrically opposed to the teachings of the Bible and propogate the spirit of Anti-Christ.

1 John 2:22--23 Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son.

1 John 4:1--3 Beloved, believe not every spirit, but test the spirits whether they are of God; because many false prophets are gone out into the world. By this know ye the Spirit of God: every spirit that confesseth that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is of God; and every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God; and that is the spirit of antichrist, of which ye have heard that it should come, and even now already is it in the world.
21.42

Bibliography
Atay, Prof. Dr. Hüseyin, Kur’ân’a Göre Araştırmalar – I, Ankara, Semih

Ofset, 1993.

Benson, R., İncîl-i Barnaba: Bilimsel Bir Araştırma, İstanbul: 1985.

Bruce, F.F., Prof. Dr., The New Testament Documents: Are They



Reliable?, Downers Grove, Illinois: Inter Varsity Press, 1964.

Bruce, F.F., Prof. Dr., The Canon of Scripture, Downers Grove, Illinois:

Inter Varsity Press, 1988.

Chafer, Prof. Dr. Lewis Sperry, Systematic Theology, 8 Vols., Dallas

Texas: Dallas Seminary Press, 1974.

Copi, İrving M. & Carl Cohen, Introduction to Logic, New York:

Macmillan Publishing Company, 1990.

Coxe, A. Cleveland, Ed., The Ante-Nicene Fathers, 10 Vols., Grand

Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company, 1979.

Dake, Finis Jennings, Dake’s Annotated Reference Bible, Lawrenceville,

Georgia: Dakes Bible Sales Inc. P.O. Box 1050, 1981.

Davidson, Prof. Dr. Samuel, The Hebrew Text of the Old



Testament, London, Samuel Bagster & Sons, 1859.

Geisler, Dr. Norman L and Nix, Dr. William E., A General Introduction



to the Bible, Chicago, Moody Press, 1968.

Gilchrist, John, Origins and Sources of the Gospel of Barnabas, Durban,

South Africa, Jesus to the Muslims, 1980.

Hill, Andrew E., Comp, Bakers Handbook of Bible List’s, Grand

Rapids: Baker Book House, 1981.

House, Prof. Dr. H. Wayne, Chronological and Background Charts of



the New Testament, Grand Rapids, 1982.

Jeffery, Grant, R., The Signature of God: Astonishing Biblical



Discoveries, Toronto, Ontario, Frontier Research Publications, 1997.

Keskioğlu, Dr.Osman, Nûzulünden İtibaren Kur’an-ı Kerim,

Ankara: Türkiye Diyanet Vakfı Yayınları, 1989.

Hıgab, Muhammad, God’s Attributes, Cario, Darel-Manar for

Publication, 1995.

Ibn İsma’il, Adan, The Belief of Isma’il, 2003.

McDowell, Dr. Josh, Evidence That Demands a Verdict: Historical

Evidences for the Christian Faith, Arrowhead Springs, California:

Campus Crusade for Christ International, 1972.

McDowell, Dr. Josh, The Best of Josh McDowell: A Ready Defense,

Comp. Bill Wilson, Nashville, Thomas Nelson Publishers, 1993.

Metzger, Bruce M., Prof. Dr., Editor, The Oxford Annotated

Apocrypha, Revised Standard Version, Expanded Edition, New

York, Oxford University Press, 1977.

Metzger, Bruce M., Prof. Dr., The Text of the New Testament, New

York: Oxford University Press, 1968.

Noyan, Dr. Bedri, Anadilimizle Manzum Türkçe Kur’an-ı Kerim,

Ankara: Ayyıldız Yayınları, 1991.

Pache, René, Prof. Dr., The Inspiration and Authority of

Scripture, Chicago: Moody Press, 1969.

Pfander, C.G., DD., The Mîzânu’l Haqq: Balance of Truth, W. St.

Clair Tisdall, London, Religious Tract Society, 1910.

Ragg, L. and L., The Gospel of Barnabas, Oxford, England,

Clarendon Press, 1907.

Ramm, Prof. Dr. Bernard, Protestant Christian Evidences, Chicago,

Moody Press, 1957.

Slick, Matthew J., When Was the Bible Written and Who Wrote it?,

Christian Apologetics & Research Ministry, www.carm.org.

Robinson, John A.T., “Redating the New Testament”, 1976,

www.scborromeo.org.

Thieme, R.B. Jr., Canonicity, Houston, Texas, Berachah

Publications, 1973.

Unger, Dr. Merill F., Unger’s Bible Handbook, Chicago: Moody Press,

1967.

Unger, Dr. Merill F., Unger’s Guide to the Bible, Wheaton, Illinois,



Tyndale House Publishers, 1974.

Walton, Robert Cliffort, Prof. Dr., Chronological and Background



Charts of Church History, Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing

House, 1986.

Walton, Robert Cliffort, Prof. Dr., Chronological and Background

Charts of the Old Testament, Grand Rapids, Zondervan Publishing

House, 1978.

Westcott B.F. ve F.J.A. Hort, The New Testament in the Original

Greek, Cambridge, Macmillan, 1882.

22.*

Historical Differences*
22.1

Fussilat 41:43
"O Prophet, nothing is said to you that has not already been said to the Messengers before you."
In spite of what the Qur'an says above, there are many important historical differences between the Bible and the Qur'an.
"If you are in doubt regarding what We have revealed to you, then ask those who have been reading the Book before you."
Yûnus 10:94

-------------------------------

Isaiah 8:20
Titus 1:13-14
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



22.2

Differences Concerning Creation:
1.

In the Bible only 3 heavens are mentioned; But in the Qur'an there are 7 heavens mentioned.


Bakara 2:29

Isra 17:44

Mu'minûn 23:17 & 86

Fussilat 41:12

Talâq 65:12

Mulk 67:3 & 5

Nûh 71:15-16

Naba' 78:12

------------------------------

2 Corinthians 12:2-3


In the Bible there are 3 heavens:
1. Clouds:
Genesis 1:8

Psalms 77:17-18

Psalms 104:2-3

2. The stars of the universe:


Genesis 15:5

Deuteronomy 1:10

Isaiah 13:10

Isaiah 14:13


3. A planet called heaven:
Isaiah 66:1
Luke 23:43

John 3:13

John 14:1-4

2 Corinthians 12:2-3

Philippians 3:20-21

Hebrews 12:22-29

Revelation 4:1-5:14

Revelation 21:2 & 10


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

"Do you indeed disbelieve in Him who created the world in two days? (in two stages) Then He ordained them seven heavens in two Days."


Fussilat 41:9 & 12 ***

Qâf 50:38 ???

------------------------------

Genesis 2:2-3


Hebrews 4:4
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

"And verily We created the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, in six days, and never were We touched by fatigue."


Hajj 22:47

Sajda 32:5

Qâf 50:38 ***

Ma'ârij 70:4

------------------------------

Genesis 2:2-3


Hebrews 4:4

Hebrews 4:10


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
22.3

Differences Concerning

Adam and Eve
1.

According to the Qur'an, the reason for Satan's being cast out of heaven, was that he refused to bow down to Adam as God commanded him to. However, in the Bible, the reason for Satan's expulsion from heaven is quite different. Furthermore, according to the Torah, the Zebur, the Injil, and the Qur'an, it is absolutely forbidden to bow down and prostrate oneself before anyone other than God himself.


The fall of Satan in the Qur'an:

Bakara 2:34 ***

A'râf 7:11-12

Hijr 15:28-34

Isra 17:61

Kahf 18:50

Sâd 38:73-76
Worship of anyone other than Allah is forbidden:

Al-i Imran 3:79-80

Yûsuf 12:40 ***

Isra 17:22-23

Mu'minûn 23:117

Naml 27:45

Yasin 36:60-64

Zukhruf 43:20-22

Dhâriyat 51:56

Jinn 72:18

------------------------------

The Fall of Satan

Isaiah 14:12-17

Ezekiel 28:11-19

------------------------------

Worship of any other forbidden:

Exodus 34:14

Deuteronomy 6:13


Matthew 4:9-10

Luke 4:6-8

Acts 10:25-262

Hebrews 2:5-9

Revelation 14:9-10

Revelation 19:10

Revelation 22:8-9
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

Was Eve created from Adam's rib or from mud?


Nisâ' 4:1

An'âm 6:2

A'râf 7:189

Rum 30:21

Sajda 32:7

Sâd 38:71

Zumar 39:6

------------------------------

Genesis 2:20-23
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

Who gave the animals their names, God or Adam?


Bakara 2:30-31 God

------------------------------

Genesis 2:19 Adam
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

Who drove Adam and Eve from the Garden? God or Satan?


Bakara 2:36 & 38 Satan

------------------------------

Genesis 3:22-24 God

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

5.

In Mâ'ida 5:30-31, the story about a raven scratching the ground to show how to hide a corpse is not found in the Bible. (This story is taken from Pirke Rabbi Eleazer, The Targum of Johanathan of Jerusalem and the Targum of Jerusalem)


Mâ'ida 5:30-31

------------------------------

Genesis 4:8-15
Titus 1:13-14

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

6.

According to the Qur'an, God said to Adam & Eve, "Go down, both of you, from the Garden, with enmity one to another." However, the enmity mentioned here, according to the Bible is between Satan and the seed of the woman.


Bakara 2:36

A'râf 7:24

Taha 20:123 ***

Taghâbun 64:14

------------------------------

Genesis 3:14-15


22.4

Differences

Concerning Noah
1.

Did Noah's son drown in the flood?


Hûd 11:41-46 he drowned

------------------------------

Genesis 6:10 he was saved

Genesis 7:7 he was saved

Genesis 8:18 he was saved

Genesis 10:1 he was saved


1 Peter 3:20 he was saved
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

According to the Bible, Noah's ark landed on mount Ararat (Ağr ı dağı in Turkey); however, according to the Qur'an the ark landed on Mount Judi which is 300 kilometers southwest of Ararat on the Turkish Syrian border.


Hûd 11:44 Mount Judi

------------------------------

Genesis 8:4 Mount Ararat

(Ağrı)
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



22.5

Differences

Concerning Abraham
1.

According to the Bible, Abraham's father was Terah, but according to the Qur'an Abraham's father was Azar.


An'âm 6:74 Azar

------------------------------

Genesis 11:26 Terah
Luke 3:34 Terah
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

According to the Bible Abraham was chosen by God to be the father of the Jewish people. However, according to the Qur'an "Abraham was neither a Jew nor a Christian."


Nisâ' 3:67 Not a Jew

------------------------------

Genesis 12:1-3 Father of the Jews
John 4:22 Father of the Jews

Romans 4:1-25 Father of the Jews

Galatians 3:6-16 Father of the

Jews
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

According to the Bible, Abraham had 8 sons, but the Qur'an only mentions that he had 2 sons.


Hûd 11:69-73

Ibrahim 14:34-40 ***

Maryam 19:49

Anbiya 21:72-73

Ankabut 29:27

------------------------------

Genesis 16:16

Genesis 21:1-8

Genesis 25:1-2
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

According to the Bible, Abraham had 3 wives, but the Qur'an only mentions that he had two wives.


Ibrahim 14:34-40 two wives

------------------------------

Genesis 16:1-16 three wives

Genesis 21:1-8

Genesis 25:1-2
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

5.

According to the Bible, Abraham was going to sacrifice his son Isaac; the Qur'an does not specifically mention the name of which son was going to be sacrificed. However, according to Muslim tradition and belief, it was Ishmael rather than Isaac that was to be offered up.


Saaffat 37:100-106 Not apparent

------------------------------

Genesis 22:7-8 Isaac
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

6.

According to the Bible Abraham lived in Hebron, but according to the Qur'an Abraham lived in Mecca.


Ibrahim 14:37 Mecca

------------------------------

Genesis 13:14-18 Hebron
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

7.

According to the Qur'an, Abraham went to the Ka'ba at Mecca. But according to the Bible Abraham's journeys never took him in that direction. According to the Bible, Abraham traveled from Ur to Haran to Canaan to Shechem, to Bethel, to the Negev to Egypt to Jenub and back to Bethel again. Abraham and Sarai were buried at Mamre in Hebron. According to the Bible it is apparent that Abraham never traveled to Mecca.


Bakara 2:125-126

------------------------------

Genesis 12:1-20

Genesis 13:1-4 .

Genesis 23:1-20

Genesis 25:5-11


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

8.

According to the Qur'an, Abraham was cast into a fire and saved from it. However, according to the Bible, it was not Abraham who was cast into a fire, but three Jews named Shadrach, Meshach and Abednego who were cast into a fire by king Nebuchadnezzar and saved from it. The Bible does not mention such an episode concerning Abraham.


Anbiya 21:51-71 ***

Ankabut 29:16-17 & 24

Saaffat 37:97-98

------------------------------

Daniel 3:1-30
Titus 1:13-14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

9.

According to the Bible Abraham did not write any portion of scripture, but according to the Qur'an Abraham is said to have written portions of scripture.


A'lâ 87:18-19

------------------------------

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

22.6

Differences

Concerning Moses
1.

According to the Qur'an, Moses and the Samaritans lived in the same period. However, historical record places Moses at 1450-1350 B.C. while the Samaritans lived after the period of the Assyrian and Babylonian captivity, after 732 B.C. In other words, it is not chronologically possible for Moses and the Samaritans to have both been living at the same time.


Taha 20:85 & 95

------------------------------

1 Kings 16:24

2 Kings 17:24


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

According to the Qur'an, Pharaoh and Haman lived at the same time. However, Pharaoh lived during Moses time, around 1450-1350 B.C. Haman lived during the reign of king Ahasuerus (Xerxes) 486-465 B.C. In other words there is about a 1000 year historical difference between the lifetime of Pharaoh and Haman.


Qasas 28:1-8

Qasas 28:38

Ankabut 29:39

Mü'min 40:23-24

Mü'min 40:36-37

------------------------------

Exodus 1:11 Pharaoh 1450 B.C.

Exodus 2:1-21. Moses 1450 B.C.

Esther 1:1 Ahasuerus 486 B.C.

Esther 3:1 Haman 474 B.C.


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

According to the Qur'an, Pharaoh said to Moses, "Surely I shall have your hands and feet cut off upon alternate sides. Then I shall crucify you every one." The Bible does not mention such an episode. Furthermore, crucifixion does not appear in history as a form of punishment until the Roman period which began at around 63 B.C.


A'râf 7:124

------------------------------

Exodus 5:1 -- 14:31
Matthew 27:35-38

Mark 15:15-32

Luke 23:21-24

John 19:16-41


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

According to the Bible, Moses was given to Pharaoh's daughter as an infant; but According to the Qur'an, Moses was given to Pharaoh's wife.


Qasas 28:8-9 Pharaoh's wife

------------------------------

Exodus 2:5-10 Pharaoh's daughter
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

5.

According to the Qur'an, Moses was obliged to work for 8 years in order to get married; However in the Bible, it was not Moses, but Jacob who was obliged to work 7 years in order to get married.


Qasas 28:22-29 Moses 8 years

------------------------------

Exodus 2:15-22 Moses doesn't work

Genesis 29:1-30. Jacob works 7 years


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

6.

According to the Qur'an there was a flood during the time of Moses: However according to the Bible a flood took place during the life of Noah. There is no flood mentioned during the lifetime of Moses.


A'râf 7:59-64

A'râf 7:133-136 ***

Isra 17:101

------------------------------

The flood of Noah: 3238 B.C.

Genesis 6 -- 8

Genesis 9:8-17
The time of Moses: 1450-1350 B.C.

Exodus 2 -- Deuteronomy 34


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

7.

According to the Qur'an, Moses brought forth 12 springs; but the Bible only mentions that Moses brought forth one spring.


Bakara 2:60 12 water springs

------------------------------

Exodus 17:6 1 water spring
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

8.

According to the Qur'an, the golden calf that Aaron made mooed; but the Bible does not mention such an episode.


A'râf 7:148 golden calf moos

Taha 20:88

------------------------------

Exodus 32:1-35 mooing is not ,

mentioned
Titus 1:13-14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

9.

According to the Qur'an Moses died and arose from the dead; However the Bible does not mention such an event. According to the Bible, Moses died when in was 120 years old in Moab and was buried in Beyt-peor. No resurrection is ever mentioned concerning Moses.


Bakara 2:55-56 died and was raised

------------------------------

Exodus 2:1 -- Deuteronomy 34:12

died and was buried


Titus 1:13-14

22.7

Differences Concerning Other Old Testament Events
1.

According to the Qur'an Ishmael was considered to be a prophet: But in the Bible record Ishmael was never considered to be a prophet.


An'âm 6:85-86 Ishmael a prophet

Maryam 19:54-55 Ishmael a prophet

------------------------------

Genesis 16:11-12 not a prophet


Galatians 4:1-31 not a prophet
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

According to the Qur'an the angels said to Lot, "So travel with your people, without your wife, in a part of the night and let none of you turn around; (all) save your wife. That which smites them shall smite her (also)." However, according to the Bible, the angels said to Lot, "Arise, take thy wife and thy two daughters, which are here, lest thou be consumed in the iniquity of the city."


Hûd 11:81 Leave your wife

------------------------------

Genesis 19:15 Take your wife
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

According to the Qur'an Joseph's shirt was torn from behind as he fled; however the Bible says that Joseph left his cloak behind as he fled.


Yûsuf 12:26-31 Cloak ripped

------------------------------

Genesis 39:9-20 Cloak left
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

In the Qur'an, in Bakara 2:249-251, the episode about drinking out of the hand concerns Saul. However, according to the Bible, this event does not concern Saul, but takes place with Gideon. The Biblical events mentioned with Saul, David and Goliath took place between 1010-971 B.C., while Gideon lived between 1162-1122 B.C.


Bakara 2:249-251

------------------------------

1 Samuel 17:4, 23 & 45-49

Judges 7:1-8

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

5.

In the Qur'an two angels named Hârût and Mârût are sent to Babylon during the time of Solomon. However, the Bible does not record any such event.


Bakara 2:102

------------------------------

Genesis 10:8-9

2 Kings 20:12-21

2 Kings 24:1 -- 25:30
Titus 1:13-14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

6.

According to the Qur'an Solomon had an army of demons, people, and birds that he showed to the Queen of Sheba, but these events are not found in the Bible.


Naml 27:17-44
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

7.

The Qur'anic story about a man who died and came back to life a 100 years later and his food and drink were not spoiled, is not found in the Bible.


Bakara 2:259

------------------------------

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

8.

The Qur'anic story about 7 young men who slept in a cave for 309 years is not found in the Bible.


Kahf 18:9-26

------------------------------

9.

According to the Qur'an the Jews said that Ezra is the Son of Allah; however there is no record of such a claim in the Bible.


Tauba 9:30

------------------------------

Ezra 9:5-15

Ezra 10:1-5

Ezra 10:12-14
+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

10.


According to the Qur'an the term "Muslim" existed before Muhammad's time; but there is no record of this in the Bible.
Hajj 22:78

------------------------------


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

11.


Differences in personal names between the Bible and the Qur'an:
Goliath & Jalut
Bakara 2:249-251
------------------------------

1 Samuel 17:4

Saul & Talut
Bakara 2:249-251

------------------------------

1 Samuel 9:2

Korah & Qârûn


Qasas 28:76

------------------------------

1 Chronicles 1:35
Enoch & Idrîs
Maryam 19:56-57

------------------------------

Genesis 4:17-18
Ezekiel & Dhu'l'Kifl
Anbiya 21:85-86

------------------------------

Ezekiel 1:3
Ezra & Üzeyr
Bakara 2:259

------------------------------

Ezra 7:1 & 6
Elisha & El-Yesa
An'âm 6:86

Sâd 38:48

------------------------------

2 Kings 6:12


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


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