Source: Manners 2002: p.243
Evolution of the norms over the time as shown in the Table 1 is another argument that Manners uses to support his perception of EU as an entity moving beyond the issues of economic management and legitimating itself in the international arena through norms reflected in the founding documents (Manners 2002: 244).
All in all, above mentioned points and excerpts from Manners’ principal works shed light on various aspects of this very ambitious concept and set the general framework for further theoretical and analytical considerations in this thesis. In the chapters below, I will focus on key elements of Normative Power Europe (NPE) as defined by Manners, however supplementing them with comments and thoughts of other scholars.
The structure of the next chapters is borrowed from Manners’ classification of basic characteristics that a “normative actor” should combine in itself – normative principles, actions and impact (Manners 2011). However, defining a normative actor, apart from three elements just mentioned, also requires other criteria to be met and addressed by the concept. Manners agreed that having only normative basis at disposal does not capacitate the actor’s normativity. Every actor in international arena has a set of goals and interests that determine key areas of actions. In the case, of NPE such goals and interests should be normative. Thus, clear formulation and understanding of NPE goals and interests in external relations also need to be observed in a separate chapter. And here we come to a point that Tocci (2008: 15) reasonably stresses. A foreign policy pursuing normative goals and interests by applying normative means and instruments yet cannot be qualified as normative unless it has a noticeable normative impact in third parties. Therefore, a complex of goals, principles, instruments and impacts constitutes the identity of normative actor. And in accordance with this conclusion I elaborate the theoretical part by observing these key elements.
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