Contents of the fikst volume



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391 Home's History of the Kebellion, in 1745, 4 to 1802, with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. H. 13s. (Heber.)

413 Mason's English Garden, Goldsmith's Deserted Village, with other Poems, in 1 volume, some of them

containing MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. 11. 4s. (Heber.)


1 An attempt in favour of the restoration of King James II. See Loidis and Elmete, pp. 106 113. Mr. Thomas

Wilson, F.S.A., was master of the Charity School at Leeds, a very industrious historical collector, many of whose MSS.

are preserved in Leeds Library : see Taylor's Biographic, Loidiensis, p. 587, where it is suggested that Whitaker (in his

Life of Thoresby, p. ix.) too hastily condemned Wilson of ingratitude towards Thoresby, with whom there is no evidence

that he had personal acquaintance.
h

li v BIOGRAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF


435 Richard Greenham's Works, by H. Holland, 1612, with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. 15s. (Heber.)
461 Horsley's Britannia Romana, 1732, with MS. notes and several documents. 71. 5s. (Heber.)
583 Survey of the County of York, from Domesday Book, a MS. transcribed by T. Wilson, in two volumes,
1768. 41. 5s. (Rodd.)
624 West's Antiquities of Furness, by Close, Ulverstone, 1813, with MS. notes. 13s. (Rodd.)

663 Stukeley's Account of Richard of Cirencester, 1757, with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. 31. 5s. (Heber.)

677 Vision of Piers Plowman, edited by Dr. Whitaker. 1831. 41. 12s. (Rodd.)

682 Isaac Walton's Lives of Donne, Wotton, &c. York, 1796, with numerous MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker.


41. (S .)
6S3 Bishop Warburton's Works, 1788, 7 vols., with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. 10Z. 10s. (Thorpe.)
685 Watson's History of Halifax, 1775, with numerous notes by Dr. Whitaker. 21. 10s. (Rodd.) This
volume, with several others in this list, is now in the possession of James Crossley, esq. F.S.A., the

President of the Chetham Society.


686 Watson's Memoirs of the ancient Earls of Warren and Surrey, 1782, with additional plates and MS.
notes. 3/. 19,?. (Rodd.)
691 J. Whitaker's History of Manchester, in 2 vols. 1771, with numerous MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker.
51. 10s. (Heber.)
692 Dr. Whitaker's Life of Sir G. Radcliffe, 1810, with letters from Mr. Bindley, Mr. R. H. Beaumont, and
Mr. Joseph Hunter, ll. 10s. (Rodd.)
711 Saxton's Maps of England, 1642, with autograph of H. Bradshawe and MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker.

61. 15s. (R. Jones.)


771 Dr. Whitaker's History of Craven, 1812, large paper, with several illustrative documents, and two letters
from the Duke of Devonshire and Dr. Paley. 131. 5s. (Rodd.)
772 The History of Whalley, 1818, large paper, illustrated with MS. documents, drawings, and marginal
notes. 171. 17s. (Rodd.)

These last two volumes were resold, January 21, 1864, for 77/. (Boyne's Yorkshire Library, p. 133.)


In Second Sale, Jan. 1824 :
75 Boscobel ; with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. 11. 2s. (Dodd.)

78 Shakespeare's Plays ; with MS. notes by Dr. Whitaker. (Starkie.)


Dr. Whitaker's collection of Greek, Roman, and English Coins, Roman Antiquities,

Prints, and Drawings, together with a few remaining Books, were sold at the same place

on the 14th January, 1824. Their total produce was 175/. 14s. 6d. ; of which the Coins

amounted to 58/. 4s. and the Armour to 46/. 15s. 6d. Among the Drawings were several

of those which were engraved to illustrate the Histories of Whalley and Craven.
The Antiquities which appeared at this sale were :
A curious ancient Ring, probably that described in p. 30 of the present volume. 21. 14s. (Starkie.)
Eight fossil bones. 11. 2s. (Jarman.)
Fourteen Eoman Antiquities, consisting of belts, spear-heads, &c., &c., found at Ribchester and other places
in Yorkshire. 4Z. 19s. (Cuerton.)

The Torques found at Holme. 51. (Starkie.)

Silver Arm of Victory [see p. 45 of the present volume] 21. 4s. (Starkie.)
The first and two last, being purchased by Mr. Starkie, the Doctor's son-in-law, were

restored to Holme.


THOMAS DUNHAM WHITAKER. lv


Among the Drawings were the following, the first seven "by Turner :
Ancient Seals. 14s. (White.)
Crosses and Inscriptions (drawn for the Plate at p. 69 of this Volume.) 12s. (White.)
Townley Hall (for Plate in Volume II.) 3(. 7s. (Colnaghi.)
Stonyhurst (for Plate in Volume II.) 41. 7s. (Colnaghi.)
Whalley Abbey (Plate at p. 83 of this volume.) SI. 3s. (Colnaghi.)
Nearer view of the Ruins (Plate at p: 139.) 41. 4s. (Colnaghi.)
Inside of Mitton Church (Plate in Volume II.) 21. 19s. (Colnaghi.)
Inside of Mitton Hall, by W. Craig (for the large Plate in Volume II.) 11. 10s. (Triphook.)
Eadcliffe Tower Hall, by the same (for the Plate in Volume II.) 8s. (Dodd.)
Shipping near Newcastle-on-Tyne, by Clennell. 41. 4s. (White).
Ancient steelyards found at Eibchester, a Roman vessel by Lowe, ground-plan of Eavensworth Castle by

Bradley, and a stone Font (four drawings.) 3s. C(/. (Dodd.)


Views in Yorkshire, by Dr. Griffith, Master of University College, engraved for the History of Craven (eleven

in number.) I/. 9s. (Graves.)


An inside View of the Chapter-house of Cockersand Abbey, now the burial-place of the Daltons of Thurnhani,

by Taylor the architect (sold for 4s. Gd. to Mr. Bentham,) was probably connected one of the latest of

Dr. Whitaker's productions ; see his account of the parish of Cockerham, in Lonsdale, inserted with starred

pages 325* 335*, in vol. ii of the Richmondshire, but unaccompanied by engravings.


Some more important Roman Antiquities were bequeathed to St. John's College,

Cambridge, by the following clause of his will :


" I also give and bequeath to the Master, Fellows, and Scholars of St. John's College, Cambridge, all my

Koman Altars and Inscriptions on Stone, to be placed by them in the Bow Window of the College Library,

with this inscription in a small Tablet of Marble, at the expense of my Executors: Legatum Thomas Dunham

Whitaker, LL.D. hujus Collegii." The Will is dated Blackburn, March 10, 1818.


One of the most remarkable of the altars from Bibchester now stands at the Xew

Bridge of St. John's College, with the inscription printed hereafter, at p. 29.


Among the curiosities collected by the late John Crossley, esq., E.S.A. and now

preserved at Scaitcliffe, near Todmorden, are several relics of Dr. Whitaker ; among them,

the bands he wore, sent by Mrs. Whitaker ; part of the larch tree out of which his coffin

was hewn (already mentioned in William Edmundson's letter), and the MS. of his first

sermon preached at Blackburn. A large 4to Commonplace Book kept by Dr. Whitaker

at Cambridge is now in the possession of Mr. Canon Raines, at Milnrow. It contains the

lectures which he heard whilst at the University, " on the Roman, Civil, and Canon

Laws, and their authority in England ; " also critical annotations on the Gospels ; Latin

themes ; two Latin letters to Mr. Sheepshanks ; an ode by Mason whilst an undergraduate

at St. John's, from a copy in the possession of Dr. Balguy, &c. Mr. Crossley preserves

some of the proof- sheets of the History of Leeds, which are chiefly curious from little

notes to the printer, evincing the Editor's disgust when a pedigree came in his way.


Of his literary correspondence but little has hitherto been published ; none indeed,

but the few letters addressed to Mr. Wilson of Clitheroe, ranging in date from 1800 to

1809, which are contained in the Wilson Miscellanies, (edited by Mr. Canon Raines for
A 2

Ivi

BIOGKAPHICAL MEMOIRS OF T. D. WHITAKER.

the Chetham Society, vol. xlv.), and the few others which have been introduced into the

present memoir. But many of his letters must still be preserved that are sure to be

deemed hereafter of sufficient interest to deserve publication, and among them are known

to be some addressed to his intimate friend James Maden of Greens, near Bacup, esq.

who was nominated one of his executors, together with Mr. Starkie (the testator's

son-in-law), and Adam Cottam, esq. of Whalley. The great bulk of the letters of his

friends, many of them written by men of eminence not inferior to his own, and which

would now have been of the highest literary value, was unfortunately destroyed by Mrs.

Whitaker shortly after his death, and it is believed that whatever literary essays or

unpublished collections then remained in his study shared the same disastrous fate.
In reference to this circumstance, and to the MS. volume in the possession of

Mr. Canon Raines already described, I add the following extract from a letter addressed to

that gentleman by the Rev. S. J. Allen, dated from Easingwold, June 6, 1852 :
I imagine few authors who wrote so much and so well [as Dr. W.] have left so little for posterity, in

addition to his printed works. I have a vogue recollection of having some time seen such a volume

[as the Common Place Book], but never examined it. The notes of Lectures on Civil Law in 1777 I con-

clude are of a course by Bishop Hallifax, of whom Dr. W. thought very highly. The Doctor was once a

candidate for that Professorship at Cambridge, but he did not succeed in his application. Your MS. book is

a great rarity.


JOHN GOUGH NICHOLS.

Ivii

TO

CHARLES TOWNLEY,


OF
TOWNLEY, ESQ. F.S.S. F.S.A.

ONE OF THE TRUSTEES OF THE BRITISH MUSEUM.


SIR,

-LIAD it been as unusual, as it is the contrary, to prefix to works of this description
the amulet of a distinguished name, I might have been tempted to trespass upon the rules of literary

decorum, in inscribing the HISTORY OF WHALLEY to yourself. For, in truth, your personal and hereditary

connection with the subject, and the many obligations both of the work and the author to you, would have

iustified some deviation from the common forms of prefatory address.


The subject of this history in each of its great divisions will be found to possess one excellence, which

few works of so local and circumscribed a nature can pretend to, and that is unity; so that, in a lar

of country, now broken into many subordinate districts, ecclesiastical and civil, we are enabled to trace a

very numerous and ramified church establishment to one benefice of a singular constitution, and of an

antiquity almost beyond example in the history of the English church : that we are empowered also, at a

later period, to contemplate the local effects of the Norman conquest in consolidating more than thirty

primitive manors into a single barony, which under various tenures, and in different degrees of dependence,

now forms one common centre of property within its ample bounds.


The fortunes of these, with their several dependencies, constitute the principal subject of this volume : one,

however, has long been dissolved, and the other, after various changes of fortune, has merged in the Crown ;

but a clear and connected chain of evidence will conduct us to the period when your ancestors in the male or

female line were possessed of both : in the latter it will direct our inquiries to the house of Lacy, the foim-

daries of monasteries, and the heroes of crusades ; and, in the former, it will carry them up to an rera of

high Saxon antiquity, in which another branch of this distinguished race is found in the hereditary exercise

of ecclesiastical jurisdiction within the same limits.
In comparison of this duration, every other name and interest in the original parish of Whalley, however

dignified by rank and titles, is but of yesterday.


But, from the period at which this peculiar function became extinct, a period beyond which no authentic

memorials of any other family within the compass of this history can be proved to extend, the posterity of the

Deans of Whalley, seated upon the villa de Tunlay, by their descents and alliances, their activity and useful-

ness,* their devotion and munificence, their loyalty and sufferings, appear for several centuries principal

actors in the scene before us.
In later days, however, when motives respectable in every cause removed them in a great measure from

the scene of active life, superior intelligence and love of literature have been propagated through the line by

a kind of hereditary descent, till they are become characteristic of the family Vigebat in ilia dome patrins

mos et disciplina.


* In his " Additional Corrections to Part I." the author directed the words activity and usefulness to be altered to public spirit.


Iviii

DEDICATION.

Traduction of character, like that of countenance, after a long interval of cessation, is one of the best

attested though least explicable facts in the history of human nature, and if example and early habit,

domestic intercourse with living talents, or an affectionate remembrance of recent and departed excellence,

might in your instance account for an eager and successful application to general literature, yet we must

have recourse to the former principle to discover the source of that ardent love and critical knowledge of

ancient art, which, more than a century ago, shone with so much lustre in your maternal ancestor the great

Earl of Arundel, and which now preside over a museum that he would have beheld with admiration.


To an eye, therefore, exercised in contemplating the fairest forms of Grecian sculpture, it may be

deemed a misplaced and preposterous expression of respect, to hold up the coarse though picturesque efforts

of Gothic art, or to obtrude upon a mind familiarized with the scenery and manners of classical antiquity a

rude survey of a remote district, or a barbarous detail of obscure families, most of which are distinguished

for little but having long been rooted, like their own hereditary oaks, to their own paternal acres.
But, after all, there is a charm in contrast, and as the palate, satiated by habitual indulgence, some-

times feels itself stimulated by the coarsest fare, so it is possible that in the intervalla ac spiramenta temporum^

which long literary indulgence may be compelled to resort to, an homely and frugal repast upon domestic

history may not want its relish.


Yet I will not affect to suppose you indifferent to a place which your taste has so much contributed to

adorn, or to a subject which your exertions have been so actively employed to elucidate. That place, at

least, has been endeared to you by early possession, by temporary absence, by a system of progressive and

successful improvement, and, above all, by the consciousness of much happiness produced, in a long course

of years, and among a numerous body of dependants.
That the same habits of beneficence, together with the reflections which ever accompany them, will

continue to spread a calm and sunshine over your later days, I persuade myself not only from general

observation of the effects of conduct upon happiness, but from the authority of a great master in the science

of manners artes exercltationesque virtutum, cum diu multumque vixeris, miriftcos efferunt fructus, non solum

quia minquam deserunt, ne in extremo quidem tempore cetatis, verum etiam quia multorum lene factorum recor-

datio jucundisslma est. Est etiam quiete et eleganter actce cstatis placida ac lenis senectus. Cicero in Cat. Maj.

In a species of playful divination long in exercise among men of letters, the sortes TullianeB have often

oeen resorted to ; but that the last words of this citation, as now applied, may be seriously prophetic, is the

sincere and affectionate wish of,
SIR,
Your most obliged
And most faithful servant,
T. D. WHITAKER.

PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION, IN 1800.


J.T is now more than seventy years since a writer,* whose eminence, in his later days, confers some degree

of importance even upon the crude and hasty dogmas of his youth, was pleased to lament the decay of our

national taste for genuine historical composition, and the growing prevalence of a vicious appetite in its stead,

by which any uninformed, senseless heap of rubbish, under the name of an history of a town, society, college, or

province, have long since taken from us the very idea of a genuine composition ; and, to give authority to his

opinion, he has cited a critical edict of Boccalini, in which that lively writer expressly f>rohibits, on pain of

perpetual infamy, any attempts, in future, to ivrite an history, of ivhich the subject is inferior in dignity to the

metropolis of a kingdom, or, at least, a considerable province.^
Our countrymen, however, in the genuine spirit of English freedom, seem to have resisted the introduc-

tion of foreign laws in criticism, as well as civil polity; and the promulgation of this formidable edict amongst

us is so far from having checked the evil against which it was directed, that the practice has ever since been

increasing, and, having called in the charms of sculpture to its aid, is now become more prevalent than ever.


But in this long period of topographical improvement, the taste and spirit of genuine history have

revived, and, though modern times have produced nothing like the spirit and originality of Clarendon, in any

great writer who had the fortune to bear a dignified part in the transactions which he records, yet the

present age has raised up one English historian, J who, had the purity and sincerity of his mind been in any

degree comparable to his acuteness and erudition, would have equalled the greatest of his predecessors, and

two, who in elegance and correctness have surpassed them all.


And henceforward, the muse of History [| having come forth once more in her native dignity and vigour,

Topography, though little disposed to withdraw from her own station at the mandate of a capricious foreigner,

has no higher claim than to be considered as the humble handmaid of the other, and to be permitted to glean

after her those less important, but interesting and amusing, facts, which she, in her rapid and comprehensive

views of antiquity, must necessarily overlook.
With these inferior pretensions, however, Topography has charms for a writer, and those too resulting

even from her want of dignity and of distance: to exalt scenes of daily observation into subjects of literary

inquiry, to account for striking but obscure appearances in his own vicinity, to reconcile apparent contradic-

tions in ancient dates or facts, of which the objects are familiar; to trace some neighbouring work of ancient

art, which is now magnificent in decay, to its perfection or its commencement; to compare some great revo-

lution of a kingdom with its effects upon private property, provincial dialect, or domestic manners ; to

develope the progress of parochial endowments, in which himself has an interest ; to trace the origin and

alliances, the advancement or decline of families, with whom he is connected ; and to combine them all with


* Dp. Warburton'i Critical Inquiry into the causes of Prodigies as related by Historians, published in 1727.
f Di pin, sotto la pena della perpetua infamia cxpressamente prohibiamo il potersi per Pavcnire scrivere historic particolare di

citta alcuna, se ella non sara metropoli d'Imperio, di Eegno, o di provincia grande.


t ffibbon.
Hume and Robertson.
|| Warbnrton's account of the malady into which the historic mnse had fallen is too coarse to be transcribed, and too well known,

perhaps, to need transcribing.


l x PREFACE TO THE FIRST EDITION.


objects endeared by early habit and long association, cannot but afford a mingled exercise, to the powers of

reason and fancy, of observation and memory, gratifying, in an high degree, to the topographical writer.


But if there be no radical defect in the powers of the writer, or in the feelings and faculties of his readers,

topography will not be without an interest in them : ingenuous curiosity, indeed, is rarely united to sordid

tempers, or to mean understandings, but there are few, perhaps, exempted from those disqualifications,

who have not felt what, however, it is difficult to describe, namely, the power of mere representation, in

exciting a lively attention to scenery which we have been accustomed to contemplate without emotion, or to

manners in which we have mingled even with disgust.


But inhabitants of remote districts, especially where they are marked with any peculiarities of dialect or

manners, are addicted to a singular species of local partiality, not perhaps illaudable in itself, which, from a

quick perception, even of fancied contempt, and something of the spirit of opposition resulting from it, strongly

disposes them to magnify the importance, to admire the beauty, or to pride themselves in the antiquity of

their native province ; and, when the aspect of their country is also wild and picturesque, this feeling is also

heightened to a pitch of enthusiasm, which seems to have been intended by Providence to counterbalance the

power of interest, the love of societv, and the advantages of climate, in order to prevent the desertion of

tracts, which, without such a fascination, would be abandoned to beasts, or to the meanest of mankind.


But, supposing the particular object of topographical inquiry to have no such attractions, the subject

itself deserves somewhat better treatment than the severe interdict of the Italian critic : it is very true, that

readers, as well as writers, may addict themselves in this walk of literature as well as others to an habit of

laborious trifling, which will debar them from the intercourse, and disqualify them for the duties of life ;

for such indolent and useless pedantry I am not concerned to apologize : but no ingenuous mind can conceive

itself to be disgraced, nay, I will venture to add, no serious mind ought to fear itself to be misemployed, in

devoting a few hours of relaxation to a subject, which is in fact history upon a narrower and therefore a more

useful scale, in which the scenery is familiar, the examples are domestic, in which the topics of praise and

censure are drawn from instances in common life, and accessible ranks in society. Thus much for the uses

of topography, when written upon proper principles, to the serious and the conscientious mind.


And, as an occasional exercise of the understanding, to an ingenuous and cultivated reader, to attend to

a series of transactions which involved all the interests, and agitated almost all the passions, of our immediate

countrymen, from the earliest period, cannot but lead to some discovery of what every such inquirer would

previously have wished to learn some solution of present appearances for which he has heretofore inquired

in vain some recovery of facts hitherto forgotten, which are rendered interesting by the intervention perhaps



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