Ukrainian Scientific Research Institute of Environmental Problems
6, Bakulin Street, 61166 Kharkiv
Telephone: (38 057) 702 15 85
Telefax: (38 057) 702 15 92
National definition of waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Ukraine.
"Wastes" means substances, materials or objects, which are disposed of, are intended to be disposed of by their generator or owner, or are required to be disposed of by way of utilization or disposal. (Remarks: "Disposal" means any operation, mentioned in division A of the Annex 1 to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Resolution No. 1120 of 13.07.2000. "Utilization" means any operation, mentioned in division of the Annex 1 of the same Resolution.)
National definition of hazardous waste used for the purpose of transboundary movements of waste exists in Ukraine.
"Hazardous wastes" means wastes included into division A of the Yellow List of wastes, which is approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, and have one or more hazardous properties mentioned in the List of hazardous properties, which is approved by the Ministry of Environment Protection, and included into the Green List , which is approved by the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, in case when they contain materials, mentioned in the Annex 2 to the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine Resolution of 13.07.2000 No. 1120, in such quantities that can reveal hazardous properties described in the List of hazardous wastes mentioned above.
Ukraine regulates/controls additional wastes as hazardous that are not included in Art. 1 (1)a of the Basel Convention and would be controlled for the purpose of transboundary movements pursuant to Art. 1 (1)b.
60 Petrol sludge containing lead; 79 Residues from operation on the industrial wastes disposal; and 80 Wastes from production, receiving and use of photo-chemicals or materials for treatment of photochemicals.
According to the national legislation of Ukraine Decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1120 from July, 13, 2000 "On the approval of Regulations about the control for transboundary movements of hazardous waste and their recycling / removal and the Yellow and Green list of waste " in the Basis of the unit A the list A of Basel convention (the annex VIII to Basel convention) is put. In accordance with the subitem "a" item 1 of Article 1 of the Basel convention the waste listed in this section are hazardous. In addition to it three positions (serial numbers 60 - Gasoline sludge which contains lead Y31, AC040; 79 - the Remnants from operations on removal of industrial wastes Y18; 80 - Waste products of manufacture, reception and application of photochemicals or materials for processing photographic materials Y16, AD090 are included.
Ukraine requires special consideration for the following waste(s) when subjected to transboundary movement:
To the division "Wastes requiring special consideration" (Annex II to the Basel Convention) are included in addition to the division Б two more items: 83 Sewerage sludge AC270; and 84 Pneumatic tires waste B3140 GK020 TC401220.
The amendment to the Basel Convention (Decision III/1) has not been implemented in Ukraine.
Restrictions on export for final disposal and for recovery
Ukraine has no restrictions on the export of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal and for recovery.
Export of hazardous wastes is carried out in accordance with the Basel Convention provisions.
Restrictions on import for final disposal
Ukraine restricts the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for final disposal.
In accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On wastes" of 5 March 1998 No.187/98-BP (Article 36) the import of wastes in Ukraine with the aim of their storage or disposal is forbidden.
The restriction covers all wastes.
According to Article 16 of Decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1120 from July, 13, 2000 import of hazardous waste to Ukraine is forbidden for the purpose of their storage or burial. Hazardous waste can be imported only under conditions of presence of the written agreement of the Ministry of the environment protection of Ukraine. According to Article 20 of the same Decision of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine, the Ministry of the Environment Protection of Ukraine can give the written agreement on import of hazardous waste in the case of certain conditions observance. One of such conditions are:
the state of export is a part of the Basel convention or with it the corresponding international agreement about transboundary movement of hazardous waste is made; and the state of export has no technical opportunities and necessary capacities for removal of such waste products by ecologically proved way or such waste are used as secondary raw material in Ukraine.
Restrictions on import for recovery
Ukraine has no restrictions on the import of hazardous wastes and other wastes for recovery.
Restrictions on transit
Ukraine has no restrictions on the transit of hazardous wastes and other wastes.
No additional restrictions in comparison with the Basel Convention procedure.
Reduction and/or Elimination of Hazardous Waste Generation
Verkhovna Rada (Parliament) of Ukraine 05.03.1998 No. 187/98-BP adopted the national strategy of wastes generation minimization. This strategy was included into the legislative document "The main directions of the state policy in the field of environment protection, natural resources use and ecological safety ensuring"; and Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine 14.01.2000 No 1393-XIV passed the law "On the withdrawal from circulation, treatment, utilization, elimination or further use of unsound and hazardous products."
On the basis of (iv) the Oblast (Regional) Administrations will identify the whole quantity of waste generated in the region and develop the regional plan on the waste generation decrease measures. This plan must by adopted by the Regional Council; and beginning from the 1994 a number of educational measures was held in Ukraine (seminars, training courses) under the sponsorship of Lund University (Sweden), IDRC-AGRA (Canada), The World Bank, TACIS (Tebodin, ERM), etc. This activity is continuing.
Transboundary Movement Reduction Measures
Transboundary movement is restricted by the National policy demands to take all possible measures for the reduction of the amount of hazardous wastes and other wastes subject to the transboundary movement.
Legislation, regulations and guidelines
The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine issued a resolution of 13.07.2000 No. 1120 (amended 28.09.2000 No. 1481) "On adoption of Regulation on the control for hazardous wastes transportation and utilization/disposal and of Yellow and Green lists of wastes"; and
The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (now The Ministry of Environment Protection) issued an order of 16.10.2000 No. 165 "On approval of the Hazardous Properties List and of the Instructions on the control of transboundary movements of hazardous wastes and their utilization/disposal."
Economic instruments/ initiatives
The Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (now The Ministry of Environment Protection) issued an order of 15.05.01 No. 181 "On approval of the Provisional procedure for expected losses determination from the pollution of environment during hazardous substances and wastes movements"; and The Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine issued a resolution of 19.08.02 No. 1219 "On the approval of the Procedure and rules of the obligatory insurance liability concerning damage compensation during hazardous wastes transboundary movements and utilization/disposal."
Specially engineered landfill of Kupiansk casting works, Kharkiv oblast (region); Disposal of the moulding waste, cast iron and steel casting slurry; D5
Ash dump of Zmiyiv heat power station, Kharkiv oblast (region); Disposal of the coal ash; D5
Joint-stock company “Kharkiv tractor works”; Deposit onto land of the worked out moulding sand, steel casting slag’s, abrasive slag from hydraulic system of slurry; D1
Company “Ukrgermet”, Kharkiv; Secondary convertion of aluminums slag; D1
Municipal wastes polygons used also for industrial wastes disposal: Town Dergachi (near Kharkiv city); The area of polygons, hectares: 9.5; D5
There are 2,760 of such facilities in Ukraine for industrial wastes and near 700 municipal dumps, part of which are used for industrial wastes disposal, but the Focal Point has no available information on the subject yet.
Private companies “Tzil” and “Vtortzvetmet”, Kharkiv city; Utilization of worked out acids and bases accumulators; R4; R6
Integrated mercury works “Nicitovskiy”, town Gorlivka, Donetzk oblast; Utilization of mercury containing luminescence lamps; R4; R5
Private company “Vtormet”, Kharkiv city; Utilization of ferrous metals scrap; R4
Private company “Ukrgermet”; Utilization of non-ferrous metals scrap; R4
There are a number of such facilities in Ukraine, but the Focal Point has no available information on the subject yet. These data may be obtained after the inventory completion. This inventory began in 2000 in accordance with the governmental decision.
Bilateral, Multilateral or Regional Agreements
Bilateral agreement; Ukraine and Russian Federation; 28.05.1997 -; Intergovernmental agreement on cooperation in the field of treatment of the mercury containing wastes. Mercury waste treatment at the mercury industrial complex in the city Gorlovka.