Acronyms and Glossary of Rice Related Terminology Updated November 27, 2002

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D Duration of treatment

d Day/s

DAA Days after anthesis

DAC Development Assistance Committee

DAD Days after draining

DAE Days after emergence

DAF 1) Days after flowering

2) DNA amplification fingerprinting

DAH Days after harvest

DAI Days after inoculation

DANIDA Danish International Development Agency (Copenhagen)

DAP Days after planting

DAPE Days after panicle emergence

DAPI Days after panicle initiation

DARE Department of Agricultural Research and Education (India)

DAS Days after seeding/sowing

DAS-ELISA Double antibody sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

DASA Days after straw application

DAT 1) Days after treatment

2) Days after transplanting

DB Data base

DBH Days before harvest/heading

DBI Days before inoculation

DBMS Data base management system

DBPE Days before panicle emergence

DBPI Days before panicle initiation

DBS Days before seeding

DBT Days before transplanting

DE Days after emergence

DG Director General

DGGE Denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis

DGISP Danish Government Institute of Seed Pathology

DH 1) Double haploid

2) Deadheart/s

DHL Doubled haploid lines

DIA Diaphorase

DIS Data and Information System

DLA Diseased leaf area

DLO Agricultural Research Department, Ministry of Agriculture, Nature Conservation and Fisheries (The Netherlands)

DM Dry matter

DMI Dry matter intake

DMP Dry matter production

DMRT Duncan's multiple range test

DMS Dry matter solubles

DNA Deoxyribonucleic acid

DOA Department of Agriculture

DOA&E Department of Agriculture and Extension

DOASL Department of Agriculture, Sri Lanka

DOLE Department of Labor and Employment (Philippines)

DOS 1) Date of seeding

2) Disk operating system

DOST Department of Science and Technology (Philippines)

DOT Date of transplanting

DP 1) Degree of polymerization

2) Deep-placed

DPR Disposal report form

DR Dryer

DRAAE Department de Recherches Agronomique et Agroeconomique (Department of Agronomic Research and Agro-economy, FOFIFA, Madagascar)

DRD Department de Recherches-Developpement (Department of Research Development, FOFIFA, Madagascar)

DRR 1) Department de Recherches Rizicoles (Department of Rice Research, FOFIFA, Madagascar)

2) Directorate of Rice Research (India)

DRT Drought

DS Dry season

DSA 1) Indian Dairy Science Association

2) International Development Service of America

DSC Development Studies Center (affiliated with the Australian National University)

DSI Disease severity index

DSR Direct seeded rice

DSS Decision support system

DSSAT Decision Support System for Agrotechnology Transfer

DTRI Dairy Training and Research Institute (UPLB, Philippines)

dw Dry weight

DWR Deepwater rice

DWS Direct wet seedbed

DWSR Direct wet seeded rice


E4/E6 Ratio of light absorption at wavelengths 465/665 nm

EACA E-amino-caproic acid

EADI European Association of Development Research and Training Institutes (Headquarters: Austria)

EAG Electroantennogram

EAP Ecoregional action plan

EC 1) Electrical conductivity

2) Emulsifiable concentrate

3) European Community (Collective name given to the consolidation of the European Coal and Steel Community, the Common market, and the European Atomic Energy Community)

ECA Economic Commission for Latin America (Chile, affiliated with the UN, also CEA)

ECART European Consortium for Agricultural Research in the Tropics

ECC Employee Compensation Commission

ECE Economic Commission for Europe (UN)

ECL Enhanced chemiluminescence

ECLA Communaute Economique de L'Afrique (Economic Community of West African States, Headquarters: Burkina Faso)

ECSA Eastern, Central, and Southern Africa

ECSSID European Cooperation in Social Science Information and Documentation

1) Environmental Defense Fund (Washington, DC)

2) European Development Fund (Fonds Europeen de Developpement, Belgium; also FED)

EDI Economic Development Institute (Washington, DC; affiliated with IBRD)

EDITEAST Association of Editors in the South East Asian Region (Indonesia)

EDPITAF Educational Development Projects Implementing Task Force (Philippines)

EDTA Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid

EE Ether extract

EEC European Economic Community (Headquarters: Belgium)

EIA Environmental impact assessment

ELISA Enzyme-linked immuno sorbent assay

ELON Elongation

E-Mail Electronic mail

EMAPA Empresa Maranhense de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Brazil)

EMASAR Ecological Management of Semi-Arid Rangelands in Africa, the Near East, and Middle East

EMBRAPA Empresa Brasileira de Pesquisa Agropecuaria (Brazilian Institute for Agricultural Research)

EPA Environmental Protection Agency (USA)

EMC Equilibrium moisture content

Ent Entomology

EPAMIG Empresa de Pesquisa Agropecuaria de Minas Gerais (Brazil)

Epan Class A pan evaporation

EPC Engineered pest control

EPPD Entomology and Plant Pathology Division (IRRI)

ERDA Energy Research and Development Administration (Washington, DC)

ERIC Educational Resources Information Center (Washington, DC)

ESCAP Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (Headquarters, Thailand)

ESP Exchangeable sodium percentage

EST Esterase

ESYT Environment-specific yield test

Et Actual evapotranspiration

ETH Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Zurich)

ETL Economic threshold level

ETS Expressed tagged site

EU European Union

EUROPICA European Program in Chemistry of the Atmosphere

EUSIDIC European Association of Scientific Information Dissemination Centres (The Netherlands)

EWS Early wet season

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