（1）Principle of science, objectiveness and fairness: ECOP shall be scientific, objective and fair. The scientific basis shall be provided to decision after making comprehensive consideration of probable effect on environment elements and the composed ecosystem caused by implementation of ECOP.
（2）Integral principle: ECOP shall make integral consideration by linking the related policies, program, plan and corresponding projects.
（3）Principle of public participation: Encourage and advocate the public to participate during the process and interests and proposals of all sectors of society.
（4）Principle of consistency: Work of ECOP shall be consistent with construction level and details.
（5）Principle of operability: ECOP shall be operable and adopt simple, practical and feasible method proved by practice.
1.4 Scope of Application
This project is classified as type-B project by environment screening of type, location, sensitiveness and scale, character and coefficient of potential environment impact according to the requirement on the environment screen and classification specified in World Bank Environmental Safeguard Policies (OP4.01). This ECOP is mainly applicable to municipal supply water pipe network, drainage pipe network, communication optical cables and gas pipelines.
Chapter 2 Related Rules and Regulations and World Bank Safeguard Policy
2.1 Related Chinese Policies and Laws
2.1.1 Related laws of Chinese national government
Environmental Protection Law of the People’ s Republic of China (PRC) ( December, 1989);
Law of PRC on the Prevention and Control of Water Pollution ( June, 2008);
Law of PRC on the Prevention and Control of Atmospheric Pollution ( September, 2000);
Law of PRC on the Prevention and Control of Environmental Pollution by Solid Waste (April, 2005);
Law of PRC on the Prevention and Control of Pollution Form Environmental Noise (March, 1996);
Regulations on the Administration of Construction Project Environment Protection of PRC (November, 1998);
Directory of Environmental Protection of Construction Project Management (January 1, 2003);
Regulations on the Implementation of the Land Administration Law of PRC (August 28, 2004);
2.2 World Bank Safeguard Policy
According to the requirement of environment assessment (EA) business policy OP4.01 in World Bank safeguard policy, as for EA of type-B project, it is necessary to formulate an environment plan of pre-construction and in construction, and implement the plan, meanwhile monitor the retarding measure. Thus, this environment business code is stipulated.
According to the requirement of related rules and project, this project proposed to appoint personnel in charge of environment management in addition to the environment protection department (EPD) of supervision function by law in order to approach demonstration effect of project. Hence establish a set of management system based on the external supervision of EPD and supplemented by internal management of the project management department.
3.2 Responsibilities of Organizations of Environment Management System and Personnel Allocation
Organizations of this project environment management system are composed of interior organizations, employed consulting service organizations and exterior organizations. However they respectively undertake different work and responsibility. The following table 3.2-1 shows responsibilities of organizations and personnel allocation
Table 3.2-1 responsibility of organization of environment management system
project supervisors specially entrusted by provincial project office or local project office;
Supervise and inspect the condition of disposition living polluted water, production waste water, safeguard measures of loss of water and soil, waste gas, dust, noise control measure, disposition of production, living waste and sediment, epidemic prevention;
Fill the environment management checklists in the appendix of ECOP on a regular basis;
Provide solution to the environment protection problems arising in construction and follow the implementation, including delivering the rectification notice, checklists, and filing documents;
Make sure to report of construction implementation prepared and submitted to town project office;