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VOL. I. PART ir.



Number XVII.

* The Confession of John Tyhall, a Lollard ; charged ivith
Co7ifessio Johannis Tyhall de Bumstede ad Turrim^ facta et

recognita per eundem Johannem coram reverendo in

Christo patre Dno. Cuthberto London. Episcopo, in ca-

pella infra palacium London, xxviii. die mensis Aprilis,

annoDni. millo- qicingen^'^o- xxviii. Quampostea signavit.
Foxii MSS. EXAMYNED, he saithe, that abowght vii. or viii. yeres

Cutbfrt. past, he had certaine bookes of the iiii. Evangelistes in Eng-

llshe, of one holie John, and certayne Epistoles of Peter and

Paule ; which he brent the same day at night, as he saithe,

that Sir Richard Fox [a Priest] was tached. And so in con-

tinuans of tyme, by reading of the said bookes, and spe-

cially by a chapter of Poule which he wrot to the Corynthyos,

which he doth not now remember, fel into those errors and

hci-ysies. That sum tynie he thowght, that in tlie blessed

Sacrament of thauker is not the very body of Christe, but

bred and wine, and done for a remembraunce of Christes

passion. And he thowght and behevyd, that a Prieste had

no power to consecrate the body of Christe.
Also, he confesseth, that he hath saidc, affirmed and be-

levyd, that every Prieste and Bishop owght to have a wiff

upon the chapitour of Poule, where he saithe theis wordes,

Every B'lSsJiop ouzogt to be liusbond of one xo'if^ and to hryng

Jbrthe cMldern.
Also, he saithe, that he hathe sayd, affirmyd and belevyd,

that yt was as good for a man to confesse himself alone to

God, or els to any other layman, as to a Prieste, upon the sai-

yng of Saynt James, where he saythe, Sheio your synncs

one to another. Which error he shewid and tawght Robert Robert

Faire of Bumstede abowght a twelve monethe past. ^^^^'

Also, he saythe, that he hathe thowght that pristhode was

not necessary. For he thowght that every layman myght

mynister the sacramentes of the Churche, as well as any

Also, he confessithe, that pilgremagcs to images were not

profitable ; and that men shold not worshippe or knele to

images in the churche; nor set up candles or lights before 36

them : for they be but stockes and stones.
Also, he saythe, that he hath sumtyme doubted, whether

the Pope or Bysshopp had power to graunt pardon. For

sumtyme he thowght, that they had power, and sumetyme he

thowghte the contrarie, becaus they liad so myche mony for

it. And he sayd, he thowghte, that yt were better, that

their myters, crosses, ringes and other precious stones shuld

be gyven to poore and nedy pepuU, then so to were them ;

according to the saiynge of Poule, where he saythe. Were

ye no gold, silver nor perils, ne precious stones.
Also, he saythe, that sayntcs, as Peter, Poule and other,

be in hevyn : but as for other soules of good men, which de-

partithe this world, he thinkithe, that they go not to hevyn

before the general resurrection ; but be in some place of joye

and plesure, except they be helpid to hevin by good prayer.


And the sowlcs of synners and y veil doers go to purgatory ;

and there remayne tyll they be dely veryd by prayers.

Sir Richard Also, he saythe, that abowght a twelve moneth agon he

did reason and dispute with Sir Richard Fox, that ther was

no purgatory ; and did hold the same for a season. How-

beit he sayth, he thowght that there was a purgatory or-

Also, he hath sayd and affirmed, that ^^^iw^ was not

profitable for a man ; so that he did absteine himself from

Also, he saythe, that he thowghte, that the water of the see,

and other rennyng water, to be of as moche power and ver-

tue as the holy ivater : movyd by theis reason, that when

Criste made the worlde, and the water, and other thynges,

he hlessyd them. Which blessing he thowght to be suffi-

cient. And so lykewise, he thowghte, that the blessing of

Criste to be sufficient for brede, and [for] al other ceremo-

nies of the Churche.

Furthermore he saythe, that by the space of iiii. yeres
Ebb alias past, old Father Hacker, alias Ebb, resorted to this respond-

entes house, and dyd commyn together of al the forsayd ar-

ticles. Also he saythe, that afterward he fell in hand with

Sir William Stryngar, and Sir Arthur, parishe Pristes of

Bumstede ; to brynge them into the herysies and errours

aforesayd ; and reasonyd uppon Scripture, diverse tymes

with them for the same intent. For he thowghte, that yf

he might bring a Priste once into his learning and heresies,

he were suer and strong enowghe. Howbeit he saythe, for

al his labour and reasoning with them he did perseve, that

they went abowght to deceive him. And therefore he cast

them upp.

Also, he saythe, that by the space of iii. yeres past John
Jo. Smyth. Smyth of Bumstede did likewise resort often to this respond-

entes company ; and this respondent to hym : which did

commyn of the sacramentes of thaulter, and of other articles

before rehersed.

Furthermore, he saythe, that abowght ii. yeres agon he

company ed with Sir Richard Fox Curate of Bumstede, and

isliewid liym al his bookys that he had : that is to say, the

New Testamente in Enghshe, the Gospel of Matthew and

Mark in Enghshe : which he had of Jolin Pykas of Col-

chester : and a book expoundyng the Pater Noster, the Ave

Maria, and the Credo ; certain of Powles Epistoles in Eng-

hshe, after thold translation; the iiii. Evangelists in Eng-37

lishe. The which iiii. Evangelists and Powles Epistoles he

brent, as he sayd before ; and the residew] he cannot tell

wher they be ; except Sir Richard Fox, John Hilles, or

John Chapman, servantes to Christofer Ravyn of Wytham,

have them. And so in processe of tyme by reasonyng of

thynges, contayned in the sayd bookes, and disputing and

instructyng, he browght Sir Richard Fox to his lerning and


Also, he saythe, that afterwards, that Sir Richad Fox

was infected with his errors and heresyes, this respondent,

Sir Rich. Fox, and John Smyth, this last yere went to Col-

chester-ward : and the first night lay at Mother Beckwythe : Mother

. . Beckwythe.
and the morrow after dyner, at William Beckwythe : which

were both of kynde to this respondent. And thither came

old Cristmas of Bockyng; and another woman with him. o'*! tirist-

And where there were any communicacyon of any articles

in the sayd places, or where the sayd Mother Beckwith,

William Beckwith or old Cristmas be of the same secte, he

cannot tell. And afterward they Avent to Colchester ; and

souped at John Pycas hous. Wheras they iiii. communyd

together of many and diverse articles, which he doth not

now remember. And at the same nyght lay at Thomas

Matthew, Where as William Pykas in ther chambre be- w. Pykas.

fore this respondent, John Smythe, and Sir Rich. Fox, did"^- Smyth.

reherse by hart a disputation made, betwixt a Gierke and a

Furthermore, he saythe, that in somer last, when he was

first in Johnson's house in Boxstede, the sayd Sir Rich. Fox

did openlye rede in a booke, called The Wicket, which he had

ther as he belevythe, before this respondent, John Smythe, Joh"son de
T , J . • ¦/ • , • 1 Boxstede,
Johnson and his wit, sometyme gyving hering to yt, as he ejus uxor,

rembrethe. Which book the sayd Sir Richard had to Bum-

stede with him. And afterward, that they red in the same

book. A question was movyd by Johnson, or his wyf, as he

remembred, of the Father, the Son and the Holie Gost.

The question he cannot tell, ne of the answere made ther-

imt9 by Sir Rich. Fox. And he saithe, that he belevythe,

that the sayd Johnson and his wif be of the same lernyng

and sect. And Johnson is taken for a lernyd man among

them. Also, he saithe, that John Pykas, William Pykas,

Joh. Gyr- John Gyrling, John Bradeley, be of the same sect and lern-

j'ojf. Brad- y^S- -^"^ ^^ f*'^ Thomas Mathwes wif he cannot tell,

ley- Item, he saithe, that a yere past, or more, he resorted ons
Alice Gar- |^ Alice Gardiner, his godmother, to her owne house.

Which Alice asked this respodent, whether he wold go to

Ipiswiche with her. And this respondent sayd, Nay, nay.

If you have any Avast money, give yt to poore pepull : and

tarye at home : for it shal not skyll to go on pilgremagcs to

Ipiswiche. For there ys money enowghe. To the which an-

swere sche did not greatly speke ayenst, nor gretly holde

withal, as he saythe.

Also, he saythe, that abowght a iii. yeres past, he communyd

with Thomas Parker of the Gospellys in Englishe, in the

said Thomas Parkers house. And otherwyse he cannot

Also he saythe, Thomas Hilles taylour, John Chapman,

John Wyggan of Wytham, Robert Fay re, and John Smythc

of Bumstede, hath commyned with this respondent in al the

forsayd articles ; and be of the same sect and lernyng.

38 Furthermore, he saythe, that at Mychaelmasse last past

tonr ^*' ^^^ twelve monethe this respondent and Thomas Hilles

came to London to Frear Barons, then being at the Freers

Augustines in London, to buy a New Testament in Eng-

lishe, as he saythe. And they found the sayd Freer Barons

in his chamber ; wheras there was a merchant man, reading

in a boke, and ii. or iii. more present. And when they came

in, the Frear demawnded them, from whence they cam.

And they said, from Bumstede ; and so forth in communi-

cation they desyred the sayd Freer Barons, that thy myght

be aquaynted with hym ; because they had herd that he was

a good man ; and bycause they wold have his cownsel in the

New Testament, which they desyred to have of hym. And

he saithe, that the sayd Frear Barons did perseve very well,

that Thomas Hilles and this respondent were infected with

opinions, bvcause they wold have the New Testament. And

then farther they shewyed the sayd Frear, that one Sir

Richard Fox Curate of Bumstede, by ther means, was wel

entred in ther lernyng; and sayd, that they thowghte togett

hym hole in shorte space. Wherfore they desyryd the sayd

Frear Barons to make a letter to hym, that he wold conti-

new in that he had begon. Which Frear did promyse so to

wryte to liym a letter at afternoone, and to gete them a New

Testament. And then after that communication, the sayd

Thomas Hilles and this respondent shewyd the Frear Ba-

rons of certayne old bookes that they had : as of iiii. Evan-

gelistes, and certayne Epistles of Peter and Poule in Englishe.

Which bookes the sayd Frear dyd litle regard, and made a

twyte of it, and sayd, A poynt for them, for they be not to

be regarded toward the new printed Testament in Englishe.

For it is of more cleyner Englishe. And then the sayd

Frear Barons delyverid to them the sayd New Testament in

Englyshe : for which they payd iii^. nd. and desyred them,

that they wold kepe yt close. For he wolde be loth that it

shold be knowen, as he now remembreth. And after the

delyverance of the sayd New Testament to them, the sayd

Frear Barons dyd lyken the New Testament in Latyn to a

cymball tynkklyng, and brasse sowndyng. But what farther

exposytion he made uppon it, he cannot tell. And then at

aftemone they fett the sayd letter of the sayd Frear ; whiche

he ^vTote to Sir Richard ; and red that openly before them :

but he doth not now remember what was in the same. And

so departed from hym ; and did never since speke with hym,

or write to hym, as he saithe.
Also, he saithe, that abowght a half year agone, he dely-

verid the sayd New Testament to Frear Gardyner : which

he never had ageyne.
Farthermore he saith, that Elene Tyball his mother, and

Alice Tyball his wif, be gyltie in al the foresaid articles :

except his wif is not giltie in the Sacrament of thaulter :

which both he tawght and instructed.

Frear Me- Item, he saith, that about v. yere agon he was confessid

apostasia of one Frear Medow, beyng a Grey Frear of Colchestre, and

existent. ^^^^ professed, and borne in Essex. Which Frear, after he

herd his confession, desyred the respondent to help hym owt

of his religion. And so at last the sayd Frear came home to

the respondents house, in a secular man his rayment, whose

hed this respondent dyd then shave : and kept him in his

house by the space of iiii. days, or ther about : and then de-

parted from hym, and went to Amersham. And synce this

39 respondent hath herd say, that he is marry ed to a may den of

Colchestre. Whose servant or dowghter she is, he cannot

Also, he saith, that he hath communed with Edmund

Tyball, and shewid hym his lernyng often tymes.

The mark of John Tyball.

Abjuratio istius sequitur infol, prox. sequent.

Number XVIII.

The Abjuration of Thomas Bowgas, before Tunstal Bishop
of London.
Mss. Foxii. IN the name of God, Amen. I Thomas Bowgas of the

Cuthb parishe of Saynt Leonards of the towne of Colchestre, of the

diocesse and jurisdiction of London, fuller : before yow,

right reverent Father in God, Lord Cuthbert Byshop of

London, my Ordinary, confessyng and knowlegyng the true,

catholycke, and apostolique faith of holy Church ; intend

by the grace of God, hereafter ever to persever and abyde

in the true doctrine of the same : and do detest and abjure

al maner of heresies, contrary to the same : and most espe-

cially those heresies and articles followying : wheruppon I

am now detected, vehemently suspected and convicted. That

is to say,

That a man shuld have no neede to go on pilgremage

to Saynt Thomas of Canterbury, or to owr Lady of Grace.

Also, that there is no other Churche of God, but man his

conscyence. Also, that I had as leve be buryed in my

own house as in the ehurche. Also, that I wold that owr

Lady of Grace were in my bakehouse. Also, that when it was

demaunded of me, whether it was evyll or wel done, to sett a

taper before the sepulchre ; I awnswered and said, it was

nothing, but to sett a candell before the Devyll, for vayne

glory of the worlde, as I and many other foolis doth. Also,

that if I had the crucifix, the image of our Lady, and other

sayncts and crosses set by the way, in a ship, I wold drowne

them every one in the see.
And in these articles, and al other, I here expresly con-

sent unto our Mother, the holy Churche ; and to the true

doctrine of the same. And do knowledge, that whosoever

hereafter doth hold or affirme any of thies articles, or eny

otlier heresies, contrary to the determination of holy Church,

is worthy to be excluded from the communion of the same.

And in case hereafter I do speke, hold, or affirme any of

thies foresaid heresies, errors and opinions, or other, con-

trary to the determination of holy Church, which by the grace

of God I intend never to do, I submytt my self unto the

correction of my Ordinary, accordyng to the holy canons.

And for thies my trespasses and offences, I desire you of 40

penaunce : which I promyse by thies holy Evangelies,

here by me bodyly touched, truly to do, observe and full-

fyl. In wittenes whereof to this my present abiuration, I

have subscrybed my name, and set the signe of the crosse.

Be me Thomas Boges off Colchester.

Number XIX. 4j

The Abjuration of WiU'iam Bochci\ before Cuthbert Bishop

of London.

IN the name of God, Amen. I William Bocher of theMss.Fox.

})arish of Steplc Bumstede, of the diocesse and jurisdiction" ' *"'"^*'

of London, plowwright, before the right reverend Father

in God, Lord Cuthbert Bishop of London, my Ordinary,

opynly confesse, that I have belevyd, that in the blessed

Sacrament of thaulter is not the very body of Christ, but

done for a remembrance of Cristes passion. Also, that par-

dons cannot profit, ne help a man. Also, that a man shal

liave no nede to go pilgremage.
AVherfore I do now professe and knowledge, that in the

blessed Sacrament of the Aulter is the very body of Crista

in form of bred. And farthermore in that, and al other, do

consent to our Moder, the holy and catholyck Churche.

Intendyng hereafter for evermore fastly to abyde in the

faithe of the same. And do detest and abiure thies fore-

sayd heresyes in special : and al other in general. ^
And in case hereafter I shal hold, affirme, or beleve any

of thies heresies, or other, contrary to the determination of

our Moder, the holy Churche aforesayd, I do submitt my

self to the correction of the holy canons : and do promyse

unto Almyghty God, our Moder the holy Churche, and

you my said Ordinary, and swere by thies holy Evangelies,

here by me bodyly touched, that I hereafter shal not hyde,

or kepe close any heresies, or dampnable opinions, nor ther

auctors, in tyme to come, nor be conversant, or familiar

wyttyngly with any person, or persons suspect of heresie.

But when that I shal know any such person or persons, I

shal truly detect them with ther heresies and opinions to

ther Ordinaries, assonc as I conveniently may. Submyttyng

me most mykely to our Moder holy Churche, and you my

said Ordinary : and desire absolution and penance for thies

my offences ; which I promyse to do, observe, and fulfill.

In witncs wherof to this my present abiuration, I have set

to the sign of the crosse.

^2 Number XX.
The Confession of Robert Hemsted.

Undecimo die mensis Maii, anno Dni. mill"- quingenti"'"-

xxviii"* coram reverendo in Ch?'isto Patre, et Dno. Dno.

Cuthbcrto, permissione Divina, London. Epo.judicialiter

sedent. in capella infra manerium reverendi Patris Nor-

wic. Epi. juxta Charyng Crosse, London, comparuit

Robertus Hemstede parochie de Bumstede ad Turrim,

London, dioc. de herctica pravitate suspectus et de-

lectus. Et submisit se correctioni diet, reverendi Patris :

et asseruit se plene et fdeliter respondisse articulis eid.

objectis, Juxta tenorem responsionum sequen. quas coram

eo presente lectas recognovit. Et delude legit abjura-


MSS. Fox. HEE confessith, that in somer last past, Sir Richard

ubi supra, p^^^ j^j^^ Tyball, John Smyth, and Frere Topley, came

to this respondent's house; and caused hym to go with

them to a grene, called Hersted Grene. And there they

told this respondent of many thyngs, which he doth not

now remember. And Frear Topley sayd to this respondent,

if he did not beleve as they did teche, he was no true

Christen man.
Also, he saithe, at Lent last, he was confessid of the sayd

Sir Rich. Fox, Curat of Bumstede. And when the said Sir

Richard had herde this respondentes confession, he axskyd

hym, how he did beleve in the Sacrament of thaulter : and

then this respondent awnswered, and said as other men doth.

That in the blessed Sacrament of thaulter is the very body

of Criste. To whom the said Sir Richard said. Nay, thou

must not do so. For that is not the best way ; but beleve

tliou in the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, and not

in the Sacrament of thaulter. And then this respondent

said to tlie forenaniyd Sir Richard, I fear me ye go about

to bryng me in the takyng, that the men of Colchester be

in. To whom the said Sir Richard awnswered, What, man,

art thou afrayde ? Be not aferd. For those serve a better

Maister, then ever thou diddest. And so at last, by the

motion and techyng of the said Sir Richard ; and because

he was Prist, this respondent thought, and belevyd, that in

the blessed Sacrament of thaulter is not the very body of

Also he confessith, that by the space of this iij. yeres last,

or thereabout, this respondent hath thowght, that pardons

are of no effect, ne cannot prefect.

Number XXI. .„

The Confession of Thomas Hemsted.

Undecimo die mensis Maii MDXXVIII, in capella infra

manerium reverendi Patris Norwicen. SfC. ut supra.

HE confessith, that abowght a yere and half past, this MSS. Fox.

respondents wif tawght hym, the Paternoster, Ave Maria, '''" '"P""*'

and Credo, in Englishe. Which sche lernyd of Gilbert

Shipwright, being ded ; and councelyd hym, that he shold

kepe it close. And in a while after he was chosen Church

Warden of Bumstede with John Tyball. And then used

the company moch of Sir Richard Fox, and the said Tyball. Fox.Tyball.

And when the sayd Sir Richard and Tyball had percevid

that his wyf had towght hym the Paternoster, Ave Maria,

and the Credo, they did call this respondent brother in

Crist, and a knowne man. And so by the space of a yere,

or more, last past, he have ben conversant and famylyar,

and usyd ther company, and have herd ther lectures,

redyngs and techyngs ; and hath at no tyme disclosed them,

nor ther counsell.

T. Hiiies. Also, he confessith, that abowglit Schroftyde last, Thomas

Hilles tawght and shewyd this respondent, that pardons

were nowght, and not profitable for a man. The which

this respondent saithe, that sumtyme he thowght and be-

levyd, that it was trew.
Also, that abowght Fastyngham last. Sir Richard Fox

shewid this respondent, that in the blessid Sacrament of

thaulter is not the very body of Criste ; but doon for a re-

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