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9.7

Areas of Commonality

between Christianity and Islam



  • God is One: Deut 6:4 4:171

  • God is the Great & Sovereign Creator: Gen 1:1 50:38

  • God Reveals His Will through Prophets: Mat 2:15 16:36

  • God wants to Forgive & is Merciful: Deut 4:31 2:218

  • God wants all Creation to Worship Him: Ps 66:4 1:4

  • God Controls History & will Judge all: Ecc 12:14 1:3

  • God wants us to Pray to Him: Phil 4:6 2:153



9.8

The Paths of Muhammad and Christ
Following the Hijra Following the Cross
Flee persecution Persevere
Suffering is abnormal Suffering is normal
Seek statehood Reject statehood
Bring reform through law Bring reform through leaven,

salt & light

Need power Need a savior
Deny the cross: Reject weakness Pick up the cross: Be

and vunerability transformed through weakness

and vunerability
Keith Swartley, Ed., Encountering the World of Islam, p. 121.
9.9

The Titles of Christ and Muhammad Contrasted




Titles of Christ

------------------------------

A.

I AM THAT I AM -- I AM
Exodus 3:13-14
John 8:23-24

John 8:58

------------------------------

B.

God


Matthew 1:23

John 1:1 & 14

Hebrews 1:8

------------------------------



C.

Christ
John 10:30-38

Romans 3:22-26

1 Timothy 2:5-6

------------------------------

D.

Lord Christ

John 20:28

Ephesians 6:23-24

Philippians 2:11

------------------------------

E.

Saviour


Luke 2:10-11

Titus 2:13

Titus 3:4-6

------------------------------

F.

The Son of God

Matthew 16:16

John 3:16-18

------------------------------

G.

Alpha and Omega
Revelation 1:8

Revelation 21:6

Revelation 22:13
(see Hadîd 57:3)

------------------------------


H.

King of Kings and

Lord of Lords
Luke 23:2-3

1 Timothy 6:15

Revelation 15:3-4

------------------------------

I.

Immanuel

(God with us)


Isaiah 7:14

Matthew 1:13

------------------------------

J.

Lord God Almighty


Revelation 1:8 & 18

Revelation 4:8

Revelation 11:16-17

Revelation 19:16

------------------------------

K.

The Word of God


John 1:1 & 14

1 John 1:1

Revelation 19:13
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
The Titles of Muhammad
------------------------------

A.

Messenger of Allah


Al-i Imran 3:144

A'râf 7:157-158

Ahzab 33:40

Fath 48:29

------------------------------

B.

Full of compassion, merciful


Tauba 9:128

------------------------------

C.

Ahmad
Saff 61:6

------------------------------

D.

Seal of the Prophets
Ahzab 33:40

------------------------------


E.

The prophet who can neither read nor write
A'râf 7:157-158

Ankabut 29:48

------------------------------

F.

You are but a warner


Fâtir 35:23

Ghâshiya 88:21


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++


9.10

A Comparison of the Differences

Between Christ and Muhammad



1.
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

A.

In the Bible there are many references to the coming of Christ; but none concerning the coming of Muhammad.


Luke 24:44

John 5:39 & 47


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

B.

Christ's birth was a miraculous virgin birth; Muhammad's was normal.


Kahf 18:110

Fussilat 41:6

------------------------------

Matthew 1:18-25

Maryam 19:19-21
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

C.

Christ was a Jew; while Muhammad was an Arab.


Fussilat 41:44

------------------------------

Romans 1:2-4

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

D.

Christ possessed unusual wisdom and knowledge; while Muhammad apparently did not even know how to read.


Al-i Imran 3:48

A'râf 7:157-158

------------------------------

Luke 2:40

Colossians 2:2-3

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

E.

Christ was a Prophet, Priest, King and Lord; while Muhammad is said to be prophet who was merely a warner and bringer of good news.


Bakara 2:252-253

Al-i Imran 3:144

------------------------------

1 Timothy 6:15

Revelation 17:14

Acts 7:37

Hebrews 5:6 & 7:25

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

F.

Christ performed dozens of miracles to validate his credentials; while Muhammad performed none.


Bakara 2:23 & 118-119

Al-i Imran 3:181-184 ***

Nisâ' 4:153

Mâ'ida 5:12

An'âm 6:8-9, 35 & 37 ***

Yûnus 10:37-38

Ra'd 13:27

Isra 17:1, 59-60 & 88

Ankabut 29:50-52

Mü'min 40:78

Najm 53:13-18

Qamar 54:1-2

Inshirah 94:1-2 & 8

------------------------------

Matthew 9:6

Mark 2:10

Luke 10:13

Luke 19:37

John 5:17-18, 20 & 36

John 7:21

John 9:3-5

John 10:37-38

John 11:47-48

John 14:9-12

John 15:24

John 20:30-31

Acts 10:37-38

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

G.

Christ lived a prefect sinless life; while Muhammad is said to have sinned.


Ahzab 33:36-52

Fath 48:2

------------------------------

John 8:46

Hebrews 4:14-15

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

H.

Christ raised people from the dead; while Muhammad gave orders to kill.


Al-i Imran 3:13 & 49

Anfâl 8: 5-8 & 17

------------------------------

Luke 7:11-17

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

I.

Christ performed many miracles of healing; whereas Muhammad did not heal anyone.


Mâ'ida 5:33

A'râf 7:4

Anfâl 8:12

------------------------------

Mark 10:46-52

Luke 4:18-19

Luke 17:11-19
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

J.

Christ never married of engaged in sexual relations; while Muhammad married and had sexual relations with many women.


Ahzab 33:28-53

Tahrîm 66:1, 3 & 5

------------------------------

Matthew 20:28

John 8:46

1 Corinthians 7:32-38


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

K.

Christ lived a life as a supreme example for mankind; while Muhammad's lifestyle is questionable.


Anfâl 8:1 & 17

Ahzab 33:21, 36-38 & 50 ***

Fath 48:29

Hujurât 49:1-5

Qalam 68:4

------------------------------

Matthew 20:28

John 13:15-17

1 Corinthians 11:1

Ephesians 5:1-2

1 Thessalonians 1:6-7

Hebrews 9:24


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

L.

Christ never acquired possessions for himself; whereas Muhammad collected the spoils of war for himself.


Anfâl 8:1

Anfâl 8:41

Hashr 59:6-8

------------------------------

Matthew 6:19-20

Matthew 8:20

Matthew 19:16-24

John 10:1-11

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

M.

Christ was God in the flesh; whereas Muhammad was a normal man.


Kahf 18:110

Fussilat 41:6

------------------------------

Romans 9:5

1 John 5:20
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

N.

Christ was worshipped and accepted it; whereas Muhammad was never worshipped and would not have accepted it.


Kahf 18:110

------------------------------

John 20:26-29
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

O.

Christ is the Creator; whereas Muhammad is not.


Mâ'ida 5:110

Kahf 18:110

Fussilat 41:6

------------------------------

John 1:1-3 & 14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

P.

Christ is the living Word of God; whereas Muhammad is only said to be a bearer of good news.


Shûrâ 42:52-53

------------------------------

John 1:1-3 & 14

Al-i Imran 3:39 & 45


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Q.

Christ forgave men and women's sins; whereas Muhammad could not.


Al-i Imran 3:135

------------------------------

Mark 2:5-7
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

R.

Christ is the only mediator between God and man; whereas Muhammad was not.


Bakara 2:255

Zumar 39:43-44

------------------------------

1 Timothy 2:5-6

John 14:13-14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

S.

Christ was sent into the world as a Saviour; whereas Muhammad is said to be only a warner and bringer of good news.


Bakara 2:119

Mâ'ida 5:19

------------------------------

Titus 3:4-6

1 John 4:14
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

T.

Christ is personally able to give eternal life to all who believe in Him; whereas Muhammad cannot do this.


Hajj 22:66

Nisâ' 4:84

------------------------------

John 6:68

John 10:28
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

U.

Christ taught freedom from the bondage to the Law; whereas Muhammad taught that men are bound to the Law.


Mâ'ida 5:48

------------------------------

John 8:32
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

V.

Christ taught that God's love is freely offered; whereas Muhammad taught that God only loves those who perform and earn it.


Maryam 19:96

Rum 30:45

Luqmân 31:18

Shûrâ 42:40

------------------------------

John 3:16-18

Romans 3:24-26

1 John 4:7-12

Revelation 21:6

Revelation 22:17

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

W.

Christ taught his disciples to love their enemies; whereas Muhammad taught his followers to curse, attack and kill their enemies.


Bakara 2:159-160 & 190-194

Al-i İmran 3:61

Nisa 4:71-78 & 84

Maide 5:45

Tevbe 9:5, 12, 29 & 41-52

Mücadele 58:22

Mümtehine 60:1 & 9

Tahrîm 66:9

------------------------------

Matthew 5:43-44

Luke 6:27-35

Romans 12:14 & 20-21

James 3:8-10
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

X.

Christ refused to use force to accomplish his will; whereas Muhammad vindicated the use of force to accomplish his will.


Mâ'ida 5:33

A'râf 7:4

Anfâl 8:12 & 57

Muhammad 47:4

Fetih 48:16

Tahrim 66:9

------------------------------

Matthew 26:52

Luke 9:54-55

2 Corinthians 10:4


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Y.

Christ died, arose from the dead and ascended back up into heaven in front of witnesses; whereas Muhammad died on June 8th 632, was buried, and remains dead.


Bakara 2:144

Al-i Imran 3:55

Maryam 19:32-34

Anbiya 21:34

Zumar 39:30-31

Nasr 110:1-3

------------------------------

Matthew 27:35-56

John 19:16-37
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

Z.

Christ is expected to return; whereas Muhammad is not expected to return.


Maryam 19:32-34

Ankabut 29:53 & 57

------------------------------

Acts 1:11

John 14:1


+++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
9.11

Common Beliefs to Muslims and Christians
Muslim View Common Beliefs Christian View
Revered Prophet Sinless Son of God

(He is God Incarnate)


Not the Son of God Virgin Birth Savior of the World
Never Crucified, but Performed Miracles He was Crucified and

was taken to Heaven Resurrected


Will Return
The Messiah for Messiah Messiah for the

the Jews Only Whole World


Dr. Abraham Sarker, Understand My Muslim People, p. 126.

see “Thinking Biblically About Islam”


Colin Chapman, Cross and Crescent, pp. 269-276.
9.12

A comparison of the 10 commandments with the Qur'an


1.

Exodus 20:3


"Thou shalt have no other Gods before me."
Nisâ' 4:36, 48 & 116

An'âm 6:151

A'râf 7:33

Nahl 16:74

Isra 17:22-23 & 39

Hajj 22:31

Ankabut 29:68

Ahzab 33:57

------------------------------

Death Penalty:


Leviticus 18:21-29

Leviticus 20:1-6

Deuteronomy 13:6-18

Deuteronomy 18:20-22

Deuteronomy 30:15-19

Deuteronomy 32:30-33


Matthew 22:37

Mark 12:30

Luke 10:27

Acts 14:15

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

2.

Exodus 20:4-6


"Worship no other Gods"
Mâ'ida 5:76 & 90

Isra 17:22-23 & 29

Hajj 22:30

Mu'minün 23:117

Furqân 25:68

Shûrâ 42:9

Ahqâf 46:4-6

------------------------------

Death Penalty:
Deuteronomy 13:6-18

Deuteronomy 17:2-7

Deuteronomy 18:20-22

Deuteronomy 27:15

Deuteronomy 30:15-19
Acts 15:20

Acts 21:25

Romans 1:18-32

Romans 2:22

1 Corinthians 10:7 & 14

Galatians 5:20

Colossians 3:5

1 John 5:21


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

3.

Exodus 20:7


"Don't take the name of the Lord God in vain."
Bakara 2:224

Mâ'ida 5:89

------------------------------

Death Penalty:


Leviticus 24:10-23

Numbers 15:30-31


Matthew 12:31-32

Mark 3:28-29

Mark 7:22

Luke 12:10

Hebrews 10:29

James 5:12


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

4.

Exodus 20:8-11


"Remember the Sabbath to keep it holy."
Not in the Qur'an

------------------------------

Death Penalty:
Exodus 31:14-15

Exodus 35:2-3

Numbers 15:33-36
Not in the New Testament
Romans 14:5-6

Galatians 4:9-10

Colossians 2:14-17
++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

5.

Exodus 20:12


"Honor your father and mother."
Isra 17:23

Ankabut 29:8

Luqmân 31:14

------------------------------

Death Penalty:
Exodus 21:15 & 17

Numbers 20:9

Deuteronomy 21:18-23

Deuteronomy 27:16


Matthew 15:4

Matthew 19:19

Mark 7:10

Mark 10:19

Luke 18:20

Romans 1:29-32

Ephesians 6:1-2

Colossians 3:20

2 Timothy 3:2

++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

6.

Exodus 20:13


"Do not Murder."
Bakara 2:84

Nisâ' 4:29 & 92-93

Mâ'ida 5:27-32 ***

An'âm 6:151 ***

Isra 17:31-33

Furqân 25:68

Mumtahina 60:12

------------------------------

Death Penalty:
Exodus 21:12-15 & 23

Leviticus 24:17 & 21

Leviticus 27:24-25
Matthew 5:21-22

Mark 10:19

Luke 18:20

Romans 13:9

James 2:11

1 Peter 4:15

1 John 2:15

1 John 3:15


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++

7.

Exodus 20:14


"Do not commit adultery."
Nisâ' 4:15-16, 19, & 24-25

Isra 17:32

Mu'minûn 23:5-6

Nûr 24:2-3, 19, 26, 30-33

Furqân 25:68-69

Mumtahina 60:12

------------------------------

Death Penalty:


Leviticus 18:20

Leviticus 20:10-22

Deuteronomy 22:20-30

Deuteronomy 27:20-23


Matthew 5:27-32

Matthew 19:9 & 18

Mark 10:11-12 & 19

Luke 16:18

Luke 18:20

Romans 1:29-32

Romans 2:22

Romans 13:9

1 Corinthians 6:9-10

Galatians 5:19

James 2:11

------------------------------

8.

Exodus 20:15


"Do not steal."
Bakara 2:188

Nisâ' 4:10 & 29-31

Mâ'ida 5:3 & 37-38

Yûsuf 12:70, 73-75 & 81

Yasin 36:39

Death Penalty:


Exodus 21:16

Exodus 22:2

Numbers 15:30-31

Deuteronomy 24:7


Matthew 19:18

Mark 10:19

Luke 18:20

Romans 2:21

Romans 13:9

Ephesians 4:28


------------------------------

9.

Exodus 20:16


"Do not bear false witness against your neighbor."
Bakara 2:42 & 188

Hajj 22:30

Nûr 24:4-5

Furqân 25:72

------------------------------

"An eye for an eye, tooth for tooth":


Deuteronomy 19:15-21
Matthew 15:19

Matthew 19:18

Mark 10:19

Luke 18:20

Romans 13:9

Colossians 3:9


------------------------------

10.


Exodus 20:17
"Do not covet."
Mâ'ida 5:32 & 73

------------------------------

Penalty:
Joshua 7:21-26
Mark 7:22

Luke 12:15

Romans 1:20

Romans 7:7

Romans 13:9

Ephesians 5:3-5

Colossians 3:5

1 Timothy 3:3

1 Thessalonians 2:5

Hebrews 13:5


++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++



9.13

The Sermon on the Mount

compared with the Qur'an

Matthew 5:3

"Blessed are the poor in spirit"
Bakara 2:212.....For the disbelievers the life of this world is adorned; and thus they mock at the believers. Yet those who fear Allah will be above them on the Day of Judgement.

Al-i Imran 3:14.....Made beautiful for mankind is the love of desires, for women and offspring, of hoarded treasures of gold and silver, of branded horses, cattle and plantations. These are the comforts of this life; yet with Allah is the best of all goals.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:4

"Blessed are they that mourn"


Bakara 2:155-157.....We shall surely test you with fear and hunger, and loss of property and lives and crops; but give glad tidings to the steadfast. Who say, when a misfortune comes to them: “We belong to Allah, and to Him we shall return.” On such will be blessings from their Lord and mercy; and such are the rightly-guided.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:5

"Blessed are the meek"


Furkan 25:63.....And the servants of the Compassionate God are they who walk on the earth in modesty. And if the ignorant address them, they say, “Peace”.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:6

"Blessed are they who do hunger and thirst after righteousness"


Hajj 22:37.....(Not it well that) neither their flesh nor their blood shall reach Allah. But it is your peity (and veneration) that reaches Him.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:7

"Blessed are the merciful"


Balad 90:12 & 17-18.....Would that you knew what the steep road is!... that he be one of those who believe, and counsel to patience and mercy.

----------------------------------------------------------------

Matthew 5:8

"Blessed are the pure in heart"


Shûrâ 26:85 & 89.....And place me among the inheritors of the Garden of Delights... him who brings unto Allah a whole (pure) heart.

Qâf 50:32-34.....It will be said: “Here is all that you were promised; it is for every penitent and heedful one, who fears the Beneficent in secret and comes with a contrite heart. Enter Paradise in Peace.” That will be the Day of Eternity.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:9

"Blessed are the peacemakers"


Nisâ' 4:114.....There is no good in much of their secret conferences except (in) him who enjoins charity and kindness and peace-making among the people. Whoso does that, seeking the good pleasure of Allah, We shall bestow on him an immense reward.

-----------------------------------------------------------------


Matthew 5:10

"Blessed are they who are persecuted for righteousness sake"


Bakara 2:214.....Or do you think that you will enter the Garden while untouched by the like of (the suffering which was endured by) those who were before you? Affliction and adversity befell them, and they were shaken as though with an earthquake... Assuredly, the help of Allah is near.
9.14

The Sunni Shi’ite Controversy Contrasted


  1. History is important to Sunnis and Shiites, and they remember it well.

  2. Much of the history of Islamic beginnings, as well as recent happenings, is bathed in violence, bloodshed, and schism.

  3. Sunnis consider the the Shiites as deviants, or even heretics, from traditional, orthodox Islam.

  4. Shiites remember the brutality and violence of the Sunnis against Ali and Hussain, Muhammad’s son-in-law and grandson. Shiite history, memory, ceremonies, rituals, beliefs, and practices aggravate suspicion, distrust,

and animosity towards Sunnis.

  1. Recent history records the eight-year war of Khomenini’s

Shiite Iran against Iraq in which hundreds of thousands of

Sunnis and Shiites were killed.



  1. The recent history of Iraq records the dominance of the Sunni minority and often the punishment of the Shiite majority.

  2. Saudi Arabia, the near neighbor of Iraq and Iran, under under the radical and militant Wahabi Sunni Muslims, despises the Shiites and considers them not only deviants from true Islam but infidels.

  3. Both the Wahabi Sunni Islam and the Sunni Islam of Osama bin Laden and his followers and the Shiite Islam of Ayatollah Khomeni and his present descendents in Iran all think they have the superior Islam for themselves and for the globe. They also think that non-Muslims and particularly certain westerners, and especially the United States, are the ’Great Satan’ and infidels.

Dr. George Braswell, Islam and America, pp. 137-138.


9.15

References to Allah in the Quran:


  • Merciful: x 169

  • Omniscient: x 158

  • Forgiving: x 96

  • Wise: x 95

  • Unique: x 89

  • Mighty: x 44

  • One: x 21

  • Loving: x 2

Dr. George Braswell, Islam and America, p. 78.


9.16


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