Acronyms and Glossary of Rice Related Terminology Updated November 27, 2002

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B Bulk population

BAC Bacterial artificial chromosome

BA-ELISA Biotin-avidin enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay

BAHC Biospheric aspects of the hydrological cycle

Bak Bakanae

BALITBIOTECK Balai Penelitian Bioteknologi Tanaman Pangan (Research Institute for Food Crop Biotechnology; Indonesia; formerly BORIF; see RIFCB)

BALITJAS Balai Penelitian Tanaman Jagung dan Serealia Lain (Research Institute for Maize and Other Cereals; Indonesia; formerly MORIF; see RIMC)

BALITKABI Balai Penelitian Tanaman Kacang-Kacangan dan Umbi-Umbian (Research Institute for Legumes and Root Crops; Indonesia; formerly MARIF; see RIFLER)

BALITPA Balai Penelitian Tanaman Padi (Research Institute for Rice; Indonesia; formerly SURIF; see RIR)

BALITTRA Balai Penelitian Tanaman Pangan Lahan Rawa (Research Institute for Food Crops in Swampy Areas; Indonesia; formerly BARIF; see RIFSA)

BARC Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council

BARD Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development

BARI 1) Bihar Agricultural Research Institute (India)
2) Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute

BARIF Banjarbaru Research Institute for Food Crops (Indonesia; now BALITTRA; see RIFSA)

BARR Board on Agriculture and Renewable Resources (Washington, DC)

BAU 1) Bangladesh Agricultural University

2) Birsa Agricultural University (India)

BB Bacterial blight

BB&I Basal broadcast and incorporated

BC Backcross

B:C Benefit-to-cost ratio

BC1 First backcross generation

BC2 Second backcross generation

BCn nth backcross generation

BCN Backcross nursery

BCPC British Crop Protection Council

BD1 (DR1) Flat bed batch dryer (1-ton capacity)

BD2 Wooden vertical bin batch dryer

BEP Break-even point

BEST Bicol Experiment Station (Philippines)

BGA Blue-green algae

BI Black iron

B&I Broadcast and incorporated

BIDS Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies

BIFAD Board for International Food and Agricultural Development (Agency for International Development, Washington, DC)

Biocon Biological control

BIOSIS Bioscience Information Service of Biological Abstracts (USA)

BIOTECH National Institute of Biotechnology and Applied Microbiology (Philippines)

BIOTROP Southeast Asia Ministry of Education Organization: Regional Center for Tropical Biology (Headquarters: Indonesia)

BIP Books in Print

BIR Bureau of Internal Revenue

Bl Blast disease

BLB Bacterial leaf blight

BLS Bacterial leaf streak

BMZ/GTZ Bundesminister fur Wirtschastliche Zusammenarbeit (Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation)/Gesellschaft fur Technische Zusammenarbeit (German Agency for Technical Cooperation)

BN Blast nursery

BNETD Bureau National d'Etudes Techniques de Developpement (C"te d'Ivoire)

BNF Biological nitrogen fixation

BORIF Bogor Research Institute for Food Crops (Indonesia; now BALITBIOTECK; see RIFCB)

BOSTID Board on Science and Technology for International Development (Washington, DC)

BOT Board of Trustees

BPH Brown planthopper

BR Bypass ratio

BRP Brown rice protein

BRRI Bangladesh Rice Research Institute

BS 1) Bachelor of Science

2) Best split

3) Brown spot

BSA Bulk segregant analysis

BWDB Bangladesh Water Development Board

BPI Bureau of Plant Industry (Philippines)

BPI Bank of the Philippine Islands

BRIARC Bicol Region Integrated Agricultural Research (Philippines)

BSFR Broadcast seeded flooded rice

BShR Brown sheath rot

BSR Broadcast seeded rice

Bt Bacillus thuringiensis

BVP Basic vegetative phase


CA Carbonic anhydrase

CA19 Press wedge granular fertilizer applicator

CA22 Plunger auger granular fertilizer applicator

CAAMS Chinese Academy of Agricultural Mechanization Sciences

CAAS 1) Canadian Association of African Studies (Ottawa)

2) Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences

CABI Centre for Agriculture and Biosciences International (UK)

CABO-DLO Centrum voor Agribiologisch Onderzoek (Centre for Agrobiological Research, The Netherlands)

CACMI Comite Africain pour la Coordination des Moyens d'Information (African Committee for the Coordination of Information Media, Ghana)

CaHa 1) Older fraction of humic acid bound to calcium

2) Calcium humates

CALA Complexe Agricole du Lac Alaotra (Agricultural Complex of Lake Alaotra, Madagascar)

CARD 1) Center for Agricultural Research and Development (Iowa, USA)

2) Communicators for Agricultural and Rural Development (Philippines)

3) Center for Agricultural Research and Development (Bhutan)

CARDI Caribbean Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Trinidad)

CARI Central Agricultural Research Institute (Sri Lanka)

CARIS Current Agricultural Research Information Systems (FAO)

CARRDI Cambodian Rice Research and Development Institute

CAST Council of Agricultural Science and Technology (Headquarters: Iowa, USA)

CATIE Centro Agronomico Tropical de Investigacion y Ense¤anza (Tropical Agricultural Centre for Research and Education, (Costa Rica)

CAZRI Central Arid Zone Research Institute (India)

CBD Convention on Biological Diversity

CC Chlorophyll content

CCIC Canadian Council for International Cooperation (Ottawa)

CCOD Current Contents on diskette

CCRIA Cooperative Central Research Institute of Agriculture

CDAET Centre for Development of Appropriate Agriculture Engineering Technology (Indonesia)

cDNA Complementary DNA

CDNA Complementary acid

CD-ROM Compact disk-read only memory

CE 1) Cross-ecosystems

2) Cross Ecosystems Research Program (IRRI)

CEAT College of Engineering and Agro-Industrial Technology (UPLB, Philippines)

CEC 1) Cation exchange capacity

2) Continuing Education Center (UPLB, Philippines)

CEDA Centre for Economic Development and Administration (Nepal)

CEDEGE Comision de Estudios Para el Desarrollo de la Cuenca de Rio Guayas (Ecuador)

CEDIA Centro de Investigaciones Arroceras (Rice Research Center, Dominican Republic)

CEDO Centre for Educational Development Overseas (UK)

CEM College of Economics and Management (UPLB, Philippines)

CENARGEN National Centre for Genetic Resources (Brazil)

CENRADERU Centre National de la Recherche Applique au Developpement Rural (National Research Center for Rural Development, Madagascar)

CENTA Centro Nacional de Tecnologia Agropecuaria (Mexico)

CEPLAC Commisao Executiva do Plano Recuperaýao Economico-rural da Lavoura Cacaueria (Executive Commission for the Economic Recuperation of Caýao, Brazil)

CEPLAES Centro de Planificacion y Estudios Sociales (Ecuador)

CERES Crop estimation through resource and environment synthesis

CERI Centre for Educational Research and Innovation (OEEC, France)

CF Crude fiber

CFA Cercle France Afrique (France)

CFTC Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation (also FCCT, UK)

CFTRI Central Food Technological Research Institute (India)

CFTU/CIIFAD Conservation Farming in the Tropical Uplands/Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture, and Development (USA)

CFU Colony-forming unit/s

CGFPI Consultative Group on Food Production and Investment in Developing Countries (United Nations, affiliated with IBRD)

CGIAR Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (Headquarters: Washington, DC)

CGR Crop growth rate

CH4 Methane

CHE College of Human Ecology (UPLB, Philippines)

CHEMRAWN Chemical Research Applied to World Need (Headquarters: Washington, DC)

CHO Carbohydrates

CIADP Cagayan Integrated Agricultural Development Project (Philippines)

CIAP Cambodian-IRRI-Australian Project

CIAE Central Institute of Agricultural Engineering (India)

CIARCO Centro de Investigaciones Agropecuarias Region Centro Occidental (Venezuela)

CIAT Centro Internacional de Agricultura Tropical (International Center for Tropical Agriculture, Colombia)

CIBC Commonwealth Institute of Biological Control (Trinidad)

CIC Cassava Information Centre (Colombia)

CICP Consortium for International Crop Protection (California, USA)

CID Consortium on International Development (Utah, USA)

CIDA Canadian International Development Agency

CIDAGRO Centro de Informacion y Documentacion Agropecuaria

CIE Commonwealth Institute of Entomology (Panama)

CIEI Center for International Environment Information (New York, USA)

CIET Centro Internacional de Ecologia Tropical (Venezuela)

CIFE Central Institute of Fisheries Education (India)

CIFOR Center for International Forestry Research (Indonesia)

CIFRI Central Inland Fisheries Research Institute (India)

CIIFAD Cornell International Institute for Food, Agriculture, and Development (New York, USA)

CIMDER Centro de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias en Desarrollo Rural (Colombia)

CIMMYT Centro Internacional de Mejoramiento de Maiz y Trigo (International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center, Mexico)

CIO Comite Inter Organismes (CIRAD, INRA, and ORSTOM of France)

CIP 1) Cataloging-In-Publication

2) Centro Internacional de la Papa (International Potato Center, Peru)

CIRAD Centre de Cooperation International en Recherche Agronomique pour le Developpement (Center for International Cooperation in Development-oriented Agricultural Research, France)

CIRAD-CA Annual Crops Department of CIRAD

CIRED Centre International de Recherches sur l'Environnement et le Developpement (France)

CL4 Confinement level 4 greenhouses and grounds

CLG Chemiluminigram

CLK Chalkiness

CLRRI Cuu Long Delta Rice Research Institute (Vietnam)

CLSU Central Luzon State University (Philippines)

cm centimeter/s

cM centiMorgan/s

CM Commercial model

CMA/IIM Centre for Management in Agriculture/Indian Institute of Management

CMC Critical moisture content

CMS Cytoplasmic male sterility

CMU Chiang Mai University (Thailand)

C:N Carbon-to-nitrogen ratio

CNIA Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Agropecuarias (Peru, Argentina, Colombia, Dominica, San Salvador)

CNPAF Centro Nacional de Pesquisa--Arroz (Brazil)

CNRRI China National Rice Research Institute

CODATA Committee on Data for Science and Technology (ICSU, France)

CONICYT Commission Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (Chile)

COPR Centre for Overseas Pest Research (UK)

COSTED Committee on Science and Technology in Developing Countries (ICSU, France)

COTA Collectif d'Echanges pour la Technologie Appropriee (Belgium)

CP 1) Centrifugal pump

2) Crude protein

CP2 Watt-miser electric pump

CP3 Watt-miser centrifugal pump

CPRIME Consultative Program on Rice Mechanization (Philippines)

CREMNET Crop Resources Management Network (IRRI)

CRIFC Central Research Institute for Food Crops (Indonesia)

CRIN Caribbean Rice Improvement Network

CRRN Caribbean Rice Research Network

CRIG Cocoa Research Institute of Ghana

CRRI Central Rice Research Institute (India)

CRSP Collaborative Research Support Program (USAID)

CRURRS Central Rainfed and Upland Rice Research Station (India)

CS 1) Completely sterile

2) Computer services

3) Cropping system

CSEAS Center for Southeast Asian Studies (Headquarters: Philippines)

CSIR Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (Ghana, India, New Zealand, etc.)

CSIRO Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization (Australia)

CSN Cropping Systems Network

CSRRI Central Soil Salinity Research Institute (India)

CSTD United Nations Center for Science and Technology for Development (USA)

CT Cold tolerance

CTAB Cetyltrimethylammonium bromide

CV 1) Coefficient of variation

2) Curriculum vitae

CW Caseworm

CWD Courseware Development

CY Crop year

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